List of fertility deities
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A fertility deity is a god or goddess associated with sex, fertility, pregnancy, and childbirth. In some cases these deities are directly associated with these experiences; in others they are more abstract symbols. Fertility rites may accompany their worship. The following is a list of fertility deities.
- Amun, creator-god, associated with fertility
- Bastet, cat goddess sometimes associated with fertility
- Bes, household protector god associated with music, dance, and sexual pleasure
- Hathor, goddess who personified the principles of love, motherhood and joy
- Heqet, frog-goddess of fertility
- Heryshaf, god of creation and fertility
- Isis, goddess of motherhood, magic and fertility
- Mesenet, goddess of childbirth
- Min, god of fertility, reproduction, and lettuce
- Osiris, god of the afterlife, the dead, and the underworld agency that granted all life, including sprouting vegetation and the fertile flooding of the Nile River
- Renenutet, goddess of the true name, the harvest and fertile fields
- Sobek, god of the river, warfare and fertility
- Sopdet, goddess of the fertility of the soil
- Tawaret, goddess of fertility and childbirth
- Tefnut, goddess of water and fertility
- Qetesh, goddess of sacred ecstasy and sexual pleasure
- Tonacatecuhtli, god of sustenance (fertility).
- Tonacacihuatl, goddess of sustenance (fertility).
- Coatlicue, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth.
- Chimalma, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth.
- Xochitlicue, goddess of fertility, life, death and rebirth.
- Xochipilli, god of love, art, games, beauty, dance, flowers, maize, fertility, and song.
- Xochiquetzal, goddess of fertility, beauty, female sexual power, protection of young mothers, pregnancy, childbirth, and women's crafts.
- Toci, is the "Mother of the Men", see Temazcalteci
- Temazcalteci, goddess of maternity (fertility).
In Vietnam, Laos and CambodiaEdit
- Sowathara, A female figure as symbol of the fertile earth.
- Brigid, Irish goddess associated with fertility
- Cernunnos, horned god associated with fertility
- Damara, fertility goddess worshipped in Britain
- Damona, Gaulish fertility goddess
- Epona, goddess of horses and fertility
- Hooded Spirits, a group of deities theorised to be fertility spirits
- Nantosuelta, goddess of nature, the earth, fire, and fertility
- Onuava, goddess of fertility
- Rosmerta, Gallo-Roman goddess of fertility and abundance
- St. Anne, patron saint of pregnancy and mothers
- St. Catherine of Sweden, patron saint of protection against abortion and miscarriage
- St. Gerard Majella, patron saint of childbirth, motherhood, children and mothers (unborn children and expecting mothers in particular)
- St. Margaret the Virgin, patron saint of childbirth and pregnant women
- Phallic saints, a group of saints invoked for fertility
- St. Raymond Nonnatus, patron saint of childbirth, midwives, children, and pregnant women
- Theotokos, Mary, Mother of God, Mother of Jesus
- Äkräs, Finnish god of fertility
- Rauni or Raun, Finnish-Estonian goddess of fertility
- Peko or Pellon-Pekko, Karelian-Seto god of fertility
- Metsik, West Estonian spirit of fertility
- Šun-Šočõnava, Mari goddess of fertility and birth.
- Mu-Kyldyśin, Udmurt god of fertility and earth.
- Zarni-Ań, Komi goddess of fertility, represented by a golden woman.
- Babba or Aranyanya, Hungarian goddess fertility, represented by a golden woman.
- Kalteš-Ekwa, Ob-Ugric goddess of fertility, represented by a golden woman.
- Aphaea, local goddess associated with fertility and the agricultural cycle
- Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty and sexuality
- Aphroditus, god of male and female unity, fertility, and the moon
- Artemis, goddess of the hunt, the moon, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity, fertility, young girls and health and disease in women
- Cybele, Phrygian Earth Mother goddess who embodies the fertile earth
- Demeter, goddess of agriculture and the fertility of the earth
- Dionysus, god of wine and festivity, associated with fertility
- Eros, god of sexual love, fertility and beauty
- Gaia, Earth Mother and goddess of the fertile earth
- Hera, goddess of the air, marriage, women, women's fertility, childbirth, heirs, kings and empires
- Ilithyia, (also called Eileithyia) goddess of childbirth and midwifery, likely of Minoan or earlier origin.
- Pan, god of shepherds, flocks, mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music; associated with fertility
- Phanes, primeval deity of procreation and the generation of new life
- Priapus, rustic god of fertility, protection of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia
- Rhea, goddess of fertility, motherhood and the mountain wilds
- Tychon, a daemon imagined as a boy
- Aditi, goddess of space, consciousness, the past, the future, and fertility
- Banka-Mundi, goddess of the hunt and fertility
- Bhūmi, goddess of the earth and the fertility form of Lakshmi
- Chandra, lunar god associated with fertility
- Lajja Gauri, goddess associated with abundance and fertility
- Manasa, snake goddess associated with fertility and prosperity
- Matrikas, a group of 7 - 16 goddesses who are associated with fertility and motherly power.
- Parvati, goddess associated with fertility, marital felicity, devotion to the spouse, asceticism, and power
- Sinivali, goddess associated with fecundity and easy birth.
- Nikkal, goddess of fruits
- Anjea, goddess or spirit of fertility
- Birrahgnooloo, Kamilaroi goddess of fertility
- Dilga, Karadjeri goddess of fertility and growth
- Julunggul, Yolgnu rainbow snake goddess associated with fertility, initiation, rebirth and the weather
- Kunapipi, mother goddess and the patron deity of many heroes
- Ungud, snake god or goddess associated with rainbows and the fertility and erections of the tribe's shaman
- Wollunqua, snake god of rain and fertility
- Ama-arhus, Akkadian fertility goddess
- Amasagnul, Akkadian fertility goddess
- Gatumdag, Sumerian fertility goddess and tutelary mother goddess of Lagash
- Inanna, Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and warfare
- Ishtar, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of fertility, love, war and sexuality
- Nanshe, Sumerian goddess of social justice, prophecy, fertility and fishing
- Ningal, Sumerian mother goddess
- Nin-imma, goddess of the female sex organs
- Sharra Itu, Sumerian fertility goddess
- Freyja, goddess associated with love, beauty, fertility, gold. Also a war/death goddess. Taught Odin seiðr magic.
- Freyr, god associated with farming, weather and fertility
- Frigg, goddess associated with prophecy, marriage and childbirth
- Gefjun, goddess of ploughing and possibly fertility
- Odin The allfather. God of war, wisdom and seiðr (magic)
- Thor, god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind.
- Anahita, goddess of fertility, healing and wisdom
- Bona Dea, goddess of fertility, healing, virginity, and women
- Candelifera, goddess of childbirth
- Carmenta, goddess of childbirth and prophecy
- Ceres, goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships; equated with the Greek goddess Demeter
- Diana, goddess of the hunt, wilderness, the moon and childbirth; equivalent to the Greek Artemis
- *Domidicus, the god who leads the bride home
- *Domitius, the god who installs the bride
- Fascinus, embodiment of the divine phallus
- Fecunditas, goddess of fertility
- Feronia, goddess associated with fertility and abundance
- Flora, goddess of flowers and spring
- Inuus, god of sexual intercourse
- *Jugatinus, the god who joins the pair in marriage
- Juno, goddess of marriage and childbirth; equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera
- Liber, god of viniculture, wine and male fertility, equivalent to Greek Dionysus; in archaic Lavinium, a phallic deity
- Libera, goddess of female fertility and the earth
- Lucina, goddess of childbirth
- Mars, god initially associated with fertility and vegetation, but later associated with warfare and the Greek god Ares
- *Manturna, the goddess who kept the bride at home
- Mutunus Tutunus, phallic marriage deity associated with the Greek god Priapus
- Ops, fertility and earth-goddess
- Partula, goddess of childbirth, who determined the duration of each pregnancy
- *Pertuda, goddess who enables penetration
- Picumnus, god of fertility, agriculture, matrimony, infants and children
- *Prema, goddess who holds the bride down on the bed
- Robigus, fertility god who protects crops against disease
- *Subigus, the god who subdues the bride to the husband's will
- Terra, earth goddess associated with marriage, motherhood, pregnant women, and pregnant animals; equivalent to the Greek Gaia
- Venus, goddess of love, beauty and fertility, equivalent to the Greek goddess Aphrodite
- *Virginiensis, the goddess who unties the girdle of the bride
- Dzydzilelya, Polish goddess of love, marriage, sexuality and fertility
- Jarilo, god of fertility, spring, the harvest and war
- Kostroma, goddess of fertility
- Radegast, West Slavic god of hospitality, fertility, and crops, associated with war and the sun
- Siebog, god of love and marriage
- Svetovid, god of war, fertility and abundance
- Zeme, goddess of the earth, associated with fertility
- Živa, goddess of love and fertility
- Umay, goddess of fertility and virginity
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fertility deities.|
- Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad (1955). Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah - The Life of Muhammad Translated by A. Guillaume. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 38.
- Al-Kalbi, Hisham (1952). Kitab Al-Asnam Translated by Nabih Amin Faris. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 17.
- Rice, Edward (May 1978). Eastern Definitions: A Short Encyclopedia of Religions of the Orient. New York: Doubleday. p. 433. ISBN 9780385085632.
- Liu, Peng (2016). ""Conceal my Body so that I can Protect the State": The Making of the Mysterious Woman in Daoism and Water Margin". Ming Studies. 74: 48–71. doi:10.1080/0147037X.2016.1228876.
- Philip Wilkinson, Neil Philip. Mythology. ISBN 978-1-4053-1820-4. p.17. 2007
- Place Settings. Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved on 2015-08-06.