List of former automotive manufacturing plants
The examples and perspective in this list deal primarily with North America and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (October 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
List of former automotive manufacturing plants. The table below lists former automotive industry manufacturing factories and facilities.
List of plantsEdit
|Alfa Romeo Arese Plant||Arese, Milan, Italy||Alfa Romeo||1963||2005||Alfa Romeo museum working there|
|Alfa Romeo Portello Plant||Milan, Italy||Alfa Romeo||1908||1986||demolished in 2004|
|American Motors||Kenosha, Wisconsin||Nash, Rambler, Ambassador, Marlin, Javelin/AMX, Matador, Hornet, Gremlin, Pacer, Concord, Spirit, Eagle, Renault Alliance, Chrysler Fifth Avenue/Dodge Diplomat/Plymouth Gran Fury, Dodge Omni/Plymouth Horizon||1902||1988||seen in 1978 film The Betsy||now Harborpark development. Main Plant (engine plant) demolished 2013.|
|Brampton, Ontario, Canada||Rambler American
|1961||1992||Northeast corner of Kennedy Road and Steeles Avenue and operated by American Motors from 1961 to 1992. The plant assembled American Motors and Jeep vehicles until it was closed in 1992. Demolished and now home to Walmart Canada Distribution Centre, Lowe's Home Improvement store and other retails stores.|
|Aston Martin||Newport Pagnell, Milton Keynes, England, UK||1954||2007|
|AutoLatina||Ipiranga, Brazil||Volkswagen & Ford||1987||1995||??|
|Nash Motors/American Motors
El Segundo Plant
|El Segundo, California||Nash||1948||1955||Purchased in 1955 by Hughes Aircraft for missile assembly and testing; later passed to General Motors; now Boeing Integration and Test Complex|
|Bedford Vehicles||Dunstable, England, UK||Bedford Vehicles truck & bus chassis||1942||1992||Sold by GM to AWD in 1982, after losing a key British Army contract. Ceased production in 1992 after bankruptcy of AWD. Redeveloped as a retail park and industrial estate|
|Cricklewood, London, England||Bentley||1919||1932||Original home of the firm. Oxgate Centre now stands on the site.|
|Messier Bugatti||Molsheim, Alsace, France||Pre-war Bugattis||1916||19?||Ceased production of automobiles in favour of aircraft-parts assembly, notably undercarriages and brake systems|
|Bugatti Automobili||Campogalliano, Emilia-Romagna, Italy||EB110||1989||1995||Was sold on to another company who declared bankruptcy before moving in, has since then been left unoccupied.|
Chrysler Australia Assembly Plant
|Clovelly Park, South Australia, Australia||Large 6&8 cylinder vehicles||1963||1971||Sold to Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (see below).|
Chrysler Australia Lonsdale Engine Manufacturing plant
|Lonsdale, South Australia, Australia||Large 6&8 cylinder vehicles||1968||1971||Sold to Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (see below).|
|Chrysler Corporation||Hamtramck, Michigan with parts overlapping into Detroit, Michigan||Dodge cars||1910||1980-01-04||First plant organized by the United Automobile Workers Union. Home of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers in the 1960s.||Demolished 1981. Land claimed by eminent domain, along with surrounding neighborhoods in both Hamtramck and Detroit, for the creation of the massive "Poletown" plant (General Motors Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Plant).|
|Kew, London, England||Chrysler, Dodge||c.1921||1967||Site now occupied by Kew Retail Park|
Los Angeles Plant
|5800 Eastern @ Slauson, south-east corner, Los Angeles (Commerce), California||Plymouth Valiant, Plymouth Barracuda, Dodge Dart, Dodge Challenger Dodge Charger, Belvedere / Coronet||1932||July 1971||Home of month-long strike in 1958|
San Leandro Plant
|San Leandro, California||Plymouth, 1949-1954; Dodge, 1948-1954||1929||1955||?||Redeveloped into mall|
Stockton Truck Plant
|Stockton, California||Dodge Trucks||1926||1933||?||Graham Bros truck plant, acquired by Dodge Bros, closed due to Great Depression.|
|Chrysler||Newark, Delaware||Chrysler Aspen, Dodge Durango, K-cars, Dodge Dart, Plymouth Valiant, Chrysler LeBaron/Dodge Diplomat, Dodge Aspen/Plymouth Volare, other Plymouth and Dodge models||1957||2008||?||Purchased by University of Delaware, being redeveloped as a Science and Technology Campus for the school.|
|Paris, France||1919||1970s||Site converted into a public park, the Parc André Citroën.|
|Slough, England, UK||1926||1965||Site now being redeveloped. Citroën retains its UK headquarters in Slough.|
|Poughkeepsie, New York, USA||1908||1918||Plant torn down in the late 1990s, currently a shopping plaza, housing a Home Depot and other stores|
|Lingotto, Turin, Italy||Fiat Topolino||1923||1982||Appeared in Mafioso and The Italian Job. Also hosted the Turin Auto Show||Reopened in 1989 as a public space|
|Ford Motor Company||Hazelwood, Missouri||Mercury Mountaineer, Ford Explorer, Lincoln Aviator||1948||2006||Being redeveloped into a light industrial/commercial park known as Aviator Business Park|
|Ford Motor Company||Mahwah, New Jersey||Edsel (1958), Ford Galaxie, Ford LTD, Ford Granada, Ford Fairmont, Mercury Monarch, Mercury Zephyr, Lincoln Versailles||1955||1980||Referenced in "Johnny 99", a Bruce Springsteen song||Sharp Corporation Offices and Sheraton Crossroads Hotel Complex|
|Ford Motor Company||Highland Park, Michigan||Model T, Fordson tractors, M4A3 Sherman tanks (1942-1943)||1910||First factory in history to assemble cars on a moving assembly line||In 2013, the Woodward Avenue Action Association had a purchase agreement with the complex's owner, National Equity Corp., to redevelop two of eight buildings as a historic center.|
|Ford Motor Company||Edison, New Jersey||Ford Mustang, Pinto, Falcon, Escort, Ranger pickup, Mazda B-series||1948||2004||Being redeveloped as Edison Towne Square, a mixed use retail development. Current tenants include a Sam's Club.|
|Ford Motor Company||Norfolk, Virginia||Ford F150||1925||2007||Redeveloped into a warehouse for logistics company Katoen Natie|
|Ford Motor Company||Wixom, Michigan||Lincoln Town Car, Continental, Mark series, Lincoln LS, Ford Thunderbird||1957||2007||Idled as of May 31, 2007, demolition began in January 2013|
|Ford Motor Company||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ford Ranger||1925||2011||Being demolished and expected to be redeveloped to be part of the surrounding residential and commercial neighborhood.|
|Ford Motor Company||Dallas, Texas||Model T||1913||1924||Located at 2700 Canton Street. Replaced by East Grand Avenue plant in 1925, became Adam Hats Co. Now known as the Adam Hats Building, redeveloped as loft apartments|
|Ford Motor Company||Dallas, Texas||Ford light trucks||1925||1970||"Made in Texas by Texans" stickers||Located at 5200 East Grand Avenue. Redeveloped by "City Warehouse LP", with retail/commercial tenants|
|Ford Motor Company||Hapeville, Georgia||Ford Taurus, Mercury Sable||1947||2006||Being redeveloped by the Jacoby group as Aerotropolis Atlanta. Part of the site is home to Porsche Cars North America's Headquarters and Experience Center.|
|Ford Motor Company
3707 Georgetown Road NE, Canton OH 44704
|Canton, Ohio||Forged axles, ring gears, spindles, steering systems for Ford Mustangs, Lincoln Town Cars, and others||1948||December 23, 1988||Partially used as Republic Engineered Products' Canton Bloom Cast Facility|
|Ford Motor Company||Lorain, Ohio||Ford E-Series (1961-2005)
Ford F-Series (1958-1965)
Ford Ranchero (1958-1979)
Ford Gran Torino (1971-1976)
Ford Thunderbird (1977-1997)
Mercury Cougar (1977-1997)
|Ford Motor Company||Somerville, Massachusetts||Edsel||1958||Redeveloped as the Assembly Square Mall in the 1980s after brief use as a supermarket distribution center.|
|Ford Motor Company||Cambridge, Massachusetts||Model T||1913||1926||Polaroid bought it and used it for manufacturing. MIT currently owns the property and has renovated it as office space.|
|Ford Motor Company||Dearborn, Michigan||Ford Mustang||1918||||6.7 Mustangs built at plant, production moved to AutoAlliance plant in Flat Rock, Mich. (started 09-07-2004). Plant originally built to build Eagle boats called submarine chasers. Ford Model A, Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar were also built at plant|
|Ford Motor Company
Willow Run Plant
|Ypsilanti, Michigan||B-24 Liberator Aircraft||World War II||passed to Kaiser and General Motors after WWII||"Largest room in the world"; see article||Willow Run Airport and General Motors manufacturing facility|
|Ford Motor Company
Terminal Island Plant
|Terminal Island, Long Beach, California||Ford Model A||1930s||1959||Henry Ford Bridge provided only link to Terminal Island for decades||Part of the Port of Los Angeles complex|
|Ford Motor Company
Long Beach Plant
|Long Beach, California||Ford Model A||1930||1959|
|Ford Motor Company||Rosemead & Washington Boulevards, Pico Rivera, California||1.4 million automobiles||c. 1959||January 1980||Purchased by Northrup Grumman in February 1982, the 2,000,000-square-foot (190,000 m2) plant went on to be the home of the B-2 bomber.||Closed and demolished (2001); now a large retail center, anchored by Wal-Mart and Lowes.|
|Ford Motor Company||Richmond, California||Various models, WWII tanks and armored vehicles||1930||1956||?||Opened in 1930 and closed 1956 - Renovated, now part of Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park|
|Ford Motor Company||Milpitas, California||Ford Mustang/Shelby Mustang/Ford Falcon/Mercury Cougar||1955||1984||?||Opened in 1955 and closed 1984 - redeveloped into the Great Mall of the Bay Area in 1994|
|Ford Motor Company||Trafford Park, Manchester, England, UK||Ford Model T||1911||1928||?|
|Ford Motor Company of Australia
|Homebush, New South Wales||Ford Laser||1936||1994||?|
|General Motors Holden
|Dandenong., Victoria, Australia||Holden, Holden Commodore||1956||1996||Demolished and re-developed as Estate 1 Business Park http://www.estate1.com.au/|
Buick City Plant
|Hamilton St., Flint, Michigan||Buick LeSabre, Buick Electra, Buick Special, Buick Regal||1904||1999||Demolished|
|General Motors||Lansing, Michigan||Buick Reatta, GM EV1, Chevrolet SSR, Cadillac Eldorado, Chevrolet Cavalier and Pontiac Sunfire convertibles||1988||2006-03-17||?||?|
St. Louis Truck Assembly Plant
|St. Louis, Missouri||Chevrolet & GMC Trucks, 1954-1981 Corvette, Chevy II/Nova||1920s||1986||?||?|
Fisher Body Plant 1
|S. Saginaw St., Flint, Michigan||Bodies for Chevrolet models||?||?||?||Partially demolished; Remaining portion now Great Lakes Technology Center|
Wilmington Assembly Plant
|801 Boxwood Road, Wilmington, Delaware||Chevrolet Beretta (1987-1996)
Pontiac Solstice, Saturn Sky
|Ground broken 1945; Opened 1947||2009-07-29||Last auto manufacturing plant in Delaware.||Demolished and being redeveloped as an Amazon Fulfillment Center.|
|General Motors||2700 Tweedy Blvd.,||?||19??||1982||?||Sold to City of South Gate in 1985, redeveloped as South East High School|
|General Motors||Oakland, California||Chevrolet cars and trucks||1916||c.1963||?||
Production was moved to Fremont Assembly Plant in Fremont, California, which later became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Not to be confused with Oakland, Pontiac's original parent marque.
|General Motors||Fremont, California||Chevrolet cars and trucks||1963||1984||?||
Operated as GM plant from 1963 to 1982, then became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Closed April 1, 2010, partially reopening as the Tesla Factory, an automobile assembly plant for Tesla Motors
|General Motors||Clark Street, Detroit, Michigan||Cadillac models; Oldsmobile 88 and Custom Cruiser; Chevrolet Caprice and Impala.||1921||1987||?||Redeveloped as multi-tenant industrial park, within Federal Empowerment Zone|
Norwood Assembly Plant
|Norwood, Ohio||Chevrolet Bel Air, Biscayne, Impala, Nova, Caprice, and Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Buick Apollo||1923||1987||?||Redeveloped after lengthy court battle between city of Norwood and General Motors; see article|
Framingham Assembly Plant
|Framingham, Massachusetts||See article||1948||1989||?||ADESA automobile, truck, and boat warehouse and live auction site|
|General Motors||Janesville, Wisconsin||GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Suburban||1919||2008-12-23||?||Plant is in a state of hibernation. and will reopen when demand requires|
Lakewood Assembly Plant
|Atlanta, Georgia (Lakewood)||Chevrolet Trucks, Chevrolet Caprice||1927||1990||?||Demolished to the slab. Largely undeveloped except for a small parcel used by a waste management company.|
Pontiac Assembly Plant
|Pontiac, Michigan||Pontiac Fiero (1984-1988)||1927||1988||?||?|
|General Motors||Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada||Buick, Chevrolet (Maple Leaf), Oldsmobile, Pontiac||1928||1941||?||Used by several tenants for commercial purposes.|
Scarborough Van Assembly Plant
|Scarborough, Ontario (present-day Toronto)||G-series vans, GMC Vandura, Chevy Sportvan, GMC Handi-Van||1963||1993||?||Operations moved to Flint Truck Assembly. Plant demolished and now site of retail mall (Eglinton Town Centre)|
Willow Run Assembly Plant
|Ypsilanti, Michigan||Chevrolet Caprice||19??||1994||?||Vehicle assembly ceased in 1994; also at the Willow Run site, GM Powertrain operated Hydramatic Transmission Plant (1953–2007, then Ypsilanti Transmission Operations 2007-2010).|
|General Motors||North Tarrytown, New York (now Sleepy Hollow, New York)||Minivans, including Lumina APV; see article||1896 by Maxwell-Briscoe; 1903 by Ingersoll-Rand; 1914 by Chevrolet, later acquired by GM||1996||?||Redevelopment|
Baltimore Assembly Plant
|Baltimore, Maryland (2005)||GMC Safari, Chevrolet Astro||1935||2005||?||Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Chesapeake Commerce Center.|
|General Motors||Lansing, Michigan||Pontiac Grand Am, Chevrolet Malibu, Oldsmobile Alero||1902/1920||2005||Harbour Consulting rated it as the sixth most efficient auto plant in North America in 2006, after its closure (see article)||Demolished 2007|
|General Motors||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2006)||GM X platform, GMT360 Platform||1979||2006||?||Purchased by the voters of Oklahoma County for lease to Tinker Air Force Base|
|Frigidaire Plant; General Motors Moraine Assembly Plant||Moraine, Ohio||Chevrolet S-10, GMC S-15,
GMT360 Platform SUVs
|1951||2008||Workers represented by IUE-CWA, not the United Auto Workers||Purchased by Fuyao Glass America in 2014 and reopened in 2015 as an automotive glass manufacturing plant.|
Doraville Assembly Plant
|Doraville, Georgia||Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1988–1995), Chevrolet Venture (1997–2005), Pontiac Trans Sport / Pontiac Trans Sport (1997–2005), Oldsmobile Silhouette (1997–2004), Buick Terraza (2005–2007), Saturn Relay (2005–2007), Chevrolet Uplander (2005–2009), Pontiac Montana SV6 (2005–2009), Buick GL8||1947||2008-09-25||Being redeveloped as a mixed commercial/residential space known as Assembly Yards.|
|General Motors||Linden, New Jersey||Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs, Buicks Chevrolet S-10 Blazer, GMC Jimmy, GMC Truck and Bus Division||1937||2005||Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Legacy Commerce Center.|
|General Motors Chevrolet-Pontiac-Canada Division
Van Nuys Assembly Plant
|Van Nuys, California||Chevrolet Corvair, Chevrolet Nova, Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird.||?||1992||Redeveloped as The Plant shopping center. GM maintains a test track adjacent to the shopping center.|
|General Motors||Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec||Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Chevrolet Vega, Pontiac Trans Am, Pontiac Bonneville, Pontiac LeMans||1966||2002||Redeveloped as a mixed commercial/residential space known as Faubourg Boisbriand.|
|General Motors Canada||Oshawa, Ontario||Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, Chevrolet C/K pickup trucks||1965||2009-05-14||Site is part of GM Oshawa Autoplex, where the Oshawa Car plant continues operations.|
Acacia Ridge plant
|Acacia Ridge, Queensland||1966||1984||Site now a grocery.|
|Pagewood, New South Wales||1940||1981||Site now the offices of British American Tobacco in Sydney.|
|Woodville, South Australia||1924||1984||Site now occupied by the Charles Sturt Industrial Estate.|
|Jaguar||Coventry, England, UK||Jaguar||1951||2005||Assembly halls demolished. Small part retained as the Jaguar Museum until 2012, until its subsequent demolition. Site now occupied by a housing estate.|
|MG Rover Group||Longbridge, Birmingham, England, UK||Austin, Rover, Morris, MG, Mini, Triumph, Nash/Rambler Metropolitan||1904||2005||Featured in the music video of The Chemical Brothers song, Believe||Large amounts demolished, small scale production has restarted with the MG brand.|
|Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
Mitsubishi Motors Australia Assembly Plant
|Clovelly Park, South Australia, Australia||Various small and mid-sized vehicles||1971||2008||Site now occupied by Flinders University, Siemens and TAFE. Skeleton structure of Main Assembly Building remains.|
|Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
Mitsubishi Motors Australia Lonsdale Engine Manufacturing plant
|Lonsdale, South Australia, Australia||Various small and mid-sized vehicles||1971||2008||Site now occupied by Onkaparinga Recycling plant.|
|Nissan Motors||Zama, Kanagawa, Japan||1965||1995||currently Global Production Engineering Center and Nissan Heritage Collection, a storage unit for its historic models|
|Bochum, Germany||Opel (General Motors)||1963||2014||Demolished except for the administration building, which is to be preserved.|
|Packard Automotive Plant, Detroit||East Grand Boulevard and Concord Avenue||Packard||1907||1956||?||(From 1960) Subdivided as industrial park
(Present day) Urban ruins
|Peugeot||Ryton-on-Dunsmore, near Coventry, England, UK||Rootes, later Chrysler and finally Peugeot||1939||2006||Demolished in 2007.|
|Peugeot and Citroën||Aulnay-sous-Bois, France||Citroën, Peugeot||1972||2014|
|Renault||Paris, France||1934||1992||The plant was demolished in 2005 and the site is now being redeveloped.|
Park Royal factory
|Acton, London, England||1926||1960||Site still owned by Renault, now used as showrooms|
|Linwood, Scotland, UK||Rootes, later Chrysler and finally Peugeot||1961||1981||Mentioned in Letter from America by The Proclaimers||Demolished in 1982.|
|Canley, Coventry, England, UK||Standard, Triumph||1918||1980||Demolished, and site redeveloped for housing and business. A sculpture of the Standard logo now stands to remind people where the factory was.|
|Studebaker Corporation, South Bend||Chippewa Avenue||Studebaker||18??||1963||?||(From 1964) Assembly facilities taken over by Kaiser Jeep
(Present day) Other uses, partially demolished and urban ruins
|Studebaker Corporation, New York, New York||615 West 131st St
Manhattanville, New York City
|Studebaker||1923||1937||?||(From 1937) Borden Milk processing plant
(Present day) Columbia University finance department building
|Luton, England, UK||Vauxhall||1905||2002||Vauxhall's main assembly plant. Demolished and site now being redeveloped|
|Volkswagen of America||New Stanton, Pennsylvania||Rabbit/Golf, Caddy, Jetta||1978||1988||The facility was originally built by Chrysler in the 1960s, but was not completed until VW began operations.||Sony took over the site in 1990 and began production of televisions from 1990-2008. Production continued in Puebla, Mexico and US VW production resumed in 2011 at the Chattanooga Assembly Plant|
|Volkswagen of America||Sterling Heights, Michigan||N/A||1953||1983||The facility was originally built to manufacture jet engines and was operated as the Michigan Ordnance Missile Plant by the U.S. Army. Acquired by Volkswagen in 1980 and converted to automobile production.||Chrysler took over the site in 1983 and began production of their own vehicles. Still in use by Chrysler today.|
Volvo Halifax Assembly Plant
|Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada||Volvo PV544, 120, 240, 740, 940, 850, S70, V70 and S80||1963||1998-12-18||Volvo's only car assembly plant in North America.||Volvo Halifax Assembly - Bayer's Lake Plant still stands and is now used as an office complex.|
|Volvo North America Corporation
|Volvo Parkway & Greenbriar Parkway,||Volvo B10M and other transit buses (Plant originally planned for cars)||Ground broken 1974-07-02||1986-10||One of the first foreign-owned automotive manufacturing plants in the U.S., soon followed by Volkswagen and others.||Volvo Penta Marine retains facilities in the area. Redeveloped as "Crossways Commerce Center" shopping center.|
|Ford Motor Company St. Thomas Assembly||St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada||Produced 8 Million vechicles, including the Ford Pinto, Maverick, Falcon, Panther, Fairmont, EXP, and Crown Vic.||1967||2011||The plant had been largely demolished by the end of 2016, with only the wastewater treatment facility left standing as of Feb. 2017.|
|IMA - Industria de Montagem Automovel||Setúbal, Portugal||Mini, Mini IMA, Mini Moke, Austin/Morris J4 and AJ6, Morris Marina||1961||1984||Industrial Park|
|Renault||Setúbal, Portugal||Renault 5, Renault 4, Renault Clio||1977||1998||Business Park|
- Knox, Randy. "AMC - Nash Factory (El Segundo, California) Photos". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "London's Lost Manufacturing - We Were Once The British Detroit". Londonist. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Schweitzer, A.E. "Inside the Dodge Main plant: Building the 1955 Dodge cars (and 1981 demolition)". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Seaman, Barrett (1980-02-11). "In Michigan: Goodbye, Dodge Main". TIME Magazine. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Parris, Jr., Terry (2008-12-17). "Attorneys remember legal battle over GM's Poletown plant". Hamtramck Citizen; www.hamtramckcitizen.com. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Jefferys, Steve (1986). Management and managed: fifty years of crisis at Chrysler. CUP Archive. ISBN 978-0-521-30441-2. ISBN 0-521-30441-5.
- "Bill Watson's Chronological History of Chrysler Corporation, Including Dodge, DeSoto, and Plymouth". Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- Keller, Michael E (June 1998). The Graham legacy: Graham-Paige to 1932. ISBN 978-1-56311-470-0. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- Panaritis, Maria (20 December 2008). "Wrenching reality on a Chrysler plant's last day". Philadelphia Inquirer. pp. A1.
- "Ford's historic Michigan plant moves closer to reopening as tourist attraction". Automotive News. 2013-07-15. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
- Fisher, Janon; Hanley, Robert (27 Feb 2004). "With Last 50 Pickups, Ford Ends 56 Years of Work in Edison". New York Times. pp. B5.
- "COMPANY NEWS; Ford Sets Closing Of Plant in Ohio". www.nytimes.com. 1988-06-16. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- Akron Beacon Journal. 1986-09-04. Missing or empty
- "FORD TURNS OUT LIGHT LAST WORKDAY, MARKED AT CANTON PLANT". Akron Beacon Journal. 1988-12-24.
- "Republic Engineered Productions - Locations". www.republicengineered.com. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- "Ford Cambridge Assembly Plant". fordmotorhistory.com.
- "Pony cars get new stable". Automotive News. 2004-05-17.
- "Port of Los Angeles Virtual History Tour". www.laporthistory.org. Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "LA's Past Auto Plants". www.laalmanac.com. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "The Port of Los Angeles – Transportation". www.portoflosangeles.org. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- Sorensen, Lorin. "California Historian: The Ford Plant in Long Beach, CA". www.californiahistorian.com. Archived from the original on 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "CARRTracks.com: Automobile Industry". www.carrtracks.com. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "Permanent Closing of Ford Plant". New York Times. 1980-01-11. p. D1. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "Northrop to Buy Vacant Ford Plant - New York Times". www.nytimes.com. 1982-02-05. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "General Motors closes Buick City complex in Flint, Michigan". World Socialist. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- Barbara Wieland. "Tearful workers say goodbye Last SSR rolls off Craft Centre line". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2006.
- "Wilmington Assembly groundbreaking - 1945". GM Next Wiki, General Motors. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- Maureen Milford (2009-07-13). "GM closing Boxwood Road, last auto plant in Delaware". USA Today, The (Wilmington) News Journal. Retrieved 2009-07-29.
- "EnviRostor". State of California. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- "G.M. Selling Plant To California City - New York Times". www.nytimes.com. 1985-09-17. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- "Chevy (Full Size) VIN Decoding". www.yearone.com. Archived from the original on 2009-06-21. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- "Lodi News-Sentinel, June 19, 1953". www.google.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- "GM - Environment - Case Studies - Clark Street - Detroit, MI". www.gm.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-25. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- Bunkley, Nick; Vlasic, Bill (2008-12-24). "Nearly the End of the Line for S.U.V.'s - NYTimes.com". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- Bennet, James (1994-04-15). "COMPANY NEWS; G.M. Settles Suit Over Plant Closing - The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "GM - Environment - Roseland Named Developer for GM Property in Sleepy Hollow". www.gm.com. Archived from the original on September 25, 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "Fuyao bringing 800 jobs to former GM plant". daytondailynews. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
- "As GM factory in Doraville closes, an era rolls away". www.ajc.com. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "GM plant shuts down in Doraville". www.ajc.com. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "More Layoffs Set by G.M. - The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. 1987-04-07. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "L.A. County supervisors plead with GM to keep Van Nuys plant, save 4,000 jobs". www.entrepreneur.com. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "GM - Environment - Case Studies - Van Nuys, CA". www.gm.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-25. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "Ontario GM truck plant shuts down - UPI.com". www.upi.com. 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
"New York City's Forgotten Auto Plant". http://jalopnik.com/. Retrieved 2011-11-26. External link in
- "American-Made Rabbit - TIME". www.time.com. 1976-05-03. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "Vw to close plant ohio once bid for". The Columbus Dispatch. 1987-11-21.
- "Sony to use old vw plant - columbus site once considered". The Columbus Dispatch. 1990-04-18.
- "Chrysler's Sterling Heights Assembly and Stamping Plants". Allpar.
- "Chrysler's Sterling Heights Assembly and Stamping Plants". Allpar.
- "Volvo History, The 1960s". www.volvoclub.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS; Volvo Set to Close Plant - The New York Times". The New York Times. 1998-09-11. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- Tagliabue, John (1998-12-01). "INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS; Volvo to Cut 5,300 Workers by Mid-1999". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "Pay for No Work - TIME". TIME Magazine. 1977-02-21. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- Krampitz, Jr., Edwin. "Volvo's US Car Assembly Plant". Auto History Online, Excerpts from the SAH Journal and Review (autohistory.org). Archived from the original on 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- https://www.stthomastimesjournal.com/2017/02/17/two-suitors-kicking-tires-on-former-ford-site/wcm/e801c3f0-526e-4daa-d684-81805ec43181[verification needed]
- Production Halted at MG Rover Longbridge Plant. Steven Downes, (London) Times Online. Retrieved on 1 December 2005.
- It Takes Many Arrows to Kill an Elephant. Jerry Flint, Forbes, 29 November 2005. Retrieved on 1 December 2005. Many references to historic, closed facilities.
- Links to Early Automotive History, State of Michigan official website. Retrieved on 1 December 2005.
- Once teeming with auto plants, Detroit now home to only a few nameplates. Richard A. Wright, The Detroit News. Retrieved on 1 December 2005.
- General Motors--Brownfield Redevelopment