List of firsts in aviation

1920 Stained glass window of the monk Eilmer of Malmesbury holding his wings

This is a list of outright firsts in aviation. For a comprehensive list of women's records, see Women in aviation.

First person to flyEdit

The first flight (including gliding) by a person is unknown. Several have been suggested.

None of these historical accounts are adequately supported by corroborating evidence or have been widely accepted. The first confirmed human flight was accomplished by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier in a tethered Montgolfier balloon in 1783.

Lighter than air (aerostats)Edit

 
Contemporary drawing of the Montgolfier hot air balloon that made the first confirmed flight by man
 
The Breitling Orbiter 3 in which the first non-stop balloon circumnavigation was achieved in 1999

Heavier than airEdit

Pioneer era 1853–1916Edit

 
Otto Lilienthal in mid-flight, c. 1895
 
Louis Blériot in the process of crossing the English Channel
 
Armour Company poster showing Calbraith Perry Rodgers's Vin Fiz Flyer transcontinental flight route, autumn 1911
 
Pyotr Nesterov with the Nieuport IV.G he looped
 
Kurt Wintgens' Fokker M.5K/MG used on July 1, 1915
 
Felixstowe Porte Baby with Bristol Scout composite before flight

Practical flight 1917-1938Edit

 
Alcock and Brown beginning their non-stop transatlantic flight in their Vickers Vimy
 
USAAS Douglas World Cruisers on their world circumnavigation flight

Jet age, 1939–presentEdit

 
Bell X-1, first aircraft confirmed to have exceeded Mach 1, flown by Chuck Yeager
 
The GlobalFlyer that Steve Fossett piloted around the world

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian 167. "(永定三年)使元黄头与诸囚自金凤台各乘纸鸱以飞,黄头独能至紫陌乃堕,仍付御史中丞毕义云饿杀之。" (Rendering: In the 3rd year of Yongding, 559, Gao Yang conducted an experiment by having Yuan Huangtou and a few prisoners launch themselves from a tower in Ye, capital of the Northern Qi. Yuan Huangtou was the only one who survived from this flight, as he glided over the city-wall and fell at Zimo [western segment of Ye] safely, but he was later executed.)
  2. ^ Unless specified, most circumnavigation flights were not done along the greatest distance, at the equator, but merely crossed all lines of longitude - often at high latitudes, and as far north as possible.

CitationsEdit

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