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List of failed amendments to the Constitution of Ireland

The Constitution of Ireland has been amended 32 times since its adoption in 1937. Numerous other amendment bills have been introduced in Dáil Éireann but were not enacted.[1] These include government bills passed by the Dáil and Seanad but rejected at referendum; bills which the government introduced but later decided not to proceed with; and the rest were private member's bills (PMBs), usually introduced by opposition TDs. No amendment PMBs passed second stage until 2015.[2]

  Denotes amendment defeated by referendum
Title[n 1] Year Type[n 2] Proposer Stage reached Subject, notes References
Third 1941 PMB Fine Gael Second stage (defeated) Judges: process for impeachment; make more rigorous by requiring two-thirds majority resolution of each House; extend protection from Supreme Court and High Court to lower-court judges [3]
Third 1958 Government Fianna Fáil Referendum (defeated on 17 June 1959) Elections to the Dáil: Replace single transferable vote (STV) system with single-member plurality voting ("first past the post", FPTP). Also proposed an independent boundary commission for constituencies. The main proposal similar to the 1968 fourth-amendment bill. [4][5]
Third 1968 Government Fianna Fáil Referendum (defeated on 16 October 1968) Elections to the Dáil: Specified a degree of malapportionment in favour of rural constituencies over urban constituencies. [6][5]
Fourth 1968 Government Fianna Fáil Referendum (defeated on 16 October 1968) Elections to the Dáil: Replace STV with FPTP for Dáil elections. Similar to main proposal of the 1958 bill. [7][5]
Fourth[n 3] 1972 PMB Labour First stage (defeated) Elections: Lower voting age from 21 to 18. Accomplished by the government-sponsored Fourth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1972. [9]
Sixth 1978 PMB Labour Second stage (defeated) Rights of children: To facilitate adoptions whose legality had been questioned, and to abolish illegitimacy. The government-sponsored Sixth Amendment passed in 1979 addressed the adoption issue; the Status of Children Act 1987 addressed illegitimacy; the Thirty-first Amendment provided rights for children. [10]
Eighth 1980 PMB Socialist Labour Party First stage (defeated) Divorce: Permit by deleting Article 41.3.2º and 41.3.3º. Divorce was eventually permitted by the 15th amendment in 1996. [11]
Eighth (Divorce) 1982 PMB Workers' Party First stage (lapsed) Divorce: Relax ban. This was eventually lifted by the 15th amendment in 1996. [12]
Eighth (Divorce) 1983 PMB Workers' Party First stage (defeated) Divorce: Relax ban. This was eventually lifted by the 15th amendment in 1996. [13]
Tenth (Divorce) 1984 PMB Workers' Party First stage (defeated) Divorce: Relax ban. This was eventually lifted by the 15th amendment in 1996. [14]
Tenth 1985 PMB[n 4] Fine Gael (Michael O'Leary) First stage (defeated) Divorce: Relax ban. O'Leary was a government backbencher. His move prompted the government to introduce its own bill. [15]
Tenth (No. 2) 1985 PMB[n 5] Labour Second stage (defeated) Divorce: Relax ban. Labour's coalition partner Fine Gael opposed the bill; a government-sponsored divorce amendment was rejected at referendum later in 1986. [16]
Tenth 1986 Government Fine Gael–Labour Referendum (defeated on 26 June 1986) Divorce: Relax ban. This was eventually lifted by the 15th amendment in 1996. [17][5]
Eleventh 1990 PMB Workers' Party Second stage (defeated) Amend Articles 2 and 3 to weaken the irredentist claim to Northern Ireland. The Nineteenth Amendment in 1999 amended the articles in a similar manner as part of the Northern Ireland peace process. [18]
Eleventh[n 6] 1991 PMB Fine Gael Second stage (lapsed) Elections: enable Irish emigrants to elect three members of the Seanad. [19][20][21]
Eleventh (No. 2) 1991 PMB Workers' Party Second stage (lapsed) Allow abolition of ground rents .[22][21]
Eleventh (No. 3) 1991 PMB Fine Gael Second stage (defeated) Rights of women: affirmatively recognise rights of women in section on equality. [23]
Eleventh (No. 4) 1991 PMB Fine Gael Second stage (lapsed) Bail laws [24]
Eleventh[n 7] 1992 PMB Workers' Party Second stage (lapsed)[n 8] Abortion: removal of provision inserted by Eighth Amendment [27]
Eleventh[n 7] 1992 PMB Labour Second stage (defeated) Abortion: allow freedom to information and travel [28]
Twelfth 1992 Government Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats Referendum (defeated on 25 November 1992) Abortion: Partially reverse the X Case decision by removing risk of suicide as grounds for an abortion. [29][5]
Fifteenth 1995 PMB Fianna Fáil Second stage (defeated) Restrict right to bail. Accomplished by the government-sponsored Sixteenth Amendment in 1996. [30]
Seventeenth 1997 PMB Progressive Democrats Second stage (lapsed) Election of President: Allow nominating petitions [31]
Eighteenth 1997 PMB Fine Gael Second stage (lapsed) Election of President: Allow nominating petitions by 20,000 voters [32]
Twentieth 1999 PMB Democratic Left Second stage (lapsed) Lower the age of eligibility for TDs from 21 to 18. [33]
Twenty-first 1999 PMB Greens Second stage (lapsed) Neutrality: Require a referendum before the state could join to join a military alliance [34]
Twenty-first (No. 2) 1999 PMB Greens Second stage (lapsed) Allowing constitutional amendments by initiative [35]
Twenty-first (No. 3) 1999 PMB Labour Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee economic, social and cultural rights [36]
Twenty-first (No. 4) 1999 PMB Labour Second stage (lapsed) Rights: Prohibits "unfair discrimination" and permits positive discrimination. [37]
Twenty-first (No. 5) 1999 PMB Labour Second stage (lapsed) Rights of children, in particular the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child [38]
Twenty-second 2001 Government Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats Committee stage (lapsed) Judges: process for impeachment [39]
Twenty-fourth 2001 Government Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats Referendum (defeated on 7 June 2001) European Union: Ratify the Treaty of Nice. The Twenty-sixth Amendment in 2002 passed referendum and accomplished this. [40][5]
Twenty-fourth 2002 PMB Labour First stage (withdrawn) Neutrality: amend Article 29 to allow the state to participate in UN operations but not to join any military alliance. Withdrawn when the Twenty-sixth Amendment included an opt-out from the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy. [41]
Twenty-fifth 2001 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (lapsed) Neutrality: forbid the state from joining any military alliance [42]
Twenty-fifth (Protection of Human Life in Pregnancy) 2001 Government Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats Referendum (defeated on 6 March 2002) Abortion: Partially reverse the X Case decision by removing risk of suicide as grounds for an abortion, and specify the legal grounds for abortion. [43][5]
Twenty-seventh 2003 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Neutrality: affirms neutrality, forbids the state from joining any military alliance; war may only be declared by the Dáil. [44]
Twenty-seventh (No. 2) 2003 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee the right to housing [45]
Twenty-eighth 2005 Government Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats First stage (lapsed) European Union: Ratify the proposed Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. The government did not proceed with the amendment when the Treaty was abandoned after it was rejected by France and the Netherlands at referendums. [46]
Twenty-eighth 2006 PMB Labour Second stage (lapsed) Preserve cultural heritage and commit to sustainable development [47]
Twenty-eighth (No. 2) 2006 PMB Greens Second stage (lapsed) Elections: Lower age of candidacy for Dáil and presidential elections [48]
Twenty eighth (No. 3) 2006 PMB Greens Second stage (lapsed) Presidency: ease ballot access by reducing the qualifying number of Oireachtas members and allowing nominating petitions; reduce the term from seven to five years; mandate annual address to the Oireachtas; mandate meetings of the Council of State [49]
Twenty-eighth 2007 Government Fianna Fáil–Progressive Democrats Second stage (lapsed) Rights of children, insertion of a new article. The 2012 31st amendment covers similar ground. [50]
Twenty-eighth 2008 Government Fianna Fáil–Greens–Progressive Democrats Referendum (defeated on 12 June 2008) European Union: Ratify the Treaty of Lisbon. This was achieved with the Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland which passed in a referendum the following year. [51][5]
Twenty-ninth 2008 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (lapsed) Rights relating to trade unions [52]
Twenty-ninth 2009 PMB Fine Gael Second stage (lapsed) Judges: Ease the restriction on reducing judges' pay. This was achieved by the Twenty-ninth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland which was passed in a referendum in 2011. [53]
Twenty-ninth 2011 PMB[n 9] Greens Second stage (lapsed) Defines "economic treason". [54]
Twenty-ninth (No.2) 2011 PMB Fianna Fáil Second stage (defeated) Allow only individual voters to make political donations. [55]
Twenty-ninth (No.3) 2011 PMB Fianna Fáil Second stage (defeated) Allow for the adoption of any child. Achieved by the Thirty-first Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland passed by referendum in 2012 [56]
Thirtieth (Houses of the Oireachtas Inquiries) 2011 Government Fine Gael–Labour Referendum (defeated on 27 October 2011) Oireachtas: overturn the 2002 John Carthy verdict limiting the power of Oireachtas inquiries. [57][5]
Thirty-first (The President) 2011 PMB Technical group (Catherine Murphy) Second stage (defeated) Presidency: ease ballot access by reducing the qualifying number of Oireachtas members and allowing nominating petitions; remove reference to "proportional representation"; reduce the term from seven to five years [58]
Thirty-first (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) 2012 PMB[n 4] Labour (Kevin Humphreys) Second stage (lapsed)[n 10] Rights: Guarantee economic, social and cultural rights [59]
Thirty-second (Dáil Éireann) 2012 PMB[n 4] Fine Gael (Brendan Griffin) Second stage (lapsed)[n 10] Dáil Éireann: to comprise 100 single-member constituencies by alternative vote (plus the Ceann Comhairle) [60]
Thirty-second (Abolition of Seanad Éireann) 2013 Government Fine Gael–Labour Referendum (defeated on 4 October 2013) Oireachtas: Abolish Seanad Éireann, the upper house of the Irish parliament. [61][5]
Thirty-fourth (Judicial Appointments) 2013 PMB Technical group (Shane Ross) Second stage (defeated) Judges: establish a non-political body to nominate judges, subject to Oireachtas ratification [62]
Thirty-fourth (Neutrality) 2013 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Neutrality: declaration of neutrality and forbidding the state from joining any military alliance [63]
Thirty-fourth (No. 3) 2014 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee right to water, and mandating that Irish water supply remain in public ownership [64]
Thirty-fourth (Right to Personal Autonomy and Bodily Integrity) 2014 PMB Technical group (Clare Daly) Second stage (defeated) Abortion: repeal the Eighth Amendment, and guarantee rights to personal autonomy and bodily integrity [65]
Thirty-fourth (Members of the Houses of the Oireachtas) 2014 PMB Technical group (Peter Mathews) Second stage (defeated) Oireachtas: loosen the party whip system [66]
Thirty-fourth (Peace and Neutrality) 2014 PMB Technical group (Mick Wallace) Second stage (defeated) Neutrality: Adhere to Section V of the Hague Convention of 1907 [67]
Thirty-fourth 2014 PMB Technical group (Socialist Party) Second stage (defeated) Abortion: repeal the Eighth Amendment [68]
Thirty-fourth (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) 2014 PMB Technical Group (Thomas Pringle) Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee economic, social and cultural rights[69]
Thirty-fifth (Age of Eligibility for Election to the Office of President) 2015 Government Fine Gael–Labour Referendum (defeated on 22 May 2015) Presidency: reduce age of candidacy from 35 to 21 [70][5]
Thirty-fourth (Voting Rights in Referenda) 2014 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (lapsed)[n 10] Election of President: allow emigrants to vote [72]
Thirty-fourth (No. 2) 2014 PMB Sinn Féin Committee stage (lapsed)[n 10] Elections: Lower voting age from 18 to 16. [73]
Thirty-fourth (Dáil Éireann) 2015 PMB[n 4] Fine Gael (Brendan Griffin) Second stage (lapsed)[n 10] Dáil Éireann: to comprise 158 single-member constituencies; eliminate single transferable vote requirement [74]
Thirty-fifth (Fixed Period for the Duration of Dáil Éireann) 2015 PMB Technical group (Shane Ross) Second stage (lapsed)[n 10] Dáil Éireann: fixed term of five years [75]
Thirty-fifth (Repeal of the Eighth Amendment) 2016 PMB AAA–PBP Second stage (defeated) Abortion: repeal the Eighth Amendment, which guarantees the "right to life of the unborn". A motion was passed rejecting the bill, to allow the Citizens' Assembly to consider the issue. [76]
Thirty-fifth (Neutrality) 2016 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Neutrality: prohibit assisting foreign preparations for war without the consent of the Dáil, and prohibit joining any military alliance. A motion was passed rejecting the bill "to protect the authority of the Executive to conduct external relations" and affirming existing neutrality provisions and policies. [77]
Thirty-fifth (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) 2016 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee economic, social and cultural rights [78]
Thirty-fifth (Right to Housing) 2017 PMB Solidarity–PBP Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee the right to housing [79]
Thirty-eighth (Neutrality) 2018 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Neutrality: prohibit involvement in any war unless "immediately necessary in defence of the State". [80]
Thirty-fifth (Right to a Home) 2016 PMB Sinn Féin Second stage (defeated) Rights: Guarantee the right to housing [81]
  1. ^ Where "Nth" is listed, the title of the bill was "Nth Amendment of the Constitution Bill Year"; Where "Nth (Qualifier)" is listed, the title of the bill was "Nth Amendment of the Constitution (Qualifier) Bill Year".
  2. ^ PMBs were proposed by opposition TDs unless otherwise noted.
  3. ^ Introduced as the Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1968, the government renumbered it the Fourth Amendment when introducing its own Third Amendment bill[8]
  4. ^ a b c d PMB by government backbencher
  5. ^ PMB by a member of the smaller party in the Fine Gael-Labour coalition.
  6. ^ This bill was titled Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution 1991 but appears in the Dáil Debates as Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 1991.
  7. ^ a b There were three bills named Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1992: No. 2 of 1992 was a WP PMB, No. 11 of 1992 was a Labour PMB, and No. 12 of 1992 was a government bill which was enacted.
  8. ^ On 26 February 1992 the bill was introduced (first stage) by Proinsias De Rossa.[25] De Rossa lost speaking time when he and five other Workers' Party TDs left to form Democratic Left.[26]
  9. ^ The Greens were the smaller party in a Fianna Fáil-led government when they introduced the bill December 2010; they left government in January 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Bills lapsed when 31st Dáil dissolved and not revived in 32nd Dáil.[71]

Missing numbersEdit

A new bill to amend the constitution is usually named with the ordinal number next after that of the last amendment passed. Multiple pending bills will often use the same number, and be distinguished by year of introduction and/or a parenthetical number or description. However, if the government introduces multiple bills, these are numbered consecutively. There are several gaps in the numbering of passed amendments, corresponding to government bills which did not pass:

Twelfth
Amendments 12, 13, and 14, all relating to abortion, were put to referendums on the same day. The 12th was rejected while the 13th and 14th passed.
Twenty-second
Amendments 21, 22, 23, and 24 were introduced in the Dáil on the same day, with a view to being passed quickly through the Oireachtas. Three proved uncontroversial, but the 22nd was delayed after complaints from opposition parties. By the time the government decided not to proceed with the 22nd bill, the 23rd had passed at referendum.
Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth
After the 24th bill was rejected at referendum in 2001, the government decided not to re-use the number when introducing the 25th bill later that year. Similarly, after the 25th was rejected in 2002, the government's next amendment bill was numbered 26 rather than 25 or 24. By contrast, when the 28th amendment bill of 2008 was rejected at referendum, the government chose to re-use the number 28 for the amendment bill passed the following year.
Thirty-second
The 32nd and 33rd bills were put to referendum on 4 October 2013; the 32nd was rejected while the 33rd was approved.
Thirty-fifth
The government's 35th bill was rejected at a referendum on 22 May 2015. Government amendments 36 and 37 were passed in 2018. The 38th Amendment is a private member's bill introduced in 2016 with number 35, which had its number changed to 38 in 2019 after being accepted by the government, which was passed in May 2019.[82]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bills & Acts – Houses of the Oireachtas
  2. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 2014: Second Stage [Private Members]". Dáil Éireann (31st Dáil) debates. Houses of the Oireachtas. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  3. ^ Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1941
  4. ^ Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1958
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Referendum Results 1937 – 2015" (PDF). Department of Housing, Planning, Community and Local Government. 2016.
  6. ^ Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1968
  7. ^ Fourth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1968
  8. ^ Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill, 1971: First Stage.
  9. ^ Private Members' Business. - Fourth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1972: First Stage (Resumed)
  10. ^ Sixth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1978
  11. ^ Private Members' Business. - Eighth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1980: First Stage (Resumed).
  12. ^ Eighth Amendment of the Constitution (Divorce) Bill 1982: Leave to Introduce
  13. ^ Eighth Amendment of the Constitution (Divorce) Bill 1983: Leave to Introduce. (Resumed)
  14. ^ Tenth Amendment of the Constitution (Divorce) Bill 1984: First Stage (resumed)
  15. ^ The Tenth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1985: First Stage (Resumed)
  16. ^ Tenth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 1985
  17. ^ Tenth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1986
  18. ^ Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1990
  19. ^ Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1991
  20. ^ Dáil debates 26 Feb 1991 Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill, 1991: First Stage
  21. ^ a b Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill, 1991 (Bill 2 of 1991)
  22. ^ Dáil debates 21 Feb 1991 Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill, 1991: First Stage
  23. ^ Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 3) Bill 1991
  24. ^ Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 4) Bill 1991
  25. ^ "Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill, 1992: First Stage". Dáil Éireann Debates. 26 February 1992. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  26. ^ Rafter, Kevin (2011). "Division & Departure: A new party is born". Democratic Left: The Life and Death of an Irish Political Party. Irish Academic Press. ISBN 9780716531111.
  27. ^ Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1992
  28. ^ Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1992
  29. ^ Twelfth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1992
  30. ^ Fifteenth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1995
  31. ^ Seventeenth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1997
  32. ^ Eighteenth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1997 Oireachtas
  33. ^ Twentieth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1999
  34. ^ Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution Bill 1999
  35. ^ Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 1999
  36. ^ Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution (No. 3) Bill 1999
  37. ^ Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution (No. 4) Bill 1999
  38. ^ Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution (No. 5) Bill 1999
  39. ^ Twenty-First Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2001
  40. ^ Twenty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2001
  41. ^ Twenty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2002
  42. ^ Twenty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2001
  43. ^ Twenty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Protection of Human Life in Pregnancy) Bill 2001
  44. ^ Twenty-seventh Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2003
  45. ^ Twenty-seventh Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 2003
  46. ^ Twenty-eight Amendment of Constitution Bill 2005 Oireachtas
  47. ^ Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2006
  48. ^ Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 2006
  49. ^ Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 3) Bill 2006
  50. ^ Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2007
  51. ^ Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2008
  52. ^ Twenty-Ninth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2008
  53. ^ Twenty-ninth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2009
  54. ^ Twenty-Ninth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2011 Oireachtas
  55. ^ Twenty-Ninth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 2011 Oireachtas
  56. ^ Twenty-Ninth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 3) Bill 2011 Oireachtas
  57. ^ Thirtieth Amendment of the Constitution (Houses of the Oireachtas Inquiries) Bill 2011
  58. ^ Thirty-First Amendment of the Constitution (The President) Bill 2011
  59. ^ Thirty-First Amendment of the Constitution (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Bill 2012 Oireachtas
  60. ^ Thirty-second Amendment of the Constitution (Dáil Éireann) Bill 2012 Oireachtas
  61. ^ "Thirty-second Amendment of the Constitution (Abolition of Seanad Éireann) Bill 2013". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  62. ^ Thirty-Fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Judicial Appointments) Bill 2013
  63. ^ "Thirty-Fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Neutrality) Bill 2013". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  64. ^ Thirty-Fourth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 3) Bill 2014
  65. ^ Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Right to Personal Autonomy and Bodily Integrity) Bill 2014 Oireachtas
  66. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Members of the Houses of the Oireachtas) Bill 2014". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  67. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Peace and Neutrality) Bill 2014". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  68. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2014". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  69. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Bill 2014". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  70. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Age of Eligibility for Election to the Office of President) Bill 2015". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  71. ^ "Restoration of Private Members Bills to the Order Paper: Motion". Dáil Éireann debates. 1 June 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  72. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Voting Rights in Referenda) Bill 2014". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  73. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (No. 2) Bill 2014". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  74. ^ "Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Dáil Éireann) Bill 2015". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  75. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Fixed Period for the Duration of Dáil Éireann) Bill 2015". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  76. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Repeal of the Eighth Amendment) Bill 2016". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  77. ^ "Thirty-Fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Neutrality) Bill 2016". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  78. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) Bill 2016". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  79. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Right to Housing) Bill 2017". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  80. ^ "Thirty-Eighth Amendment of the Constitution (Neutrality) Bill 2018". Bills & Acts. Oireachtas. Retrieved 11 April 2019.; "Thirty-Eighth Amendment of the Constitution (Neutrality) Bill 2018: Second Stage (Resumed) [Private Members]". Dáil Éireann (32nd Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  81. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Right to a Home) Bill 2016 – No. 32 of 2016 – Houses of the Oireachtas". Bills. Oireachtas. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  82. ^ "Thirty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution (Divorce) Bill 2016: Report and Final Stages [Private Members]". Dáil debates. KildareStreet.com. 3 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.