List of countries by suicide rate

The following are lists of countries by suicide rate as published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.[note 1]

About one person in 5,000–15,000 dies by suicide every year, with an estimated global rate of 10.5 per 100,000 population[3] down from 11.6 in 2008.[4] In high-income modernised countries male and female rates of suicidal behaviors differ much compared to those in the rest of the world: while women are reportedly more prone to suicidal thoughts, rates of suicide are higher among men (suicide in men has been described as a "silent epidemic").[5][6][7][8][9] The most suicidal state in the entire world is by a wide margin Greenland,[10] with Lesotho being the most suicidal country. Europe is the most suicidal region in the world, while the Eastern Mediterranean is the least.[11][12]

According to a recent study, the absolute number of suicide deaths increased by 6.7% from 762,000 to 817,000 annually between 1990 and 2016, while age-standardized suicide rates fell by a third. Worldwide, the rates in 2016 were about 16 deaths per 100,000 men and 7 deaths per 100,000 women: women also experienced a greater decrease compared with men over the study period.[13][14]

In much of the world, suicide is stigmatized and condemned for religious or cultural reasons. In some countries, suicidal behavior is a criminal offence punishable by law. Suicide is therefore often a secretive act surrounded by taboo, and may be unrecognized, misclassified or deliberately hidden in official records of death.[5]

— World Health Organization (2002)

DataEdit

LatestEdit

* indicates "Suicide in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Mental Health in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Suicide rates by sex and country (age-standardized, per 100,000 population, World Health Organisation, 2019)[15][16]
Country All Male Female
  Afghanistan * 6.0 6.2 5.7
  Albania 3.7 5.3 2.2
  Algeria 2.6 3.3 1.9
  Angola 12.6 21.7 4.7
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.3 0.0 0.6
  Argentina 8.1 13.5 3.3
  Armenia 2.7 4.9 1.0
  Australia * 11.3 17.0 5.6
  Austria 10.4 16.6 4.6
  Azerbaijan 4.0 6.6 1.5
  Bahamas 3.4 5.8 1.2
  Bahrain 7.2 9.9 2.3
  Bangladesh * 3.9 6.0 1.7
  Barbados 0.3 0.5 0.2
  Belarus * 16.5 30.1 5.3
  Belgium 13.9 19.6 8.4
  Belize 7.7 13.6 1.8
  Benin 12.7 20.3 6.1
  Bhutan * 5.1 6.8 3.1
  Bolivia 6.8 9.6 4.2
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.3 13.5 3.4
  Botswana 20.2 35.5 7.8
  Brazil 6.4 10.3 2.8
  Brunei 2.5 4.2 0.8
  Bulgaria 6.5 10.6 2.9
  Burkina Faso 14.4 24.5 6.5
  Burundi 12.1 18.9 6.4
  Cape Verde 15.2 27.4 5.1
  Cambodia 5.5 8.4 3.1
  Cameroon * 15.9 25.2 7.6
  Canada * 10.3 15.3 5.4
  Central African Republic 23.0 39.6 9.3
  Chad 13.2 20.2 6.9
  Chile 8.0 13.4 3.0
  China * 6.7 8.6 4.8
  Colombia 3.7 6.0 1.7
  Comoros 8.5 11.3 5.8
  Congo 11.6 18.3 6.1
  Costa Rica 7.6 13.3 1.9
  Ivory Coast 15.7 25.7 5.0
  Croatia 11.0 17.7 5.1
  Cuba 10.2 16.7 4.1
  Cyprus 3.2 5.3 1.1
  Czech Republic 9.5 15.4 3.8
  North Korea 8.2 10.6 6.3
  DR Congo 12.4 20.7 5.0
  Denmark 7.6 11.1 4.2
  Djibouti 11.9 16.3 7.6
  Dominican Republic 5.1 8.5 1.9
  Ecuador 7.7 11.9 3.6
  Egypt 3.4 4.7 2.2
  El Salvador 6.1 11.1 2.1
  Equatorial Guinea 13.5 18.5 8.8
  Eritrea 17.3 27.2 8.3
  Estonia 12.0 20.2 4.5
  Eswatini 40.5 78.7 6.4
  Ethiopia 9.5 14.2 5.2
  Fiji 9.5 13.1 6.0
  Finland * 13.4 20.1 6.8
  France * 9.7 15.2 4.5
  Gabon 13.1 23.3 3.8
  Gambia 9.6 13.3 6.2
  Georgia 7.7 14.0 2.2
  Germany 8.3 12.8 3.9
  Ghana 10.5 20.0 1.8
  Greece * 3.6 5.9 1.5
  Grenada 0.6 0.5 0.7
  Guatemala 6.2 10.3 2.5
  Guinea 12.3 18.4 8.0
  Guinea-Bissau 12.4 19.8 6.7
  Guyana * 40.9 65.0 17.0
  Haiti 11.2 14.9 8.0
  Honduras 2.6 4.4 1.0
  Hungary 11.8 19.1 5.5
  Iceland 11.2 18.7 3.5
  India * 12.9 14.7 11.1
  Indonesia 2.6 4.0 1.2
  Iran * 5.1 7.5 2.8
  Iraq 4.7 7.3 2.4
  Ireland 8.9 14.3 3.6
  Israel 5.2 8.3 2.1
  Italy 4.3 6.7 2.1
  Jamaica 2.3 3.6 1.0
  Japan * 12.2 17.5 6.9
  Jordan 2.0 3.0 0.9
  Kazakhstan * 18.1 30.9 6.9
  Kenya 11.0 18.1 5.3
  Kiribati 30.6 53.6 9.5
  Kuwait 2.7 3.8 0.7
  Kyrgyzstan 8.3 13.5 3.5
  Laos 6.0 8.6 3.5
  Latvia 16.1 29.0 4.6
  Lebanon 2.8 3.9 1.7
  Lesotho 87.5 146.9 34.6
  Liberia 7.4 9.4 5.5
  Libya 4.5 6.1 2.9
  Lithuania * 20.2 36.1 6.2
  Luxembourg 8.6 11.8 5.4
  Madagascar 9.2 13.3 5.4
  Malawi 10.6 20.0 3.3
  Malaysia 5.8 9.0 2.4
  Maldives 2.8 4.1 0.9
  Mali 8.0 10.5 5.7
  Malta 5.3 8.4 2.3
  Mauritania 5.5 7.4 3.9
  Mauritius 8.8 15.0 2.5
  Mexico * 5.3 8.7 2.2
  Micronesia 29.0 44.3 13.2
  Mongolia 18.0 31.1 5.6
  Montenegro 16.2 25.4 7.9
  Morocco 7.3 10.1 4.7
  Mozambique * 23.2 42.6 8.9
  Myanmar 3.0 5.1 1.1
  Namibia 13.5 24.9 4.4
  Nepal * 9.8 18.6 2.9
  Netherlands 9.3 12.5 6.1
  New Zealand 10.3 15.4 5.4
  Nicaragua 4.7 7.8 1.9
  Niger 10.1 14.1 6.4
  Nigeria * 6.9 10.1 3.8
  North Macedonia 7.2 11.0 3.5
  Norway 11.8 15.8 7.7
  Oman 4.5 6.4 1.1
  Pakistan * 0.6 1.2 0.4
  Panama 2.9 4.8 1.0
  Papua New Guinea 3.6 5.2 1.9
  Paraguay 6.2 9.0 3.3
  Peru 2.7 4.1 1.4
  Philippines 2.5 3.9 1.3
  Poland 9.3 16.5 2.4
  Portugal 7.2 11.6 3.5
  Qatar 4.7 5.7 1.7
  South Korea * 21.2 29.7 13.4
  Moldova 12.2 22.1 3.3
  Romania * 7.3 12.6 2.4
  Russia * 21.6 38.2 7.2
  Rwanda 9.5 14.8 5.0
  Saint Lucia 6.9 12.5 1.5
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.0 1.3 0.7
  Samoa 14.6 20.9 7.8
  São Tomé and Príncipe 2.2 3.3 1.2
  Saudi Arabia * 5.4 7.8 1.9
  Senegal 11.0 18.5 5.2
  Serbia 7.9 12.2 3.9
  Seychelles 7.7 14.0 1.3
  Sierra Leone 11.3 14.8 8.2
  Singapore * 9.7 12.7 6.4
  Slovakia 9.3 16.7 2.6
  Slovenia 14.0 22.7 5.5
  Solomon Islands 17.4 32.2 2.4
  Somalia 14.7 22.8 7.1
  South Africa 23.5 37.9 9.8
  South Sudan 6.7 10.4 3.4
  Spain * 5.3 7.9 2.8
  Sri Lanka * 12.9 20.9 6.1
  Sudan 4.8 6.3 3.3
  Suriname 25.9 41.3 11.8
  Sweden * 12.4 16.9 7.7
  Switzerland * 9.8 14.2 5.7
  Syria 2.1 3.5 0.8
  Tajikistan 5.3 7.4 3.4
  Thailand 8.0 13.9 2.3
  East Timor 4.5 6.7 2.4
  Togo 14.8 24.0 6.5
  Tonga 4.4 5.9 2.9
  Trinidad and Tobago 8.3 13.1 3.7
  Tunisia 3.2 4.6 1.8
  Turkey 2.3 3.6 1.2
  Turkmenistan 6.1 9.4 2.9
  Uganda 10.4 19.4 3.7
  Ukraine * 17.7 32.7 4.7
  United Arab Emirates 5.2 6.3 2.6
  United Kingdom * 6.9 10.4 3.4
  Tanzania 8.2 13.5 3.7
  United States * 14.5 22.4 6.8
  Uruguay 18.8 31.1 7.7
  Uzbekistan 8.3 11.8 4.9
  Vanuatu 21.0 33.1 9.0
  Venezuela 2.1 3.7 0.7
  Vietnam 7.2 10.6 4.2
  Yemen 7.1 9.0 5.3
  Zambia 14.4 25.7 5.3
  Zimbabwe 23.6 37.8 13.5
 Africa 11.2 18.0 5.2
 Americas 9.0 14.2 4.1
 South-East Asia 10.2 12.3 8.1
 Europe 10.5 17.1 4.3
 Eastern Mediterranean 6.4 9.2 3.5
 Western Pacific 7.2 9.7 4.8
 Global 9.0 12.6 5.4

HistoricalEdit

MaleEdit

* indicates "Suicide in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Mental Health in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
 
  Afghanistan * 7.6 7.9 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.4 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2
  Albania 7.6 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.7 10.2 10.1 10.5 10.5 10.2 9.5 7.3 6.6 6.5 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.3
  Algeria 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3
  Angola 30.0 29.8 29.0 29.1 28.6 27.1 28.4 25.2 25.5 23.0 23.9 22.8 24.1 24.3 22.6 22.7 21.8 21.0 21.3 21.7
  Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.2 2.8 3.2 4.3 2.9 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  Argentina 16.0 17.6 17.2 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.5 13.7 14.5 14.0 14.3 14.0 15.0 14.2 15.1 13.5 13.6 14.3 14.9 13.5
  Armenia 5.5 5.3 5.7 4.3 6.1 6.4 8.7 8.3 6.8 7.8 9.9 9.0 10.3 7.2 6.8 7.6 8.1 4.7 2.9 4.9
  Australia * 18.8 17.6 16.2 15.1 14.6 15.9 14.6 14.9 16.3 15.2 15.9 15.2 15.4 15.3 17.0 17.7 16.3 17.7 17.1 17.0
  Austria 24.9 23.0 24.9 22.5 22.3 21.2 20.5 19.5 18.8 19.2 19.6 19.4 19.3 18.0 19.0 17.9 17.1 17.5 18.0 16.6
  Azerbaijan 5.8 6.2 6.5 6.7 7.4 7.7 8.0 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.6
  Bahamas 4.2 4.7 4.3 4.3 5.6 5.3 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.4 6.6 6.3 5.5 5.8 6.0 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.8
  Bahrain 10.2 12.8 13.1 13.9 13.6 13.2 10.5 11.8 11.2 10.3 9.6 9.2 8.7 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.9 9.3 9.7 9.9
  Bangladesh * 10.0 9.3 8.7 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.1 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.0
  Barbados 4.9 2.8 0.4 0.6 0.7 3.6 2.7 2.5 1.3 2.2 2.2 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
  Belarus * 69.3 71.5 71.9 69.1 66.7 68.9 64.1 57.0 56.4 55.7 55.1 55.3 45.1 41.8 39.7 36.0 35.5 33.8 32.8 30.1
  Belgium 27.0 27.9 25.3 27.0 24.9 25.0 24.2 22.1 24.6 24.4 24.0 23.9 24.5 22.1 21.7 20.7 21.7 20.8 20.3 19.6
  Belize 17.2 13.9 13.7 14.0 15.3 12.2 12.4 11.5 9.7 13.0 14.3 13.8 12.9 11.9 12.1 12.2 11.9 13.9 12.8 13.6
  Benin 23.6 23.8 23.9 23.9 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.2 22.7 23.1 22.9 22.9 22.5 22.3 22.0 21.5 21.3 21.0 20.8 20.3
  Bhutan * 8.6 8.5 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8
  Bolivia 11.8 11.3 11.1 10.8 10.4 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.9 10.3 10.0 9.8 9.6
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.3 13.7 14.0 13.9 13.7 14.9 14.5 15.5 14.5 14.1 13.7 13.8 13.3 13.5 13.4 13.6 13.2 13.1 13.4 13.5
  Botswana 76.2 73.4 69.3 66.2 67.3 71.0 67.3 60.5 58.8 55.2 55.1 50.4 51.0 49.1 43.4 42.3 39.5 38.6 38.4 35.5
  Brazil 7.4 8.1 7.6 7.6 7.6 8.0 7.8 8.1 8.4 8.4 7.9 8.2 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.9 9.1 9.9 10.4 10.3
  Brunei 3.0 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.7 3.2 3.0 2.1 1.8 2.6 3.9 5.4 4.9 4.2
  Bulgaria 21.8 20.8 21.0 17.9 16.8 15.1 15.8 13.6 14.8 14.0 13.8 13.3 14.4 12.3 11.7 11.1 10.7 11.0 10.5 10.6
  Burkina Faso 27.6 26.8 26.0 25.9 26.0 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.3 26.4 26.9 26.7 27.5 27.4 26.6 26.3 25.8 25.3 25.0 24.5
  Burundi 35.5 32.2 30.3 28.5 27.2 26.3 25.8 24.5 23.4 22.8 22.4 21.9 21.5 21.0 20.0 19.5 19.5 19.4 19.2 18.9
  Cape Verde 33.3 33.1 33.4 33.5 34.0 34.3 32.9 32.5 32.4 32.3 32.0 31.6 31.0 30.0 29.0 28.7 28.3 27.8 28.9 27.4
  Cambodia 9.2 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.3 9.7 10.0 10.2 10.0 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.6 8.6 8.4
  Cameroon * 29.8 30.3 30.0 30.6 30.5 32.3 32.9 32.4 31.9 31.6 30.9 30.9 30.8 29.5 28.2 27.0 26.4 25.7 25.3 25.2
  Canada * 16.6 16.8 16.3 16.7 15.4 15.9 14.5 14.7 14.7 15.5 15.1 14.1 14.9 15.0 15.9 16.4 15.3 17.6 15.6 15.3
  Central African Republic 53.7 50.9 50.4 48.3 46.8 45.8 47.3 46.6 46.1 47.8 47.1 46.3 45.1 46.1 48.0 45.5 44.0 44.9 40.8 39.6
  Chad 24.8 24.9 24.8 25.0 24.8 24.8 24.7 24.9 24.5 24.6 24.8 24.6 24.0 23.1 22.3 21.3 20.8 20.9 20.7 20.2
  Chile 19.0 18.5 17.0 17.0 17.6 16.3 16.8 17.7 19.4 20.0 18.3 18.5 16.6 15.3 15.3 14.8 15.5 14.1 13.2 13.4
  China * 15.5 14.3 14.0 14.6 15.0 14.5 13.4 12.7 12.4 11.9 11.5 10.7 10.0 9.5 9.3 9.0 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.6
  Colombia 8.4 8.4 7.7 7.4 7.6 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 6.8 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.4 6.3 6.0
  Comoros 14.5 14.1 13.5 12.8 12.2 11.9 11.8 11.7 11.9 11.2 11.8 11.1 11.4 11.2 11.8 11.8 11.7 11.5 11.3 11.3
  Congo 38.5 34.1 30.6 28.1 27.4 25.7 25.0 24.2 23.3 23.5 22.8 22.4 22.7 21.3 19.9 18.7 18.6 18.1 17.9 18.3
  Costa Rica 12.3 9.8 12.7 14.0 14.5 11.5 14.2 9.5 9.4 9.5 11.7 11.2 10.9 11.2 9.0 10.7 12.4 9.4 11.5 13.3
  Ivory Coast 37.5 36.0 34.8 34.4 33.9 32.7 32.4 32.0 30.3 30.6 31.5 31.4 31.8 31.4 30.1 28.8 27.8 26.8 26.1 25.7
  Croatia 27.1 25.3 24.4 25.9 24.6 24.4 21.6 21.7 22.5 22.8 21.5 18.9 21.8 20.6 19.7 19.4 18.8 17.5 17.8 17.7
  Cuba 22.7 20.3 18.9 18.4 18.5 16.9 17.4 16.2 16.5 17.6 18.6 18.2 17.7 17.5 16.6 17.1 16.1 17.0 16.6 16.7
  Cyprus 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 1.3 3.4 4.4 4.2 8.4 6.8 7.5 6.8 9.1 9.1 7.0 6.5 7.2 5.7 5.9 5.3
  Czech Republic 22.6 22.6 20.9 23.3 22.6 21.6 19.6 19.5 19.2 20.5 20.4 22.2 22.5 21.4 19.4 17.5 16.9 18.2 17.8 15.4
  North Korea 12.3 11.8 11.9 11.3 11.2 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.5 11.6 11.6 12.2 11.9 11.2 10.6 10.6
  DR Congo 24.9 24.5 24.2 24.4 23.9 23.5 23.1 22.2 22.2 22.6 22.3 22.1 21.6 21.3 20.9 20.4 20.1 20.1 20.6 20.7
  Denmark 18.9 18.0 16.6 15.7 15.6 16.2 16.1 13.2 14.0 15.4 13.1 14.5 14.9 13.3 13.6 11.3 12.2 11.9 11.9 11.1
  Djibouti 17.1 16.6 16.9 17.0 17.1 16.9 16.6 16.1 16.0 15.9 16.2 16.4 16.4 16.6 16.7 16.2 16.5 16.8 16.5 16.3
  Dominican Republic 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.8 8.7 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.0 9.2 9.7 10.2 11.1 11.5 11.3 10.0 9.2 8.5
  Ecuador 9.6 10.3 11.9 12.8 13.6 15.2 15.1 15.6 16.3 16.1 15.1 15.0 15.6 14.7 13.5 13.7 14.0 14.5 12.5 11.9
  Egypt 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.7
  El Salvador 10.6 11.7 9.3 12.0 12.9 14.7 12.7 15.7 13.0 16.8 11.7 14.4 12.4 12.3 10.1 12.5 10.2 11.1 11.0 11.1
  Equatorial Guinea 31.0 27.9 24.7 23.5 22.1 20.9 20.7 20.1 19.2 18.5 20.8 23.5 21.9 19.1 19.5 20.6 20.3 17.9 19.7 18.5
  Eritrea 38.4 36.7 35.9 33.8 33.8 33.7 33.8 33.3 33.7 33.0 32.5 31.9 31.2 30.4 29.8 29.5 28.8 28.4 28.1 27.2
  Estonia 43.1 46.0 46.0 40.1 41.4 34.1 29.4 32.5 28.0 35.2 27.6 26.7 30.9 27.0 28.6 24.1 21.3 25.0 19.7 20.2
  Eswatini 65.5 72.5 81.1 87.9 92.0 95.5 104.2 122.1 125.4 125.1 119.1 114.5 116.2 110.0 99.0 92.3 88.8 83.6 78.8 78.7
  Ethiopia 25.9 24.5 23.7 22.8 22.1 21.5 21.0 20.6 20.3 19.6 19.1 18.2 16.8 15.7 15.0 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.3 14.2
  Fiji 15.3 15.0 14.1 13.5 13.1 13.5 13.4 13.8 13.8 13.6 13.8 14.3 14.6 14.8 14.3 13.9 14.0 13.7 13.4 13.1
  Finland * 33.3 33.6 29.7 29.5 29.4 25.1 28.2 26.1 27.9 26.5 25.1 24.4 22.6 22.5 20.7 18.9 20.4 20.8 21.6 20.1
  France * 24.2 23.4 23.5 24.2 23.1 22.6 21.8 21.0 21.4 21.7 21.2 21.0 20.8 19.4 17.7 18.1 16.9 16.3 15.8 15.2
  Gabon 33.2 31.3 28.9 28.3 26.0 26.9 27.3 27.1 29.5 27.5 27.4 27.5 24.9 24.3 27.0 26.5 25.7 24.5 24.0 23.3
  Gambia 15.3 15.6 15.8 15.9 16.1 15.8 15.6 15.5 15.5 15.0 14.7 15.2 14.8 14.6 14.5 14.1 13.6 13.6 13.2 13.3
  Georgia 11.9 10.8 12.8 9.8 11.3 9.5 9.5 9.1 11.6 12.8 12.7 13.0 14.0 15.0 15.5 15.9 16.4 14.7 14.3 14.0
  Germany 17.6 17.6 17.2 16.9 16.4 15.4 14.5 14.1 14.2 14.4 14.8 14.5 13.6 14.1 14.2 13.5 13.5 12.9 13.1 12.8
  Ghana 17.2 18.6 19.5 20.5 21.5 22.0 22.3 22.5 23.4 23.8 24.4 24.3 24.1 23.8 23.2 22.7 22.2 21.4 20.5 20.0
  Greece * 4.6 4.4 3.7 4.4 4.1 4.7 4.8 4.1 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.8 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.1 6.0 5.9
  Grenada 3.8 0.0 6.6 4.8 9.3 6.0 8.9 3.3 3.9 1.4 1.7 3.2 2.8 1.8 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.5
  Guatemala 24.0 25.1 24.0 24.4 24.6 25.0 23.5 17.7 16.9 16.0 14.6 12.7 11.6 10.9 10.4 10.4 10.0 9.8 10.4 10.3
  Guinea 13.7 13.8 14.4 14.7 15.1 15.1 16.1 17.1 17.4 17.6 18.5 19.0 19.3 19.8 19.6 19.4 19.0 18.4 18.2 18.4
  Guinea-Bissau 28.7 28.2 27.4 26.7 26.6 25.7 25.4 25.3 25.3 25.7 25.3 24.6 24.1 24.1 22.9 20.9 21.1 21.0 20.8 19.8
  Guyana * 57.6 64.8 65.4 59.9 59.2 57.0 54.8 54.9 52.5 53.7 57.7 56.8 60.5 65.4 66.4 63.5 63.8 63.9 64.4 65.0
  Haiti 14.7 14.3 13.9 13.9 13.7 13.9 14.2 14.9 15.1 15.4 16.0 15.3 15.3 15.2 15.2 15.3 15.1 15.1 15.1 14.9
  Honduras 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 7.1 7.0 7.3 8.3 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.4
  Hungary 44.7 40.5 38.8 37.5 36.5 35.0 31.8 32.2 32.6 33.0 32.6 31.8 30.9 26.8 25.0 24.0 21.9 21.1 21.2 19.1
  Iceland 19.3 18.9 17.7 18.6 16.1 14.1 15.7 17.9 18.9 18.1 18.2 16.5 17.0 18.5 20.6 21.0 20.3 20.8 16.6 18.7
  India * 20.9 20.6 20.4 19.7 19.5 19.8 20.2 19.9 19.5 18.4 18.0 17.9 17.6 16.8 15.7 14.8 14.4 14.3 14.7 14.7
  Indonesia 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
  Iran * 10.1 9.6 9.2 8.4 8.1 7.5 7.2 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.8 8.5 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.6 8.1 7.5
  Iraq 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.0 7.4 7.7 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.8 7.4 7.3
  Ireland 19.8 20.8 18.8 17.4 18.4 17.3 16.2 16.9 17.4 21.5 17.5 19.5 19.1 16.9 17.3 13.8 15.2 15.0 14.8 14.3
  Israel 11.0 10.6 9.1 10.8 9.9 10.0 8.5 8.6 8.7 9.4 11.0 8.9 10.1 7.9 7.9 7.2 8.4 7.8 8.5 8.3
  Italy 8.7 8.6 8.7 8.3 8.2 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 8.4 8.6 8.4 7.9 7.6 6.9 7.7 6.9 6.7
  Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.8 4.0 3.1 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6
  Japan * 26.8 25.9 26.7 29.2 27.4 27.9 26.9 27.9 27.6 28.6 27.4 25.9 24.4 23.9 22.4 21.4 19.7 19.4 18.8 17.5
  Jordan 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0
  Kazakhstan * 71.7 71.2 68.7 70.1 70.2 68.7 65.8 65.8 58.8 51.3 51.3 49.4 47.7 45.6 42.2 40.8 38.2 36.6 33.4 30.9
  Kenya 24.8 23.1 22.1 21.1 20.2 21.4 21.0 21.1 20.8 19.6 19.0 19.4 19.2 18.9 18.0 17.4 17.2 17.6 18.2 18.1
  Kiribati 62.6 61.9 60.6 56.7 55.9 56.9 54.9 57.5 58.6 57.6 57.1 57.4 55.9 56.6 55.3 55.3 55.0 55.4 53.1 53.6
  Kuwait 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8
  Kyrgyzstan 30.7 28.8 27.9 26.0 24.2 24.6 24.3 23.2 22.2 21.3 20.6 20.2 19.8 19.1 19.1 18.1 15.7 15.1 14.6 13.5
  Laos 11.0 11.0 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.6 9.4 9.3 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.6
  Latvia 54.3 50.0 47.8 44.2 40.4 39.7 35.9 30.9 39.4 39.4 35.6 33.9 35.9 30.9 31.0 30.5 30.3 30.2 27.4 29.0
  Lebanon 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.4 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.3 3.5 3.9
  Lesotho 73.9 70.4 74.6 79.1 82.2 82.7 95.6 108.0 133.8 148.1 152.7 156.9 172.9 188.2 195.2 191.5 180.1 164.0 158.4 146.9
  Liberia 11.0 10.4 10.2 9.9 9.8 9.8 10.1 10.3 10.1 10.4 10.6 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.2 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.4
  Libya 7.1 7.4 7.7 7.6 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.7 7.7 6.4 8.9 7.8 6.9 7.7 8.1 6.1
  Lithuania * 80.7 75.7 78.0 72.5 67.8 66.7 53.6 54.3 59.0 60.6 56.1 56.3 52.3 60.2 53.7 51.7 48.6 41.1 37.9 36.1
  Luxembourg 20.3 20.7 21.0 19.0 16.2 17.5 20.2 16.7 15.6 13.0 14.4 13.2 12.4 12.6 12.8 13.0 10.6 10.6 11.1 11.8
  Madagascar 15.5 15.2 15.5 15.8 15.7 15.5 15.4 15.1 15.0 14.9 14.8 14.8 14.4 14.3 14.3 13.9 13.8 13.6 13.4 13.3
  Malawi 31.8 30.0 28.1 26.9 26.3 25.4 25.9 26.6 26.2 27.3 27.7 25.7 24.7 24.0 23.6 23.4 22.8 21.9 20.8 20.0
  Malaysia 9.1 8.7 8.6 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.2 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.3 7.7 7.9 8.2 8.6 8.7 9.0
  Maldives 8.1 7.8 7.2 7.1 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.2 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.1
  Mali 10.6 10.5 10.6 10.6 10.7 11.0 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.5 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.2 10.9 10.7 10.5 10.5 10.5
  Malta 9.8 9.0 7.2 6.1 7.3 6.8 10.6 8.0 9.9 11.0 12.0 10.0 8.7 9.2 10.2 10.3 8.0 7.7 8.3 8.4
  Mauritania 8.2 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4
  Mauritius 18.4 13.7 17.6 11.4 12.5 13.4 14.2 15.1 11.1 13.8 12.0 13.6 14.1 12.8 15.8 11.3 12.8 14.9 12.2 15.0
  Mexico * 6.9 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.7 8.1 8.0 9.0 8.3 8.9 9.5 9.2 9.4 9.9 8.8 8.7
  Micronesia 43.4 42.4 41.1 41.0 42.3 43.1 42.6 41.9 41.9 41.8 41.8 42.5 42.5 42.1 42.1 43.5 43.4 44.1 44.6 44.3
  Mongolia 37.6 38.3 37.2 39.2 39.6 39.9 39.2 38.9 38.9 38.2 37.8 37.0 35.4 34.6 33.3 33.5 34.0 32.9 32.2 31.1
  Montenegro 28.9 26.8 27.0 27.7 28.2 29.1 30.0 27.5 27.0 26.8 25.7 26.6 26.4 25.3 25.1 25.1 24.9 25.3 25.6 25.4
  Morocco 13.9 13.9 13.3 13.4 13.3 13.1 12.9 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9 13.0 12.5 10.9 10.4 10.1 9.9 9.8 10.0 10.1
  Mozambique * 36.2 36.3 36.7 37.1 37.8 38.6 39.3 39.9 42.0 44.6 45.8 46.6 47.5 47.0 45.6 44.4 43.5 42.9 42.8 42.6
  Myanmar 8.1 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.1
  Namibia 47.5 46.4 45.7 44.8 42.2 43.7 42.7 41.9 35.3 32.6 32.3 29.7 26.9 26.3 26.8 27.9 25.9 27.4 25.4 24.9
  Nepal * 19.4 18.6 17.9 17.5 17.4 17.5 17.0 17.4 17.8 18.4 18.6 19.2 19.2 18.9 18.6 18.7 18.4 18.3 18.4 18.6
  Netherlands 11.2 11.1 11.7 11.1 11.3 11.5 11.3 10.0 10.5 11.1 11.5 11.7 12.2 13.4 12.7 12.7 12.8 13.2 11.8 12.5
  New Zealand 20.8 20.9 18.7 19.1 19.2 19.2 19.0 18.2 18.0 17.0 17.5 16.9 18.4 16.6 16.1 16.4 17.2 18.2 15.9 15.4
  Nicaragua 9.3 9.5 9.3 10.7 10.8 10.7 8.9 8.7 9.0 8.5 8.9 9.5 7.5 9.8 8.2 7.1 7.8 7.7 8.3 7.8
  Niger 12.6 13.0 12.9 13.5 13.3 13.8 13.8 14.0 13.9 14.1 14.4 14.5 14.7 14.9 14.9 14.5 14.2 14.1 14.1 14.1
  Nigeria * 13.7 13.9 13.6 13.5 13.6 13.5 13.5 13.7 13.7 13.4 13.2 13.1 12.5 12.0 11.3 10.9 10.7 10.4 10.3 10.1
  North Macedonia 12.5 19.8 13.3 12.3 13.4 11.6 13.3 12.1 12.2 12.7 8.6 9.2 11.8 13.2 11.5 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0
  Norway 19.9 19.8 16.2 16.0 15.9 15.5 16.9 15.1 14.7 16.3 15.1 16.9 14.2 13.7 14.5 13.9 14.7 14.0 13.7 13.4
  Oman 10.1 10.1 9.5 9.8 9.3 9.3 9.7 9.8 9.4 8.8 8.8 7.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.4
  Pakistan * 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.2 15.9 16.0 15.6 15.4 15.1 14.9 14.7 14.7 14.7 14.7 14.8 14.9 14.8 14.6 14.6
  Panama 10.4 10.6 9.5 11.4 10.2 9.1 11.2 9.1 9.3 8.7 7.6 6.8 6.6 6.5 7.2 4.9 5.7 5.6 4.9 4.8
  Papua New Guinea 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.2
  Paraguay 4.8 4.6 4.4 5.5 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.0 5.5 7.0 5.4 6.7 6.3 7.4 8.0 8.4 8.3 8.8 8.9 9.0
  Peru 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1
  Philippines 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.3 3.7 4.1 4.3 5.1 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
  Poland 26.8 27.3 26.6 26.5 27.1 27.0 25.9 23.6 25.8 28.7 28.0 27.2 27.7 27.0 25.8 23.5 20.5 19.7 18.6 16.5
  Portugal 9.5 11.0 15.7 14.4 12.3 13.1 13.3 13.2 14.3 14.5 14.4 13.3 14.8 13.2 14.9 12.5 12.2 12.4 11.7 11.6
  Qatar 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.1 8.7 8.1 7.6 8.7 8.3 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.0 6.4 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.7
  South Korea * 20.4 22.0 26.2 33.2 34.1 34.5 30.2 31.8 33.4 39.1 39.2 40.1 34.2 34.6 32.6 31.0 29.7 28.3 31.0 29.7
  Moldova 30.7 32.1 29.7 31.9 30.0 31.0 32.5 27.9 29.8 31.0 32.0 24.0 25.3 25.7 26.6 24.0 24.0 22.8 21.9 22.1
  Romania * 19.4 18.8 21.3 19.9 18.8 17.6 18.4 16.2 16.4 17.8 18.5 17.4 18.4 17.3 16.0 16.0 13.6 13.5 13.3 12.6
  Russia * 88.8 85.5 83.6 82.4 79.7 78.9 70.5 65.1 63.5 59.5 59.0 55.4 53.1 52.0 52.5 49.5 47.7 43.3 41.4 38.2
  Rwanda 38.8 34.7 31.1 27.4 24.3 22.3 21.1 20.2 19.1 18.0 17.2 16.4 16.0 15.5 15.5 15.2 15.1 15.0 14.9 14.8
  Saint Lucia 14.5 14.7 13.5 14.2 13.3 13.6 14.1 13.1 14.5 12.8 14.0 12.5 15.0 14.1 15.1 14.5 12.1 12.9 12.9 12.5
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 12.6 11.0 13.0 12.2 10.0 17.5 10.7 15.3 8.0 4.7 5.2 8.7 6.6 6.4 2.2 5.7 0.6 0.0 1.4 1.3
  Samoa 24.1 23.9 23.4 23.0 22.3 22.5 22.5 22.1 21.7 18.7 21.4 21.3 21.2 20.2 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.2 21.2 20.9
  São Tomé and Príncipe 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
  Saudi Arabia * 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.7 7.1 7.6 8.1 8.8 9.1 9.0 9.0 8.5 8.5 8.2 8.0 7.8
  Senegal 23.5 22.8 22.5 22.2 21.9 21.7 21.4 20.7 21.0 20.6 20.5 20.0 20.1 19.9 19.8 19.6 19.2 19.0 18.7 18.5
  Serbia 29.0 27.9 28.4 27.0 26.6 24.0 23.2 22.6 21.4 23.2 20.0 20.6 21.4 20.8 19.3 18.4 16.5 0.3 12.2 12.2
  Seychelles 18.4 18.1 16.7 17.2 17.6 15.8 15.1 13.9 14.0 13.3 13.4 13.4 13.2 13.1 13.5 13.8 13.8 14.3 14.2 14.0
  Sierra Leone 14.4 14.7 15.0 15.3 15.4 15.3 16.3 16.1 16.3 16.3 16.4 15.7 15.9 15.2 14.8 14.1 14.3 14.4 14.8 14.8
  Singapore * 15.2 13.6 13.8 14.2 13.5 13.9 12.5 11.8 12.0 12.6 10.8 10.1 11.6 12.0 11.8 10.0 9.3 9.5 10.4 12.7
  Slovakia 21.9 21.8 23.3 23.6 20.7 20.9 22.2 21.1 19.0 20.0 20.1 19.0 18.7 18.0 18.3 17.8 17.5 17.2 17.0 16.7
  Slovenia 40.4 41.5 38.7 38.7 33.8 34.2 34.9 27.4 25.8 27.5 26.7 25.8 27.1 27.2 24.7 24.2 23.6 23.7 20.4 22.7
  Solomon Islands 32.0 31.5 31.8 32.5 30.7 31.2 31.3 33.5 34.7 34.7 34.5 34.5 34.2 33.8 33.6 33.3 33.1 33.1 32.9 32.2
  Somalia 26.0 25.8 25.8 25.8 26.0 25.6 25.0 24.5 24.8 24.8 23.9 23.7 23.7 23.5 23.4 23.2 22.9 23.0 23.0 22.8
  South Africa 42.7 43.2 44.3 45.0 43.8 43.4 42.3 43.4 46.2 45.8 41.9 38.2 39.5 40.9 41.1 41.6 41.0 42.2 39.8 37.9
  South Sudan 12.4 11.7 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.0 11.0 10.8 10.6 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.0 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.4
  Spain * 10.5 9.7 10.0 10.1 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.4 9.2 9.0 8.1 8.0 8.9 9.5 9.5 8.5 8.4 8.7 8.1 7.9
  Sri Lanka * 41.5 35.4 34.0 33.2 35.5 39.9 29.9 32.6 28.0 38.0 33.6 29.5 26.9 24.5 21.5 24.0 23.1 22.2 21.5 20.9
  Sudan 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.9 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
  Suriname 38.8 43.2 43.9 43.7 42.4 43.2 43.7 43.0 42.2 41.9 43.7 41.4 43.0 42.3 41.2 41.1 40.3 40.3 41.8 41.3
  Sweden * 17.1 18.1 18.5 16.2 17.4 17.3 16.2 16.8 17.6 18.5 17.2 16.8 17.1 17.9 16.6 18.3 16.7 17.2 17.3 16.9
  Switzerland * 23.7 22.2 22.9 19.6 19.2 20.2 19.1 19.7 18.5 18.0 15.1 15.5 15.2 15.6 14.2 15.2 14.2 15.0 14.2 14.2
  Syria 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.5
  Tajikistan 7.3 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.4
  Thailand 16.4 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.5 13.4 13.0 12.1 11.7 11.5 11.7 11.6 11.5 10.8 11.4 12.1 13.0 12.8 13.6 13.9
  East Timor 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.1 4.8 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.7
  Togo 27.0 27.7 28.2 29.1 29.3 29.5 30.1 30.0 30.0 29.4 29.0 28.8 28.7 28.5 27.9 26.7 25.6 25.0 24.1 24.0
  Tonga 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.3 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.3 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9
  Trinidad and Tobago 26.4 26.1 24.7 21.3 21.0 19.8 17.4 17.6 21.2 17.1 16.9 14.7 13.2 16.1 15.6 15.0 14.5 14.0 13.4 13.1
  Tunisia 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6
  Turkey 6.7 6.2 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6
  Turkmenistan 23.7 25.1 25.5 26.1 25.4 26.6 25.6 22.5 19.0 15.2 13.7 12.0 11.2 11.2 11.0 10.0 10.2 9.6 9.4 9.4
  Uganda 38.6 37.7 36.8 36.8 37.1 37.4 35.9 32.2 29.8 28.6 27.2 26.9 25.1 23.6 21.6 20.7 20.5 19.3 19.2 19.4
  Ukraine * 62.7 58.5 57.3 54.2 53.1 53.0 47.8 49.3 48.3 40.5 37.3 35.1 35.2 34.4 37.6 33.0 32.4 31.3 33.3 32.7
  United Arab Emirates 9.3 9.2 8.6 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.3 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.3
  United Kingdom * 12.0 11.9 11.7 10.9 11.1 10.6 10.8 10.6 11.4 11.3 10.8 11.6 11.8 12.4 11.9 12.0 11.8 11.1 10.8 10.4
  Tanzania 24.5 22.4 20.3 18.9 17.3 16.6 16.5 16.5 17.1 16.6 15.6 14.5 13.4 14.2 13.6 13.6 13.7 13.4 13.3 13.5
  United States * 16.4 16.9 17.3 17.1 17.2 17.1 17.5 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.5 18.9 18.9 18.8 19.2 19.9 21.2 22.5 21.8 22.4
  Uruguay 25.7 21.8 30.1 23.2 23.3 21.8 21.9 25.6 22.5 22.7 23.3 24.7 27.1 23.1 25.5 27.7 30.3 30.8 31.5 31.1
  Uzbekistan 19.6 18.9 18.0 16.4 15.5 16.2 15.0 14.4 13.7 12.5 12.6 12.8 13.1 13.0 13.2 13.2 13.1 12.8 12.5 11.8
  Vanuatu 36.0 35.4 35.5 35.0 34.3 33.7 34.6 34.4 34.2 35.2 34.8 34.3 34.6 34.3 33.5 33.5 33.3 33.5 33.5 33.1
  Venezuela 11.3 11.5 10.7 9.7 8.7 8.3 7.5 7.0 6.5 5.9 6.3 6.9 6.0 4.5 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.7
  Vietnam 9.4 9.5 9.3 9.4 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.9 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.2 11.1 10.8 10.6
  Yemen 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.0 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.6 9.3 9.1 9.1 9.0 9.0 8.7 9.0 8.7 9.0 9.0
  Zambia 35.9 34.3 34.5 34.2 35.8 35.8 35.6 33.4 32.8 32.6 33.3 33.4 31.1 30.0 30.2 30.0 29.1 29.1 28.1 25.7
  Zimbabwe 28.2 28.6 29.8 29.4 30.1 32.1 28.5 36.3 42.0 48.3 51.6 52.4 50.7 46.4 45.3 47.4 44.5 41.3 38.6 37.8

FemaleEdit

* indicates "Suicide in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Mental Health in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
 
  Afghanistan * 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.7
  Albania 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.1 5.2 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.9 8.2 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
  Algeria 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
  Angola 6.2 6.1 6.5 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.8 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.2 4.8 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.7
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.6 0.6
  Argentina 3.4 4.0 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.3
  Armenia 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.8 1.8 2.9 2.4 2.3 1.4 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.7 2.9 2.6 1.7 0.9 0.7 1.0
  Australia * 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.3 3.9 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.7 5.3 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.6
  Austria 7.9 7.2 6.5 7.0 6.1 6.3 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.8 4.8 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.7 4.6 4.8 4.6
  Azerbaijan 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
  Bahamas 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2
  Bahrain 2.5 3.1 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
  Bangladesh * 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
  Barbados 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
  Belarus * 9.5 9.5 10.0 9.5 9.7 10.0 9.5 8.7 8.6 8.9 8.3 8.6 7.3 6.8 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.3
  Belgium 10.1 9.4 9.3 9.2 8.8 8.8 9.2 8.2 8.8 9.3 9.2 9.8 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.4
  Belize 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8
  Benin 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1
  Bhutan * 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1
  Bolivia 5.2 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
  Botswana 20.6 20.2 19.2 18.5 18.6 20.1 18.5 17.8 16.5 12.2 10.5 10.9 10.4 10.0 10.7 10.3 9.6 9.2 8.9 7.8
  Brazil 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.8
  Brunei 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.0 1.2 1.5 1.5 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.8
  Bulgaria 7.1 6.3 5.8 5.2 4.9 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.1 3.5 3.6 2.9 3.6 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.9
  Burkina Faso 9.2 8.9 8.6 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.5
  Burundi 13.6 13.0 12.6 12.0 11.5 11.2 10.8 10.0 9.3 9.0 8.7 8.4 7.9 7.7 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.4
  Cape Verde 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1
  Cambodia 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
  Cameroon * 9.7 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.5 10.2 10.3 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.2 8.7 9.1 8.8 8.3 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.6
  Canada * 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2 5.3 4.7 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.4
  Central African Republic 14.6 13.7 13.7 13.0 12.4 11.9 12.3 11.9 11.6 12.4 12.3 12.0 11.2 10.9 10.4 10.4 9.6 9.6 9.5 9.3
  Chad 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.1 6.9
  Chile 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.2 4.0 4.6 4.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.0
  China * 14.5 12.6 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.4 10.5 9.6 9.0 8.4 7.8 7.1 6.4 5.9 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
  Colombia 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7
  Comoros 7.6 7.6 7.3 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
  Congo 14.1 12.4 11.5 11.0 11.3 11.1 11.2 10.8 10.3 10.7 10.4 9.7 9.7 9.0 8.5 7.5 7.1 6.8 6.4 6.1
  Costa Rica 1.6 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.3 1.9 2.7 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9
  Ivory Coast 8.4 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.0 6.7 7.3 7.3 6.7 7.3 7.7 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.0
  Croatia 6.9 6.6 6.9 5.7 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.0 5.5 4.7 5.9 5.6 5.4 4.8 6.0 5.8 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1
  Cuba 8.9 7.5 7.3 5.9 5.9 5.7 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.4 4.1 4.1
  Cyprus 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.4 1.2 2.0 1.4 2.7 1.2 1.9 0.8 0.7 1.1 2.6 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.1
  Czech Republic 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.5 4.0 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.5 4.3 3.9 4.1 4.5 4.1 3.8
  North Korea 8.9 8.6 8.4 8.1 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.1 6.7 6.3 6.3
  DR Congo 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0
  Denmark 6.4 6.9 6.0 5.2 6.9 6.3 6.7 5.9 6.2 4.4 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.9 4.4 4.8 4.5 4.2
  Djibouti 7.5 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.6
  Dominican Republic 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9
  Ecuador 4.2 4.4 4.9 5.1 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.6
  Egypt 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
  El Salvador 3.4 3.8 3.2 3.3 2.7 2.7 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
  Equatorial Guinea 7.8 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.8 9.6 9.7 9.1 8.7 8.3 8.9 10.0 9.6 8.6 8.5 8.8
  Eritrea 9.6 9.4 9.4 8.8 9.0 9.3 9.6 9.5 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.3
  Estonia 9.6 8.3 7.8 6.9 7.1 5.7 5.8 4.6 6.0 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.9 4.4 5.2 3.8 4.8 6.3 4.5 4.5
  Eswatini 20.9 23.3 27.2 29.5 30.7 31.7 33.1 34.7 34.6 33.1 29.1 24.8 23.7 20.9 16.4 11.9 9.1 7.0 5.8 6.4
  Ethiopia 11.2 10.8 10.5 10.2 9.9 9.6 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.1 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
  Fiji 8.2 7.8 7.9 7.5 7.1 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
  Finland * 10.4 9.0 9.0 8.6 8.6 9.1 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4 7.8 7.1 7.3 7.7 6.7 5.4 6.1 8.0 7.2 6.8
  France * 8.3 8.1 8.4 8.2 8.3 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5
  Gabon 7.5 7.2 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.1 7.0 6.4 6.6 5.7 5.6 5.3 4.2 4.0 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.8
  Gambia 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.2
  Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.2
  Germany 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.9
  Ghana 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8
  Greece * 1.2 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
  Grenada 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.8 1.6 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.7
  Guatemala 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
  Guinea 6.7 6.7 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.4 7.7 7.7 7.9 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.0
  Guinea-Bissau 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.5 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7
  Guyana * 14.5 15.5 14.6 16.8 16.0 15.1 15.8 15.8 15.3 19.5 15.8 14.8 15.9 17.1 13.6 15.9 16.1 16.3 16.7 17.0
  Haiti 11.1 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.0 10.5 10.5 10.7 10.5 10.6 10.8 10.1 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.3 8.2 8.0
  Honduras 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Hungary 11.0 9.4 9.1 8.3 8.8 8.1 8.4 7.5 7.7 7.9 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.5 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.5
  Iceland 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.3 6.9 7.5 6.7 9.0 7.8 7.6 5.3 4.8 8.0 6.4 8.1 5.2 4.0 2.3 3.5 3.5
  India * 17.4 16.9 15.9 14.8 14.2 14.2 14.0 13.4 13.1 12.8 13.2 13.1 12.5 12.1 11.3 11.1 10.8 10.7 11.1 11.1
  Indonesia 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
  Iran * 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8
  Iraq 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4
  Ireland 4.4 4.2 4.3 5.0 3.7 4.5 4.2 4.6 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.2 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6
  Israel 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.6 3.5 2.6 2.0 1.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.3 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.1
  Italy 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.1
  Jamaica 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Japan * 9.6 9.3 9.3 10.1 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.5 10.6 10.5 10.3 11.0 9.7 9.5 9.1 8.4 7.7 7.6 7.9 6.9
  Jordan 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
  Kazakhstan * 11.4 11.5 11.8 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.5 10.4 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.0 8.5 8.2 7.9 7.8 7.3 6.9
  Kenya 8.2 7.6 7.1 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.3
  Kiribati 11.1 10.9 10.7 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.3 9.5
  Kuwait 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
  Kyrgyzstan 5.5 4.9 5.3 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.5
  Laos 6.5 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
  Latvia 9.4 8.4 9.5 8.4 6.7 6.7 4.8 5.6 6.7 6.5 4.0 4.9 4.9 4.5 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.5 2.8 4.6
  Lebanon 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7
  Lesotho 16.0 15.4 15.9 17.9 18.0 17.2 22.1 22.4 30.7 30.8 30.7 34.9 40.7 44.2 46.3 45.9 41.9 35.8 34.6 34.6
  Liberia 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.7 7.3 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.5
  Libya 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.6 3.3 3.4 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.9
  Lithuania * 15.3 13.0 10.7 12.2 12.3 10.9 9.2 8.5 9.4 9.3 9.6 10.5 9.0 11.0 8.2 8.9 6.6 8.1 6.3 6.2
  Luxembourg 7.1 7.0 6.2 7.5 4.2 5.0 6.0 6.2 6.2 5.1 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 7.4 6.2 4.6 4.5 4.9 5.4
  Madagascar 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4
  Malawi 8.4 7.7 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.6 6.1 6.6 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.0 5.2 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.3
  Malaysia 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
  Maldives 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
  Mali 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.7
  Malta 2.4 4.0 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.5 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.3
  Mauritania 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.9
  Mauritius 4.9 6.2 4.7 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.1 5.2 1.9 3.5 3.0 3.8 4.5 2.8 3.9 3.8 2.6 4.3 4.2 2.5
  Mexico * 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
  Micronesia 13.0 12.5 11.8 11.9 12.1 12.3 12.2 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.3 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.9 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.2
  Mongolia 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.6 8.2 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.6
  Montenegro 9.8 9.4 9.5 9.8 9.7 9.3 9.3 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.2 8.3 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.9
  Morocco 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
  Mozambique * 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.0 8.8 9.7 10.2 10.6 11.1 10.6 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.6 8.8 8.9
  Myanmar 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
  Namibia 11.4 10.9 10.7 9.9 8.2 9.3 9.7 8.9 7.0 7.0 6.4 5.1 4.5 4.8 6.1 7.0 6.1 5.3 4.3 4.4
  Nepal * 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
  Netherlands 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.4 6.1
  New Zealand 4.4 6.5 6.1 7.1 5.7 6.1 6.6 5.5 6.1 5.1 6.8 5.3 6.5 6.8 5.3 6.2 6.0 6.3 5.6 5.4
  Nicaragua 3.6 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.7 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.7 2.9 2.4 2.9 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.2 1.9
  Niger 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
  Nigeria * 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
  North Macedonia 4.9 4.1 4.9 4.4 5.5 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.8 3.2 2.8 4.9 3.0 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
  Norway 6.1 6.6 6.0 5.9 7.6 7.4 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.7 5.7 6.8 5.5 7.1 7.3 6.6 6.4 6.3
  Oman 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
  Pakistan * 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
  Panama 1.5 1.7 2.3 1.3 2.0 1.6 0.8 1.2 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0
  Papua New Guinea 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
  Paraguay 2.5 2.5 3.1 2.0 2.9 3.3 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.7 3.1 2.7 3.8 3.2 2.9 3.4 3.2 3.3
  Peru 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
  Philippines 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
  Poland 4.7 4.0 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.8 4.3 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.3 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4
  Portugal 2.1 2.8 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.4 4.3 3.8 3.7 4.2 3.4 3.2 3.6 4.4 4.8 3.2 3.9 3.8 3.5
  Qatar 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
  South Korea * 8.2 8.6 10.6 13.2 13.8 15.3 13.0 16.5 17.0 20.2 18.6 17.4 15.1 14.4 13.2 12.5 12.2 11.2 12.4 13.4
  Moldova 4.2 5.4 5.2 4.5 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.3 5.3 4.8 5.0 3.7 5.2 4.5 3.9 4.7 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.3
  Romania * 3.7 3.1 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.4 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4
  Russia * 13.4 13.1 13.1 12.9 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.9 10.7 10.4 10.3 9.8 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.7 8.0 7.8 7.2
  Rwanda 14.0 12.8 11.8 10.5 9.2 8.8 8.6 8.2 7.7 7.1 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
  Saint Lucia 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.5 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 2.4 1.6 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.9 3.9 1.0 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.7 0.7
  Samoa 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.7 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.8
  São Tomé and Príncipe 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
  Saudi Arabia * 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
  Senegal 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
  Serbia 10.1 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.7 7.0 7.3 7.2 5.6 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.2 0.4 3.9 3.9
  Seychelles 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
  Sierra Leone 6.5 6.8 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.1 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.1 8.2
  Singapore * 7.8 7.7 8.9 8.2 7.5 6.5 7.2 7.1 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.6 6.7 5.0 4.5 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.0 6.4
  Slovakia 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.1 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.1 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
  Slovenia 12.6 9.5 8.6 8.9 11.5 8.2 8.4 7.5 6.2 6.4 5.1 6.0 5.4 5.5 4.3 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.5
  Solomon Islands 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
  Somalia 7.9 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
  South Africa 11.6 11.9 13.0 13.6 13.3 12.7 12.0 12.6 13.9 13.9 13.1 11.7 10.8 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.3 9.8 9.8
  South Sudan 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4
  Spain * 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8
  Sri Lanka * 14.0 10.0 9.6 10.0 9.6 18.4 7.9 8.7 8.0 8.7 11.5 7.5 7.1 6.7 5.1 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.1
  Sudan 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
  Suriname 11.8 12.6 12.2 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.1 12.1 12.1 11.6 11.6 11.8 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.7 11.9 11.8
  Sweden * 7.5 7.5 6.8 7.3 6.5 8.2 8.1 7.1 7.2 7.7 6.8 7.2 7.4 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.5 7.8 8.1 7.7
  Switzerland * 8.6 8.5 9.7 8.5 8.6 8.5 9.1 8.7 8.8 6.6 6.2 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.9 5.7 5.7
  Syria 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
  Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
  Thailand 7.1 6.0 5.7 5.2 4.5 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
  East Timor 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4
  Togo 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.4 9.2 8.9 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.2 6.7 6.5 6.5
  Tonga 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.9
  Trinidad and Tobago 6.3 6.4 5.3 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.2 3.7 4.6 4.0 4.5 3.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.7
  Tunisia 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
  Turkey 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
  Turkmenistan 4.6 5.0 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.3 4.8 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
  Uganda 8.6 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.9 8.3 8.1 6.7 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.2 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.7
  Ukraine * 8.5 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.5 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.7
  United Arab Emirates 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
  United Kingdom * 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
  Tanzania 8.1 7.4 6.7 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.2 5.3 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.7
  United States * 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.6 6.8
  Uruguay 5.1 5.9 7.4 6.6 5.8 6.0 6.9 7.2 5.6 5.3 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.2 7.0 6.7 8.3 7.5 7.4 7.7
  Uzbekistan 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.6 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.2 4.9
  Vanuatu 10.1 9.9 9.9 9.7 9.3 8.9 9.5 9.3 9.1 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.3 9.3 8.9 9.0 8.8 8.8 8.9 9.0
  Venezuela 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
  Vietnam 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
  Yemen 6.5 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.3
  Zambia 14.5 13.4 12.6 11.4 11.9 11.4 11.0 9.2 8.2 8.4 9.2 9.2 8.7 8.5 7.9 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.3
  Zimbabwe 14.2 13.0 13.5 13.7 15.7 15.2 18.2 21.8 25.5 26.9 23.9 21.8 20.9 21.3 21.1 19.2 17.7 15.0 13.5 13.5

AllEdit

* indicates "Suicide in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Mental Health in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
 
  Afghanistan * 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.7 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.2 6.8 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.0
  Albania 5.2 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 7.7 7.8 8.1 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.6 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7
  Algeria 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6
  Angola 17.6 17.5 17.2 17.5 17.2 16.3 17.1 15.0 15.3 13.6 14.2 13.5 14.2 14.2 13.1 13.3 12.9 12.4 12.4 12.6
  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0 1.9 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.3
  Argentina 9.2 10.3 10.3 9.7 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.4 8.4 9.0 8.5 9.2 8.1 8.1 8.7 9.0 8.1
  Armenia 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.5 3.6 3.8 5.4 5.0 4.2 4.1 5.9 5.7 6.4 5.3 4.6 4.7 4.4 2.4 1.7 2.7
  Australia * 11.8 11.2 10.4 9.6 9.2 10.1 9.5 9.8 10.4 10.0 10.4 10.1 10.5 10.2 11.3 11.8 10.9 11.8 11.3 11.3
  Austria 15.8 14.7 15.1 14.2 13.6 13.3 12.5 12.2 11.7 11.9 12.2 12.3 11.8 11.5 12.0 11.4 11.1 10.8 11.2 10.4
  Azerbaijan 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0
  Bahamas 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.5 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4
  Bahrain 7.0 8.9 9.2 9.9 9.8 9.6 7.8 8.7 8.3 7.7 7.2 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.2
  Bangladesh * 6.9 6.5 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9
  Barbados 2.6 1.5 0.3 0.8 1.0 2.2 1.3 1.3 0.7 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
  Belarus * 37.3 38.3 38.7 37.1 36.1 37.2 34.8 30.9 30.6 30.4 29.9 30.2 24.6 22.8 21.6 19.6 19.4 18.5 17.9 16.5
  Belgium 18.3 18.4 17.1 17.9 16.7 16.7 16.6 15.1 16.6 16.7 16.5 16.7 16.4 15.4 15.1 14.4 15.0 14.6 14.3 13.9
  Belize 10.0 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.8 7.1 7.2 6.7 5.7 7.5 8.2 7.9 7.4 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.7 7.7 7.2 7.7
  Benin 14.7 14.8 14.9 14.8 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.3 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.1 13.9 13.8 13.6 13.4 13.3 13.1 13.0 12.7
  Bhutan * 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
  Bolivia 8.4 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.1 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 9.0 8.8 9.4 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.3
  Botswana 46.3 44.7 42.2 40.3 40.9 43.4 40.9 37.4 36.1 32.1 31.2 29.1 29.0 27.8 25.3 24.5 22.9 22.3 22.1 20.2
  Brazil 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.2 6.5 6.4
  Brunei 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.4 3.3 3.0 2.5
  Bulgaria 14.0 13.2 13.0 11.2 10.5 9.6 9.5 8.6 9.2 8.5 8.5 7.9 8.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.5
  Burkina Faso 16.9 16.4 15.9 15.8 15.8 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.7 15.7 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.1 15.7 15.4 15.2 14.8 14.7 14.4
  Burundi 23.4 21.6 20.5 19.4 18.5 17.9 17.5 16.5 15.7 15.2 14.9 14.5 14.1 13.8 13.1 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.1
  Cape Verde 18.2 18.0 18.1 18.1 18.3 18.5 18.2 18.1 18.3 18.4 18.4 18.2 18.0 17.5 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 16.0 15.2
  Cambodia 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.5
  Cameroon * 19.1 19.4 19.2 19.5 19.4 20.6 20.9 20.4 20.1 20.0 19.5 19.4 19.2 18.7 17.9 17.1 16.6 16.1 15.9 15.9
  Canada * 10.7 10.9 10.5 10.9 10.3 10.6 9.6 9.9 9.9 10.2 10.3 9.6 10.1 10.2 10.9 11.2 10.4 11.7 10.5 10.3
  Central African Republic 32.5 30.7 30.4 29.1 28.0 27.2 28.1 27.7 27.3 28.5 28.1 27.6 26.6 27.0 27.6 26.3 25.3 25.7 23.6 23.0
  Chad 15.7 15.8 15.8 16.0 15.7 15.6 15.6 15.9 15.7 15.8 16.0 15.9 15.6 15.1 14.6 14.0 13.7 13.8 13.6 13.2
  Chile 10.5 10.4 9.7 9.7 10.0 9.5 9.7 10.6 11.8 12.1 11.0 11.0 9.9 9.2 9.1 9.2 9.2 8.4 8.0 8.0
  China * 14.9 13.3 12.5 13.0 13.4 12.8 11.9 11.1 10.6 10.1 9.6 8.8 8.1 7.7 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
  Colombia 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.5 3.9 3.7
  Comoros 10.9 10.6 10.2 9.8 9.3 9.1 9.1 8.9 9.0 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.5
  Congo 24.7 21.9 19.8 18.4 18.3 17.4 17.2 16.6 16.0 16.3 15.8 15.3 15.5 14.5 13.5 12.5 12.3 11.9 11.6 11.6
  Costa Rica 6.9 5.6 7.3 8.1 8.4 6.7 8.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.4 5.4 6.4 7.3 5.8 6.8 7.6
  Ivory Coast 24.0 22.9 22.1 21.7 21.2 20.3 20.5 20.3 19.0 19.4 20.0 19.6 19.7 19.5 18.5 17.7 17.0 16.4 15.9 15.7
  Croatia 16.3 15.3 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.0 13.7 13.4 13.4 13.2 13.2 11.8 13.1 12.3 12.4 12.2 11.5 10.9 11.1 11.0
  Cuba 15.6 13.7 12.9 12.0 12.0 11.1 10.6 9.9 10.4 11.1 11.4 11.1 10.7 10.6 10.2 10.4 9.7 10.5 10.2 10.2
  Cyprus 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 0.8 2.3 3.2 2.8 5.6 4.0 4.6 3.7 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.2 4.2 3.3 3.6 3.2
  Czech Republic 13.4 13.2 12.4 13.7 13.1 12.6 11.5 11.2 11.3 11.8 11.9 12.9 13.1 12.8 11.7 10.5 10.3 11.2 10.8 9.5
  North Korea 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.4 9.2 9.0 9.0 8.9 9.2 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.2 8.7 8.2 8.2
  DR Congo 14.5 14.4 14.2 14.4 14.2 14.1 13.9 13.4 13.4 13.6 13.5 13.3 13.0 12.8 12.6 12.3 12.1 12.0 12.4 12.4
  Denmark 12.5 12.3 11.2 10.3 11.1 11.1 11.2 9.5 10.0 9.8 8.9 9.7 9.8 9.0 9.1 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.2 7.6
  Djibouti 12.1 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.0 11.7 11.5 11.4 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.1 12.2 11.9 12.1 12.3 12.2 11.9
  Dominican Republic 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.0 5.5 5.1
  Ecuador 6.8 7.3 8.4 8.9 9.4 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.8 10.8 10.2 10.0 10.3 9.7 8.9 8.9 9.1 9.3 8.1 7.7
  Egypt 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4
  El Salvador 6.7 7.4 5.9 7.2 7.3 8.2 7.0 8.5 7.3 9.0 6.4 8.0 7.0 6.7 6.0 6.8 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.1
  Equatorial Guinea 19.4 17.6 15.8 15.3 14.6 14.1 14.4 14.2 13.9 13.9 15.3 16.6 15.5 13.8 14.2 15.3 15.0 13.2 14.1 13.5
  Eritrea 23.4 22.5 22.1 20.7 20.9 20.9 21.2 20.8 21.3 20.9 20.5 20.2 19.7 19.2 18.9 18.7 18.3 18.0 17.8 17.3
  Estonia 25.0 26.1 25.8 22.3 23.1 19.1 16.8 17.5 16.2 19.2 15.4 14.7 17.2 14.9 16.2 13.4 12.5 15.2 11.6 12.0
  Eswatini 40.6 45.1 51.1 55.4 57.9 60.1 64.9 74.1 75.8 75.1 70.5 66.0 66.3 62.0 54.6 49.2 46.2 42.9 40.1 40.5
  Ethiopia 18.4 17.5 16.9 16.3 15.8 15.3 14.9 14.5 14.2 13.7 13.1 12.4 11.3 10.4 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.5 9.5
  Fiji 11.7 11.4 11.0 10.5 10.0 10.2 9.9 10.1 10.2 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.3 10.0 10.0 9.9 9.7 9.5
  Finland * 21.7 21.2 19.2 18.9 18.9 16.9 18.2 17.0 18.1 17.9 16.4 15.7 14.9 15.0 13.7 12.1 13.3 14.4 14.4 13.4
  France * 15.8 15.4 15.6 15.7 15.3 14.8 14.4 13.8 14.0 14.1 13.9 13.6 13.4 12.5 11.4 11.5 10.7 10.4 10.0 9.7
  Gabon 19.4 18.3 16.9 16.6 15.2 15.7 16.3 16.0 17.3 15.9 15.8 15.8 14.0 13.6 15.4 15.2 14.6 13.8 13.6 13.1
  Gambia 11.1 11.3 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.4 11.4 11.2 11.2 10.9 10.6 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.6 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.6
  Georgia 6.6 6.1 7.3 5.7 6.4 5.5 5.3 5.2 6.5 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.7 8.2 8.6 8.8 9.0 8.1 7.9 7.7
  Germany 11.2 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.4 9.8 9.3 8.9 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.3 9.0 9.2 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.3 8.5 8.3
  Ghana 9.8 10.5 11.0 11.4 11.9 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.9 13.0 13.3 13.1 13.0 12.8 12.4 12.0 11.7 11.3 10.8 10.5
  Greece * 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.7 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.6
  Grenada 2.1 0.4 3.4 2.6 4.9 3.2 4.9 1.9 2.1 0.5 0.7 1.6 1.6 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.6
  Guatemala 13.5 14.1 13.7 13.9 13.9 14.2 13.3 10.4 9.9 9.5 8.7 7.6 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.0 6.3 6.2
  Guinea 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2 10.4 10.4 11.1 11.7 11.7 11.9 12.5 12.8 12.9 13.2 13.0 13.0 12.8 12.5 12.2 12.3
  Guinea-Bissau 17.5 17.2 16.7 16.3 16.2 15.6 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.6 15.4 15.1 14.7 14.8 14.1 13.1 13.1 13.1 12.9 12.4
  Guyana * 35.8 39.9 39.8 38.1 37.3 35.6 35.0 35.1 33.7 36.3 36.4 35.3 37.6 40.7 39.5 39.3 39.6 39.9 40.4 40.9
  Haiti 12.7 12.4 12.1 12.0 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.6 12.6 12.8 13.2 12.5 12.2 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.6 11.4 11.4 11.2
  Honduras 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
  Hungary 26.6 23.8 22.8 21.8 21.6 20.5 19.2 18.9 19.1 19.5 19.2 18.9 18.4 16.1 15.0 14.6 13.3 12.6 12.6 11.8
  Iceland 12.7 12.4 11.8 12.0 11.5 10.8 11.3 13.5 13.3 12.9 11.8 10.7 12.5 12.5 14.4 13.2 12.3 11.7 10.1 11.2
  India * 19.1 18.7 18.2 17.3 16.8 17.0 17.1 16.7 16.3 15.6 15.6 15.5 15.1 14.4 13.5 12.9 12.6 12.5 12.9 12.9
  Indonesia 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
  Iran * 8.0 7.7 7.3 6.8 6.5 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.1
  Iraq 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.7
  Ireland 12.1 12.5 11.5 11.3 11.1 11.0 10.2 10.8 11.4 13.3 11.2 11.8 11.7 10.5 10.5 8.7 9.4 9.3 9.2 8.9
  Israel 6.8 6.3 5.8 6.4 6.1 6.6 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.9 6.6 5.5 6.0 5.1 5.0 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.2
  Italy 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.8 4.4 4.3
  Jamaica 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3
  Japan * 18.1 17.5 17.9 19.5 18.4 18.8 18.4 19.1 19.0 19.5 18.8 18.4 17.0 16.7 15.8 14.9 13.7 13.5 13.4 12.2
  Jordan 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
  Kazakhstan * 39.4 39.4 38.3 39.0 39.3 38.6 37.2 37.2 33.8 29.6 29.4 28.3 27.3 26.2 24.2 23.4 22.0 21.2 19.4 18.1
  Kenya 15.8 14.7 13.9 13.2 12.2 12.9 12.7 13.0 12.8 12.1 11.9 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.1 10.6 10.5 10.6 11.0 11.0
  Kiribati 35.6 35.3 34.5 32.5 32.0 32.5 31.5 32.8 33.4 33.0 32.7 32.9 32.0 32.3 31.6 31.6 31.4 31.5 30.3 30.6
  Kuwait 3.1 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7
  Kyrgyzstan 17.6 16.4 16.2 15.2 14.2 14.5 14.4 13.7 13.2 12.8 12.4 12.3 11.9 11.4 11.5 10.9 9.6 9.2 8.9 8.3
  Laos 8.7 8.6 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0
  Latvia 29.6 27.5 27.1 24.5 22.1 22.1 19.1 17.0 21.7 21.7 18.6 18.2 19.4 16.7 17.2 17.1 17.1 17.1 14.3 16.1
  Lebanon 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.5 2.8
  Lesotho 42.6 40.4 42.6 45.7 47.1 46.7 55.4 61.3 77.8 84.6 86.9 91.1 102.0 111.4 116.2 114.5 107.1 96.3 93.1 87.5
  Liberia 8.8 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.5 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.5 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.4
  Libya 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.0 5.6 4.8 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.5 5.7 4.5
  Lithuania * 45.8 42.1 42.3 40.2 38.1 36.9 29.7 29.9 32.6 33.1 31.3 31.8 29.2 34.0 29.4 28.9 26.2 23.5 21.1 20.2
  Luxembourg 13.4 13.5 13.2 12.9 9.8 10.9 12.8 11.2 10.8 8.9 9.6 9.3 9.0 8.8 10.1 9.6 7.6 7.5 8.0 8.6
  Madagascar 10.8 10.6 10.8 11.0 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.8 9.5 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.2
  Malawi 19.2 17.9 16.5 15.7 15.0 14.3 14.8 15.4 15.2 15.9 16.0 14.6 13.7 13.0 12.8 12.6 12.2 11.7 11.0 10.6
  Malaysia 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.8
  Maldives 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
  Mali 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.0
  Malta 6.0 6.5 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.4 5.8 4.6 5.6 6.1 6.6 5.7 5.1 5.9 6.3 6.6 5.1 4.8 5.3 5.3
  Mauritania 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5
  Mauritius 11.5 9.8 11.0 7.6 8.0 8.7 9.0 10.0 6.4 8.6 7.4 8.6 9.2 7.8 9.9 7.5 7.6 9.6 8.2 8.8
  Mexico * 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.7 5.4 5.0 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.3
  Micronesia 28.0 27.3 26.3 26.3 27.1 27.6 27.4 27.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 27.5 27.6 27.4 27.4 28.4 28.2 28.7 29.1 29.0
  Mongolia 23.6 23.7 22.9 23.8 23.9 23.9 23.4 23.0 22.9 22.7 22.4 21.9 21.0 20.4 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.1 18.7 18.0
  Montenegro 18.9 17.7 17.8 18.3 18.4 18.7 19.2 17.6 17.3 17.2 16.5 17.0 17.1 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.1 16.3 16.4 16.2
  Morocco 10.8 10.8 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.5 9.5 9.2 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.3
  Mozambique * 20.9 20.8 20.8 20.9 21.1 21.4 21.6 21.8 23.1 24.6 25.3 25.9 26.5 26.0 24.7 24.0 23.4 23.1 23.2 23.2
  Myanmar 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
  Namibia 27.5 26.7 26.3 25.5 23.4 24.7 24.5 23.7 19.7 18.4 18.0 16.1 14.5 14.4 15.3 16.3 14.9 15.2 13.7 13.5
  Nepal * 10.9 10.4 10.1 10.0 9.8 10.0 9.7 10.0 10.2 10.5 10.5 10.7 10.6 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.8
  Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.4 8.0 8.1 8.3 8.1 7.1 7.4 7.8 8.1 8.4 8.9 9.5 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.1 9.3
  New Zealand 12.4 13.5 12.2 13.0 12.2 12.5 12.6 11.7 11.9 10.9 12.0 11.0 12.3 11.6 10.6 11.1 11.5 12.1 10.7 10.3
  Nicaragua 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.7 6.4 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.9 4.9 5.9 5.0 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.0 4.7
  Niger 9.5 9.8 9.7 10.0 9.8 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.4 10.4 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.1 10.1
  Nigeria * 9.2 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.8 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9
  North Macedonia 8.7 11.9 9.0 8.3 9.4 7.7 8.5 8.1 7.9 8.1 5.8 5.9 8.2 8.1 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2
  Norway 13.0 13.2 11.0 11.0 11.7 11.4 11.6 10.6 10.6 11.4 10.9 11.8 9.9 10.3 10.1 10.6 11.1 10.4 10.1 9.9
  Oman 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.1 5.5 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5
  Pakistan * 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.2 11.0 11.0 10.7 10.5 10.3 10.2 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.8
  Panama 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.3 6.1 5.3 6.0 5.2 5.6 5.1 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.0 3.4 3.2 2.9 2.9
  Papua New Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
  Paraguay 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.7 3.8 4.7 4.7 5.1 6.0 5.9 5.6 6.1 6.1 6.2
  Peru 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
  Philippines 2.3 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
  Poland 15.3 15.3 15.2 14.9 15.2 15.2 14.5 13.3 14.4 16.1 15.5 15.0 15.3 15.1 14.5 13.2 11.4 11.1 10.4 9.3
  Portugal 5.5 6.5 9.3 8.7 7.5 7.9 7.9 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.8 7.9 8.5 8.0 9.2 8.3 7.4 7.9 7.5 7.2
  Qatar 7.6 7.6 7.4 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.1 7.2 6.8 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.8 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.7
  South Korea * 13.9 14.8 17.8 22.3 23.1 24.0 20.8 23.2 24.4 28.8 28.0 27.9 24.0 23.8 22.4 21.2 20.5 19.3 21.3 21.2
  Moldova 16.3 17.7 16.6 17.1 16.6 17.1 17.5 15.3 16.8 17.1 17.6 13.3 14.6 14.4 14.5 13.7 13.4 12.4 11.9 12.2
  Romania * 11.3 10.8 12.3 11.6 10.8 10.2 10.6 9.4 9.5 10.0 10.7 9.9 10.3 9.9 9.0 9.1 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.3
  Russia * 48.9 47.1 46.1 45.4 43.9 43.6 39.1 36.3 35.4 33.3 33.0 31.1 29.8 29.1 29.4 27.9 26.9 24.4 23.4 21.6
  Rwanda 25.6 22.9 20.7 18.4 16.2 15.0 14.3 13.7 12.9 12.1 11.5 10.9 10.6 10.1 10.1 9.9 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.5
  Saint Lucia 8.1 8.1 7.4 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.7 7.2 7.9 7.0 7.6 6.9 8.2 7.7 8.2 7.9 6.7 7.1 7.1 6.9
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6.5 5.9 7.1 6.4 5.8 9.8 6.2 8.3 4.3 2.7 2.9 5.4 5.3 3.7 1.4 3.3 0.7 0.0 1.0 1.0
  Samoa 16.3 16.2 15.8 15.6 15.1 15.3 15.3 15.1 14.9 13.0 14.8 14.8 14.8 14.1 14.9 14.9 15.0 14.8 14.8 14.6
  São Tomé and Príncipe 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
  Saudi Arabia * 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4
  Senegal 14.4 13.9 13.7 13.6 13.4 13.3 13.0 12.5 12.7 12.4 12.4 12.1 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.8 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.0
  Serbia 18.9 17.8 17.8 17.0 16.7 15.6 15.0 14.4 14.0 14.8 12.4 13.2 13.3 13.0 12.0 11.7 10.6 0.3 7.9 7.9
  Seychelles 9.8 9.6 8.8 9.1 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.9 7.9 7.7
  Sierra Leone 10.1 10.5 10.7 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9 12.2 11.7 11.8 11.3 11.0 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3
  Singapore * 11.4 10.6 11.3 11.1 10.3 10.0 9.9 9.4 8.8 9.0 8.2 7.9 9.2 8.5 8.2 7.6 7.3 7.3 7.8 9.7
  Slovakia 12.6 12.3 12.7 13.0 11.9 11.6 12.2 11.7 10.5 10.5 11.1 10.4 10.2 9.9 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.3
  Slovenia 25.6 24.6 22.9 23.1 22.3 20.6 21.0 17.0 15.6 16.8 15.6 15.5 15.9 16.2 14.4 14.8 14.3 14.3 12.8 14.0
  Solomon Islands 17.4 17.1 17.2 17.6 16.5 16.8 16.8 18.1 18.7 18.7 18.6 18.5 18.4 18.2 18.1 17.9 17.8 17.8 17.7 17.4
  Somalia 16.8 16.5 16.6 16.6 16.8 16.6 16.2 15.9 16.0 16.0 15.4 15.3 15.3 15.2 15.2 15.0 14.8 14.9 14.8 14.7
  South Africa 26.6 26.9 28.0 28.7 27.9 27.5 26.5 27.4 29.4 29.2 26.9 24.4 24.6 25.1 25.3 25.6 25.3 25.8 24.4 23.5
  South Sudan 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.7
  Spain * 6.6 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.3
  Sri Lanka * 27.4 22.4 21.5 21.2 22.1 28.6 18.4 20.1 17.5 22.7 21.9 17.8 16.4 15.0 12.7 14.7 14.2 13.7 13.2 12.9
  Sudan 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
  Suriname 25.0 27.5 27.7 27.4 26.6 27.0 27.3 27.0 26.7 26.5 27.4 26.0 26.8 26.5 25.9 25.9 25.5 25.4 26.2 25.9
  Sweden * 12.2 12.8 12.6 11.7 11.9 12.7 12.1 11.9 12.4 13.1 12.0 12.0 12.3 13.0 12.3 13.0 12.2 12.5 12.7 12.4
  Switzerland * 15.9 15.0 16.0 13.8 13.6 14.1 13.9 14.0 13.5 12.1 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.7 10.0 10.5 9.8 10.4 9.9 9.8
  Syria 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.1
  Tajikistan 5.1 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3
  Thailand 11.6 10.5 10.4 10.2 9.9 8.5 8.3 7.7 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5 7.9 8.0
  East Timor 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.4 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.5
  Togo 17.3 17.7 18.1 18.6 18.7 18.8 19.2 19.0 18.9 18.5 18.2 18.1 18.0 17.8 17.4 16.7 16.0 15.4 14.9 14.8
  Tonga 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.7 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.4
  Trinidad and Tobago 16.2 16.1 14.9 12.9 12.6 12.0 10.7 10.5 12.8 10.4 10.6 9.2 8.9 10.1 9.8 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.5 8.3
  Tunisia 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2
  Turkey 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
  Turkmenistan 13.8 14.7 15.2 15.3 15.2 15.8 15.5 13.6 11.7 9.6 8.7 7.8 7.4 7.4 7.1 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.1 6.1
  Uganda 21.7 21.1 20.5 20.4 20.5 20.8 20.1 17.7 16.1 15.5 14.6 14.5 13.2 12.4 11.4 11.0 11.1 10.3 10.3 10.4
  Ukraine * 33.5 31.2 30.5 29.0 28.4 28.3 25.6 26.4 25.9 21.8 20.2 18.9 19.0 18.7 20.4 17.9 17.6 16.9 18.0 17.7
  United Arab Emirates 8.0 7.9 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.3 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.2
  United Kingdom * 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.0 7.2 6.9 6.9 6.7 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.4 7.4 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.1 6.9
  Tanzania 15.6 14.2 12.8 11.9 10.9 10.3 10.3 10.4 11.0 10.6 9.8 9.3 8.5 8.6 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.2 8.0 8.2
  United States * 10.0 10.3 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.7 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.4 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.0 12.4 12.9 13.7 14.4 14.1 14.5
  Uruguay 14.5 13.2 17.9 14.2 13.9 13.3 13.8 15.8 13.5 13.4 14.3 15.0 16.1 14.2 15.8 16.7 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.8
  Uzbekistan 12.0 11.7 11.3 10.4 9.8 10.2 9.6 9.3 8.9 8.2 8.3 8.6 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.3
  Vanuatu 23.2 22.8 22.8 22.5 21.9 21.4 22.2 22.0 21.7 22.5 22.1 21.8 21.9 21.8 21.1 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.0
  Venezuela 6.4 6.5 6.2 5.6 5.1 4.8 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.4 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
  Vietnam 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.2
  Yemen 8.5 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.1 7.1
  Zambia 24.0 22.7 22.3 21.5 22.5 22.1 21.8 19.8 19.0 19.0 19.7 19.8 18.5 17.9 17.7 17.3 16.7 16.7 15.9 14.4
  Zimbabwe 20.0 19.5 20.3 20.2 21.5 22.0 22.0 27.2 31.7 35.2 35.0 34.3 33.1 31.4 30.8 30.7 28.7 25.9 23.9 23.6

AnalysisEdit

Deaths per million persons from self-inflicted injuries in 2012. Countries by income group.
Suicide rates by income group in 2012 (per 100 000 people)[17]
Income group (% of global pop) Suicides, 2012
(in thousands)
Global % Rate
(2012)
Male:Female
(2012)
High-income countries (18.3%) 197 24.5% 12.7 3.5 : 1
Upper-middle-income countries (34.3%) 192 23.8% 7.5 1.3 : 1
Lower-middle-income countries (35.4%) 333 41.4% 14.1 1.7 : 1
Low-income countries (12.0%) 82 10.2% 13.4 1.7 : 1
Global  (100.0%) 804 100.0% 11.4 1.9 : 1

Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). Age-standardized rates account for the influence that different population age distributions might have on the analysis of crude death rates, statistically addressing the prevailing trends by age-groups and populations' structures, to enhance long term cross-national comparability: based on age-groups' deviation from standardized population structures, rates are rounded up or down (age-adjustment). Basically, the presence of younger individuals in any given age structure carries more weight: if the rate is rounded up that means the median age is lower than average for that region (or country), and vice versa when rounded down.

Most countries listed above report a higher male suicide rate, as worldwide there are about 3 male suicides out of 4, or a factor of 3:1 (for example,[18] in the United States was 3.36 in 2015, and 3.53 in 2016).[a]

Though age-standardization is common statistical process to categorize mortality data for comparing purposes this approach by WHO is based on estimates which take into account issues such as under-reporting, resulting in rates differing from the official national statistics prepared and endorsed by individual countries (and revisions are also performed periodically). Also, age-adjusted rates are mortality rates that would have existed if all populations under study had the same age distribution as a "standard" population. Plain, crude estimated rates are available at here and here. Countries with a population less than 100 000 are excluded.

  1. ^ The male-female ratio shown below is based on the age-standardized rates: as compared to WHO world standard population, women's median age and life expectancy might be greater than that of men's for that country when rounded up, and vice versa when rounded down.[19]

List by other sources and years (1985–2019)Edit

 
Suicide rate per 100,000 people by country (1978–2009)[20]

In this list various sources from various years are included, mixing plain crude rates with age-adjusted rates and estimated rates, so cross-national comparability is somewhat skewed.


* indicates "Suicide in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Mental Health in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Suicides per 100,000 people per year[21]
Country Male Female Overall Sources & Year
  Greenland * (Danish Realm) 84.99 28.44 58.28 2016[22][23][24]
  Lithuania * 65.1 12.4 24.4 2018[25][26]
  South Korea * 38.0 15.8 26.9 2019[27]
  Guyana * 41.25 10.20 25.52 2017[28][29]
  Kazakhstan * 40.68 8.01 23.81 2017[29]
  Slovenia 18.09 2016[25]
  Sri Lanka * [30][31] 14.6 2018
  Hungary [25] 17.98 2016
  Belarus * 20.5 2017[32]
  Taiwan (Estimate) [a] 20.1 2018[33]
  Ukraine * 22.4 2016[35]
  Uruguay 20.6 2020[36][37]
  Latvia 18.56 2016[25]
  Moldova 15.9 2016[38]
  Serbia [25] 13.52 2016
  Belgium 17.0 2016[39][note 3][40][note 4]
  Japan * 23.1 10.1 16.5 2018[41][42]
  Taiwan (Government data) [b] 21.8 11.1 16.4 2018[33]
  Croatia 16 2016[25][43]
  Bhutan * 12.16 2017[44]
  Austria 23.8 7.1 13.69 2016[25]
  South Africa 15.4 2005[45]
  Estonia 14.31 2016[25][46]
  France * 13.21 2016[25][46]
  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 2005
  Finland * 22.3 6.9 14.26 2016[25][47]
  EU 10.33 2016[25][48]
  United States * 21.8 6.0 14.5 2017[49][50][51]
  Poland 12.28 2016[25][52]
  Russia * 13.7 2017[53]
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.6 2012[54]
  Czech Republic 12.57 2016[25]
  Germany [25][55] 11.29 2016
  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 2008
  Bulgaria 9.24 2016[40]
  New Zealand 19.0 5.8 12.3 2014–15[56][57]
  Hong Kong * 16.2 8.8 12.3 2011[58]
  Sweden * 11.73 2016[25][59]
  Portugal 8.95 2016[40][60]
  Romania * 10.13 2016[25]
  Norway 12.08 2016[25]
  United Kingdom * 11.2 2018[61]
  Canada * 16.9 5.3 11.5 2009[62]
  Iceland 12.3 2016[25][63]
  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 2007
  Switzerland * 17 5.8 11.2 2011[64]
  Netherlands 18.0 6.0 12.0 2015[40]
  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 2006
  India * 13.0 7.8 10.5 2009
  Ireland 17.4 3.4 10.3 2013[65]
  Singapore * 13.3 7.3 10.3 2012[66]
  Australia *[citation needed] 12.7 2017
  Slovakia 7.48 2016[40]
  China * [67] 9.8 2014
  Venezuela 9.5 2019[68]
  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 2009
  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 1998
  Spain * 12.7 4.1 8.3 2013[69]
  North Macedonia 12.6 3.9 8.0 2009[40]
  El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 2008
  Italy 12.7 3.8 8.0 2016
  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 1990
  Luxembourg 13.2 2.9 7.8 2008[40]
  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 2008
  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 2009
  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 2008
  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 2009
  Thailand 9.7 2.58 6.03 2013[70]
  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 2011
  Israel 9.9 2.1 5.8 2007[71]
  Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 2006
  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 2008
  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 2007
  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 2008
  Iran * 3.9 2.1 4.8 2013[72][73]
  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 2005
  Cambodia 4.6 2008
  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 2009
  Turkey 6.34 1.90 4.12 2019[74]
  Albania 4.7 3.3 4.0 2003[75]
  Mexico * 6.8 1.3 4.0 2008
  Honduras 3.84 2011[76]
  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 2006
  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 2008
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 2008
  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 2008
  Cyprus 5.9 1.3 3.6 2009[40]
  Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 2008
  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 2006
  Greece * 6.1 1.0 3.5 2009
  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 2008
  Philippines 4.5 1.0 2.75 2005[77]
  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 2001
  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 2005
  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 2005
  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 2008
  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 2009
  Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 2005
  Pakistan * 1.45 0.71 1.10 2012[78]
  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 2000
  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 1987
  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 2007
  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 2005
  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 1990
  Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 1985
  Jordan 0.2 0.0 0.1 2008[79]
  Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 2009
  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 2008
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
  Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 2003
  Nepal * 0.0 0.0 0.0 2003
  1. ^ Nevertheless, jumping from a high building as well as drowning were commom methods of suicide in Taiwan,[note 2][33][34] indicating the potential risks of type I and type II errors and misuse of statistics within the gorvernment's report. Hence, if halves of the death rates of the drowning and fall that were shown in government's report were extracted and added into the self-inflicted deaths (intentional injury death of self), it yields 0.0201% which is thought better reflecting the real case.
  2. ^ Furthermore, jumping from a high building as well as drowning were common methods of suicide in Taiwan.[note 5][33][34]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The first global estimates on suicide mortality began in the early 1990s, as a single World Bank-commissioned study on general mortality data compiled by the WHO as the first work of its kind on the global burden of disease (GBD).[1] In the following years, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation acted as the coordinating center for the study then resulted in the collaboration between several researchers and institutions from many countries.[2]
  2. ^ In government's annual release, there were 3637 people per one hundred thousands of people in 2018 died of contacting poison, accidental fall, exposure to fire or smoke, accidental drowning including sinking beneath water to death in addition to the suicidal death that was equal to 3865 people per 100,000 people.
  3. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie" (in Dutch). 2011. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012.
  4. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ In government's annual release, there were 3637 people per one hundred thousands people in 2018 died of contacting poison, accidental fall, exposure to fire or smoke, accidental drowning, or sinking beneath water that were excluded from the statistical suicidal death figure equal to 3865 people per 100,000 people.
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 with a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).
  • Taiwan is not a member of the WHO. The Taiwanese government adopted the WHO standard in 2007. According to the Taiwanese government's self-released data, the figure is standardized based upon the population within Taiwan.[80][81]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project". World Health Organization.
  2. ^ "GBD History". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. 18 April 2014.
  3. ^ "With one suicide every 40 seconds, WHO urges action". 10 September 2019.
  4. ^ Värnik, P (March 2012). "Suicide in the world". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 9 (3): 760–71. doi:10.3390/ijerph9030760. PMC 3367275. PMID 22690161.
  5. ^ a b WHO (2002). "Self-directed violence" (PDF). www.who.int.
  6. ^ Colby Itkowitz (31 August 2016). "Men die by suicide at alarming rates. This hashtag tells men 'it's okay to talk' about their emotions". Washington Post.
  7. ^ John R. Cutcliffe (Editor), José Santos (Editor), Paul S. Links (Editor), Juveria Zaheer (Editor) (2016). Routledge International Handbook of Clinical Suicide Research. Routledge. ISBN 9781134459292.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Jodi O'Brien (Editor) (2009). Encyclopedia of Gender and Society (p. 817). SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781452266022.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Dan Bilsker, PhD, Jennifer White, EdD (2011). "The silent epidemic of male suicide". www.bcmj.org. BCMJ.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "GBD Result Tool". HealthData.org. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  11. ^ "2015 Suicide rates per (100 000 population) Crude rates Data by WHO region". WHO. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Suicide rate is highest in Europe: UN health agency report". euronews. 18 May 2017.
  13. ^ Global rates of suicide death have fallen by a third since 1990, study finds
  14. ^ Global, regional, and national burden of suicide mortality