The following is a list of 74 individuals whose deaths have been related to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway: 42 drivers, 1 motorcyclist, 13 riding mechanics, and 18 others including a pit crew member, track personnel, and spectators have sustained fatal injuries or have had fatal medical conditions. The fatalities are connected with Championship Car racing at the track unless otherwise noted.
59 of the 74 fatalities have occurred as part of the Indianapolis 500 (including the race, qualifying, and practice). Fatalities have also occurred in conjunction with the precursors to the 500 (which took place in 1909 and 1910), the Brickyard 400, the Moto GP event, the Speedway's golf course, and during private testing.
During World War I, while the Speedway was being used as a landing strip and a maintenance and refueling station for the 821st Aero Repair Squadron, at least one test pilot was fatally injured in a plane crash at the track.
|Name||Role||Date||Sanction||Event||Session||Course of events|
|William Bourque||Driver||August 19, 1909||AAA||Prest-O-Lite Trophy||Race||On the 58th lap of the 250-mile race, William Bourque glanced backwards momentarily when his Knox hit a rut, swerved into a ditch, flipped over and landed against the fence lining the outside of the frontstretch. Bourque was trapped under the car and his riding mechanic Harry Holcomb had struck a post with his head, being killed instantly. Bourque died shortly thereafter.|
|Harry Holcomb||Riding mechanic|
|Claude Kellum||Riding mechanic||August 21, 1909||AAA||Wheeler-Schebler Trophy||Race||During the 300-mile race, Claude Kellum first served as the riding mechanic for Johnny Aitken, who was forced to retire with a cracked cylinder head after 40 laps. Kellum then relieved Robert Lyne as the riding mechanic for Charlie Merz. While driving down the frontstretch, Merz's National blew its right front tire, and the car flipped up into the stands, pinning Merz underneath. He escaped injury. Kellum was thrown from the car, and died from his injuries an hour later. Spectators Omar D. Jolliffe, 27, of Franklin, Indiana, and James West, 38, of Indianapolis, were also killed by the crashed car. Following another accident, the race was abandoned after 235 miles.|
|Tom Kincade||Driver||July 6, 1910||National race car test||Testing||Tommy Kincade went off the embankment at the second turn and was crushed to death by his machine.|
|Sam Dickson||Riding mechanic||May 30, 1911||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||Sam Dickson was the riding mechanic for Arthur Greiner and the first person killed during the Indianapolis 500. On lap twelve, one of the front wheels came off the American Simplex Greiner was driving, causing him to lose control and both men to be thrown from the car. While Greiner escaped with a broken arm, Dickson flew into a fence 20 feet (6.1 m) from the car. Reports state that Dickson was killed instantly, although the crowd evidently swarmed around the body, requiring the state militia who were acting as security at the event to use their guns as clubs to clear a path for the attending doctors.|
|Harry Martin||Driver||June 26, 1913||Stutz race car test||Testing||After a tire on the car Harry Martin was driving had blown out, the car skidded into the outside wall, bounced back, overturned and rolled down the first turn, pinning Martin and his riding mechanic Frank Agan under the wreckage. Martin was killed instantly, Agan survived serious injuries.|
|Albert Johnson||Driver||October 4, 1915||Packard race car test||Testing||A tire failure caused the car Albert Johnson was driving to roll over several times. He died on the operating table early the next morning. Johnson's riding mechanic Ross Robinson was injured.|
|Arthur Thurman||Driver||May 31, 1919||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||The Thurman Special driven by Arthur Thurman turned over on lap 45. While Thurman was killed, his riding mechanic Nicholas Molinaro survived critical injuries.|
|Louis LeCocq||Driver||Louis LeCocq's Roamer Special turned over on lap 96, causing the fuel tank to explode, and burst into flames. LeCocq was killed along with his riding mechanic Robert Bandini.|
|Robert Bandini||Riding mechanic|
|Bert Shoup||Spectator||May 30, 1923||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||On lap 22, Tom Alley, who was relief driving for Earl Cooper, wrecked on the backstretch, going through the wall, and killed 15-year-old spectator Bert S. Shoup of Lafayette, Indiana. Alley and two other spectators were injured.|
|Herbert Jones||Driver||May 27, 1926||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Qualifying||After making contact with the turn four retaining wall, Herbert Jones's car shot across the track to the inside, tumbled and came to a stop upside down with Jones trapped inside. He sustained a fractured skull, and died the following day.|
|Bill Spence||Driver||May 30, 1929||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||Bill Spence's Duesenberg turned over in turn two on lap ten, throwing him from the car when it hit the wall. He died of a fractured skull en route to the hospital.|
|Paul Marshall||Riding mechanic||May 30, 1930||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||Paul Marshall was serving as the riding mechanic for his brother Cy Marshall when their car crashed in turn three on lap 29. Cy Marshall was seriously injured, but survived while Paul Marshall was killed.|
|Joe Caccia||Driver||May 26, 1931||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Entering turn two, Joe Caccia lost control of his car, crashed through the outside wall, and hurtled 100 feet (30 m) down the embankment, crashing into a tree. Both Caccia and his riding mechanic Clarence Grove were thrown from the car, which burst into flames, enveloping both, and struck the racers when landing. They died at the scene.|
|Clarence Grove||Riding mechanic|
|Wilbur Brink||Bystander||May 30, 1931||Race||On lap 162, Billy Arnold, the defending Indianapolis 500 winner, while leading, broke his rear axle as he negotiated the fourth turn. He lost control of his car and tumbled over the fourth turn wall. In the process, the rear tire from the broken axle was sent sailing into the air and out of the track. The tire bounced over the fence of the speedway and over the Brinks's house across the street, located on 2316 Georgetown Road. The tire landed on Wilbur C. Brink's head, killing him. Brink was an 11-year-old boy seated on an ice chest near his father's impromptu refreshment stand in his front yard. Arnold and his riding mechanic Spider Matlock were injured.|
|Harry Cox||Riding mechanic||May 25, 1932||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Qualifying||Warming up his racer, in which Joe Caccia and Clarence Grove had died the year before, Bennie Benefiel crashed in turn one and went over the outside wall. The car fell 18 feet (5.5 m) to the ground and crashed into trees. Benefiel was seriously injured and his riding mechanic Harry Cox was killed.|
|M. C. Jones||Driver||May 27, 1932||Practice||Going into turn three, the car Milton Jones was driving spun, and hit the outside wall backwards. It flipped up into the concrete wall, and rolled over several times. Both Jones and his riding mechanic Harold Gray were thrown from the car. Jones died in the hospital about six hours after the crash, while Gray survived, having sustained a broken arm and internal injuries.|
|Bill Denver||Driver||May 28, 1933||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Qualifying||Bill Denver and his riding mechanic Bob Hurst were killed on a warm-up lap in preparation for a qualifying run.|
|Bob Hurst||Riding mechanic|
|Mark Billman||Driver||May 30, 1933||Race||On the 79th lap, Mark Billman in the Kemp-Mannix Special skidded on the second turn, hit the outside wall and finally came to rest with the car astride the wall. He was pinned between the left front wheel and the wall and it took 20 minutes to extricate him. His left arm was torn off, both legs were broken and he was internally injured. In spite of blood transfusions, Billman died an hour later. His riding mechanic Elmer Lombard, who was catapulted out of the car, was not seriously hurt.|
|Lester Spangler||Driver||Les Spangler and his riding mechanic "Monk" Jordan died in a crash on the 132nd lap. The car of Malcolm Fox spun coming out of turn one, and was rolling slowly towards the top of the track. Spangler tried to get by on the outside, but ran out of room and plowed into Fox's car head-on at over 100 mph (160 km/h). Spangler's car rolled over while still maintaining its speed, ejecting its occupants, both of whom were killed. Fox and his riding mechanic Burton Cook were slightly injured.|
|G. L. Jordan||Riding mechanic|
|Pete Kreis||Driver||May 25, 1934||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Coming out of the first turn, Pete Kreis lost control of his car, which smashed into and mounted the outside wall and from there tumbled 15 feet (4.6 m) before hitting a tree. Kreis, who was thrown from the car, was killed instantly. His riding mechanic Bob Hahn died shortly thereafter.|
|Bob Hahn||Riding mechanic|
|Johnny Hannon||Driver||May 21, 1935||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Johnny Hannon was a rookie driver, making his first practice run. On his first lap at racing speed, he lost control of the car, and went over the turn three wall. He was thrown from the vehicle, which then landed on top of him. Hannon was killed instantly from a fractured skull while his riding mechanic Oscar Reeves was seriously injured. This accident led to the speedway requiring rookie tests in subsequent years.|
|Stubby Stubblefield||Driver||Qualifying||Stubby Stubblefield's car rode over the wall in turn two, and flipped over, ejecting both him and his riding mechanic Leo Whitaker. The car ended up upside down and leaning against a fence, largely destroyed. The two racers died on the way to the hospital.|
|Leo Whitaker||Riding mechanic|
|Clay Weatherly||Driver||May 30, 1935||Race||Clay Weatherly was driving the same car in which Johnny Hannon had a fatal crash nine days earlier while practicing. Moreover, in a practice run the throttle had stuck, forcing Weatherly to kill the engine to avoid another crash. On lap nine of the race, Weatherly's car crashed into the wall in turn four near Stand H, turned over, and both its occupants were thrown onto the track. Weatherly was already dead when rescue crews arrived. His riding mechanic Francis Bradburn was critically injured but survived.|
|Otto Rohde||Pit attendant||May 28, 1937||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||The Duesenberg driven by Overton Phillips burst into flames when its crankshaft broke and punctured the gas tank. The car spun into the pit area, where it crashed into and set afire a parked Studebaker racer and hit a group of pit attendants, killing George F. Warford, 42, of Indianapolis. Injured were Phillips and his riding mechanic Walter King, Anthony Caccia, the brother of Joe Caccia, who had been killed in practice for the 1931 race, and Otto C. Rohde, 49, of Toledo, Ohio, chief engineer of Champion Spark Plug. Rohde died of his injuries four days later on June 1, 1937.|
|George Warford||Pit attendant|
|Albert Opalko||Riding mechanic||Qualifying||Having completed four of ten scheduled qualifying laps, Frank McGurk's car plunged through an inner rail, overturned and ejected both McGurk, who was hospitalized in serious condition but survived, and his riding mechanic Albert Opalko, who was killed. The crash was caused by a broken connecting rod. Opalko is the most recent driver to be fatally injured during an official qualifying run — all subsequent fatalities during time trials have occurred on warm-up laps, prior to receiving the green flag to officially start the respective runs.|
|Everett Spence||Spectator||May 30, 1938||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||When the tire and rim came off a wheel of the Elgin Piston Special driven by Emil Andres, the car was sent spinning, rolled over three times, ejecting the driver, and only came to a stop after penetrating the inner rail. Andres, who had sustained multiple injuries, was hospitalized in serious condition. The tire and rim, while traveling through the air, caught Everett G. Spence, 33, of North Terre Haute, Indiana, who was seated on a truck in the infield on turn two, and knocked him back onto another truck, inflicting fatal head injuries.|
|Floyd Roberts||Driver||May 30, 1939||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||Defending Indianapolis 500 winner Floyd Roberts was on lap 107, when Bob Swanson, who had just started relief driving for Ralph Hepburn, lost control of his car coming out of turn two and went sideways. Roberts's left front wheel came into contact with the right rear of Swanson's car, which ejected its driver before going up in smoke and fire, while Roberts's car shot through the turn's outer board fence and hurtled into the adjacent golf course. Chet Miller swung to the inside in trying to evade the wreck, but ripped through a fence and was thrown from his car when it overturned with two spectators being injured by flying debris. Swanson and Miller escaped with injuries as well, whereas Roberts died in Methodist Hospital.|
|Lawson Harris||Riding mechanic||September 20, 1939||Firestone tire test||Testing||Babe Stapp was rounding the first turn at approximately 116 mph (187 km/h), when a broken axle or tie-rod incapacitated the right front wheel of his car, which was rendered uncontrollable and crashed into a wall. Stapp's riding mechanic Lawson Harris was thrown to the ground and, having lost his helmet, sustained fatal head injuries. Stapp managed to stop the car and got away with a cut lip and a bruised leg.|
|George Bailey||Driver||May 7, 1940||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||George Bailey lost control of his rear-engined Miller on the second turn. The car struck the outside wall and skidded across the track to the inside apron, set afire by its ruptured gas tank. Bailey, who was tossed out, died of severe burns a little later.|
|Shorty Cantlon||Driver||May 30, 1947||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Race||Shorty Cantlon swerved to avoid Bill Holland's car, which had gone onto the inside grass and skidded back across the track. Cantlon's car went into the outside wall nearly head-on, causing him severe chest, leg and internal injuries. He died in the track hospital shortly afterward.|
|Ralph Hepburn||Driver||May 16, 1948||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Ralph Hepburn's Novi became loose and swerved towards the infield entering turn three. Hepburn tried to correct it as he drove over the infield grass, causing the car to turn sharply to the right, and it hit the outside wall head-on at approximately 130 mph (210 km/h). A physician on the scene said Hepburn died instantly from a skull fracture and crushed chest, and it took about twenty minutes to remove Hepburn's body from the car.|
|George Metzler||Driver||May 28, 1949||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||George Metzler crashed in turn one. He died of a crushed chest and head injuries in Methodist Hospital six days later.|
|Chet Miller||Driver||May 15, 1953||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||After practicing all day, at 3:15 p.m., Chet Miller was clocked with a lap of 138.46 mph (222.83 km/h) in his Novi Special. Going into turn one, he went too low, and the left-front wheel got into the apron and the car started skidding. The back end came around, and the car crashed into the outside wall nearly head-on in a crash similar to Ralph Hepburn's in 1948. It rode along the wall and came to a stop on the south short chute. Miller died of a basilar skull fracture and a brain hemorrhage.|
|Carl Scarborough||Driver||May 30, 1953||Race||During one of the hottest runnings of the 500, Carl Scarborough died of what was reported as heat prostration a short time after yielding his car to a relief driver on lap 70. According to speedway historian Donald Davidson, when Scarborough pulled into the pits, smoke or a small fire may have broken out on the car, which crews quickly doused with fire extinguishers. In the process, Scarborough may have inhaled CO2, which may have contributed to, or been the actual cause of death.|
|Manny Ayulo||Driver||May 16, 1955||AAA||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Smashing into the concrete wall on the first turn, Manuel Ayulo sustained critical injuries. He died in Methodist Hospital the following day.|
|Bill Vukovich||Driver||May 30, 1955||Race||Bill Vukovich, the two-time and reigning Indianapolis 500 champion, was leading the race when Rodger Ward broke his axle and spun his car on the backstretch near turn three, and came to a stop in the middle of the track. Behind him were Al Keller and Johnny Boyd. Keller, attempting to avoid Ward, swerved off the course, came back on and T-boned the car of Boyd, pushing it into the path of Vukovich, who was attempting to lap the other three drivers. Vukovich's car ran over the right rear tire of Boyd's, sending both into the air. Boyd's and Vukovich's cars struck the golf course bridge (which has been replaced with a tunnel), with Boyd's car striking upside down and Vukovich's striking driver's side up. After landing, Vukovich's car hit and went over the outer wall, sending it into a high-speed cartwheel outside the track. The car clipped a couple of spectators' vehicles and eventually came to rest upside down and in flames. Vukovich died instantly of a basilar skull fracture.|
|Keith Andrews||Driver||May 15, 1957||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Keith Andrews was hired as a back-up driver to Giuseppe Farina. While negotiating turn four, Andrews got too low and lost contol of his car, which skidded 755 feet (230 m) before smashing against the end of the inside retaining wall tail-first. The back end of the car shoved Andrews up against the steering wheel, breaking his neck and killing him instantly.|
|Pat O'Connor||Driver||May 30, 1958||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Race||On the opening lap, a 15-car pileup occurred in turn three. According to A. J. Foyt, Pat O'Connor's car hit that of Jimmy Reece, sailed 50 feet (15 m) in the air, landed upside down, and burst into flames. Although O'Connor was badly burned in the accident, medical officials said that he was probably killed instantly from a fractured skull. Rookie Indianapolis 500 announcer Lou Palmer called the first-lap crash for the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network. Palmer had been placed in turn three because "nothing ever happens there".|
|Jerry Unser||Driver||May 2, 1959||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Coming out of turn four, Jerry Unser Jr. lost control of his car, which spun and hit the outside and inside walls. The fuel tank was punctured and the car caught fire. Unser was taken to the hospital with burns. He died of complications 15 days later. His death led the Speedway to require fireproof uniforms to be worn by all drivers while on the track.|
|Bob Cortner||Driver||May 19, 1959||On Monday, May 18, Bob Cortner passed his rookie test. The next day, Cortner took to the track for a practice run. Johnnie Parsons, who observed the accident, reported that the wind was blowing hard and that Cortner got caught in a crosswind. The car slid to the infield before shooting back across the track head-on into the outside wall. Cortner's face hit the steering wheel and it appeared he began bleeding internally. He was pronounced dead that evening, the cause being listed as "massive head injuries".|
|William Craig||Spectator||May 30, 1960||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Race||Two spectators in the infield, Fred H. Linder, 36, of Indianapolis, and William C. Craig, 37, of Zionsville, Indiana, were killed, and as many as 82 were injured, when a homemade scaffolding collapsed. Approximately 125–130 patrons had paid a small fee ($5–$10) to view the race from the 30 feet (9.1 m) tall scaffolding, erected by a private individual (Wilbur Shortridge Jr.) and not the speedway—a practice that was allowed at the time. During the parade lap as the field drove by, the people on the platform began to lean and wave at the cars, which caused the scaffolding to become unstable. It soon tipped forward and fell to the ground, crushing people who were underneath the structure, and the 125–130 people who were on it either fell or jumped to the ground. Linder and Craig were pronounced dead of broken necks, and over 80 were injured, about 22 seriously.|
|Tony Bettenhausen||Driver||May 12, 1961||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Tony Bettenhausen Sr. was testing a Stearly Motor Freight Special for his friend Paul Russo. Down the main stretch, the car smashed into the outside wall of the track and then rolled 325 feet (99 m) along the barrier. The car came to rest entangled in the fence on top of the wall in front of Grandstand A, with the tail of the car on fire. Results showed the accident was caused by an anchor bolt which fell off the front radius rod support, allowing the front axle to twist and mis-align the front wheels when the brakes were applied. Bettenhausen was killed instantly.|
|John Masariu||Safety worker||May 30, 1961||Race||When Eddie Johnson hit the inside wall in turn four, a fire broke out on his car. A safety fire truck arrived and the flames were put out. Retreating from the scene, the truck driven by John B. Williams accidentally backed over his friend, John F. Masariu, 41, of Danville, Indiana, the principal of Ben Davis Junior High School, who was clearing a path for the vehicle. Masariu died of a crushed chest.|
|Dave MacDonald||Driver||May 30, 1964||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Race||Coming out of turn four on lap two, Dave MacDonald spun and crashed into the inside wall. The car exploded and went back onto the track, into the path of oncoming traffic. Eddie Sachs hit MacDonald's car, and his car caught fire as well. Sachs died instantly from blunt force injuries from the impact, but his body was only slightly burned. MacDonald, badly burned, died two and a half hours later in the hospital, his lungs seared from flame inhalation, causing acute pulmonary edema.|
|Jerry Albright||Maintenance worker||July 21, 1964||Two 17-year-old maintenance workers for the Speedway Golf Course, Jerome U. Albright of Valley Mills, Indiana and James P. Cross of Indianapolis, were fatally struck by lightning while seeking shelter in an outdoor restroom facility.|
|James Cross||Maintenance worker|
|Chuck Rodee||Driver||May 14, 1966||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Qualifying||Chuck Rodee spun on his second warm-up lap and his car hit the wall at the exit of turn one backwards. The impact appeared minor but the rigid chassis transferred virtually the entire force of the crash to the driver. Rodee sustained a ruptured aorta and lapsed into a coma. He was pronounced dead after emergency surgery failed to save him.|
|Mike Spence||Driver||May 7, 1968||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Mike Spence joined the Lotus effort as a replacement for Jim Clark, who was killed during the Deutschland Trophäe, a Formula 2 round at Hockenheimring, a month earlier. Driving an STP-backed Lotus 56 "Wedge" turbine machine, Spence lost control in turn one at about 163 mph (262 km/h). He hit the outside wall, and slid along the wall for almost 400 feet (120 m). The right-front wheel became dislodged, and struck him on the helmet. Spence died in the hospital, from massive head injuries, four and a half hours after the accident.|
|Jim Malloy||Driver||May 14, 1972||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||On the second day of time trials, Jim Malloy was participating in the morning practice session. At 10:21 a.m., he was going down the backstretch into turn three when the car suddenly veered across the track, and hit the outside wall near the exit of turn three with the right-front. The car slid to a stop in the grass near turn four. Malloy, who was unconscious, sustained burns to his hands and feet, broke both arms and both legs, and had head injuries. He died in Methodist Hospital four days later.|
|Art Pollard||Driver||May 12, 1973||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||On pole day, Art Pollard was participating in the morning practice session. At 9:47 a.m., after a lap of 192 mph (309 km/h), the car slammed the outside wall entering turn one. It spun towards the grass near the inside of the south short chute. The chassis dug into the grass and flipped upside-down, slid a short distance and then flipped back over as it reached the pavement again and came to rest upright in the south chute. Pollard was rushed to Methodist Hospital, and pronounced dead at 10:50 a.m. His injuries were reported to include pulmonary damage due to flame inhalation, third degree burns on both hands, face and neck, a fractured right arm, a fractured leg, and a severe spinal injury.|
|Swede Savage||Driver||May 30, 1973||Race||On the 59th lap, Swede Savage lost control as he exited turn four. His car twitched back and forth, and then slid across to the inside of the track at nearly top speed. It hit the angled inside wall nearly head-on. The force of the impact, with the car carrying a full load of fuel, caused it to explode in a plume of flame. The engine and transaxle tumbled end-over-end to the pit lane entrance while Savage, still strapped in his seat, was thrown back across the circuit. He came to rest adjacent to the outer retaining wall, fully conscious and completely exposed while he lay in a pool of flaming methanol fuel. Savage was taken to a hospital with critical injuries, but was in stable condition. A little over a month later, he died in the hospital on July 2, 1973. In 2006, Steve Olvey, who tended to Savage at the circuit medical center, wrote Savage's death may have been from contaminated plasma from a blood transfusion (contraction of hepatitis B which caused liver failure). Angela Savage, Swede's daughter, has gone on record to say that the cause of death was lung failure.|
|Armando Teran||Team member||Armando M. Teran, 23, of Santa Monica, California, was a pit crew member for Graham McRae. Just moments after McRae's teammate Swede Savage had an ultimately fatal crash in turn four, Teran started sprinting up the pit lane. At the same time, a fire truck was signaled to head to the scene. Cleon Reynolds, the chief of the Speedway Fire Department, signaled for fire-safety truck driver Jerry Flake to proceed northbound up the pit lane to the crash scene. Flake was stationed at the south end of the pits. Flake, driving northbound, struck Teran, whose body was tossed about 50 feet (15 m). Teran sustained crushed ribs and a fractured skull, and was pronounced dead at 4:23 p.m. The incident was witnessed by thousands of spectators, as it occurred on the pit lane right at the start-finish line. It was erroneously reported by media that Flake was driving the wrong way, and was at fault; at the time, safety trucks were permitted to drive in the opposite direction of the racing cars. The following year, USAC prohibited safety trucks from driving in the opposite direction.|
|Leroy Elwell||Spectator||May 26, 1974||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Pre-race||Seated in Grandstand A, Leroy C. Elwell, 64, of Palm Beach, Florida, died of heart disease before the beginning of the race.|
|Tim Vail||Spectator||May 22, 1980||USAC||Indianapolis 500||On Carburetion Day, Timothy S. Vail, 19, of Indianapolis, was in the "Snake Pit" area, the turn one section of the infield (where the finishing turns of the road course for cars and the opening turns of the road course for motorcycles now stand), when he was stopped for trying to reenter the area after having stopped at an automotive service station to refuel his Jeep CJ. According to Speedway reports, with a no pass out policy, he attempted to reenter the area without paying, then swerved to avoid a puddle when his vehicle overturned (a common problem with these vehicles). Vail died of a fractured skull. His passenger David A. Stegenmiller, 19, of Indianapolis, was thrown from the vehicle, and sustained slight injuries.|
|Gordon Smiley||Driver||May 15, 1982||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Qualifying||On his second warm-up lap, Gordon Smiley's car began to oversteer while rounding the third turn, causing the car to slightly slide. When Smiley steered right to correct this, the front wheels gained grip suddenly, sending his car directly across the track and into the wall nose first at nearly 200 mph (320 km/h). The impact shattered the March chassis, which completely disintegrated, causing the fuel tank to explode, and sent debris — as well as Smiley's exposed body — tumbling hundreds of feet across the short-chute connecting turns three and four. Smiley died instantly from massive trauma.|
|Lyle Kurtenbach||Spectator||May 24, 1987||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Race||On lap 130, Tony Bettenhausen Jr. lost a wheel in the third turn. Moments later, Roberto Guerrero hit the tire with his nose cone, launching it into the air. The tire went over the catch fence, and into the top row of the "K" grandstand, striking in the head Lyle G. Kurtenbach, 41, of Rothschild, Wisconsin. Kurtenbach died in Methodist Hospital at 1:46 p.m.|
|Stephen White||Trespasser||May 29, 1991||Three days after the 1991 race, Stephen C. White, 31, of Indianapolis, entered the grounds of the speedway early on Wednesday, May 29. At some point before 7:30 a.m., he started driving around the track in a GMC pickup truck. He completed three or four laps, approaching speeds of 100 mph (160 km/h). In an attempt to stop White, Luther Wray, a foreman in the speedway's maintenance department, parked a Dodge Caravan minivan on the track near the start-finish line. White was driving approximately 90 mph (140 km/h) when he struck the van. The impact launched the truck into the air, traveling approximately 150 feet (46 m) before landing. White was pronounced dead upon arrival at Methodist Hospital.|
|Jovy Marcelo||Driver||May 15, 1992||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Jovy Marcelo's car snapped around at warmup speed and impacted on the right side entering turn one at 172 mph (277 km/h). Marcelo was killed instantly by a basilar skull fracture.|
|Scott Brayton||Driver||May 17, 1996||USAC||Indianapolis 500||Practice||Scott Brayton had won the pole position for the 1996 Indy 500 on Saturday, May 11. At 12:17 p.m. on Friday, May 17, Brayton, testing a back-up car, did a half-spin in the middle of turn two, the car scrubbing off almost no speed as it spun. Its left side impacted the wall at over 200 mph (320 km/h), and the force was such that Brayton's head also impacted the wall. The car slid 600 feet (180 m) to a stop down the backstretch. The driver was found unconscious in the car, and was transported immediately to Methodist Hospital. He was pronounced dead at 12:50 p.m. EST, having been killed instantly by a basilar skull fracture. It was determined that Brayton likely ran over a piece of debris in turn four or on the main stretch, which punctured his right rear tire. Unaware of the debris, he completed the lap at 228.606 mph (367.906 km/h), then drove into turn one. The tire suffered rapid deflation in turn two, causing the car to go out of control.|
|Tony Renna||Driver||October 22, 2003||Firestone tire test||Testing||Tony Renna had just recently signed with Chip Ganassi Racing for the 2004 season. On the night of October 21, 2003, the crew was up late getting Renna fitted for his new car, which had been driven earlier that day by Scott Dixon. On the morning of October 22, Renna was scheduled to conduct a tire test at the Speedway. On that morning, it was about 50 °F (10 °C) air temperature, and the track surface cool. On Renna's fourth lap, he was driving approximately 218 mph (351 km/h) and spun out in turn three. While spinning, his car caught air underneath the chassis, which lifted into the air, and into the catch fence. Renna died instantly of massive internal trauma, and was pronounced DOA at Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis. The exact cause of the spin was unknown, and damage was observed to have been inflicted to the grandstand seating (which was vacant) in the immediate vicinity of the impact area. The investigation into this crash led to series regulations on minimum ambient and surface temperatures and a requirement that cameras be active at all times when there is a test, practice, qualifying, or race session.|
|Art Morris||Safety crew member||August 6, 2004||NASCAR||Brickyard 400||Arthur E. Morris, 64, of Anderson, Indiana, was a 20-year Safety Patrol seasonal employee. In the infield at approximately 7:30 a.m. on a practice day, he had a heart attack causing him to crash his motor scooter into a concrete wall. Having sustained head and arm injuries, Morris was admitted to Methodist Hospital where he was pronounced dead at 10:30 a.m.|
|Peter Lenz||Rider||August 29, 2010||USGPRU||Rev'It Moriwaki MD250H||Race||On the warm-up lap of race two of the USGPRU Moriwaki MD250H Powered by Honda championship event, Peter Lenz, 13, fell and was accidentally run over by the motorcycle of 12-year-old Xavier Zayat. Paramedics immediately placed Lenz into a cervical collar, intubated him, and performed CPR. He later died of his injuries in Methodist Hospital.|
- ^ The Talk of Gasoline Alley - 1070-AM WIBC, June 15, 2005
- ^ "Death demands toll in record speedway races". The Indianapolis Star. August 20, 1909. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Death claims further toll". The Evening Sentinel. Rochester, Indiana. August 23, 1909.
- ^ "Driver killed on auto track". The San Francisco Call. July 7, 1910.
- ^ "Marmon car wins; death marked race" (PDF). The New York Times. May 31, 1911. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-10-01.
- ^ "Death cost of failure to obey". The Indianapolis Star. June 27, 1913. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Frank Agan dies; ex-500 mechanic". The Indianapolis Star. January 10, 1961.
- ^ "Auto tester is killed in speedway accident". The Indianapolis News. October 5, 1915. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ a b "3 die in auto race at Indianapolis" (PDF). The New York Times. June 1, 1919. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-10-01.
- ^ a b "Howdy Wilcox - 1919 Indianapolis 500". First Super Speedway. Archived from the original on 2018-06-14.
- ^ "Thousands witness auto speeders race". The Ottawa Evening Citizen. May 31, 1923.
- ^ "Lockhart breaks De Paolo's record". Lewiston Evening Journal. Associated Press. May 28, 1926.
- ^ "Injuries in trial spin fatal to race driver". The Evening News. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. May 29, 1926. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Bill Spence killed as auto hits turn". The Indianapolis News. May 30, 1929. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ Dunkley, Charles W. (May 31, 1930). "Bill Arnold wins Indianapolis classic". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press.
- ^ "Auto race driver killed in trial". Nashua Telegraph. Associated Press. May 26, 1931.
- ^ "Speedway accident costs life of youth". The Reading Eagle. Associated Press. May 31, 1931.
- ^ "Father regrets building refreshment stand where flying wheel killed boy". The Indianapolis Star. June 1, 1931. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "First speedway tragedy of 1932 kills one in same car in which death rode last year". The Indianapolis News. May 26, 1932. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Harry Cox dies in race car mishap". The Daily Banner. Greencastle, Indiana. May 26, 1932.
- ^ "Second death on speedway in trials for Memorial Day race". The Southeast Missourian. Cape Girardeau, Missouri. May 28, 1932.
- ^ "'Bill' Denver, Audubon, is speed victim". Pottstown Mercury and The Pottstown News. May 29, 1933. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ a b Blanchard, Harold F. (June 1933). "Louis Meyer wins at Indianapolis". Motor: The Automotive Business Magazine. New York City: Hearst Magazines. Archived from the original on 2002-03-05 – via Rumbledrome.com.
- ^ "Pete Kreis, one of greatest racers and best sports of international tracks, killed in speedway crash". The Knoxville Journal. May 26, 1934. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ a b "Two auto race drivers and one mechanic die in speedway crashes". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. May 22, 1935.
- ^ "Norristown auto racer killed at Indianapolis". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press. May 21, 1935.
- ^ "Three lose lives on auto speedway". Lawrence Daily Journal-World. Associated Press. May 22, 1935.
- ^ "Hannon's car gives second driver scare". Lancaster New Era. International News Service. May 28, 1935.
- ^ "Daring Petillo wins auto race". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. May 31, 1935.
- ^ a b "Speedway trials result in 2 dead and five injured". Allentown Morning Call. Associated Press. May 29, 1937. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "2 dead, 5 injured in speedway crashes; final trials today". The Indianapolis News. May 29, 1937. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Engineer dies from injuries". Spokane Weekly Chronicle. Associated Press. June 3, 1937.
- ^ "Indiana, U.S., Death Certificates, 1899-2017". Ancestry.com.
- ^ "One death, score of injuries aftermath of speed classic". The Indianapolis News. May 31, 1938. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Roberts's 'lucky' black cat becomes symbol of tragedy". The Indianapolis News. May 31, 1939. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Race driver hurt fatally at speedway". The Indianapolis Star. September 21, 1939. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Speedway crash kills George Bailey". The Palladium-Item. Richmond, Indiana. Associated Press. May 7, 1940. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ Sainsbury, Ed (May 31, 1947). "Mauri Rose wins 500-mile race; $25,800 check". Middlesboro Daily News. United Press.
- ^ Burgess, Dale (May 31, 1947). "Mauri Rose wins big auto race; driver killed". The Meriden Daily Journal. Associated Press.
- ^ "Even Ripley wouldn't believe this story: The Novi's month of May 1948". Dick Ralstin's Racing Home Page. Archived from the original on 2014-03-09.
- ^ "Ralph Hepburn killed at Indianapolis Speedway". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. May 17, 1948.
- ^ "Metzler hurt as drivers prep for speed race". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. May 29, 1949.
- ^ "3d try for place in '500' proves fatal for Metzler". The Indianapolis Star. June 4, 1949. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Chet Miller dies in crash as '500' qualifying begins". Toledo Blade. United Press. May 16, 1953.
- ^ Yates, Brock (November 8, 2005). Against Death and Time: One Fatal Season in Racing's Glory Years. Da Capo Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-56025-770-7. Retrieved 2011-06-23.
- ^ "Heat, heart disease fatal". Decatur Sunday Herald and Review. Associated Press. May 31, 1953. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Ayulo critically injured when car runs into wall". The Spartanburg Herald. Associated Press. May 17, 1955.
- ^ "Crash injuries fatal to Indianapolis racer". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press. May 17, 1955.
- ^ Davidson, Donald; Shaffer, Rick (December 1, 2006). Autocourse Official History of the Indianapolis 500 (1st ed.). Silverstone, Northamptonshire: Crash Media Group. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-905334-20-9.
- ^ Cadou Jr., Jep (May 16, 1957). "Speedway mishap kills Andrews in Farina car". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Indy 500 deadly accidents, 1958". IndySpeedway.com. Archived from the original on 2015-05-23.
- ^ "Jerry Unser badly hurt in Indy crash". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. May 3, 1959.
- ^ "Death claims Jerry Unser". The San Bernardino Daily Sun. Associated Press. May 18, 1959. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ a b Burgess, Dale (May 20, 1959). "Bob Cortner dies of head injuries suffered in Indianapolis practice run". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press.
- ^ "Second '500' death baffles officials". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. May 20, 1959.
- ^ South Clark, Nanette (July 6, 2012). "Grandstand collapse at the 1960 Indianapolis 500". An Engineer's Aspect. Archived from the original on 2012-11-01.
- ^ "Indy 500 deadly accidents, Tony Bettenhausen Sr". IndySpeedway.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23.
- ^ "School principal killed by fire truck at track". The Indianapolis Star. May 31, 1961. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Foyt wins Indianapolis 500 in record time". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. United Press International. May 31, 1964.
- ^ "Lightning fatal". The Rochester Sentinel. Associated Press. July 22, 1964.
- ^ "Funeral services set for lightning victims". The Indianapolis Star. July 23, 1964. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Chuck Rodee". Worthyofhonor.com. National Midget Auto Racing Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
- ^ "Indy practice run fatal to England's Mike Spence". The Free Lance–Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. Associated Press. May 8, 1968.
- ^ Britt, Bloys (May 15, 1972). "Bobby Unser sets record time at Indy". Nashua Telegraph. Associated Press.
- ^ 1972 Indianapolis 500 Press Information - '500' Daily Track Summary
- ^ "Veteran race driver Jim Malloy dies". Wilmington Morning Star. United Press International. May 19, 1972.
- ^ "Friends and family remember May 12 1973". ArtPollardRaceDriver.info. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ 1973 Indianapolis 500 Daily Trackside Report for the Media
- ^ "Pollard killed at Indy". The Ledger. Lakeland, Florida. Associated Press. May 13, 1973.
- ^ "Johncock takes Indy, but death rides again". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. United Press International. May 31, 1973.
- ^ "Swede Savage dies from Indy injuries". Bangor Daily News. Associated Press. July 3, 1973.
- ^ Olvey, Stephen (November 30, 2006). Rapid Response: My Inside Story as a Motor Racing Life-Saver (1st ed.). Sparkford, Somerset: Haynes. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-84425-339-5.
- ^ Titus, Rick (May 22, 2015). "Amazing Angela Savage and the 1973 Indy 500 interview". Drivers Talk Radio (Podcast). Las Vegas, Nevada. Event occurs at 32:30. Archived from the original on 2021-12-03. Retrieved 2016-02-23 – via YouTube.
- ^ Dorson, Ron (January 4, 2005). The Indy 500: An American Institution Under Fire. New York City: W. W. Norton. pp. 200–201. ISBN 978-0-393-60007-0.
- ^ "Palm Beach resident dies of heart attack in Indianapolis Motor Speedway grandstand". The Palm Beach Post. West Palm Beach, Florida. May 27, 1974. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Spectator killed, but Indy driver survives accident". Rome News-Tribune. United Press International. May 23, 1980.
- ^ Caleca, Vic (May 23, 1980). "Jeep rolls over race fan in 'Snake Pit,' killing him". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ "Indy driver Smiley killed in qualifying at 185 mph [298 km/h]". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. May 16, 1982.
- ^ "Spectator killed when hit by tire flying off track". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. May 25, 1987.
- ^ "Crash kills intruder at Indy 500 speedway". The Ledger. Lakeland, Florida. Associated Press. May 30, 1991.
- ^ Morgan, Kevin (May 30, 1991). "Police ask, why did he do it?". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ Woolford, Dave (May 16, 1992). "Indy 500 rookie driver dies in crash". The Blade. Toledo, Ohio.
- ^ a b c d Siano, Joseph (May 18, 1996). "Brayton killed in crash during Indy 500 practice". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20.
- ^ a b c d Vega, Michael (May 18, 1996). "Indy pole-sitter dies: Flat tire appears to be cause". Daily News. Los Angeles, California. Archived from the original on 2017-12-23 – via The Free Library.
- ^ Hinton, Ed (February 11, 2001). "Head impact isn't necessary in fatal crashes". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2021-02-25.
- ^ "Daily Trackside Report: Day 14". The Auto Channel. May 17, 1996. Archived from the original on 1996-11-29. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
- ^ Glick, Shav (October 23, 2003). "IRL's Renna killed in Indy crash". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2021-02-24.
- ^ "IMS safety patrol member suffers fatal injuries in accident". Indianapolis Motor Speedway. August 6, 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-08-15.
- ^ Schouten, Cory (August 7, 2004). "Speedway scooter crash kills man". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on 2023-05-01.
- ^ Marot, Michael (August 29, 2010). "Motorbike racer Peter Lenz, 13, killed at Indy". CBS News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2016-01-28.