List of edge cities
This is a list of edge cities by continent, country and metropolitan area.
An edge city is a term coined by Joel Garreau's in his 1991 book Edge City: Life on the New Frontier, for a place in a metropolitan area, outside cities' original downtowns (thus, in the suburbs or, if within the city limits of the central city, an area of suburban density), with a large concentration of jobs, office space, and retail space. Originally, Garreau defined edge cities in the North American context, though he gave some examples outside North America. To qualify under Garreau's rules, an edge city:
- has five million or more square feet (465,000 m²) of leasable office space
- has 600,000 square feet (56,000 m²) or more of leasable retail space
- has more jobs than bedrooms
- is perceived by the population as one place
- was nothing like a "city" as recently as 30 years ago. As Garreau stated, "[then] it was just bedrooms, if not cow pastures."
List by country and metropolitan areaEdit
This list is incomplete. You can help by expanding it with entries that meet the criteria and that reference a reliable source. Note: "Emerging 1991" indicated that Garreau assessed this area as an emerging edge city in his 1991 book.
- Providencia (Providencia, Chile)
- Zona Río: built in the 1980s and the city's new commercial center, the Zona Río and contiguous Agua Caliente submarkets had, in 2016, a total of 136,102 square metres (1,464,990 sq ft) of office space, in addition to having the city's largest concentration of retail, hospitality, and other commercial facilities, and hospitals.
The historic city center is in Fatih and contains historic sites, the Grand Bazaar and adjacent wholesale/retail districts, but is not a modern "central business district" in that it does not have modern retail formats, dense residential and hotel towers, etc. These can be found in the following edge cities with concentrations of office space, malls, residential towers, entertainment and educational facilities, hospitals, etc.:
- Taksim-Beyoğlu: Taksim Square in Beyoğlu to Nişantaşı in Şişli
- The Central Business District as the real estate industry refers to it, which is not the historic city center, but is a 7-km-long north-south corridor of modern areas along Barbaros Boulevard and Büyükdere Avenue. Metro Line 2 runs along part of it. From south to north, the areas in the corridor are:
- in Beşiktaş district:
- in Şişli district:
- in Sarıyer district:
- Istanbul Atatürk Airport area: strip development along the O-7 highway north to the Mall of Istanbul, Bahçelievler district
- Asian side:
- Airport area (incl. parts of College Park/Hapeville/East Point, emerging 1991)
- Brookhaven I-85 and Buford Highway corridors incl. Lenox Park, Century Center, Executive Park, Corporate Square, Northeast Plaza
- Cumberland (Cumberland Mall/Cobb Galleria Centre area near I-285/I-75) – home to Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre and Truist Park
- Gwinnett Place/Sugarloaf business districts along I-85, near interchange with SR 316 (emerging 1991)
- Johns Creek Technology Park[non-primary source needed]
- Midtown Atlanta (emerging 1991)
- Perimeter Center (I-285 and Georgia 400, emerging 1991)
- Arundel Mills area
- Baltimore-Washington Airport area
- Hanover, Pennsylvania
- Hunt Valley
- Owings Mills
- Security Boulevard
- White Marsh
- Brookwood Village area
- Inverness (Hwy 280/I-459 interchange area, incl. The Summit)
- Hoover (Riverchase area near Hwy 31/I-459)
- Alewife T Station area
- Burlington Mall area
- Framingham area
- Massachusetts Turnpike and I-495
- Massachusetts Turnpike and Route 128
- Nashua, New Hampshire
- Illinois Technology and Research Corridor incl. parts of Oak Brook, Lisle, Naperville, Aurora along the East-West Tollway, Oakbrook Terrace, Lombard
- I-94 "Lake Shore Corridor": including parts of Skokie, Northbrook, Deerfield, Buffalo Grove Lincolnshire, Vernon Hills, Lake Forest
- Golden Corridor/Northwest Corridor incl. O'Hare Airport and Schaumburg areas including parts of Rosemont, Arlington Heights, Rolling Meadows, Hoffman Estates and Woodfield Mall area near the Northwest Tollway, Elgin, Itasca
- Chagrin Boulevard and Interstate 271 area (Beachwood)
- Rockside Road and Interstate 77 area (Independence) - emerging 1991
- College Boulevard–Overland Park area
- Country Club Plaza area
- Crown Center area
- Kansas City International Airport area
Greater Los AngelesEdit
- Central Los Angeles and Westside
- San Fernando Valley
- Elsewhere in Los Angeles County
- Orange County
- Other counties
- Boca Raton
- Coral Gables
- Deerfield Beach
- Delray Beach
- Hallandale Beach
- Kendall (Dadeland)
- Palm Beach Gardens
- Pembroke Pines
- West Palm Beach
- Wilton Manors
- Bloomington (southern I-494 west of the airport)
New York CityEdit
- New York State
- New Jersey
- Bergen Co.: Fort Lee, Paramus–Montvale, Mahwah
- Hudson Co.: Meadowlands–Hoboken, Newark International Airport–Jersey City (emerging 1991)
- Middlesex Co.: Woodbridge area, Metropark station area
- Mercer Co.: U.S. 1–Princeton
- Morris Co.: Whippany–Parsippany–Troy Hills (287/80 area), Morristown (emerging 1991)
- Bridgewater Commons 287/78 area (Bridgewater/Somerville)
- Lower Bucks County, Pennsylvania
- Willow Grove
- Horsham/Ft. Washington
- Plymouth Meeting
- King of Prussia
- U.S. Route 202 Corridor around Malvern
- West Chester/Exton
- Upper Main Line
- Bala Cynwyd
- Delaware County
- Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Raleigh/Durham (Research Triangle)Edit
- Arden Fair Mall-California State Fair area (emerging 1991)
- Natomas area between downtown and airport (emerging 1991)
- Mission Valley
- Kearny Mesa
- "North City" edge city: University City a.k.a. UTC, eastern edge of La Jolla, Sorrento Mesa/Sorrento Valley, Torrey Pines, Del Mar Heights/Carmel Valley
- North Coast area (Encinitas to Oceanside along I-5)
- I-15 north area (Miramar Naval Air Station to Escondido), incl. the Carmel Mountain Ranch/Rancho Bernardo area, which has more than 6 million sq. ft. of office space, the 5th-largest submarket in the metro area.
San Francisco Bay AreaEdit
- Berkeley including Emeryville (emerging 1991)
- Contra Costa Centre/Pleasant Hill BART station area (emerging 1991)
- Walnut Creek
- Danville-Bishop Ranch-San Ramon
- Daly City-northern San Mateo County area (emerging 1991)
- San Francisco International Airport area in and near South San Francisco
- Redwood City-northern San Mateo County area (emerging 1991)
- Silicon Valley: San Jose-Cupertino-Santa Clara-Sunnyvale-Mountain View-Palo Alto
- Gateway area, St. Petersburg/Pinellas Park
- Westshore/Airport area, Tampa
- I-75 area (Brandon, Riverview) (emerging 1991)
- Uptown/University of South Florida area
- Wesley Chapel
- Bethesda-Chevy Chase-Upper Wisconsin Avenue NW, D.C.
- Democracy Blvd.-North Bethesda-White Flint Mall area (I-270/Beltway)
- Shady Grove
- Silver Spring
- Landham-Landover-Largo (Beltway and U.S. Route 50 east around New Carrollton station)
- Laurel–I-95 north (emerging 1991)
- Bowie New Town (emerging 1991)
- National Harbor/PortAmerica–Southern I-95 (emerging 1991)
- Tysons, formerly Tysons Corner
- Dulles Technology Corridor: parts of Reston, Herndon and Dulles including the Dulles Airport-Route 28 area
- Fairfax Centre-Fair Oaks Mall area (I-66/Route 50)
- Merrifield (Beltway/Route 50 West)
Emerging edge cities in Virginia, as of 1991:
- Chapter 11: "The List: Edge Cities Coast to Coast" in Garreau, Joel (1991). Edge City: Life on the New Frontier. Anchor Books. pp. 425–438. ISBN 0-385-42434-5.
- Garreau 1991, p. 7. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFGarreau1991 (help)
- Coffey, William J. (1994). The evolution of Canada's metropolitan economies. Institute for Research on Public Policy. p. 95. ISBN 0-88645-155-8.
- Garreau, Joel, Edge City, Chapter 7: Texas
- "mega-projects like Santa Fe and Interlomas in Mexico City" in Mexico Business, Volume 4, Issues 1-3. Mexico Business Publishing Group. 1997. p. 23. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- Reporte de Mercado de Oficinas: Tijuana (Tijuana office market report) (PDF). Colliers International. November 2016.
- Istanbul Office Market Overview Q1 2014 (PDF). Property Investment Consultancy. 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
- "Edge City: Croydon". National Trust. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
- Phelps, Nicholas A. (1998). "On the edge of something big: edge-city economic development in Croydon, South London". Town Planning Review. 69 (4): 441–465. JSTOR 40113515.
- Human Geography: People, Place, and Culture. John Wiley & Sons. 2007. ISBN 0-471-67951-8.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-30. Retrieved 2008-01-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Village of Skokie - Economic Development - Economic Profile Archived 2008-05-13 at the Wayback Machine
- The Corporate Grove Office, Industrial, Commercial Real Estate Buffalo Grove, Illinois
- Lincolnshire Corporate Center Office, Industrial, Commercial Real Estate Lincolnshire, Illinois
- Major Employers
- Business Park, Office Industrial Warehouse Space For Sale Lease Vernon Hills, Illinois - Commercial Real Estate
- "FORTUNE 500 2006: States". CNN.
- Cooperative Transit Planning in a Congested Suburban Corridor: - 2000 APA National Conference Proceedings Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine
- Great Place to Live and Work or Play
- Garreau, Joel (1991). Edge City. pp. 262–3. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- "The City of Franklin, Tennessee" (PDF). Retrieved 28 December 2020.
- Southeastern Pennsylvania Office Plan, March 2015
- Huber, Robert (March 2017). "The Promised Land?". Philadelphia Magazine. pp. 76–79, 128–134.
- Garreau, Joel (1991). Edge City. p. 436. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- ""San Diego submarkets Q1 2019", Avison Young". Archived from the original on 2019-07-02. Retrieved 2019-07-02.