List of former Bahá'ís
Ex-Bahá'ís or former Bahá'ís are people who have been a member of the Bahá'í Faith at some time in their lives and later left it. The following is a list of notable ex-Bahá'ís, who have either converted to another religion or philosophy, or became non-religious. Bahá'ís who are not in good standing, having lost their voting rights for some transgression, are not considered ex-Bahá'ís.
Converted to an Abrahamic religionsEdit
Converted to ChristianityEdit
Converted to IslamEdit
- Abd al-Hosayn Ayati – Also known as Avarih. He spent 18 years as a Bahá'í travelling teacher and reverted to Shia Islam in 1921.
Converted to Unitarian UniversalismEdit
Converted to other belief systemsEdit
- Phoebe Hearst – American philanthropist, feminist and suffragist, she converted to the Bahá'í Faith in 1898 but later in life became estranged from the religion.
- Denis MacEoin – British analyst, writer, and lecturer, Bahá'í from about 1966 to about 1980, he departed after clashes with the Bahá'í administration, mostly due to his research works on Babism.
- Alden Penner – Canadian musician, left in 2013 after personal differences with others in the Bahá'í community.
- Ehsan Yarshater – Although born into a Bahá'í family, he has had no affiliation with the religion as an adult, and has said that he is not a Bahá'í.
Members of Bahá'u'lláh's familyEdit
Covenant-breaker is a term used by Bahá'ís to refer to a person who has been excommunicated from the Bahá'í community for the act of covenant-breaking, roughly defined as active opposition to the Bahá'í Faith from a current member. Among the descendants of Bahá'u'lláh, most were expelled for their opposition to `Abdu'l-Bahá and later Shoghi Effendi. The extended family were later almost wholly assimilated into Muslim society in Haifa, Israel, with no common religious activities.
- Mírzá Muhammad `Alí – a son of Bahá'u'lláh. Later labeled by Shoghi Effendi as the arch-breaker of the Covenant of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Shua Ullah Behai – Bahá'u'lláh's eldest grandson, he led the Unitarian Baha'i denomination in the United States.
- Fatimih Khanum – Bahá'u'lláh's second wife, known as Mahd-i-`Ulya.
- Samadiyyih – a daughter of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Díyá'u'lláh – a son of Bahá'u'lláh.
- Gawhar – Bahá'u'lláh's third wife.
- Furughiyyih – a daughter by Bahá'u'lláh.
- Ruhi Afnan – Bahá'u'lláh's granddaughter.
- Munib Shahid – `Abdu'l-Bahá's grandson.
- Husayn Ali – `Abdu'l-Bahá's grandson, the brother of Shoghi Effendi.
- Riaz – `Abdu'l-Bahá's grandson, the brother of Shoghi Effendi.
- Mehrangiz – `Abdu'l-Bahá's granddaughter, the sister of Shoghi Effendi.
- Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler and his wife, Julia Lynch Olin – Co-founded the New History Society in New York City. They were expelled from the Bahá'í community in 1939 along with Mírzá Aḥmad Sohráb (see below) after they refused to allow the Local Spiritual Assembly of New York oversight over the operations of the New History Society.
- Ahmad Sohrab – founded the New History Society and the Caravan of East and West in New York and was expelled with Lewis and Julia.
- Bruce 2000.
- Afshar 2001.
- Momen 2007.
- Balyuzi 2001.
- Kissel 2015.
- Ashraf 2007.
- MacEoin, Denis. "Bahai and Babi Schisms". Encyclopædia Iranica.
In Palestine, the followers of Moḥammad-ʿAlī continued as a small group of families opposed to the Bahai leadership in Haifa; they have now been almost wholly re-assimilated into Muslim society.
- Sohrab 1959.
- Afshar, Iraj (18 August 2011). "ĀYATĪ, ʿABD-AL-ḤOSAYN". Encyclopædia Iranica.
- Ashraf, Ahmad (2007-04-05). "Official response of the Encyclopaedia Iranica to the Associated Press article of March 25, 2007 entitled "U.S.-funded encyclopedia revels in Iran's greatness"" (PDF). Encyclopedia Iranica. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 2, 2013.
- Balyuzi, H.M. (2001). `Abdu'l-Bahá: The Centre of the Covenant of Bahá'u'lláh (Paperback ed.). Oxford, UK: George Ronald. pp. 308–309. ISBN 0-85398-043-8.
- Bruce, Billy (31 August 2000). "Born-Again Rock Stars". Charisma Magazine. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
- Kissel, Chris (14 January 2015). "Alden Penner: An Ex-Unicorn Goes It Alone". Diffuser.fm. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- Momen, Moojan (2007). "Marginality and Apostasy in the Bahá'í Community". Religion. 37 (3): 187–2009. doi:10.1016/j.religion.2007.06.008. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- Sohrab, Mirza Ahmad (1959). My Bahai Pilgrimage. Autobiography from Childhood to Middle Age. New York: New History Foundation.