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List of equipment of the Hellenic Army

The heavy equipment and weaponry of the Hellenic Army is of mostly foreign manufacture, from German, French, American and British suppliers. Exception are the Leonidas and Kentaurus armored fighting vehicles which are built in Greece by the Hellenic Vehicle Industry.

Equipment runs the gamut from state-of-the-art to obsolescent Cold War inventories; the latter are gradually being retired as no funds are available for upgrade. Russian made equipment was received or purchased after the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and second hand US and German equipment was transferred or purchased.

Recent defense spending cuts have had a big impact in operating costs (maintenance, technical support, operational training, transport and supplies). As 80% of the budget is spent on salaries and administrative costs the Hellenic Army faces the challenge of reorganizing its structure. This may lead to closing down some of the 500 military bases scattered across the country and reducing the size of the Army, transforming the Hellenic Army into a smaller but largely professional force.

Under the Force Structure 2005-2020 plan large-scale changes in the Army will be implemented. Only two categories of units will exist: active and mobilized (reserve). No main weapon systems will be allocated to mobilized units.

Small Arms and Infantry Support WeaponsEdit

FirearmsEdit

Weapon Image Caliber Origin Notes
Pistols and Submachine Guns
Colt M1911A1   .45 ACP   United States Service Pistol.
HK USP   9x19mm NATO   Germany/  Greece Made under license by EAS[1].
CZ 75   9×19mm NATO   Czech Republic It is used in limited numbers by the Hellenic Army.
Glock 17   9×19mm NATO   Austria Used by special forces and marines.
HK MP5   9×19mm NATO   Germany/  Greece Standard issue SMG with multiple variants active.

Made under license by EAS.

HK MP5SD   9×19mm NATO   Germany/  Greece MP5 variant with an integral suppressor.

Made under license by EAS.

Used by special forces.

HK MP7   4.6×30mm   Germany Used by special forces.
FN P90   FN 5.7×28mm   Belgium Used by special forces.
Uzi   .45 ACP   Israel Used by special forces.
Assault Rifles, Battle Rifles and Carbines
HK G3A3/G3A4   7.62×51mm NATO   Germany/  Greece Service Rifle. Made under

license by Ellinika Amyntika Systimata (EAS)

formerly under EBO[2].

50,000 rifles will be upgraded[3].

M16A2/M16A3/M16A4 assault rifle   5.56×45mm NATO   United States Used by Marines, Air mobile Units and some Special Forces Units.
M4 carbine   5.56×45mm NATO   United States Used by Special Forces.

M4 and M4A1 variants active.

M4A1   5.56×45mm NATO   United States Used by special forces.
Close Quarters Battle Receiver   5.56×45mm NATO   United States Used by special forces / Navy.
M14   7.62×51mm NATO   United States Used in limited numbers by the Hellenic Navy as a DMR.
AK-74
  5.45×39mm   Soviet Union used Mostly by the reserved 2nd Paratrooper Regiment
M1 Garand   .30-06   United States Still in use for ceremonial duties by the Presidential guard.
FN SCAR-L   5.56×45mm NATO   Belgium Used in small numbers by E.T.A.
G36   5.56×45mm NATO   Germany Used in small numbers by E.T.A.
Sniper Rifles
G3A3ZF   7.62×51mm NATO   Germany/  Greece Made under license by EAS. G3 variant with

a 4X24 scope used as a DMR.

M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System   7.62×51mm NATO   United States Used by special forces / Navy.
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare   7.62×51mm NATO   United Kingdom Used by special forces.
Kefefs 7.62×51mm NATO   Greece Used by special forces, produced locally.
Steyr SSG   7.62×51mm NATO   Austria Used by special forces.
Barrett M82A1M   12.7×99mm NATO   United States/  Greece Used by special forces,

marines and the Hellenic

Force in Cyprus (ELDYK) .

The Greek version is called ΝΕΜΕΣΙΣ (NEMESIS)

and is modified by EAS.

Barrett M95   12.7×99mm NATO   United States Used by special forces.
Machine Guns
HK 11A1   7.62×51mm NATO   Germany/  Greece Magazine-fed light machine gun.

Made under license by EAS .Replaced by the FN Minimi .

Used mostly by National guard .

FN MINIMI   5.56×45mm NATO   Belgium/  Greece Light machine gun, replacing the HK11.

Made under license by EAS.

FN MAG   7.62×51mm NATO   Belgium General-purpose machine gun.
MG3   7.62×51mm NATO   Germany/  Greece General-purpose machine gun.

Made under license by EAS Mounted on Vehicles, Tripods

and sometimes used as a Squad Automatic Weapon.

M60E4   7.62×51mm NATO   United States General-purpose machine gun. Limited usage by Navy Special Forces.
M2HB   12.7×99mm NATO   United States Heavy machine gun. Mounted on tripods and armored vehicles.
Shotguns
Benelli M4   12 Gauge   Italy Used by special forces for CQB.
Grenade Launchers
M203   40×46mm   United States Designed to be attached to a rifle.
M79   40×46mm   United States Single-shot, shoulder-fired, break-action grenade launcher.
HK GMG   40×53mm   Germany/  Greece Automatic grenade launcher. Made under license by EAS.
MK19 Mod3   40×53mm
  United States Automatic grenade launcher in use by Special Forces.
  • Greece signed a contract with Heckler and Koch, for 112,270 5.56 mm G36 assault rifles. They would replace the G3 as the Army's service rifle. The rifles would be assembled locally by Hellenic Defence Systems (EAS). However the purchase has been frozen and the soldiers continue to use the current G3 rifle.
  • In 2018 a program to upgrade some 50.000 G3 rifles begun. The upgrades include new hanguard with R.I.S., new stock and an Aimpoint Red Dot sign and an M203 40mm grenade launcher.

Infantry Support WeaponsEdit

Quantity Weapon Image Origin Notes
Anti-tank Guided Missile Launchers
196 9M133 Kornet E     Russia ATGM
366 BGM-71 TOW II     United States ATGM all incorporated into M-901 ITV's.
400 MILAN     France/  West Germany ATGM, most MILAN I systems have been upgraded to MILAN II.
262 9M111 Fagot     Soviet Union ATGM
Anti-tank Recoilless Rifles
1,988

Carl Gustaf M2 Recoilless Rifle

    Sweden 84 mm / all of Carl Gustaf M2s

are to receive thermal imaging

systems made by EAS.

1,291 M40 recoilless rifle     United States 106 mm / mounted on Jeeps and in some rare cases attack crafts.
135 LRAC 89 mm STRIM     France 89 mm
Anti-tank Rocket launchers
18,706 RPG-18     Soviet Union 64 mm
10,841 M72A2 LAW     United States 66 mm
Heavy Mortars - 100 mm and above (CFE treaty caliber limit)
120 E56-E 120 mm Mortar   Greece 120 mm
Made by the Greek weapons manufacturer Ellinika Amyntika Systimata.
624 M30     United States 4.2 in (106.7 mm)
256 in use on the M106A1/A2 AMC.
Medium and Light Mortars - below 100 mm (CFE treaty caliber limit)
690 E44-E 81 mm Mortar   Greece 81 mm
Made by the Greek weapons manufacturer Ellinika Amyntika Systimata.
125 Hirtenberger M6C-210     Austria/  Greece 60 mm
Produced by the Greek

weapons manufacturer Ellinika Amyntika Systimata under license from Hirtenberger of Austria.

1,616 M1   United States 81 mm
In storage.
  • The Kornet anti-tank guided weapon system is fitted to 4×4 vehicles. Greece has 196 launchers with 1100+ missiles, in service as of 2008.
  • Netherlands donated almost 170 M-30 4.2 in mortars due to CFE restrictions.
  • 19,793 RPG-18 [64-mm] bought from Germany in 1993

Land vehicles and heavy armamentEdit

Main Battle TanksEdit

Quantity Type Images Origin Notes
170 Leopard 2A6 HEL     Germany/  Greece 120 mm gun.

Delivered between 2006 and 2009. Built in Greece by ELBO under license from Krauss-Maffei Wegmann.[4]

Equipped with Iniochos C2 systems.

183 Leopard 2A4     Germany 120 mm gun. Being equipped with C2 systems.[5]
501 Leopard 1A5/GR     Germany 105 mm gun
400 M48A5 MOLF (Modular Laser Fire Control System)     United States 105 mm gun
101 M60A3 TTS     United States 105 mm gun
  • In 1981, Greece ordered 106 Leopard 1A3 GR MBTs plus four armoured recovery vehicles, delivered between 1983 and 1984. Almost 170 Leopard 1Vs were donated by the Netherlands in 1991.
  • In 2003, the Hellenic Army ordered 170 new Leopard 2A6 HEL (Hellenic), to be jointly produced by the German Krauss Maffei and the Greek ELVO firms and delivered between 2006 and 2009.
  • In 2005, Greece purchased 333 used tanks: 183 Leopard 2A4s and 150 Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks from Bundeswehr reserves. This raised the number of Leopard 1 tanks in Greek service to almost 350, and added Leopard 2A4 tanks to Greece’s inventory. A few Leopard 2A4 tanks have been equipped with a 105 mm cannon for training purposes (to exploit the existing large stock of 105mm ammunition), though quick restoration of the original L44 120 mm cannon is possible. Another 98 Leopard 1A5 tanks were delivered as an offset of the total Leopard 2 HEL procurement package.
  • At least 312 M-60A3 were in active service in 2009. M-60 tanks are supposed to be scrapped, sold or retired, as Leopard tanks are replacing them and CFE limit restricts the total number of tanks in service. United States transferred to Greece in 1992-93 358 M60A1 and 312 M60A3 tanks. At least 350 M60 tanks of the Hellenic Army could be donated to Iraq.
  • As of 2004, Hellenic Army tank drivers are mostly professionals, but conscripts are still trained as tank drivers, as well as in all other tank crew stations.
  • In 2011, Greece was interested in buying M1 Abram's tanks, from US stocks. However, the deal was canceled for logistical reasons.

Armored combat vehicles/carriers and unarmored vehiclesEdit

There is a CFE treaty limit of 2,498[6]

Quantity Weapon Picture Origin Notes
Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicles (AIFVs)
90 BMP-1P Ost     Soviet Union Some of them converted to ZU-23 carriers.
491 Leonidas II     Greece \   Austria Made by the Greek vehicle manufacturer ELBO, includes 90 upgraded Leonidas 1.
1,985 M 113A1/A2     United States Armored personnel carrier.
3 M125A1 AMC     United States Armored mortar carrier, based on M113.
Equipped with the M29 (81 mm) mortar.
Armored Mortar Carriers - 100 mm and above (CFE treaty caliber limit)
257 M106A1/A2 AMC     United States Armored mortar carrier, based on M113.
Most vehicles are equipped with the M30 107 mm mortar but 120 vehicles will be equipped with the E-56 120 mm mortar.
Armored ATGM Carriers
362 M901/M901A1 ITV     United States Armored BGM-71 TOW carrier, based on M113.
12 M113 TOW     United States M113 vehicle mounting a BGM-71 TOW launcher.
Armored Command Vehicles
249 M577A2     United States Armored command vehicle, based on M113.
Armored Wheeled Vehicles
242 VBL     France Various versions.
695 HMMWV     United States/  Greece Various versions. Some ex-US Army surplus, others are new M1114GR made by ELBO under license.
Unarmored Wheeled Vehicle
8,300 Mercedes-Benz G-Class     Germany/  Greece Various versions. Made under license by ELBO.
148 KrAZ-255B     Ukraine Used as a transport vehicle and to carry a PMP folding bridge.
160 Oshkosh     United States 8×8 Truck
320 HEMTT     United States M985, M977 and M987P1 variants. Donated by the US in 2014.
73 MTVR     United States/  Greece Built under license by ELBO, Mk 27 version active.
150 M35 2½ ton cargo truck     United States A2
120 MAN   Germany 6×6, 8×8 Truck
850 Steyr     Austria/  Greece Trucks made under license by ELBO.

(Type: Steyr 12M18)

110 Unimog     Germany Various versions.
? Tatra     Czech Republic
  • The first version of the 'Leonidas' was the Austrian Saurer 4K 4FA Armored Personnel Carrier built with minor local modifications, built from 1981 until 1987. The 'Leonidas-2' involved extensive modification of the previous model, with the aim to essentially develop it as an Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV). 503 Leonidas vehicles of both versions delivered to Greece and 197 to Cyprus.
  • All M-113 vehicles in the Hellenic Army have been upgraded to or acquired with at least the A1 modifications. Greece operates over 3000 M113s and variants, many of these have been transferred from other NATO armies through CFE.
  • Germany sold 501 BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles, formerly operated by East Germany. They have been retired due to lack of spare parts.
  • Greece had the intention to donate some of its 500 BMP-1 to the Iraqi Army. 36 refurbished BMP-1 were delivered in November 2005 and 64 BMP-1s in December 2006.
  • The Panhard VBL was acquired after the need for armored reconnaissance vehicles was identified by the Army's involvement in peacekeeping operations.
  • There have been rumors about a potential M2 Bradley purchase from the US Army's stock. Furthermore, there have been talks about an Amphibious Assault Vehicle purchase from US Marines' stock, in order to replace small landing craft of the marines. After years of talks, a deal was reached about 9 vehicles with deliveries starting in 2020 onwards.[7]
  • The standard BMP-1P Ost will be given to Egypt.

ArtilleryEdit

CFE treaty limit: 1,920 (calibers > 100 mm)[8]

Quantity Weapon Images Origin Notes
Rocket artillery
36 M270 MLRS     United States 12×227 mm
152 MGM-140A ATACMS Block 1 missiles are also available.
116 RM70     Czechoslovakia 40×122 mm
Self-propelled artillery
104 M110A2     United States Still in service due to the large stock of ammunition available, to be phased out upon completion of the other programs.


24+1 PzH 2000     Germany 155 mm howitzer.
12 M109A5     United States 155 mm howitzer.
223 M109A3GEA2     United States /   Germany 155 mm howitzer. All vehicles are uppgraded with modernized systems including the AURORA system. It can also be linked to the other artillery systems including the PzH-2000GR or act autonomously.
50 M109A3GEA1     United States /   Germany 155 mm howitzer.
82 M109A2     United States 155 mm howitzer.
51 M109A1B     United States 155 mm howitzer.
Towed artillery
445 in storage M101     United States 105 mm howitzer.
18 Mod-56 pack howitzer     Italy 105 mm howitzer.
Counter-battery radar / Observation systems
3 ARTHUR (military)     Norway/  Sweden Radar system.
10 AN/TPQ-36     United States Radar system.
8 AN/TPQ-37     United States Radar system.
10 Stendor   France Radar system.
? Decca D-110   Great Britain Radar system.
40 BOR A-550     France Radar system.
20 MARGOT XXL   France Camera Observation system.
  • 36 M270 MLRS transferred from United States of America to Greece between 1995 and 2001.
  • 150 Second-hand Slovak-made RM-70 Grad multiple rocket launchers purchased from Germany in 1993, after the end of Cold War. Since then, 116 have been used in active service, the rest used for spares.
  • In 2008 talks started with Germany for the transfer of 223 surplus German M109A3GE-A2 howitzers to Greece. The deal was signed on the 17 February 2010. Once deliveries of the 223 howitzers is completed all towed artillery in the Hellenic Army will be withdrawn, with the exception of 18 M56 Pack howitzers.
  • The Hellenic Army has 24 PzH 2000 155mm systems, delivered between July 2003 and June 2004.
  • The M109 SPGs have been retrofitted with Intracom Defence Genaircon Hybrid Generators. Furthermore, there have been talks about upgrading the M270 MLRS and other artillery pieces.

Air Defence SystemsEdit

Quantity Weapon Images Notes
Air Defense - Missile Systems
42 launchers MIM-23B Improved HAWK - Phase III PIP   7 batteries × 6 missile launchers each.
Medium range .
21 systems, 84 cvs TOR-M1   4 battalions with 4 batteries each and one with 5.
30systems, 120cvs SA-8 Gecko   6 battalions with 5 batteries each.
54 ASRAD-HELLAS   With 426 FIM-92 Stinger Block 1 missiles.
VSHORADS
476 FIM-92B/C Stinger-POST & Stinger Block 1   MANPADS
Air Defense - Gun Systems
506 ZU-23-2   2× 23×152 mm (B)
285 Mk20 RH-202   2× 20×139 mm
Air Defense - Radar
3 Casta 2E1   Surveillance radar
5 P-19 radar   Surveillance radar
  • In 2000 the Hellenic Army decided to procure 54 vehicle-mounted ASRAD-HELLAS systems. A modular missile system featuring high firepower for day and night operation, each ASRAD-HELLAS weapon system carries four ready-to-fire Stinger missiles and holds an additional four missiles ready for a fast reload. The system is operated by a 2-man team, consisting of the driver, who has the secondary task of air space observer, and the operator of the weapon system.
  • The 23 mm ZU-23 lightweight, automatic, towed antiaircraft gun entered the Army arsenal after years of service with the East German army.
  • The Artemis 30 was originally developed in 1982, to protect all branches of the Armed Forces from medium and low level attack aircraft.
  • With units entering service both from East German and Russian sources, the 9M33 Osa (SA-8) short-range surface-to-air missile system was acquired to maximize the protection offered to Army units. In 1993 Germany gave 12 Osa surface-to-air cvs, meaning 3 batteries. Russia later sold another 20 Osa-AKMs batteries in 1998 and another 7 batteries as an offset for the purchase of the tor-m1 systems.
  • Hellenic Hawk Phase II Upgrade Program brought in 1995 Greek 42 Hawk launchers (7 batteries) to updated version. Ten launchers later updated to more updated version in 1999.

Other Armored VehiclesEdit

Medical Evacuation Vehicles
54 M 113A1 MEDEVAC
70+ Humvee Ambulance
? Mercedes-Benz G-Class Ambulance
Armored Vehicle-launched Bridges
8 Leopard-1 Leguan Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on Leopard-1 chassis.
10 Leopard-1 Biber Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on Leopard-1 chassis.
12 M60A1 AVLB Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on M60A1 chassis.
22 ? M48A5 AVLB Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on M48A5 chassis.
Armored Recovery Vehicles
12 Leopard II BUFALO HEL based on Leopard-2 chassis.
43 Leopard-1 ARV based on Leopard-1 chassis.
95 M88A1 Armored Recovery Vehicle of the Patton tanks family.
81 ? M578 The M578 uses the same chassis as M107 self-propelled gun and M110 self-propelled howitzer.
Armored Demining Vehicles
50 Leopard-1V MP Armored Demining Vehicle based on Leopard-1 chassis. Gun was removed (in order to comply with CFE treaty limits on number of MBTs) and a Full Width Mine Plough (FWMP) from Pearson Engineering was added.
Miscellaneous Armored Vehicles
6 Leopard-1A3 Armored Firefighting Vehicle based on retired Leopard-1 chassis. The turret is replaced with a 12.5 ton water tank. Used in firing ranges by the Army and being evaluated by the Hellenic Fire Service.

AircraftEdit

Aircraft Images Origin Type Versions In service[9] Notes
Boeing AH-64 Apache     United States attack helicopter AH-64A+
AH-64DHA
19
9
It is considered by Hellenic officials to upgrade

the AH-64A+.

Bell OH-58 Kiowa     United States armed reconnaissance helicopter OH-58D 70 Seventy ex-US Army helicopters. Most of them (36) will be used in order to meet operational requirements and the rest will be used for training purposes (24) and spares (10).[10][11][12][13]
Boeing CH-47 Chinook     United States transport helicopter CH-47DG/SD 25 10 Ex US Army, 10 purchased new and 5 upgraded Ex Air Force CH-47Cs.
NHI NH90     Europe transport helicopter NH-90 TTH 20 For Special Forces usage.

Together with the CH47s they will eventually partially replace older helicopters like the Bell 205 and AB 205.

Bell 205     United States
  Italy
utility helicopter UH-1H Iroquois
AB 205
25
62
Ex US Army. To be partially phased out in favor of more modern helicopters entering service.
AB205 built by Agusta.

To be also partially phased out.

Bell 206     Italy utility helicopter AB 206B-3 14 Built by Agusta
Bell 212     Italy VIP AB 212 VIP 1 Built by Agusta
Cessna 185     United States utility U-17A 13
C-12 Huron     United States VIP/photo recon aircraft C-12R 3
SAGEM Sperwer     France reconnaissance UAV 16 Light drones
Schweizer 300     United States training helicopter 300C 17 Used for training purposes
  • The Army is looking to replace AB-205 and UH-1 helicopters in the immediate future.
  • Greece bought ten CH-47Cs for the Army, nine of which were later upgraded by Boeing to the CH-47D standard. In 1999, Greece bought seven more new Boeing CH-47D Chinooks. As of February 2019 and following recent additions, the Greek inventory counts about 30 CH-47DG/SD Chinooks in total.
  • In 1995, 20 AH-64A+ were purchased. In 2003 Greece signed a contract for 12 AH-64D Longbow.
  • The Army is looking to introduce reconnaissance UAVs in the Hellenic Army Aviation to replace the C-12 and Cessna 185 in the immediate future . The Greek made Pegasus 2 is a notable contender with the SPERWER which is currently in use with the Signals branch also being a contender for the army aviation UAV program .

Historical equipmentEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "EBO 9 mm EP7 pistol (Greece), PISTOLS". Jane's Information Group. 2001-04-25. Retrieved 2009-05-22.[dead link]
  2. ^ "Hellenic Defense Systems". Archived from the original on 2012-01-21. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  3. ^ "Personal infantry weapons: old weapons or new hardware in the coming decades? - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
  4. ^ "Leopard 2 HEL images and info". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-11-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ According to the CFE treaty, the Armored Combat Vehicles category includes Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs), Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicles (AIFVs), and Heavy Armament Combat Vehicles. Heavy Armament Combat Vehicles includes vehicles that were not MBTs, APCs or AIFVs but have an integral gun of at least 75 mm caliber and weight at least 6 tons.
  7. ^ https://www.pronews.gr/amyna-asfaleia/hersaies-dynameis/823691_arhaia-konservokoytia-thanatoy-fortonoyn-oi-ipa-ston
  8. ^ According to the CFE treaty, the Artillery category includes guns, howitzers, mortars, multiple launch rocket systems, and artillery pieces that combine the characteristics of guns and howitzers.
  9. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
  10. ^ "US gifts Greece Kiowa scout helicopters". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 2018-01-12. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  11. ^ https://www.pronews.gr/amyna-asfaleia/aeroporia/756820_ipa-arhise-i-fortosi-ton-elikopteron-oh-58-anamenontai-stin-ellada
  12. ^ http://www.skai.gr/news/greece/article/404309/eftasan-sto-volo-ta-70-elikoptera-anagnorisis-oh-58d-kiowa-warrior/
  13. ^ https://www.janes.com/article/88671/greece-receives-70-oh-58ds-and-a-chinook-from-united-states