List of countries and territories where French is an official language

French is an official language in 29 independent nations. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where French is an official or de facto language.

  Regions where French is a majority native language
  Regions where French is an official or administrative language but not a majority native language
  Regions where French is an unofficial secondary language
  Regions where French is a minority language[clarification needed]

Only official languageEdit


List of countries where French is the only official language :

Non-sovereign entitiesEdit

Co-official useEdit

Sovereign statesEdit

In many countries, French is used as a co-official language alongside one or more other languages. List of countries where French is a co-official language :

Countries in the world with French as an official language.

National subdivisionsEdit

Officially recognized statusEdit

List of countries and dependencies that grant certain constitutional rights to the French language :

Intergovernmental organizationsEdit

The Francophonie flag flying at the Parliament of Canada in Ottawa.

French is an official language, mostly in conjunction with English, of 36 international organisations. These include :


This table shows the populations of the countries, not the number of French speakers.

No. Country Continent Population[1]
1.   DR Congo Africa 105,044,646
2.   France Europe 68,051,000
3.   Canada North America 38,653,740
4.   Madagascar Africa 24,235,400
5.   Cameroon Africa 23,345,200
6.   Ivory Coast Africa 22,701,600
7.   Niger Africa 19,899,100
8.   Burkina Faso Africa 18,105,600
9.   Mali Africa 17,599,700
10.   Senegal Africa 15,129,300
11.   Chad Africa 14,037,500
12.   Guinea Africa 12,608,600
13.   Rwanda Africa 11,607,700
14.   Belgium Europe 11,358,357
15.   Burundi Africa 11,178,900
16.   Benin Africa 10,879,800
17.   Haiti Caribbean 10,711,100
18.   Switzerland Europe 8,510,000
19.   Togo Africa 7,304,600
20.   Central African Republic Africa 4,900,300
21.   Congo Africa 4,620,300
22.   Gabon Africa 1,725,300
23.   Equatorial Guinea Africa 1,221,490
24.   Djibouti Africa 887,861
25.   Comoros Africa 795,601
26.   Luxembourg Europe 602,900
27.   Vanuatu Oceania 264,652
28.   Seychelles Africa 92,900
29.   Monaco Europe 38,731
Total All countries World c. 507,160,000

Dependent entitiesEdit

Nr. Entity Continent Population Status
1.   French Polynesia Oceania 284,060 Overseas collectivity of France
2.   New Caledonia Oceania 267,000 Collectivity of France with special status
3.   Aosta Valley Europe 128,000 Autonomous region of Italy
4.   Saint Martin North America 37,264 Overseas collectivity of France
5.   Wallis and Futuna Oceania 15,289 Overseas collectivity of France
6.   Saint Barthélemy North America 9,131 Overseas collectivity of France
7.   Saint Pierre and Miquelon North America 5,888 Overseas collectivity of France
8.   Clipperton Island North America 0 Minor territory of France directly held by the government
9.   French Southern and Antarctic Lands Africa and Antarctica 0 Overseas collectivity of France

Note: Réunion, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Mayotte are classified as overseas regions of France and are thus not a part of this list.

Minority in other countriesEdit

Regions Country Status
Europe   Andorra spoken, not official
  Belgium co-official with Dutch and German
  Bulgaria minority
  Czech Republic minority
  Cyprus significant minority
  Denmark minority
  France official
  Greece significant minority
  Hungary minority
  Ireland minority
  Italy rarely spoken; co-official in the Aosta Valley
  Luxembourg co-official with Luxembourgish and German
  Monaco official
  Norway minority, from immigration from DRC
  Poland minority
  Portugal minority
  Romania minority
  Spain minority in Basque Country and Catalonia
   Switzerland co-official with German, Italian, and Romansh
  United Kingdom minority in London, Southern England, South East England, Scotland and Wales (as spoken by Huguenots); official in Channel Islands
Africa   Algeria unofficial, but widely used
  Benin official
  Burkina Faso official
  Burundi co-official with Kirundi
  Cameroon co-official with English
  Central African Republic co-official with Sango
  Chad co-official with Arabic
  Comoros co-official with Arabic and Comorian
  Dem. Rep. Congo official
  Congo official
  Ivory Coast official
  Djibouti co-official with Arabic
  Equatorial Guinea co-official with Spanish and Portuguese
  Gabon official
  Ghana minority language; majority in Bono Region, Oti Region, Upper East Region, Upper West Region, Western North Region, Western Region and the rest of Western Togoland
  Guinea official
  Madagascar co-official with Malagasy
  Mali official
  Mauritania de facto
  Mauritius de facto
  Morocco de facto
  Niger official
  Nigeria minority language; majority in Adamawa State, Cross River State and Taraba State
  Réunion official
  Rwanda co-official with English, Kinyarwanda and Swahili
  Senegal official; Wolof most widely spoken
  Seychelles co-official with English and Seychellois Creole
  Togo official
  Tunisia unofficial, but widely used
Asia   Cambodia minority
  Vietnam minority
  Laos administrative language
  Lebanon unofficial, but spoken by the majority
  India in Puducherry, co-official with Tamil, Telugu, and Malayalam, spoken in Chandannagar with Bengali
  Singapore minority
  Jordan minority
  Syria minority
North America   Canada co-official with English; majority in Quebec, minority in New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia
  Guadeloupe official
  Haiti co-official with Haitian Creole
  Mexico minority
  Martinique official
  Saint Barthélemy official
  Saint Martin official
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon official
  United States minority language, spoken mainly in Louisiana, Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire[2]
Oceania   French Polynesia official
  New Caledonia official
  Vanuatu co-official with English and Bislama
  Wallis and Futuna official
South America   Argentina minority
  Brazil minority, significantly in RJ/ES and other coastal states; see French, Belgian and Swiss Brazilians
  Chile minority
  French Guiana official
  Uruguay minority

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Google Public Data Explorer". World Bank. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  2. ^ [1] Johnson, Fern L. "Speaking culturally: language diversity in the United States," Table 1.5: "Speakers age 5 years and older of top 25 languages other than English." Sage Publications, Inc., 1999. Page 12. ISBN 978-0-8039-5912-5. Retrieved 5 August 2011