List of bank robbers and robberies
This is a list of bank robberies, bank robbers and gangs involved in bank robberies.
- Brenden Abbott
- Christopher "Badness" Binse
- Darcy Dugan
- Keith Faure
- Frank Gardiner–Ben Hall gang
- Edward "Ned" Kelly
- Gregory David Roberts
- Ronald Ryan
- Andrew George Scott (Captain Moonlite)
- Squizzy Taylor
The first bank robbery in Denmark occurred August 18, 1913 in the bank Sparekassen for København og Omegn at Østerbro in Copenhagen. It was carried out by two men, Danish salesman Lindorff Larsen and a German machinist Güttig, armed with revolvers; the two got away with 9000 Danish kroner. Güttig was arrested August 30 and Lindorff Larsen committed suicide after having fled the police.
In 1987, Labh Singh (Sukhdev Singh Sukha) allegedly masterminded what was at that time the largest bank robbery in Indian history, netting almost 60 million (58 million rupees-US$4.5 million) from Millar Ganj branch of Punjab National Bank, Ludhiana; a part of this stolen money belonged to the Reserve Bank of India, India's central bank. It was documented as “Biggest Bank Robbery” under “Curiosities and wonders” in Limca Book of Records. The loot enabled the Khalistan Commando Force to buy sophisticated weapons and AK-47 rifles. Sikh militants often used bank robberies to finance their campaign against the Indian government.
The Chicago Sun-Times reported that "12 to 15 Sikhs dressed as policemen and armed with submachine guns and rifles escaped with nearly $4.5 million in the biggest bank robbery in Indian history." "No one was injured." A Police spokesman described it as "a neat and clean operation".
Khalistan Commando Force members who allegedly participated in the robbery included Harjinder Singh Jinda, Mathra Singh, Paramjit Singh Panjwar, Satnam Singh Bawa, Gurnam Singh Bundala, Sukhdev Singh Sukha, Daljit Singh Bittu, Gursharan Singh Gamma and Pritpal Singh.
- Sadamichi Hirasawa (controversial conviction in bank robbery that killed 12 people by poisoning)
- Amsterdam 15 November 1944, ƒ46.150.000 (approx 290 MEuro 2016 inflation corrected) by Dutch resistance during World War II. It was organized mainly by Walraven van Hall, who died in the war. His brother, also a banker involved in the heist, became the mayor of Amsterdam after the war.
By way of a microfilm message, the Dutch government in exile in London had given permission to use up to ƒ30,000,000. They knew about the loans from large companies and the necessity to cover these loans with a promise for reimbursement after the war. In total, about ƒ100,000,000 was obtained for financing non-violent resistance actions as payment for the subsistence of families of seamen working for the allied war effort (20,000 people), striking railroad workers (20,000 people, ƒ6,000,000 a month from the time of operation "Market Garden" up till May 1945), food money for people in hiding (hundreds of thousands of people, mostly young people refusing to work in Germany). This non-violent resistance had a larger impact on the allied war effort than the violent resistance. However, the violent resistance often provided the ration cards necessary to get food and other supplies, so it is difficult to separate both activities. These activities started very late in the war, after the Jewish population had mostly been deported.
Of the 2000 participants in the Nationaal Steun Fonds organization, 84 lost their lives. In the active resistance movement, the death toll was higher. While a lot of the money was provided by large companies and banks as loans, most money was stolen from the National bank in Amsterdam. This was done by replacing promissory notes with fakes and having most of the large banks in the Netherlands use the originals to get the money out of the bank. The promissory notes were replaced in separate instances over a period of 8 months.
All payments to individuals were registered (as insurance payouts, to hide them from the Germans) and presented to the Dutch government after the war. All the money was accounted for up to the last cent. The remaining money was used for payment to surviving families and injured resistance fighters after the war by "Stichting 1940-1945". This fund was set up in October 1944 by van Hall.
Since the "heist" was an inside job which involved people from the national bank, all major banks and most major companies in the Netherlands concealed the facts until after the reconstruction. This might have undermined the status and the image of reliability of the large banks. A large part of the major infrastructure had been demolished during of the war.
The heist is portrayed in the 2018 Dutch film Bankier van het verzet.
- Nokas Robbery - The biggest bank robbery in Norwegian history
- Wołów bank robbery - the largest bank robbery in Polish history.
Republic of IrelandEdit
On the night of October 31, 2005 robbers entered the safety deposit boxes of SKB Bank (Societe Generale) in Ljubljana through the main door and deactivated the alarm system. Robbers disarmed the security guard and opened more than 400 safety deposit boxes. They took at least 32,000,000 euros in gold, precious stones and cash.
- Clark Olofsson
- Jackie Arklöv
- Jan-Erik Olsson
- John Ausonius – The Laser Man killer and convicted bank robber.
- Linwood bank robbery, 1969; two policemen killed.
- Bank of America robbery, 1975, Mayfair; London. £8 million stolen, £500,000 recovered.
- Brinks-Mat Gold bullion robbery, Heathrow airport, London, 1983; £26 Million In gold.[circular reference]
- Midland Bank Clearing Centre, 1995, Salford, Greater Manchester, £6.6 million.
- Northern Bank robbery, 2004, Belfast, Northern Ireland; £26 million.
- Edward J. Adams
- Aryan Republican Army
- John Ashley
- Earl Edwin Austin
- Harvey Bailey
- Arthur Barker
- Albert Bates
- Clyde Barrow, of Bonnie and Clyde
- Eddie Bentz
- Earl Best
- Naomi Betts
- Tyler Bingham
- George Birdwell
- Black Liberation Army
- Stanley Ray Bond
- Fred William Bowerman
- Christopher John Boyce
- Ford Bradshaw
- Al Brady
- Robert Brady
- Michael William Brescia
- Everett Bridgewater
- Joseph Brodak
- Henry Newton Brown
- Harry Brunette
- James J. Bulger
- Edward Bunker
- Fred Burke
- Donald Richard Bussmeyer
- Tommy Carroll
- Butch Cassidy, leader of the Hole in the Wall Gang
- John Paul Chase
- James Clark
- Jim Clark
- Russell Clark
- Archie Clement
- Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe
- Bernard Coy
- Joseph Paul Cretzer, formed the Cretzer-Kyle Gang
- Patrick Critton
- Pat Crowe
- William Daddano Sr.
- Emmett Dalton, principal of the Dalton Gang, 1890s
- Ed Davis
- Lawrence DeVol
- Bennie and Stella Dickson
- The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord
- John Dillinger
- Bill Doolin, 1890s
- Frederick Grant Dunn
- Earl Durand
- Egan's Rats
- Aussie Elliott
- Gilbert James Everett
- The Flathead gang
- Fleagle Gang
- Rufus Franklin
- John Franzese
- Ralph Fults
- Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd
- Geezer bandit
- George Jackson Brigade
- Russell Gibson
- Fred Goetz
- Eddie Green
- Carl Gugasian
- Granddad Bandit
- John Hamilton
- Patty Hearst
- Clarence Hill
- Holden-Keating Gang
- Shon Hopwood
- Cora Hubbard
- J.L. Hunter
- Hunt-Gant Gang
- Phillip Hutchinson
- James-Younger Gang, 1866–1881
- Elmer H. Inman
- David Stanley Jacubanis
- Frank James, one of the two James Brothers
- Jesse James, the other member of the James Brothers pair
- Christopher Jeburk
- Charles E. Johnson
- Morris Johnson
- W. D. Jones
- Anthony Michael Juliano
- Alvin Karpis
- Tom Ketchum
- Machine Gun Kelly
- John Allen Kendrick
- Israel Keyes
- Ben Kilpatrick
- Herman Lamm
- Elzy Lay
- George Leonidas Leslie
- Robert Van Lewing
- Loan Ranger Bandit
- Harvey Logan
- Harry Longabaugh, known as "The Sundance Kid"
- James C. Lucas
- David Mack
- Christopher Magee
- Charles Makley
- Candice Rose Martinez, "The Cell Phone Bandit"
- Emil Matasareanu & Larry Eugene Phillips, Jr., North Hollywood shootout
- William Matix & Michael Platt, 1986 FBI Miami shootout
- Mad Hatter (bank robber), 2006–2007
- May 19th Communist Organization
- McCanles gang, 1861
- Ben Golden McCollum
- Henry Methvin
- Midwest Bank Robbers, 1990s
- Vernon Miller
- William Miller
- Barry Mills
- Bugs Moran
- Frank Nash
- Salvatore Naturale
- Jay Wesley Neill
- George "Baby Face" Nelson
- Newton Gang
- Earl Northern
- Albert Frederick Nussbaum
- Joseph "Specs" O'Keefe
- Sara Jane Olson
- The Order
- Burton Phillips
- Harry Pierpont
- Duane Earl Pope
- Katherine Ann Power
- Phineas Priesthood
- Gerhard Puff
- Reno Gang
- Kenneth "Speedy" Raulerson
- David "Chippy" Robinson
- Leslie Ibsen Rogge robbed a total of $2,000,000
- Verne Sankey
- Frank Sawyer
- Susan Edith Saxe
- John Paul Scott
- Scott "Hollywood" Scurlock
- Mutulu Shakur
- Ted Skeer
- Edward Smith
- Luke Elliott Sommer
- Henry Starr
- Willie Sutton
- Steady B
- The Stopwatch Gang
- Willie "The Actor" Sutton
- Symbionese Liberation Army
- Robert Toye
- Forrest Tucker
- Wilbur Underhill, Jr.
- United Freedom Front
- Homer Van Meter
- Clayton Waagner
- Donald Eugene Webb
- Wheaton Bandit
- Whittemore Gang
- Bobby Randell Wilcoxson
- Johnny Madison Williams Jr.
- John Wojtowicz
- Adam Worth
- Jerry Lynn Young
- Cole Younger
Deadly US robberiesEdit
- Security Pacific Bank, Norco, California, 1980, deadly shootout between local law enforcement and five bank robbers
- Brink's robbery, Nanuet NY, 1981, deadly shootout between local law enforcement and 10+ bank robbers populated with members of two revolutionary organizations
- Geronimo bank robbery, Geronimo OK, 1984, resulted in the deaths of three bank employees and one customer
- 1986 FBI Miami shootout, deadly shootout between FBI and two bank robbers
- North Hollywood shootout, 1997, deadly shootout between local law enforcement and two bank robbers
- PNC Bank, Erie, Pennsylvania, 2003, robbery by pizza delivery man Brian Douglas Wells wearing a neck collar bomb
Large value US robberiesEdit
- Bank of Pennsylvania, 1798, $162,821 (the equivalent of $3.2 million today), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Patrick Lyon (blacksmith) was wrongfully imprisoned for the robbery.
- Manhattan Savings Institution, 1878, $2.5 million ($64.9 million today) including $12,000 in cash, with the rest in securities. Masterminded by George Leonidas Leslie and carried out by Jimmy Hope, Samuel Perris and others.
- Lincoln National Bank, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1930, $2.7 million ($40 million today) in cash and securities.
- Great Brink's Robbery, Boston, Massachusetts, 1950, $2.775 million ($29 million today) in cash, checks, money orders, and securities.
- United California Bank robbery, 1972, $9 million ($54 million today) in cash and valuables (the current U.S. value record)
- First National Bank of Arizona, Tucson, 1981, $3.3 million ($9 million today) in cash.
- Seafirst Bank, Lakewood, Washington, February 1997, $4.46 million ($7 million today) in cash.
- 1998 Bank of America robbery, 1998, $1.6 million ($2.5 million today)
- George Bosque (Brink's guard) armored car, August 1980, $1.85 million ($5.63 million today) in cash.
- Axel Breidahl & Axel Kjerulf, Københavnerglimt - 1912 - 1920, 1938, p. 41.
- Jacobs, Julia (January 31, 2019). "A Secret Tunnel Leading Toward a Florida Bank Puzzles the F.B.I." www.nytimes.com. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
- AFP (February 12, 2018). "Suspected mastermind on trial for France's 'heist of the century'". www.theguardian. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
- Bank robbers make off with $11.4 million UPI archives July 4, 1986
- History’s biggest heists virginmedia.com October 15, 2015
- Robbers get away with up to $9 million UPI archives December 2, 1985
- Singh, Gurpreet 1996, p. 98 - "Labh Singh masterminded a bank robbery of R. 6 crore from a branch..."
- "Sikh Separatists Masquerade as Police to Stage India's Biggest Bank Robbery". Los Angeles Times. February 13, 1987. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
Sikh(bracketed) separatists dressed as police officers looted a bank Thursday and escaped with $4.5 million, the biggest bank heist in Indian history, officials said. Bank robberies have been a major means of financing the Sikh militants' violent campaign for a separate state they call Khalistan. Bank robberies occur almost every week in Punjab.
- "Sikhs rob India bank of $4.5 million". Chicago Sun-Times. February 13, 1987. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Limca Book of Records. Bisleri Beverages Ltd. 1999. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Kumar, Ram Narayan (1997). The Sikh unrest and the Indian state: politics, personalities, and historical retrospective. Ajanta Publications,India. p. 445. ISBN 9788120204539.
It was only after the big bank robbery at Ludhiana in February 1987 that they could purchase sophisticated weapons; there was only one sten gun in the entire state.
- Dhillon, Kirpal (2006). Identity and Survival: Sikh Militancy in India 1978-1993. Pa. Penguin India. ISBN 978-0-14-310036-2. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Asian Recorder, Issue 28. K. K. Thomas at Recorder Press. 1987. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- "Paramjit Singh Panjwar (Khalistan Commando Force)". Indianexpress.com. December 4, 2008. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Asian recorder - Google Books. Books.google.com. August 26, 2008. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- "Police arrest `dead' terrorist". Indianexpress.com. October 12, 1998. Retrieved August 9, 2009.[dead link]
- Chaudhry, Amrita (October 1, 2006). "Gursharan Singh Gama arrested". cities.expressindia.com.[permanent dead link]
- "Killers of Lalit Maken held" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
- Chaudhry, Amrita (September 14, 2005). "Dreaded militant Daljit Singh alias Bittu gets parole for marriage". cities.expressindia.com. Retrieved August 30, 2009.[dead link]
- "News & Current Events". Ministry of Truth. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- "High-profile heists". BBC News. August 11, 2009. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "HSBC employees being questioned after hold up". 1 July 2010. maltastar.com. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Šest let po ropu SKB storilci na svobodi". Slovenskenovice.si. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- "5 let po ropu v SKB-ju za preiskavo ostaja še potencialnih 15 let". Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Domnevnih roparjev banke SKB tudi danes ni bilo na sodišče". www.delo.si. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- 1976: Bank robbers jailed for 100 years, BBC News, On this day
- Brink's-Mat robbery
- "High-profile heists". BBC News. August 11, 2009.
- The bank robbery few people recall Sheridan County Historical Society October 3, 2014
- "The FBI Files: Season 6 - Ep 7 "The Perfect Heist"". youtube.com. December 24, 2014.
- Four masked gunmen who stole $3.3 million in the ... UPI archives April 23, 1981
- Cash Deal Undid Trench Coat Robbers Sun Sentinel 
- George Bosque, 36; Stole $1.85 Million New York Times