List of former automotive manufacturing plants

List of former automotive manufacturing plants. The table below lists former automotive industry manufacturing factories and facilities.

List of plantsEdit

company and
plant title
location former marques
and/or products
Alfa Romeo Arese Plant Arese, Milan, Italy Alfa Romeo 1963 2005 Alfa Romeo museum working there
Alfa Romeo Portello Plant Milan, Italy Alfa Romeo 1908 1986 demolished in 2004
American Motors Kenosha, Wisconsin Nash, Rambler, Ambassador, Marlin, Javelin/AMX, Matador, Hornet, Gremlin, Pacer, Concord, Spirit, Eagle, Renault Alliance, Chrysler Fifth Avenue/Dodge Diplomat/Plymouth Gran Fury, Dodge Omni/Plymouth Horizon 1902 1988 seen in 1978 film The Betsy now Harborpark development. Main Plant (engine plant) demolished 2013.
American Motors
Brampton Assembly
Brampton, Ontario, Canada Rambler American
Rambler Classic
AMC Rebel
AMC Hornet/Concord
AMC Gremlin/Spirit
AMC Eagle
Jeep CJ
Jeep Wrangler
1961 1992 Northeast corner of Kennedy Road and Steeles Avenue and operated by American Motors from 1961 to 1992. The plant assembled American Motors and Jeep vehicles until it was closed in 1992. Demolished and now home to Walmart Canada Distribution Centre, Lowe's Home Improvement store and other retails stores.
Aston Martin Newport Pagnell, Milton Keynes, England, UK 1954 2007
AutoLatina Ipiranga, Brazil Volkswagen & Ford 1987 1995 ??
Nash Motors/American Motors
El Segundo Plant
El Segundo, California Nash 1948 1955 Purchased in 1955 by Hughes Aircraft for missile assembly and testing; later passed to General Motors; now Boeing Integration and Test Complex[1]
Bedford Vehicles Dunstable, England, UK Bedford Vehicles truck & bus chassis 1942 1992 Sold by GM to AWD in 1982, after losing a key British Army contract. Ceased production in 1992 after bankruptcy of AWD. Redeveloped as a retail park and industrial estate

Cricklewood factory

Cricklewood, London, England Bentley 1919 1932 Original home of the firm. Oxgate Centre now stands on the site.[2]
Messier Bugatti Molsheim, Alsace, France Pre-war Bugattis 1916 19? Ceased production of automobiles in favour of aircraft-parts assembly, notably undercarriages and brake systems[3][4]
Bugatti Automobili Campogalliano, Emilia-Romagna, Italy EB110 1989 1995 Was sold on to another company who declared bankruptcy before moving in, has since then been left unoccupied.

Chrysler Australia Assembly Plant

Clovelly Park, South Australia, Australia Large 6&8 cylinder vehicles 1963 1971 Sold to Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (see below).

Chrysler Australia Lonsdale Engine Manufacturing plant

Lonsdale, South Australia, Australia Large 6&8 cylinder vehicles 1968 1971 Sold to Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (see below).
Chrysler Corporation

Dodge Main Plant

Hamtramck, Michigan with parts overlapping into Detroit, Michigan Dodge cars 1910[5] 1980-01-04[6] First plant organized by the United Automobile Workers Union. Home of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers in the 1960s. Demolished 1981. Land claimed by eminent domain, along with surrounding neighborhoods in both Hamtramck and Detroit, for the creation of the massive "Poletown" plant (General Motors Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Plant).[5][7]

Kew factory

Kew, London, England[2] Chrysler, Dodge c.1921 1967 Site now occupied by Kew Retail Park

Los Angeles Plant

5800 Eastern @ Slauson, south-east corner, Los Angeles (Commerce), California Plymouth Valiant, Plymouth Barracuda, Dodge Dart, Dodge Challenger Dodge Charger, Belvedere / Coronet 1932 July 1971 Home of month-long strike in 1958[8]

San Leandro Plant

San Leandro, California Plymouth, 1949-1954; Dodge, 1948-1954 1929 1955 ? Redeveloped into mall[9]

Stockton Truck Plant

Stockton, California Dodge Trucks 1926 1933 ? Graham Bros truck plant, acquired by Dodge Bros, closed due to Great Depression.[10]

Newark Assembly

Newark, Delaware Chrysler Aspen, Dodge Durango, K-cars, Dodge Dart, Plymouth Valiant, Chrysler LeBaron/Dodge Diplomat, Dodge Aspen/Plymouth Volare, other Plymouth and Dodge models 1957 2008[11] ? Purchased by University of Delaware, being redeveloped as a Science and Technology Campus for the school.

Paris factory

Paris, France 1919 1970s Site converted into a public park, the Parc André Citroën.

Slough factory

Slough, England, UK 1926 1965 Site now being redeveloped. Citroën retains its UK headquarters in Slough.

Corso Dante

Turin, Italy 1900 ? ?


Poughkeepsie, New York, USA 1908 1918 Plant torn down in the late 1990s, currently a shopping plaza, housing a Home Depot and other stores

Lingotto Factory

Lingotto, Turin, Italy Fiat Topolino 1923 1982 Appeared in Mafioso and The Italian Job. Also hosted the Turin Auto Show Reopened in 1989 as a public space
Ford Motor Company

St. Louis Assembly Plant

Hazelwood, Missouri Mercury Mountaineer, Ford Explorer, Lincoln Aviator 1948 2006 Being redeveloped into a light industrial/commercial park known as Aviator Business Park
Ford Motor Company

Mahwah Assembly

Mahwah, New Jersey Edsel (1958), Ford Galaxie, Ford LTD, Ford Granada, Ford Fairmont, Mercury Monarch, Mercury Zephyr, Lincoln Versailles 1955 1980 Referenced in "Johnny 99", a Bruce Springsteen song Sharp Corporation Offices and Sheraton Crossroads Hotel Complex
Ford Motor Company

Highland Park Plant

Highland Park, Michigan Model T, Fordson tractors, M4A3 Sherman tanks (1942-1943) 1910 First factory in history to assemble cars on a moving assembly line In 2013, the Woodward Avenue Action Association had a purchase agreement with the complex's owner, National Equity Corp., to redevelop two of eight buildings as a historic center.[12]
Ford Motor Company

Edison Assembly Plant

Edison, New Jersey Ford Mustang, Pinto, Falcon, Escort, Ranger pickup, Mazda B-series 1948 2004[13] Being redeveloped as Edison Towne Square, a mixed use retail development. Current tenants include a Sam's Club.
Ford Motor Company

Norfolk Assembly

Norfolk, Virginia Ford F150 1925 2007 Redeveloped into a warehouse for logistics company Katoen Natie
Ford Motor Company

Wixom Assembly Plant

Wixom, Michigan Lincoln Town Car, Continental, Mark series, Lincoln LS, Ford Thunderbird 1957 2007 Idled as of May 31, 2007, demolition began in January 2013
Ford Motor Company

Twin Cities Assembly Plant

St. Paul, Minnesota Ford Ranger 1925 2011 Being demolished and expected to be redeveloped to be part of the surrounding residential and commercial neighborhood.
Ford Motor Company

Dallas Assembly Plant

Dallas, Texas Model T 1913 1924 Located at 2700 Canton Street. Replaced by East Grand Avenue plant in 1925, became Adam Hats Co. Now known as the Adam Hats Building, redeveloped as loft apartments
Ford Motor Company

Dallas Assembly Plant

Dallas, Texas Ford light trucks 1925 1970 "Made in Texas by Texans" stickers Located at 5200 East Grand Avenue. Redeveloped by "City Warehouse LP", with retail/commercial tenants
Ford Motor Company

Atlanta Assembly

Hapeville, Georgia Ford Taurus, Mercury Sable 1947 2006 Being redeveloped by the Jacoby group as Aerotropolis Atlanta. Part of the site is home to Porsche Cars North America's Headquarters and Experience Center.
Ford Motor Company

Canton Forge

3707 Georgetown Road NE, Canton OH 44704

Canton, Ohio Forged axles, ring gears, spindles, steering systems for Ford Mustangs, Lincoln Town Cars, and others[14][15] 1948[16] December 23, 1988[15] Partially used as Republic Engineered Products' Canton Bloom Cast Facility[17]
Ford Motor Company

Lorain Assembly Plant

Lorain, Ohio Ford E-Series (1961-2005)
Ford F-Series (1958-1965)
Ford Ranchero (1958-1979)
Ford Gran Torino (1971-1976)
Ford Thunderbird (1977-1997)
Mercury Cougar (1977-1997)
1958 2005
Ford Motor Company

Somerville Assembly

Somerville, Massachusetts Edsel 1958 Redeveloped as the Assembly Square Mall in the 1980s after brief use as a supermarket distribution center.
Ford Motor Company

Cambridge Assembly

Cambridge, Massachusetts Model T 1913 1926 Polaroid bought it and used it for manufacturing. MIT currently owns the property and has renovated it as office space.[18]
Ford Motor Company

Dearborn Assembly Plant

Dearborn, Michigan Ford Mustang 1918 [19] 6.7 Mustangs built at plant, production moved to AutoAlliance plant in Flat Rock, Mich. (started 09-07-2004). Plant originally built to build Eagle boats called submarine chasers. Ford Model A, Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar were also built at plant
Ford Motor Company

Willow Run Plant

Ypsilanti, Michigan B-24 Liberator Aircraft World War II passed to Kaiser and General Motors after WWII "Largest room in the world"; see article Willow Run Airport and General Motors manufacturing facility
Ford Motor Company

Terminal Island Plant

Terminal Island, Long Beach, California Ford Model A 1930s[20] 1959[21] Henry Ford Bridge provided only link to Terminal Island for decades Part of the Port of Los Angeles complex[22]
Ford Motor Company

Long Beach Plant

Long Beach, California Ford Model A 1930[23] 1959[23]
Ford Motor Company

Pico Rivera Plant

Rosemead & Washington Boulevards, Pico Rivera, California 1.4 million automobiles[24] c. 1959 January 1980[25] Purchased by Northrup Grumman in February 1982,[26] the 2,000,000-square-foot (190,000 m2) plant went on to be the home of the B-2 bomber. Closed and demolished (2001); now a large retail center, anchored by Wal-Mart and Lowes.
Ford Motor Company

Ford Richmond Plant

Richmond, California Various models, WWII tanks and armored vehicles 1930 1956 ? Opened in 1930 and closed 1956 - Renovated, now part of Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park
Ford Motor Company

San Jose Assembly Plant

Milpitas, California Ford Mustang/Shelby Mustang/Ford Falcon/Mercury Cougar 1955 1984 ? Opened in 1955 and closed 1984 - redeveloped into the Great Mall of the Bay Area in 1994
Ford Motor Company

Ford Trafford Park Factory

Trafford Park, Manchester, England, UK Ford Model T 1911 1928 ?
Ford Motor Company of Australia

Homebush Plant

Homebush, New South Wales Ford Laser 1936 1994 ?
General Motors Holden

Dandenong Plant

Dandenong., Victoria, Australia Holden, Holden Commodore 1956 1996 Demolished and re-developed as Estate 1 Business Park
General Motors

Buick City Plant

Hamilton St., Flint, Michigan Buick LeSabre, Buick Electra, Buick Special, Buick Regal 1904 1999[27] Demolished
General Motors

Reatta Craft Centre/Lansing Craft Centre

Lansing, Michigan Buick Reatta, GM EV1, Chevrolet SSR, Cadillac Eldorado, Chevrolet Cavalier and Pontiac Sunfire convertibles 1988 2006-03-17[28] ? ?
General Motors

St. Louis Truck Assembly Plant

St. Louis, Missouri Chevrolet & GMC Trucks, 1954-1981 Corvette, Chevy II/Nova 1920s 1986 ? ?
General Motors

Fisher Body Plant 1

S. Saginaw St., Flint, Michigan Bodies for Chevrolet models ? ? ? Partially demolished; Remaining portion now Great Lakes Technology Center
General Motors

Wilmington Assembly Plant

801 Boxwood Road, Wilmington, Delaware Chevrolet Beretta (1987-1996)
Pontiac Solstice, Saturn Sky
Ground broken 1945; Opened 1947[29] 2009-07-29 Last auto manufacturing plant in Delaware.

Last auto manufacturing plant in the Northeastern United States [30]

Demolished and being redeveloped as an Amazon Fulfillment Center.
General Motors

South Gate Assembly

2700 Tweedy Blvd.,[31]

South Gate, California

? 19?? 1982[32] ? Sold to City of South Gate in 1985, redeveloped as South East High School
General Motors

Oakland Assembly

Oakland, California Chevrolet cars[33] and trucks 1916[34] c.1963[33] ?

Production was moved to Fremont Assembly Plant in Fremont, California, which later became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Not to be confused with Oakland, Pontiac's original parent marque.

General Motors

Fremont Assembly

Fremont, California Chevrolet cars[33] and trucks 1963 1984[33] ?

Operated as GM plant from 1963 to 1982, then became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Closed April 1, 2010, partially reopening as the Tesla Factory, an automobile assembly plant for Tesla Motors

General Motors

Detroit Assembly (also known as Detroit Cadillac or Clark Street Assembly)

Clark Street, Detroit, Michigan Cadillac models; Oldsmobile 88 and Custom Cruiser; Chevrolet Caprice and Impala. 1921 1987 ? Redeveloped as multi-tenant industrial park, within Federal Empowerment Zone[35]
General Motors

Norwood Assembly Plant

Norwood, Ohio Chevrolet Bel Air, Biscayne, Impala, Nova, Caprice, and Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Buick Apollo 1923 1987 ? Redeveloped after lengthy court battle between city of Norwood and General Motors; see article
General Motors

Framingham Assembly Plant

Framingham, Massachusetts See article 1948 1989 ? ADESA automobile, truck, and boat warehouse and live auction site
General Motors

Janesville Assembly

Janesville, Wisconsin GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Suburban 1919 2008-12-23[36] ? Plant is in a state of hibernation. and will reopen when demand requires
General Motors

Lakewood Assembly Plant

Atlanta, Georgia (Lakewood) Chevrolet Trucks, Chevrolet Caprice 1927 1990 ? Demolished to the slab. Largely undeveloped except for a small parcel used by a waste management company.
General Motors

Pontiac Assembly Plant

Pontiac, Michigan Pontiac Fiero (1984-1988) 1927 1988 ? ?
General Motors

Regina Plant

Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada Buick, Chevrolet (Maple Leaf), Oldsmobile, Pontiac 1928 1941 ? Used by several tenants for commercial purposes.
General Motors

Scarborough Van Assembly Plant

Scarborough, Ontario (present-day Toronto) G-series vans, GMC Vandura, Chevy Sportvan, GMC Handi-Van 1963 1993 ? Operations moved to Flint Truck Assembly. Plant demolished and now site of retail mall (Eglinton Town Centre)
General Motors

Willow Run Assembly Plant

Ypsilanti, Michigan Chevrolet Caprice 19?? 1994 ? Vehicle assembly ceased in 1994; also at the Willow Run site, GM Powertrain operated Hydramatic Transmission Plant (1953–2007, then Ypsilanti Transmission Operations 2007-2010).[37]
General Motors

North Tarrytown Assembly

North Tarrytown, New York (now Sleepy Hollow, New York) Minivans, including Lumina APV; see article 1896 by Maxwell-Briscoe; 1903 by Ingersoll-Rand; 1914 by Chevrolet, later acquired by GM 1996 ? Redevelopment[38]
General Motors

Baltimore Assembly Plant

Baltimore, Maryland (2005) GMC Safari, Chevrolet Astro 1935 2005 ? Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Chesapeake Commerce Center.
General Motors

Lansing Car Assembly

Lansing, Michigan Pontiac Grand Am, Chevrolet Malibu, Oldsmobile Alero 1902/1920 2005 Harbour Consulting rated it as the sixth most efficient auto plant in North America in 2006, after its closure (see article) Demolished 2007
General Motors

Oklahoma City Assembly

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2006) GM X platform, GMT360 Platform 1979 2006 ? Purchased by the voters of Oklahoma County for lease to Tinker Air Force Base
Frigidaire Plant; General Motors Moraine Assembly Plant Moraine, Ohio Chevrolet S-10, GMC S-15,
GMT360 Platform SUVs
1951 2008 Workers represented by IUE-CWA, not the United Auto Workers Purchased by Fuyao Glass America in 2014 and reopened in 2015 as an automotive glass manufacturing plant.[39]
General Motors

Doraville Assembly Plant

Doraville, Georgia Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1988–1995), Chevrolet Venture (1997–2005), Pontiac Trans Sport / Pontiac Trans Sport (1997–2005), Oldsmobile Silhouette (1997–2004), Buick Terraza (2005–2007), Saturn Relay (2005–2007), Chevrolet Uplander (2005–2009), Pontiac Montana SV6 (2005–2009), Buick GL8 1947[40] 2008-09-25[41] Being redeveloped as a mixed commercial/residential space known as Assembly Yards.
General Motors

Linden Assembly

Linden, New Jersey Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs, Buicks Chevrolet S-10 Blazer, GMC Jimmy, GMC Truck and Bus Division 1937 2005 Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Legacy Commerce Center.
General Motors Chevrolet-Pontiac-Canada Division[42]

Van Nuys Assembly Plant

Van Nuys, California Chevrolet Corvair, Chevrolet Nova, Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird. ? 1992[43] Redeveloped as The Plant shopping center. GM maintains a test track adjacent to the shopping center.[44]
General Motors

Sainte-Thérèse Assembly

Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Chevrolet Vega, Pontiac Trans Am, Pontiac Bonneville, Pontiac LeMans 1966 2002 Redeveloped as a mixed commercial/residential space known as Faubourg Boisbriand.
General Motors Canada

Oshawa Truck Assembly

Oshawa, Ontario Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, Chevrolet C/K pickup trucks 1965 2009-05-14[45] Site is part of GM Oshawa Autoplex, where the Oshawa Car plant continues operations.

Acacia Ridge plant

Acacia Ridge, Queensland 1966 1984 Site now a grocery.

Pagewood plant

Pagewood, New South Wales 1940 1981 Site now the offices of British American Tobacco in Sydney.

Woodville plant

Woodville, South Australia 1924 1984 Site now occupied by the Charles Sturt Industrial Estate.

Browns Lane plant

Coventry, England, UK Jaguar 1951 2005 Assembly halls demolished. Small part retained as the Jaguar Museum until 2012, until its subsequent demolition. Site now occupied by a housing estate.
MG Rover Group

Longbridge plant

Longbridge, Birmingham, England, UK Austin, Rover, Morris, MG, Mini, Triumph, Nash/Rambler Metropolitan 1904 2005 Featured in the music video of The Chemical Brothers song, Believe Large amounts demolished, small scale production has restarted with the MG brand.
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation

Mitsubishi Motors Australia Assembly Plant

Clovelly Park, South Australia, Australia Various small and mid-sized vehicles 1971 2008 Site now occupied by Flinders University, Siemens and TAFE. Skeleton structure of Main Assembly Building remains.
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation

Mitsubishi Motors Australia Lonsdale Engine Manufacturing plant

Lonsdale, South Australia, Australia Various small and mid-sized vehicles 1971 2008 Site now occupied by Onkaparinga Recycling plant.
Nissan Motors

Zama plant

Zama, Kanagawa, Japan 1965 1995 currently Global Production Engineering Center and Nissan Heritage Collection, a storage unit for its historic models

Bochum plant

Bochum, Germany Opel (General Motors) 1963 2014 Demolished except for the administration building, which is to be preserved.
Packard Automotive Plant, Detroit East Grand Boulevard and Concord Avenue

Detroit, Michigan

Packard 1907[46] 1956[46] ? (From 1960) Subdivided as industrial park

(Present day) Urban ruins


Ryton plant

Ryton-on-Dunsmore, near Coventry, England, UK Rootes, later Chrysler and finally Peugeot 1939 2006 Demolished in 2007.
Peugeot and Citroën

PSA Aulnay-sous-Bois Plant

Aulnay-sous-Bois, France Citroën, Peugeot 1972 2014

Billancourt factory

Paris, France 1934 1992 The plant was demolished in 2005 and the site is now being redeveloped.

Park Royal factory

Acton, London, England[2] 1926 1960 Site still owned by Renault, now used as showrooms
Rootes Group

Linwood plant

Linwood, Scotland, UK Rootes, later Chrysler and finally Peugeot 1961 1981 Mentioned in Letter from America by The Proclaimers Demolished in 1982.

Canley factory

Canley, Coventry, England, UK Standard, Triumph 1918 1980 Demolished, and site redeveloped for housing and business. A sculpture of the Standard logo now stands to remind people where the factory was.
Studebaker Corporation, South Bend Chippewa Avenue

South Bend, Indiana

Studebaker 18?? 1963 ? (From 1964) Assembly facilities taken over by Kaiser Jeep

(Present day) Other uses, partially demolished and urban ruins

Studebaker Corporation, New York, New York 615 West 131st St

Manhattanville, New York City

Studebaker 1923 1937 ? (From 1937) Borden Milk processing plant

(Present day) Columbia University finance department building[47]

Vauxhall Motors

Luton plant

Luton, England, UK Vauxhall 1905 2002 Vauxhall's main assembly plant. Demolished and site now being redeveloped
Volkswagen of America

Volkswagen Westmoreland Assembly Plant

New Stanton, Pennsylvania Rabbit/Golf, Caddy, Jetta 1978[48] 1988[49] The facility was originally built by Chrysler in the 1960s, but was not completed until VW began operations. Sony took over the site in 1990 and began production of televisions from 1990-2008. Production continued in Puebla, Mexico and US VW production resumed in 2011 at the Chattanooga Assembly Plant[50]
Volkswagen of America

Sterling Heights Assembly

Sterling Heights, Michigan N/A 1953[51] 1983[52] The facility was originally built to manufacture jet engines and was operated as the Michigan Ordnance Missile Plant by the U.S. Army. Acquired by Volkswagen in 1980 and converted to automobile production. Chrysler took over the site in 1983 and began production of their own vehicles. Still in use by Chrysler today.[52]
AB Volvo

Volvo Halifax Assembly Plant

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Volvo PV544, 120, 240, 740, 940, 850, S70, V70 and S80 1963[53] 1998-12-18[54][55] Volvo's only car assembly plant in North America. Volvo Halifax Assembly - Bayer's Lake Plant still stands and is now used as an office complex.
Volvo North America Corporation

Chesapeake Plant

Volvo Parkway & Greenbriar Parkway,

Chesapeake, Virginia

Volvo B10M and other transit buses (Plant originally planned for cars)[56] Ground broken 1974-07-02[57] 1986-10 One of the first foreign-owned automotive manufacturing plants in the U.S., soon followed by Volkswagen and others.[57] Volvo Penta Marine retains facilities in the area. Redeveloped as "Crossways Commerce Center" shopping center.
Ford Motor Company St. Thomas Assembly St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada Produced 8 Million vechicles, including the Ford Pinto, Maverick, Falcon, Panther, Fairmont, EXP, and Crown Vic. 1967 2011 The plant had been largely demolished by the end of 2016, with only the wastewater treatment facility left standing as of Feb. 2017.[58]
IMA - Industria de Montagem Automovel Setúbal, Portugal Mini, Mini IMA, Mini Moke, Austin/Morris J4 and AJ6, Morris Marina 1961 1984 Industrial Park
Renault Setúbal, Portugal Renault 5, Renault 4, Renault Clio 1977 1998 Business Park
company and
plant title
location former marques
and/or products

See alsoEdit


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External linksEdit