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List of federally recognized tribes by state

Yellow = states with federal-recognized tribal entities; Red = states with state-recognized tribal entities; Orange=states with both federal- and state-recognized tribal entities; Grey=states with neither

Federally recognized tribes are those Native American tribes recognized by the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs for certain federal government purposes.

Contents

DescriptionEdit

In the United States, the Native American tribe is a fundamental unit of sovereign tribal government, and the constitution grants to the U.S. Congress the right to interact with tribes. More specifically, the Supreme Court of the United States in United States v. Sandoval (231 US. 28 [1913]) warned, "it is not ... that Congress may bring a community or body of people within range of this power by arbitrarily calling them an Indian tribe, but only that in respect of distinctly Indian communities the questions whether, to what extent, and for what time they shall be recognized and dealt with as dependent tribes" (at 46).[1] Federal tribal recognition grants to tribes the right to self-government, as well as certain benefits. The recognition process is largely controlled by the United States federal agency the Bureau of Indian Affairs, in consultation with federally recognized tribes.

In January 2015 the United States' Federal Register issued an official list of 566 tribes that are Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.[2] The number of tribes increased to 567 in July 2015 with the federal recognition of the Pamunkey tribe in Virginia.[3]USA.gov, the federal government's official web portal, maintains a list of tribal governments which is constantly updated. Ancillary information present in former versions of this list but no longer contained in the current listing have been included here in italics print.

In 2018, six more Virginia-based tribes were added to the list, bringing the total to 573. [4] Of these, 231 are located in Alaska.

AlabamaEdit

  1. Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama
    (formerly the Creek Nation East of the Mississippi)

AlaskaEdit

ArizonaEdit

CaliforniaEdit

  1. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California
  2. Alturas Indian Rancheria, California
  3. Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, California
    (formerly the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Augustine Reservation, California)
  4. Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California
  5. Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  6. Big Lagoon Rancheria, California
  7. Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians of the Big Pine Reservation, California
  8. Big Sandy Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
  9. Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria, California
  10. Blue Lake Rancheria, California
  11. Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California
  12. Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  13. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, California
    (previously listed as the Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Cabazon Reservation)
  14. Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, California
  15. Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California
  16. Cahto Indian Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria, California
  17. California Valley Miwok Tribe, California
    (formerly the Sheep Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California)
  18. Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California
  19. Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California:
    1. Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California
    2. Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California
  20. Cedarville Rancheria, California
  21. Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California
  22. Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California
  23. Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  24. Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  25. Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
  26. Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California
  27. Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California
  28. Death Valley Timbi-Sha Shoshone Band of California
  29. Dry Creek Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  30. Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California
  31. Elk Valley Rancheria, California
  32. Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  33. Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California
    (formerly the Cuyapaipe Community of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Cuyapaipe Reservation)
  34. Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California
    (formerly the Graton Rancheria)
    (formerly the Federated Coast Miwok)
  35. Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California
  36. Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation, California
  37. Greenville Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  38. Grindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians of California
  39. Guidiville Rancheria of California
  40. Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, California
    (formerly the Upper Lake Band of Pomo Indians of Upper Lake Rancheria of California)
  41. Hoopa Valley Tribe, California
  42. Hopland Band of Pomo Indians of the Hopland Rancheria, California
  43. Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California
  44. Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California
  45. Jackson Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
  46. Jamul Indian Village of California
  47. Karuk Tribe of California
  48. Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria, California
  1. La Jolla Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the La Jolla Reservation, California
  2. La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California
  3. Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla & Cupeno Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation, California
    (formerly the Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation)
  4. Lytton Rancheria of California
  5. Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester-Point Arena Rancheria, California
  6. Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California
  7. Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria, California
  8. Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California
  9. Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  10. Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
  11. Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Morongo Reservation, California
  12. Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
  13. Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony, California
  14. Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation, California
  15. Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation, California
  16. Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California
  17. Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, California
  18. Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California
  19. Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California
  20. Pinoleville Pomo Nation, California
    (formerly the Pinoleville Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California)
  21. Pit River Tribe, California
    includes:
    1. XL Ranch
    2. Big Bend Rancheria
    3. Likely Rancheria
    4. Lookout Rancheria
    5. Montgomery Creek Rancheria
    6. Roaring Creek Rancheria
  22. Potter Valley Tribe, California
    (formerly the Potter Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California)
  23. Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California
  24. Ramona Band or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California
  25. Redding Rancheria, California
  26. Redwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  27. Resighini Rancheria, California
    (formerly the Coast Indian Community of Yurok Indians of the Resighini Rancheria)
  28. Rincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Rincon Reservation, California
  29. Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  30. Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation, California
    (formerly the Covelo Indian Community)
  31. Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California
  32. San Manual Band of Serrano Mission Indians of the San Manual Reservation, California
  33. San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California
  34. Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California
  35. Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California
    (formerly the Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Santa Rosa Reservation)
  36. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California
  37. Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California
  38. Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California
  39. Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
  40. Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California
  41. Smith River Rancheria, California
  42. Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California
    (formerly the Soboba Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Soboba Reservation)
  43. Susanville Indian Rancheria, California
  44. Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation
    (formerly the Sycuan Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California)
  45. Table Mountain Rancheria of California
  46. Tejon Indian Tribe
  47. Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California
    (formerly the Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California)
  48. Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, California
  49. Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California
  50. Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California
  51. United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California
  52. Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation, California
  53. Wilton Rancheria
  54. Wiyot Tribe, California
    (formerly the Table Bluff Reservation—Wiyot Tribe)
  55. Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California

Several states:

  1. Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California
  2. Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada
  3. Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona
  4. Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California
    1. Carson Colony
    2. Dresslerville Colony
    3. Woodfords Community
    4. Stewart Community
    5. Washoe Ranches

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

FloridaEdit

HawaiiEdit

IdahoEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MassachusettsEdit

MichiganEdit

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

MontanaEdit

NebraskaEdit

NevadaEdit

New MexicoEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

North DakotaEdit

OklahomaEdit

OregonEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

South DakotaEdit

TexasEdit

UtahEdit

VirginiaEdit

WashingtonEdit

  1. Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, Washington
  2. Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Washington
  3. Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington
    (formerly the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation of the Yakama Reservation)
  4. Cowlitz Indian Tribe, Washington
  5. Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation, Washington
  6. Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe of Washington
  7. Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation, Washington
  8. Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation, Washington
  9. Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington
  10. Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation, Washington
  11. Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington
  12. Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation, Washington
  13. Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington
  14. Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation, Washington
  15. Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation, Washington
  16. Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation, Washington
  17. Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation, Washington
  18. Samish Indian Tribe, Washington
  19. Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe of Washington
  20. Shoalwater Bay Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation, Washington
  21. Skokomish Indian Tribe of the Skokomish Reservation, Washington
  22. Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington
  23. Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington
  24. Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Washington
  25. Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington
  26. Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington
  27. Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington
  28. Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington
  29. Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington

WisconsinEdit

WyomingEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sheffield (1998) p. 56
  2. ^ Federal Register, Volume 80, Number 9 dated January 14, 2015
  3. ^ Federal Acknowledgment of the Pamunkey Indian Tribe Archived 2015-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ https://www.voanews.com/a/us-recognizes-six-virginia-native-american-tribes/4232989.html
  5. ^ "Federal Register: "Final Determination for the Federal Acknowledgment of the Pamunkey Indian Tribe"". 8 July 2015.
  6. ^ Heim, Joe (2 July 2015). "A renowned Virginia Indian tribe finally wins federal recognition". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 July 2015.