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List of countries by unemployment rate

Unemployment rate per country in 2013

This is a list of countries by unemployment rate. Methods of calculation and presentation of unemployment rate vary from country to country. Some countries count insured unemployed only, some count those in receipt of welfare benefit only, some count the disabled and other permanently unemployable people, some countries count those who choose (and are financially able) not to work, supported by their spouses and caring for a family, some count students at college and so on. There may also be differences in the minimum requirements and some consider people employed even if only marginally associated with employment market (for example, working only one hour per week).[1] There can be differences in the age limit. For example, Eurostat uses 15 to 74 years old when calculating unemployment rate, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics uses anyone 16 years of age or older (in both cases, people who are under education, retired, on maternity/paternity leave, prevented from working due to health, or do not work but have been inactive in seeking employment in the last four weeks are excluded from the workforce, and therefore not counted as unemployed).[2][3] Unemployment rates are often seasonally adjusted to avoid variations that depend on time of year.[2][3] Employment rate as a percentage of total population in working age is sometimes used instead of unemployment rate.

For purposes of comparison, harmonized values are published by International Labour Organization (ILO) and by OECD. The ILO harmonized unemployment rate refers to those who are currently not working but are willing and able to work for pay, currently available to work, and have actively searched for work. The OECD harmonized unemployment rate gives the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force. Most unemployment rates given in the table below are derived from national statistics and therefore not directly comparable.

Name of Countries Unemployment rate (%) Source / date of information
 Afghanistan 23.9 2017[4]
 Albania 12.5 2018 (Q1)[5]
 Algeria 11.2 2015 (September)[6]
 American Samoa (United States) 9.2 2010[7]
 Andorra 3.7 2017[4]
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 7.8 2013 (July)[8]
 Antigua and Barbuda 11.0 2014[4]
 Argentina 10.1 2019 (Q1)[9]
 Armenia 20.6 2018 (Jan–Jun)[10]
 Aruba (Netherlands) 7.7 2016[11]
 Australia 5.0 2018 (December)[12]
 Austria 5.1 2018 (October)[13]
 Azerbaijan 6.0 2017[4]
 Bahrain 3.8 "official estimate; actual rate is higher" 2017[4]
 Bangladesh 4.0 "about 40% of the population is underemployed;
many persons counted as employed work only a few hours a week and at low wages"
2017[4]
 Barbados 10.5 2017[4]
 Belarus 5.6 2017[14]
 Belgium 6.2 2018 (October)[13]
 Belize 10.1 2017[4]
 Bermuda 7.0 2017[4]
 Bhutan 3.2 2017[4]
 Bolivia 4.0 "data are for urban areas; widespread underemployment" 2017[4]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.5 2017[15]
 Botswana 20.0 2013[16]
 Brazil 13.1 2018 (Q1)[17]
 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 2.9 2015[4]
 Brunei 6.9 2017[4]
 Bulgaria 5.4 2018 (October)[13]
 Burma 4.0 2017[4]
 Cambodia 0.3 2017[18]
 Cameroon 4.4 2014[4][19]
 Canada 5.6 2018 (November)[20]
 Cape Verde 9.0 2017[21]
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 4.2 2016 (autumn)[22]
 Central African Republic 6.9 2016[4]
 Chad 5.89 2017[23]
 Chile 7.0 2017[24]
 China, People's Republic of 3.9 2017[25]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 6.7 2011[26]
 Colombia 9.4 2017[27]
 Comoros 6.5 2014[4]
 Cook Islands 13.1 2005[4]
 Costa Rica 8.5 2017 (Q1)[28]
 Croatia 8.1 2018 (October)[13]
 Cuba 2.6 2017[29]
 Cyprus 8.5 2018 (October)[13]
 Czech Republic 1.9 2018 (November)[30]
 Denmark 4.8 2018 (October)[13]
 Djibouti 40.0 2017[4]
 Dominica 23.0 2016[31]
 Dominican Republic 14.4 2010 (April)[32]
 East Timor 4.4 2014[4]
 Ecuador 4.2 2017[4]
 Egypt 9.9 2018[33]
 El Salvador 7.0 "data are official rates; but underemployment is high" 2017[4]
 Equatorial Guinea 8.6 2014[4]
 Estonia 5.8 2018 (September)[13]
 Eswatini 28.0 2014[4]
 European Union 6.7 2018 (October)[13]
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 1.2 2019 (February)[34]
 Fiji 8.6 2007[35][36]
 Finland 7.2 2018 (October)[13]
 France 8.9 2018 (October)[13]
 French Polynesia (France) 11.7 2007[37]
 Gabon 28.0 2015[4]
 Georgia 12.8 2019(Q1)[38]
 Germany 3.3 2018 (October)[13]
 Ghana 11.9 2015[39]
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 1.0 2016[40]
 Greece 18.0 (Official estimate. Actual is about twice) 2018 (December)[41]
 Greenland (Denmark) 9.1 2015[42]
 Grenada 24.0 2017[43]
 Guam (United States) 4.5 2017[4]
 Guatemala 2.3 2017[4]
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 1.0 2018 (Q2)[44]
 Guyana 9.0 2009 (July)[45]
 Honduras 5.9 2017[4]
 Hong Kong 3.3 2014 (October–December)[46]
 Hungary 3.7 2018 (September)[13]
 Iceland 2.9 2018 (October)[13]
 India 3.6 2018 (October)[47][48]
 Indonesia 5.33 2017 (February)[49]
 Iran 12.00 "data are Iranian Government numbers" 2018[4]
 Iraq 16.0 2012[4]
 Ireland 4.6 2019 (April)[50]
 Isle of Man 5.7 2019 (April)[51]
 Israel 3.7 2018 (January)[52]
 Italy 9.9 2018 (May)[13]
 Jamaica 10.4 2017[4]
 Japan 2.4 2018 (March)[53]
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 2.7 2009 (July)[54]
 Jordan 18.5 2017[4]
 Kazakhstan 4.9 2018 (July)[55]
 Kenya 7.4 2015–16[56][57]
 Kiribati 38.2 2006[58]
 Kosovo 28.6 2019 (Q1)[59]Note: Kosovo has a large informal sector, so the actual unemployment rate is estimated to be at least half of the reported value.
 Kuwait 2.1 2017[4]
 Kyrgyzstan 7.2 2016[60]
 Laos 1.5 2016[4]
 Latvia 7.4 2018[61]
 Lebanon 6.6 2019 [62]
 Lesotho 28.1 2014[4]
 Libya 13.0 2005 (May)[63]
 Liechtenstein 2.1 2016 (31 December)[64]
 Lithuania 6.3 2018 (October)[13]
 Luxembourg 5.0 2018 (October)[13]
 Macau (People's Republic of China) 2.0 2017[4]
 Malaysia 3.5 2017 (March)[65]
 Mali 8.1 2016[4]
 Malta 3.7 2018 (October)[13]
 Marshall Islands 36.0 2006[4]
 Mauritania 11.7 2016[4]
 Mauritius 6.9 2017[4]
 Mayotte (France) 25.4 2005[66]
 Mexico 3.39 2018 (June)[67]
 Federated States of Micronesia 16.2 2010[4]
 Moldova 4.2 2015 (Q4)[68]
 Monaco 2.0 2012[4]
 Mongolia 7.3 2017[4]
 Montenegro 14.4 2018 (Q2)[69]
 Montserrat (United Kingdom) 5.6 2017[4]
 Morocco 18.7 2017 (Q1)[70]
 Mozambique 24.5 2017[4]
 Namibia 34.0 2016[4]
 Nauru 23.0 2011[71]
   Nepal 3.0 2017[4]
 Netherlands 3.3 2019 (April)[72]
 Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 10.0 2008[73]
 New Caledonia (France) 14.7 2014[4]
 New Zealand 3.9 2018 (Q3)[74][75]
 Nicaragua 6.5 2017[4]
 Nigeria 18.8 2017 (Q3)[76]
 North Korea 4.8 2017[77]
 North Macedonia 17.8 2019 [78]
 Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 11.2 2010[4]
 Norway 4.0 2018 (September)[13]
 Niue 10.7 2006[79]
 Pakistan 6.0 2017[4]
 Palau 1.7 2015[4]
 Palestine 28.45 2015 (Q2)[80][81]
 Panama 5.5 2017[4]
 Papua New Guinea 2.5 2017[4]
 Paraguay 6.5 2017[4]
 Peru 6.1 2015 (August)[82]
 Philippines 5.5 2018 (April)[83]
 Poland 3.8 2018 (October)[13]
 Portugal 6.7 2018 (October)[13]
 Puerto Rico (United States) 9.3 2018 (June)[84]
 Qatar 8.9 2017[4]
 Romania 4.0 2018 (October)[13]
 Russia 6.0 2016 (March)[85]
 Rwanda 13.2 2017 (May)[86]
 Saint Helena (United Kingdom) 14.0 1998[4]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5.1 2006[87]
 Saint Lucia 15.7 2006[88]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 8.7 2015[4]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 18.0 2009 (June)[89]
 San Marino 8.0 2017[4]
 Saudi Arabia 13.5(12.1 Saudi, 0.8 non-Saudi) 2018 (Q3)[90]
 Senegal 48.0 (30.0 among adults aged 24 and under)[91] 2007[4]
 Serbia 11.8 2017 (Q2)[92]
 Sierra Leone 8.6 2015[93]
 Singapore 2.1 (non-seasonally adjusted 2.8) 2018 (Q2)[94]
 Slovakia 6.6 2018 (October)[13]
 Slovenia 5.2 2018 (October)[13]
 South Africa 27.5 2018 (Q3)[95]
 South Korea 4.9 2016 (February)[96]
 Spain 14.70 2019 (Q1)[97]
 Sri Lanka 4.0 2017 (Q1)[98]
 Sudan 19.6 2017[4]
 Suriname 9.1 2017[4]
 Sweden 6.3 2018 (October)[13]
  Switzerland 2.4 2018 (June)[99]
 Syria 50.0 2017[4]
 Taiwan 3.72 2019 (Feb)[100]
 Tajikistan 2.4 (CIA: "official rate; actual unemployment is much higher") 2016[4]
 Thailand 0.7 2017[4]
 The Bahamas 10.0 2017[4]
 Tonga 6.5 2011[101]
 Trinidad and Tobago 4.5 2017[4]
 Tunisia 15.9 2017[102]
 Turkey 14.1 2019 (March)[103]
 Turkmenistan 8.6 2016[104]
 Turks and Caicos Islands 5.4 2007[105]
 Ukraine (excluding territories in dispute) 9.7 2018 (Q1)[106]
 United Arab Emirates 1.6 2016[4]
 United Kingdom 3.8 2019 (March)[107]
 United States 3.8 2019 (March)[108]
 Uruguay 8.5 2018 (August)[109]
 Uzbekistan 5.8 2017[110]
 Vanuatu 4.6 2009[111]
 Venezuela 33.3 2018[112]
 Vietnam 2.2 2017[4]
 U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) 9.5 2018 (June)[113]
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 12.2 2008[114]
 Yemen 35.0 2009 (June)[115]
 Zambia 15.0 2008[4]
 Zimbabwe 11.3 95.0 claimed[116] 2014[4]

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See alsoEdit