List of freedom indices

This article contains a list of freedom indices produced by several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of freedom in the world, according to their own various definitions of the term, and rank countries as being free, partly free, or using various measures of freedom, including civil liberties, political rights and economic rights.

Prominent indicesEdit

The indices and their origins.

  • Canada
    • The Economic Freedom of the World Index is a report published by Canada-based Fraser Institute in conjunction with the Economic Freedom Network, a group of independent research and educational institutes in 90 nations and territories worldwide. It is a numeric index, and its results are not currently included in the table below.
  • Canada, United States, Germany
    • The Human Freedom Index presents the state of human freedom in the world based on a broad measure that encompasses personal, civil, and economic freedom.[1] The index presents a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom. The index covers the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, and Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. The Human Freedom Index was created in 2015, covering 152 countries for years 2008–2012. The Human Freedom Index 2016 was published in November 2016, covering 159 countries for years 2008–2015. The report is co-published by the Cato Institute, the Fraser Institute, and the Liberales Institut at the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Co-authors of the report are Ian Vásquez and Tanja Porčnik.
    • The Index of Freedom in the World was a predecessor to the Human Freedom Index. It measured classical civil liberties and was published in 2013 by Canada's Fraser Institute, Germany's Liberales Institute, and the U.S. Cato Institute.[2] It is not currently included in the table below.
  • France
    • Worldwide Press Freedom Index, is published each year since 2002 (except that 2011 was combined with 2012) by France-based Reporters Without Borders. Countries are assessed as having a good situation, a satisfactory situation, noticeable problems, a difficult situation, or a very serious situation.[3]
  • Spain
    • The World Index of Moral Freedom was first published on April 2, 2016, by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, based in Madrid, Spain. This index ranks 160 countries by five categories of indicators: religious freedom, bioethical freedom, drugs freedom, sexuality freedom and family and gender freedom. The index aims at establishing the degree of individual freedom or state control on decisions pertaining to the great moral debates of our time.[4]
  • Sweden
    • MaxRange, developed by Max Rånge, and maintained by Mikael Sandberg and Max Rånge, political scientists at Halmstad University, Sweden, is a data set defining a country's level of democracy and institutional structure (regime-type) on a 1000-point graded scale. Values are sorted based on level of democracy and political accountability. MaxRange defines the value corresponding to all states every month from 1789 to the present.[5]
    • Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Institute, the V-Dem Institute, the Department of Political Science at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, is an approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. They provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles. With six Principal Investigators (PIs), seventeen Project Managers (PMs) with special responsibility for issue areas, more than thirty Regional Managers (RMs), 170 Country Coordinators (CCs), Research Assistants, and 3,000 Country Experts (CEs), the V-Dem project is one of the largest social science data collection projects focusing on research.[6]
  • UK
    • The Democracy Index, published by the U.K.-based Economist Intelligence Unit, is an assessment of countries' democracy. Countries are rated to be either Full Democracies, Flawed Democracies, Hybrid Regimes, or Authoritarian regimes. Full democracies, flawed democracies, and hybrid regimes are considered to be democracies, and the authoritarian nations are considered to be dictatorial. The index is based on 60 indicators grouped in five different categories measuring pluralism, civil liberties, and political culture.[7]
  • US

Annual assessmentsEdit

Here is a table of the assessments by four indices, for most countries of the world. For exact rankings rather than assessments, refer to the individual index articles.

Index Scale
Freedom in the World[11] free partly free not free
Index of Economic Freedom[12] free mostly free moderately free mostly unfree repressed
Press Freedom Index[3] good situation satisfactory situation noticeable problems difficult situation very serious situation
Democracy Index [15] full democracy flawed democracy hybrid regime authoritarian regime authoritarian regime


List by countryEdit

Country Freedom in the World 2020[11] 2020 Index of Economic Freedom[12] 2020 Press Freedom Index[3] 2019 Democracy Index[15]
  Afghanistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Albania 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Algeria 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Andorra 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Angola 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Antigua and Barbuda 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Argentina 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Armenia 3 partly free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Australia 1 free 1 free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Austria 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Azerbaijan 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Bahamas 1 free 3 moderately free n/a n/a
  Bahrain 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Bangladesh 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Barbados 1 free 3 moderately free n/a n/a
  Belarus 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Belgium 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 2 flawed democracy
  Belize 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems n/a
  Benin 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Bhutan 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Bolivia 3 partly free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Botswana 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Brazil 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Brunei 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation n/a
  Bulgaria 1 free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Burkina Faso 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 4 hybrid regime
  Burma 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Burundi 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Cambodia 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Cameroon 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Canada 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Cape Verde 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Central African Republic 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Chad 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Chile 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 1 full democracy
  China 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Colombia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Comoros 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Costa Rica 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Congo, Republic of the 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Croatia 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Cuba 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Cyprus 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Czech Republic 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Denmark 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Djibouti 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Dominica 1 free 3 moderately free 3 satisfactory situation n/a
  Dominican Republic 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  East Timor 1 free 5 repressed 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Ecuador 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Egypt 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  El Salvador 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Equatorial Guinea 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Eritrea 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Estonia 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 2 flawed democracy
  Eswatini 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Ethiopia 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Fiji 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Finland 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  France 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Gabon 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Gambia 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Georgia 3 partly free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Germany 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Ghana 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Greece 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Grenada 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Guatemala 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Guinea 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Guinea-Bissau 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Guyana 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Haiti 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Honduras 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Hong Kong 3 partly free 1 free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Hungary 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Iceland 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  India 1 free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Indonesia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Iran 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Iraq 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Ireland 1 free 1 free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Israel 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Italy 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Ivory Coast 3 partly free 3 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Jamaica 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 2 flawed democracy
  Japan 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Jordan 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Kazakhstan 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Kenya 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Kiribati 1 free 5 repressed n/a n/a
  Korea, North 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Korea, South 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Kosovo 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems n/a
  Kuwait 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Kyrgyzstan 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Laos 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Latvia 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Lebanon 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Lesotho 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Liberia 3 partly free 5 repressed 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Libya 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Liechtenstein 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Lithuania 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Luxembourg 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Macau n/a 2 mostly free n/a n/a
  Madagascar 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Malawi 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Malaysia 3 partly free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Maldives 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems n/a
  Mali 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Malta 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Marshall Islands 1 free n/a n/a n/a
  Mauritania 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Mauritius 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 1 full democracy
  Mexico 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Micronesia, Federated States of 1 free 4 mostly unfree n/a n/a
  Moldova 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Monaco 1 free n/a n/a n/a
  Mongolia 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Montenegro 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Morocco 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Mozambique 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Namibia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Nauru 1 free n/a n/a n/a
    Nepal 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Netherlands 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  New Zealand 1 free 1 free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Nicaragua 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Niger 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Nigeria 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  North Macedonia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Norway 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Oman 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Pakistan 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Palau 1 free n/a n/a n/a
  Palestine 5 not free n/a 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Panama 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Papua New Guinea 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Paraguay 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Peru 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Philippines 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Poland 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Portugal 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Qatar 5 not free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Romania 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Russia 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Rwanda 5 not free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Saint Lucia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  Samoa 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation n/a
  San Marino 1 free n/a n/a n/a
  São Tomé and Príncipe 1 free 4 mostly unfree n/a n/a
  Saudi Arabia 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Senegal 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 4 hybrid regime
  Serbia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Seychelles 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems n/a
  Sierra Leone 3 partly free 5 repressed 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  Singapore 3 partly free 1 free 5 very serious situation 2 flawed democracy
  Slovakia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Slovenia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Solomon Islands 1 free 4 mostly unfree n/a n/a
  Somalia 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation n/a
  South Africa 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  South Sudan 5 not free n/a 4 difficult situation n/a
  Spain 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Sri Lanka 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Sudan 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Suriname 1 free 5 repressed 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Sweden 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
   Switzerland 1 free 1 free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Syria 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Taiwan 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Tajikistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Tanzania 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Thailand 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
  Togo 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
  Tonga 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems n/a
  Trinidad and Tobago 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Tunisia 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
  Turkey 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Turkmenistan 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Tuvalu 1 free n/a n/a n/a
  Uganda 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Ukraine 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
  United Arab Emirates 5 not free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  United Kingdom 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  United States 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
  Uruguay 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
  Uzbekistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Vanuatu 1 free 3 moderately free n/a n/a
  Venezuela 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Vietnam 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Yemen 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
  Zambia 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
  Zimbabwe 3 partly free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime

Disputed TerritoriesEdit

Country Freedom in the World 2020[11] 2020 Index of Economic Freedom[12] 2020 Press Freedom Index[3] 2019 Democracy Index[15]
  Abkhazia 5 partly free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Crimea 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Gaza Strip 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Azad Kashmir 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Nagorno-Karabakh 5 partly free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Northern Cyprus 5 free 4 n/a 4 noticeable problems 5 n/a
  Somaliland 5 partly free 4 4 n/a 5 n/a
  South Ossetia 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Tibet 5 not free 4 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Transnistria 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  West Bank 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a
  Western Sahara 5 not free 4 n/a 4 n/a 5 n/a

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Human Freedom Index". www.cato.org/human-freedom-index. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  2. ^ Craggs, Ryan (January 14, 2013). "World Freedom Index 2013: Canadian Fraser Institute Ranks Countries". Huffington Post.
  3. ^ a b c d "Press Freedom Index 2020", Reporters Without Borders, April 2020.
  4. ^ World Index of Moral Freedom 2016, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty
  5. ^ "MaxRange: Analyzing political regimes and democratization processes". Sweden: School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Halmstad University. April 30, 2015. Archived from the original on August 17, 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  6. ^ https://pol.gu.se/english/varieties-of-democracy--v-dem-
  7. ^ "Democracy index 2012: Democracy at a standstill". Economist Intelligence Unit. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  8. ^ "CIRI Human Rights Data Project". humanrightsdat.com. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  9. ^ Michael Kirk (December 10, 2010). "Annual International Human Rights Ratings Announced". University of Connecticut.
  10. ^ "Human Rights in 2011: The CIRI Report". CIRI Human Rights Data Project. August 29, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d , Freedom House, January 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e Heritage Foundation (2020). "Country Rankings". 2020 Index of Economic Freedom.
  13. ^ "Polity IV Project". Table footnote. Retrieved 11 Jan 2020.
  14. ^ Freedom House (January 28, 2016). Freedom in the World 2016 (PDF).
  15. ^ a b c , Economist, January 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.

External linksEdit