List of critically endangered mammals

As of January 2020, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 203 critically endangered mammalian species, including 31 which are tagged as possibly extinct.[1][2] 3.5% of all evaluated mammalian species are listed as critically endangered. The IUCN also lists 60 mammalian subspecies as critically endangered.

2 extinct in the wild mammalian species (0.03%)203 critically endangered mammalian species (3.5%)505 endangered mammalian species (8.7%)536 vulnerable mammalian species (9.3%)345 near threatened mammalian species (6.0%)3306 least concern mammalian species (57%)872 data deficient mammalian species (15%)Circle frame.svg
Mammalian species (IUCN, 2020-1)
  • 5850 extant species have been evaluated
  • 4978 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 3651 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1244 to 2116 are threatened[c]
  • 81 to 83 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 81 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 2 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 0 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT and LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Critically Endangered (CR) species face an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Of the subpopulations of mammals evaluated by the IUCN, 18 species subpopulations have been assessed as critically endangered.

Additionally 900 mammalian species (15% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[3] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[4]

This is a complete list of critically endangered mammalian species and subspecies evaluated by the IUCN. Species considered possibly extinct by the IUCN are marked as such. Species and subspecies which have critically endangered subpopulations (or stocks) are indicated. Where possible common names for taxa are given while links point to the scientific name used by the IUCN.

Odd-toed ungulatesEdit

Species

Subspecies

PrimatesEdit

There are 63 species and 37 subspecies of primates assessed as critically endangered.

GibbonsEdit

Species

Great apesEdit

Species

Subspecies

LemursEdit

Species

Subspecies

TarsiersEdit

Species

Subspecies

Old World monkeysEdit

Species

Subspecies

New World monkeysEdit

Species

Subspecies

LorisoideaEdit

CetartiodactylsEdit

Cetartiodactyla includes dolphins, whales and even-toed ungulates. There are 15 species, nine subspecies, and nine subpopulations of cetartiodactyl assessed as critically endangered.

Non-cetacean even-toed ungulatesEdit

Species

Subspecies

CetaceansEdit

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

MarsupialsEdit

CarnivoraEdit

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

EulipotyphlaEdit

LagomorphaEdit

Rabbits and relatives

RodentsEdit

There are 58 species and one subspecies of rodent assessed as critically endangered.

HystricomorphaEdit

("Porcupine-like")

MyomorphaEdit

There are 37 species in Myomorpha assessed as critically endangered.

MuridsEdit

Includes mice, rats, gerbils, and relatives.

CricetidsEdit

Includes true hamsters, voles, lemmings, and New World rats and mice.

NesomyidsEdit

CastorimorphaEdit

("Beaver-like")

Species

Subspecies

SciuromorphaEdit

BatsEdit

Other mammalsEdit

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Table 9: Possibly Extinct and 1 Possibly Extinct in the Wild Species (IUCN Red List version 2016-2)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  4. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  5. ^ "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Persian Leopard". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016-06-05. Retrieved 2020-05-10.