List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation. Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook.[1][2][3]

As of 2018, 38 million people are estimated infected with HIV globally.[4]

The HIV pandemic is most severe in Southern Africa. Over 10% of all people infected with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 20% in Eswatini, Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%. Outside Africa, the highest prevalence rate is found in the Bahamas (3.3%).[5]

In absolute numbers, South Africa (7.2 million), followed by Mozambique (2.2 million), India (2.1 million) and Nigeria (1.8 million) had the highest HIV/AIDS number of cases by the end of 2019.[2][6] While South Africa's large population of HIV-positive people is attributable to its high disease prevalence (17.3%, one of the highest in the world), Nigeria's is lower at 1.3%, with India's prevalence rate at 0.2%.[1] However, countries such as Nigeria with high HIV rates above 1% are classified as having Generalized HIV Epidemics (GHEs) by UNAIDS, while India's prevalence is well below this threshold, with a prevalence lower than the US's and about the same as France.[7]

On the other end of the spectrum, Svalbard is reported as having no cases of HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS prevalence estimates tableEdit

This data was sourced from the CIA's world factbook[8] and UNAIDS AIDS info website[9] unless referenced otherwise. A horizontal dash - indicates the data was not published. Adult prevalence describes ages between 15 and 49.

Country Adult prevalence
of HIV/AIDS[1]
Number of people
with HIV/AIDS
Annual deaths
from HIV/AIDS[3]
Year of estimate
  Eswatini 27.10% 200,000 2,300 2019
  Lesotho 23.10% 340,000 4,800 2019
  Botswana 22.20% 380,000 5,000 2019
  South Africa 17.30% 7,500,000 72,000 2019
  Zimbabwe 13.40% 1,400,000 20,000 2019
  Namibia 12.70% 210,000 3,000 2019
  Mozambique 12.10% 2,200,000 51,000 2019
  Zambia 12.10% 1,200,000 17,000 2019
  Malawi 9.50% 1,100,000 13,000 2019
  Equatorial Guinea 7.00% 65,000 1,800 2019
  Uganda 6.10% 1,500,000 21,000 2019
  Tanzania 5.10% 1,700,000 27,000 2019
  Kenya 4.80% 1,500,000 21,000 2019
  Central African Republic 3.60% 100,000 3,800 2019
  Gabon 3.60% 51,000 1,100 2019
  Guinea-Bissau 3.40% 40,000 1,5000 2019
  Cameroon 3.20% 510,000 14,000 2019
  Congo, Republic of the 3.10% 100,000 4,500 2019
  Rwanda 2.90% 230,000 2,800 2019
  Cote d'Ivoire 2.70% 430,000 13,000 2019
  South Sudan 2.40% 190,000 9,100 2019
  Togo 2.30% 120,000 3,000 2019
  Gambia, The 2.00% 28,000 1,100 2019
  Haiti 1.90% 160,000 2,700 2019
  Belize 1.90% 4,900 - 2018
  Angola 1.80% 340,000 13,000 2019
  Bahamas, The 1.80% 6,000 - 2018
  Ghana 1.70% 340,000 14,000 2019
  Liberia 1.50% 47,000 1,900 2019
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.50% 1,200 - 2018
  Sierra Leone 1.50% 78,000 2,600 2019
  Guinea 1.40% 110,000 3,100 2019
  Guyana 1.40% 8,700 - 2019
  Jamaica 1.40% 32,000 1,000 2019
  Suriname 1.30% 5,800 - 2019
  Barbados 1.30% 2,600 - 2016
  Djibouti 1.30% 8,600 - 2016
  Nigeria 1.30% 1,800,000 45,000 2019
  Burundi 1.20% 85,000 1,800 2019
  Chad 1.20% 120,000 3,200 2019
  Mali 1.20% 140,000 5,800 2019
  Russian Federation[10] 1.20% 1,000,000 24,000 2017
  Trinidad and Tobago 1.20% 11,000 - 2016
  Thailand 1.10% 450,000 16,000 2016
  Ethiopia 1.10% 710,000 20,000 2016
  Benin 1.00% 67,000 2,400 2016
  Dominican Republic 1.00% 67,000 2,200 2016
  Ukraine 0.90% 240,000 8,500 2016
  Papua New Guinea 0.90% 46,000 1,100 2016
  Cabo Verde 0.80% 2,800 - 2016
  Panama 0.80% 21,000 - 2016
  Burma 0.80% 230,000 7,800 2016
  Burkina Faso 0.80% 95,000 3,100 2016
  Latvia 0.70% 6,600 - 2016
  Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.70% 370,000 19,000 2016
  Cambodia 0.60% 71,000 1,800 2016
  Venezuela 0.60% 120,000 2,500 2016
  Moldova 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
  Eritrea 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
  El Salvador 0.60% 24,000 - 2016
  Uruguay 0.60% 12,000 - 2016
  Brazil 0.60% 830,000 14,000 2016
  Georgia 0.50% 12,000 - 2016
  Mauritania 0.50% 11,000 - 2016
  Chile 0.50% 61,000 - 2016
  Guatemala 0.50% 46,000 1,600 2016
  Paraguay 0.50% 19,000 - 2016
  Niger 0.40% 48,000 3,400 2016
  Malaysia 0.40% 97,000 7,000 2016
  Indonesia 0.40% 620,000 38,000 2016
  Honduras 0.40% 21,000 - 2016
  Cuba 0.40% 25,000 - 2016
  Costa Rica 0.40% 13,000 - 2016
  Colombia 0.40% 120,000 2,800 2016
  Vietnam 0.40% 250,000 8,000 2016
  Argentina 0.40% 120,000 2,400 2016
  Belarus 0.40% 19,000 - 2016
  Somalia 0.40% 2016
  Senegal 0.40% 41,000 1,900 2016
  United States 0.30% 1,018,000 - 2017[11]
  India 0.20% 2,100,000 69,000 2017[12]
  Ecuador 0.30% 33,000 - 2016
  Bolivia 0.30% 19,000 - 2016
  Tajikistan 0.30% 14,000 - 2016
  Peru 0.30% 70,000 2,200 2016
  Italy 0.30% 130,000 - 2016
  Laos 0.30% 11,000 - 2016
  Mexico 0.30% 220,000 4,200 2016
  Armenia 0.20% 3,300 - 2016
  Ireland 0.20% 6,200 - 2016
  Kazakhstan 0.20% 26,000 - 2016
  Kyrgyzstan 0.20% 8,500 - 2016
  Lithuania 0.20% 2,900 - 2016
  Madagascar 0.20% 31,000 1,600 2016
    Nepal 0.20% 32,000 1,700 2016
  Netherlands 0.20% 23,000 - 2016
  Nicaragua 0.20% 8,900 - 2016
  Sudan 0.20% 56,000 3,000 2016
  Sweden 0.20% 11,000 - 2016
  Canada 0.17% 63,110 - 2016[13]
  Bhutan 0.16% 1 265[14] - 2018
  Greenland 0.13% 70 - 2018[15]
  Norway[16] 0.12% 6,277 77 2017
  Denmark 0.11% 6,500 - 2018[17]
  Albania 0.10% 1,700 - 2016
  Australia 0.10% 25,000 - 2016
  Fiji 0.10% 468[18] - 2019
  Taiwan[19] 0.10% 31,620 - 2016
  Azerbaijan 0.10% 9,200 - 2016
  Iran 0.10% 66,000 4,000 2016
  Romania 0.10% 16,000 - 2016
  Montenegro 0.04% 243[20] 4[21] 2019[20]
  Morocco 0.10% 22,000 - 2016
  Pakistan 0.10% 130,000 5,500 2016
  Malta 0.088% 453[22] - 2019
  Philippines 0.10% 56,000 - 2016
  Algeria 0.029% 13,000 - 2016
  Bangladesh - 12,000 1,000 2016
  Egypt - 11,000 - 2016
  Yemen - 9,900 - 2016
  Saudi Arabia 0.024% 8,200 - 2016
  Afghanistan - 7,500 - 2016
  Sri Lanka - 4,000 - 2016
  Bulgaria - 3,500 - 2016
  Czech Republic 0.051%[23] 3,122[24] - 2019
  Tunisia - 2,900 - 2016
  Serbia - 2,700 - 2016
  Lebanon 0.063% 3,750[25] - 2016
  Croatia - 1,500 - 2016
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.009% 350 - 2017
  China 0.09% 950,000 - 2018[26]
  France 0.30% 180,000 - 2018
  Germany 0.10% 87,000 - 2018
  Spain 0.30% 150,000 - 2018
  Portugal 0.50% 41,000 - 2018
  United Kingdom 0.20% 100,000 - 2017
   Switzerland 0.50% 17,000 - 2018[27]

See alsoEdit

By region:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  2. ^ a b "HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  3. ^ a b "HIV/AIDS – deaths - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  4. ^ "Global HIV & AIDS statistics — 2020 fact sheet". www.unaids.org. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  5. ^ "Fact book the Bahamas" (PDF). factbook.lincon.com. Retrieved 2020-07-04.
  6. ^ "The Hindu - India has 3rd-highest number of HIV-infected people: UN". The Hindu. 2014-07-17.
  7. ^ Kenyon, C.; Buyze, J. (2014). "Should the threshold for a generalised HIV epidemic be 1% or 5%?". International Journal of STD & AIDS. 25 (12): 898–900. doi:10.1177/0956462414526575. PMID 25278511. S2CID 10387855.
  8. ^ "Guide to Country Comparisons - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  9. ^ "AIDSinfo | UNAIDS". aidsinfo.unaids.org.
  10. ^ "HIV and AIDS in Russia". Avert. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  11. ^ "Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC". 2018-11-16.
  12. ^ "India". www.unaids.org.
  13. ^ "The epidemiology of HIV in Canada". www.catie.ca. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-01-26. Retrieved 2020-01-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Nye tilfælde af HIV blandt unge". Naalakkersuisut. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  16. ^ "HIV and AIDS prevelance in Norway". Avert. 2017-12-31. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  17. ^ "Hiv - opgørelse over sygdomsforekomst 2018". Statens Serum Institut. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  18. ^ "HIV cases a growing concern for Fijians: minister - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com.
  19. ^ "HIV月報105-03(更新).PDF".
  20. ^ a b "U Crnoj Gori sa HIV-om žive 243 osobe, omogućeno besplatno testiranje i savjetovanje". Cafe del Montenegro.
  21. ^ "CAZAS: Prošle godine 26 HIV/AIDS slučajeva, četiri osobe preminule". Cafe del Montenegro.
  22. ^ "Over 400 people in Malta have HIV". Times of Malta.
  23. ^ Calculated based on data from https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/121768532/1300642007.pdf/c80aeca5-b529-46c1-a58c-fc78e8024284?version=1.1
  24. ^ Graphs for the annual report on the occurrence and spread of HIV AIDS in the Czech Republic in 2019
  25. ^ "Around 3,750 HIV/AIDS cases in Lebanon | News, Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR". www.dailystar.com.lb.
  26. ^ "我国报告 存活感染者95.8万 艾滋病疫情处于低流行水平". 2019-12-01.
  27. ^ "Statistics on HIV/AIDS". Swiss AIDS Federation.

SourcesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

External linksEdit