Open main menu

List of dictionaries by number of words

This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by approximate number of total words, or headwords, included. These figures do not take account of entries with senses for different word classes (such as noun and adjective) and homographs. Although it is possible to count the number of entries in a dictionary, it is not possible to count the number of words in a language.[1][2] In compiling a dictionary, a lexicographer decides whether the evidence of use is sufficient to justify an entry in the dictionary. This decision is not the same as determining whether the word exists.[citation needed]

The green background means a given dictionary is the largest in a given language.

Language Approx. no. of words Dictionary Notes
Korean 1,100,373 1100373
 
우리말샘 (Woori Mal Saem, 2017) Online open dictionary including dialects of South and North Korea.[3]
Turkish 616,767 616767
 
Büyük Türkçe Sözlük Online dictionary of the Turkish Language Association[4]
Swedish 600,000 600000
 
Svenska Akademiens ordbok, Swedish Academy After having completed letters A through T SAOB included 470,000 words, but 600,000 words when the alphabet was completed in 2017. Svenska Akademiens ordlista, which includes only commonly used words, currently includes ~126,000 words after having added 13,500 and removed 9,000 in its latest edition, SAOL 14, plus an additional 200,000 still encountered words in earlier editions.[5][6]
Icelandic 560,000 560000
 
Orðabók Háskólans 43,000 basic words and 519,000 compound words of which more than half are attested only once or don't get into print (“instant combinations”)[7]
Japanese 500,000 500000
 
Nihon Kokugo Daijiten [8]
Lithuanian 500,000 500000
 
Lietuvių kalbos žodynas (Academic Dictionary of Lithuanian) 22,000 pages in 20 volumes with quotations from all kinds of writing and dialect records between 1547 and 2001. Accessible online at www.lkz.lt.[9]
Norwegian 500,000 500000
 
Norsk Ordbok [10]
English 470,000 470000
 
Webster's Third New International Dictionary and Addenda Section [11]
Portuguese 442,000 442000
 
Novo Dicionario Houaiss da Lingua Portuguesa The dictionary contains 442,000 entries, phrases and meanings.[12]
Dutch 400,000 400000
 
Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal The 43 volumes of the WNT (including three supplements) consist of 49,255 pages, describing Dutch words from 1500 to 1976.[13]
English 350,000 350000
 
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition In in the introduction to the 4th and 5th editions, it is mentioned that more than 10,000 words have been added, thus the total for the 5th edition will be more than 370,000 words.[14][not in citation given]
German 330,000 330000
 
Deutsches Wörterbuch 330,000 words in use since the mid-fifteenth century. — Duden's Großes Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache contains over 200,000 contemporary words.[15][16]
Norwegian 300,000 300000
 
Tanums store rettskrivningsordbok (10. utgave) [17]
Gujarati 281,377 281377
 
Bhagavadgomandal 2.81 lakh words and their meanings in 9 volumes. Also serves as an encyclopedia with almost 8.22 lakh words.[18]
Italian 260,000 260000
 
Grande dizionario italiano dell'uso The number of "sayable and writable" word forms is estimated at over 2 million[19]
Czech 250,000 250000
 
cs:Příruční slovník jazyka českého Nine volumes of this dictionary were printed in years 1935-1957. They contain about 250,000 words, their meanings and example usage from literature. The dictionary is available online.[20]
Belarusian 223,000 223000
 
Большой словарь белорусского языка [21]
English 207,016 207016
 
WordNet, 3.1 As of November 2012 WordNet's latest Online-version is 3.1. The database contains 155,327 words organized in 175,979 synsets for a total of 207,016 word-sense pairs.[22]
Danish 200,000 200000
 
Ordbog over det danske sprog, Dansk Sprognævn Dansk Sprognævn grows with 5,000 to 7,000 words a year[23]
English 171,476 171476
 
Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition Oxford Dictionary has 273,000 headwords; 171,476 of them being in current use, 47,156 being obsolete words and around 9,500 derivative words included as subentries. The dictionary contains 157,000 combinations and derivatives in bold type, and 169,000 phrases and combinations in bold italic type, making a total of over 600,000 word-forms.[24][25]
There is one count that puts the English vocabulary at about 1 million words — but that count presumably includes words such as Latin species names, prefixed and suffixed words, scientific terminology, jargon, foreign words of extremely limited English use and technical acronyms.[26][27][28]
Russian 150,000 150000
 
Большой академический словарь русского языка Great Academy Dictionary of Russian language[29]
Belarusian 150,000 150000
 
Слоўнік беларускай мовы [30]
French 135,000 135000
 
Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé ATILF[31] (Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française – Computer Processing and Analysis of the French Language)
135,000 (Larousse Dictionnaire de français, published by Editions Larousse)[32][33]
Ukrainian 134,058 134058
 
Словник української мови (The Dictionary of the Ukrainian language) The dictionary was finished in late 1970s - early 1980s[34][35]
Russian 130,000 130000
 
Большой толковый словарь русского языка Great Dictionary of Russian language[36]
Tamil 124,405 124405
 
University of Madras Tamil Lexicon The dictionary includes 124,405 separate entries.[37]
Arabic 120,000 120000
 
Taj al-Arus Min Jawahir al-Qamus
Bulgarian 119,200 119200
 
Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language (monolingual academic explanatory dictionary), (Многотомен) Речник на българския език in Bulgarian, in 15+ volumes This dictionary covers vocabulary from the last 150 years of the Bulgarian language and is compiled and edited by linguistics (primarily native lexicographers and lexicologists) from The Institute for the Bulgarian Language (part of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). It includes basic, commonly used, literary, colloquial, dialectical, archaic and obsolete Bulgarian words, as well as some specialized terminology. The latest volume (15th) published in 2015 ends with headwords beginning with the (Bulgarian Cyrillic) letter Р.[38]
Slovene 110,180 110180
 
Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika, Second edition, 2014 The official dictionary of modern Slovene is Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika (SSKJ; Standard Slovene Dictionary). It was published in five volumes by Državna Založba Slovenije between 1970 and 1991 and contains more than 100,000 entries and subentries with accentuation, part-of-speech labels, common collocations, and various qualifiers. In the 1990s, an electronic version of the dictionary was published and it is available online.[39]
Polish 100,000 100000
 
Słownik języka polskiego PWN Polish dictionary of PWN contains about 100,000 articles and 145,000 definitions.[40]
Spanish 93,000 93000
 
Diccionario de la lengua española de la Real Academia Española, 23rd edition, 2014 [41]
Indonesian 90,049 90049
 
Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, 4th edition, 2008
Dutch 90,000 90000
 
Van Dale, 14th edition, 2005 [42]
Chinese 85,568 85568
 
Zhonghua Zihai Number of different characters in use over three millennia of written history. The Hanyu Da Cidian defines some 370,000 words.[43][44][45]
Malaysian 82,900 82900
 
Kamus Dewan, 4th Edition, 2005
Persian 80,000 80000
 
Farhang-e bozorg-e Sokan, 2002 [46]
Chechen 70,000 70000
 
Словарь Чеченского языка
Catalan 69,988 69988
 
Diccionari de la llengua catalana (Dictionary of the Catalan language of the Institute of Catalan Studies (DIEC))
The dictionary includes 69,988 headwords and 132,343 definitions.[47]
Galician 59,999 59999
 
Dicionario da Real Academia Galega (Dictionary of the Royal Galician Academy) [48]
Tatar 56,000 56000
 
Татарско-русский словарь Ш.Н. Асылгараева, Ф.А. Ганиева, М.З. Закиева, К.М. Миннуллина, Д.Б. Рамазанова Tatar-Russian dictionary of Sh.N. Asylgaraev, F.A. Ganiev, M.Z. Zakiyev, K.M. Minnullin, D.B. Ramazanova[49]
Turkmen 50,000 50000
 
Türkmen diliniň düşündirişli sözlügi Turkmen Explanatory Dictionary[50]
Azerbaijani 44,750 44750
 
Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti Azerbaijani Explanatory Dictionary[51]
Bashkir 40,000 40000
 
Башкирско-русский словарь Ураксин З.Г. Bashkir-Russian dictionary Uraksin Z. G.[52]
Chuvash 40,000 40000
 
Чувашско-русский словарь Скворцова М. И. Chuvash-Russian dictionary Skvortsova M. I.[53]
Dargwa 40,000 40000
 
Даргинско-русский словарь Юсупова Х. А. Dargwa-Russian dictionary of Yusupov H. A[54]
Classical Latin 39,589 39589
 
Oxford Latin Dictionary This dictionary includes 39,589 Classical Latin entries, including those borrowed from Greek, Gaulish, other Italic dialects, Sanskrit, as well as others. There are approximately: 10,000 Adjectives, 2,123 Adverbs, 46 Conjunctions, 77 Interjections, 17450 Nouns, 26 Particles, 39 Prepositions, 17 Pronouns, and 5,986 verbs. The remaining entries are references to other entries (such as alternate spellings or archaic versions), prefixes, suffixes, and terms left untranslated by the original editors.[55]
Avar 36,000 36000
 
Аварско-русский словарь Гимбатова. М. М. Avar-Russian dictionary of Gimbatov M. M
Arabic 32,300 32300
 
Lexicon of the Modern Arabic Language
Quechua 20,000 20000
 
Diccionario Quechua-Español Lira Jorge Quechua-Spanish dictionary Lira Jorge [56]
Esperanto 16,780 16780
 
Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto (Complete Illustrated Dictionary of Esperanto) 46,890 lexical units[57]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How many words are there in the English language?". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  2. ^ "The Biggest Vocabulary?". The Economist. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  3. ^ ""우리말샘 - 사전 통계"". 우리말샘. Retrieved 2017-11-09.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Büyük Türkçe Sözlük". Turkish Language Association. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Engelsk har næppe flere ord end dansk". videnskab.dk. Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  6. ^ SAOL. Svenska Akademien. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Hvað eru til mörg orð í íslensku?". University of Iceland. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  8. ^ "NIHON KOKUGO DAIJITEN". Indiana University. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language". 2002. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  10. ^ "Antall ord i norsk". Språkrådet (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  11. ^ "How many words are there in English?". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  12. ^ Entry at Amazon. Amazon.com. Retrieved 01 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal". Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  14. ^ https://www.amazon.com/American-Heritage-Dictionary-English-Language/dp/0395448956
  15. ^ "Großes Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache". Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  16. ^ "Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob Grimm und Wilhelm Grimm (The German Dictionary of the Brothers Grimm)". Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities & Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 16 August 2016. Also available online.
  17. ^ "Antall ord i norsk". Språkrådet (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  18. ^ "What is Bhagavadgomanal?". bhagavadgomandalonline.com. Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  19. ^ "Quante parole ci sono nel dizionario italiano?". Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  20. ^ "Příruční slovník jazyka českého". www.ujc.cas.cz.
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ https://wordnet.princeton.edu
  23. ^ "Engelsk har næppe flere ord end dansk". videnskab.dk. Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  24. ^ Robert McCrum, William Cran, & Robert MacNeil. The Story of English. New York: Penguin, 1992: 1
  25. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Volume 1. Oxford University Press, 1989.
  26. ^ Algeo 1999.
  27. ^ "How many words are there in the English language?". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  28. ^ Bas Aarts; Sylvia Chalker; Edmund Weiner (16 January 2014). The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar. OUP Oxford. pp. 436–. ISBN 978-0-19-107900-9.
  29. ^ [2]
  30. ^ [3]
  31. ^ "Presentation - Site du laboratoire ATILF". www.atilf.fr. Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  32. ^ "French Dictionary". Larousse. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  33. ^ "TLFi : Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé - Site du laboratoire ATILF". www.atilf.fr (in French). Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  34. ^ [4]
  35. ^ [5]
  36. ^ [6]
  37. ^ [7]. TheHindu.com. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  38. ^ "Online edition of the 15 volumes of The (Explanatory) Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language (in Bulgarian)". many publishers, primarily The Academic Publishing House of The Institute for the Bulgarian Language. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  39. ^ http://www.mladinska.com/sskj/o_drugi_izdaji_sskj
  40. ^ [8]
  41. ^ "Presentación" (in Spanish). Real Academia Española. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  42. ^ "Structure and history of the Dutch language". Free University of Berlin, Department for Dutch Linguistics. September 14, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
  43. ^ Shouhui Zhao, Dongbo Zhang, The Totality of Chinese Characters – A Digital Perspective Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ Daniel G. Peebles, SCML: A Structural Representation for Chinese Characters, May 29, 2007
  45. ^ Victor H. Mair, Who Has the Biggest Dictionary?, October 9, 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  46. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/lexicography
  47. ^ Institut d'Estudis Catalans (February 2013). "Diccionari de la llengua catalana. Introducció - Part II". Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Archived from the original on 2007-07-07. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  48. ^ [9]
  49. ^ [10]
  50. ^ [11]
  51. ^ [12]
  52. ^ [13]
  53. ^ [14]
  54. ^ [15]
  55. ^ Oxford Latin Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1968.
  56. ^ https://futatraw.ourproject.org/descargas/DicQuechuaBolivia.pdf
  57. ^ Blahuš, Marek. A Spell Checker for Esperanto. Brno : Masaryk University, Faculty of Informatics, 2008. 40 pp. Bachelor thesis. Text in English. Supervisor RNDr. Petr Sojka, Ph.D. Available online: [16] p. 17