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List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation. Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook. [1][2][3] As of 2015, it is estimated that there are 36.7 million people worldwide infected with HIV.[4]

The HIV pandemic is most severe in Southern Africa. Over 10% of all people living with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 20% in Eswatini (Swaziland), Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%. Outside Africa, the highest prevalence rate is found in the Bahamas (3.3%).[5]

In absolute numbers, South Africa (7.1 million), followed by Nigeria (3.2 million), and India (2.1 million) had the highest HIV/AIDS number of cases by the end of 2016.[6][7] While South Africa's large population of HIV-positive people is attributable to its high disease prevalence (18.9%, one of the highest in the world), Nigeria's is lower at 2.9%, with India's prevalence rate at 0.3%.[1]. However, countries such as Nigeria with high HIV rates above 1% are classified as having Generalized HIV Epidemics (GHEs) by UNAIDS, while India's prevalence is well below this threshold, with a prevalence lower than America's and about the same as France [8].

On the other end of the spectrum, Svalbard is reported as having no cases of HIV/AIDS, while Bhutan has a much larger population but still only an estimated 246 cases through 2011.[9]

Contents

HIV/AIDS prevalence estimates tableEdit

This data was sourced from the CIA's world factbook[10] unless referenced otherwise. A horizontal dash - indicates the data was not published. Adult prevalence describes ages between 15-49.

Country Adult prevalence
of HIV/AIDS [1]
Number of people
with HIV/AIDS [2]
Annual deaths
from HIV/AIDS [3]
Year of estimate
  Eswatini (Swaziland) 27.20% 220,000 3,900 2016
  Lesotho 25.00% 330,000 9,900 2016
  Botswana 21.90% 360,000 3,900 2016
  South Africa 18.90% 7,100,000 110,000 2016
  Namibia 13.80% 230,000 4,300 2016
  Zimbabwe 13.50% 1,300,000 30,000 2016
  Zambia 12.40% 1,200,000 21,000 2016
  Mozambique 12.30% 1,800,000 62,000 2016
  Malawi 9.20% 1,000,000 24,000 2016
  Uganda 6.50% 1,400,000 28,000 2016
  Equatorial Guinea 6.20% 35,000 - 2016
  Kenya 5.40% 1,600,000 36,000 2016
  Tanzania 4.70% 1,400,000 33,000 2016
  Central African Republic 4.00% 130,000 7,300 2016
  Cameroon 3.80% 560,000 29,000 2016
  Gabon 3.60% 48,000 1,500 2016
  Bahamas, The 3.30% 8,200 - 2016
  Rwanda 3.10% 220,000 3,300 2016
  Congo, Republic of the 3.10% 91,000 3,800 2016
  Guinea-Bissau 3.10% 36,000 2,000 2016
  Nigeria 2.90% 3,200,000 160,000 2016
  Cote d'Ivoire 2.70% 460,000 25,000 2016
  South Sudan 2.70% 200,000 13,000 2016
  Haiti 2.10% 150,000 4,600 2016
  Togo 2.10% 100,000 5,100 2016
  Angola 1.90% 280,000 11,000 2016
  Belize 1.80% 4,300 - 2016
  Sierra Leone 1.70% 67,000 2,800 2016
  Gambia, The 1.70% 20,000 1,100 2016
  Jamaica 1.70% 30,000 1,300 2016
  Liberia 1.60% 43,000 2,800 2016
  Guyana 1.60% 8,500 - 2016
  Ghana 1.60% 290,000 15,000 2016
  Guinea 1.50% 120,000 5,800 2016
  Suriname 1.40% 4,900 - 2016
  Barbados 1.30% 2,600 - 2016
  Djibouti 1.30% 8,600 - 2016
  Chad 1.30% 110,000 2,800 2016
  Trinidad and Tobago 1.20% 11,000 - 2016
  Thailand 1.10% 450,000 16,000 2016
  Ethiopia 1.10% 710,000 20,000 2016
  Burundi 1.10% 84,000 2,900 2016
  Benin 1.00% 67,000 2,400 2016
  Mali 1.00% 110,000 6,100 2016
  Dominican Republic 1.00% 67,000 2,200 2016
  Ukraine 0.90% 240,000 8,500 2016
  Papua New Guinea 0.90% 46,000 1,100 2016
  Cabo Verde 0.80% 2,800 - 2016
  Panama 0.80% 21,000 - 2016
  Burma 0.80% 230,000 7,800 2016
  Burkina Faso 0.80% 95,000 3,100 2016
  Latvia 0.70% 6,600 - 2016
  Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.70% 370,000 19,000 2016
  Cambodia 0.60% 71,000 1,800 2016
  Venezuela 0.60% 120,000 2,500 2016
  Moldova 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
  Eritrea 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
  El Salvador 0.60% 24,000 - 2016
  Uruguay 0.60% 12,000 - 2016
  Brazil 0.60% 830,000 14,000 2016
  Georgia 0.50% 12,000 - 2016
  Mauritania 0.50% 11,000 - 2016
  Chile 0.50% 61,000 - 2016
  Guatemala 0.50% 46,000 1,600 2016
  Paraguay 0.50% 19,000 - 2016
  Niger 0.40% 48,000 3,400 2016
  Malaysia 0.40% 97,000 7,000 2016
  Indonesia 0.40% 620,000 38,000 2016
  Honduras 0.40% 21,000 - 2016
  Canada 0.40% 180,000 - 2016
  Cuba 0.40% 25,000 - 2016
  Costa Rica 0.40% 13,000 - 2016
  Colombia 0.40% 120,000 2,800 2016
  Vietnam 0.40% 250,000 8,000 2016
  Argentina 0.40% 120,000 2,400 2016
  Belarus 0.40% 19,000 - 2016
  United States 0.30% 1,100,000 - 2015[11]
  Somalia 0.40% 2016
  Senegal 0.40% 41,000 1,900 2016
  India 0.30% 2,100,000 62,000 2016
  Ecuador 0.30% 33,000 - 2016
  Bolivia 0.30% 19,000 - 2016
  Tajikistan 0.30% 14,000 - 2016
  Peru 0.30% 70,000 2,200 2016
  Italy 0.30% 130,000 - 2016
  Laos 0.30% 11,000 - 2016
  Mexico 0.30% 220,000 4,200 2016
  Armenia 0.20% 3,300 - 2016
  Ireland 0.20% 6,200 - 2016
  Kazakhstan 0.20% 26,000 - 2016
  Kyrgyzstan 0.20% 8,500 - 2016
  Lithuania 0.20% 2,900 - 2016
  Madagascar 0.20% 31,000 1,600 2016
    Nepal 0.20% 32,000 1,700 2016
  Netherlands 0.20% 23,000 - 2016
  Nicaragua 0.20% 8,900 - 2016
  Sudan 0.20% 56,000 3,000 2016
  Sweden 0.20% 11,000 - 2016
  Albania 0.10% 1,700 - 2016
  Australia 0.10% 25,000 - 2016
  Fiji 0.10% - - 2016
  Taiwan [12] 0.10% 31,620 - 2016
  Azerbaijan 0.10% 9,200 - 2016
  Iran 0.10% 66,000 4,000 2016
  Romania 0.10% 16,000 - 2016
  Montenegro 0.10% - - 2016
  Morocco 0.10% 22,000 - 2016
  Pakistan 0.10% 130,000 5,500 2016
  Malta 0.10% - - 2016
  Philippines <0.10% 24,936 - April 2015 (Department of Health)
  Algeria - 13,000 - 2016
  Bangladesh - 12,000 1,000 2016
  Egypt - 11,000 - 2016
  Yemen - 9,900 - 2016
  Saudi Arabia 0.024% 8,200 - 2016
  Afghanistan - 7,500 - 2016
  Sri Lanka - 4,000 - 2016
  Bulgaria - 3,500 - 2016
  Czech Republic - 3,400 - 2016
  Tunisia - 2,900 - 2016
  Serbia - 2,700 - 2016
  Lebanon 0.0625% 3,750[13] - 2016
  Croatia - 1,500 - 2016
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.009% 350 - 2017

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

  1. ^ a b c "CIA world factbook - HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate".
  2. ^ a b "CIA world factbook - HIV/AIDS people living with".
  3. ^ a b "CIA world factbook - HIV/AIDS deaths".
  4. ^ "GLOBAL HIV AND AIDS STATISTICS". AVERT. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  5. ^ http://factbook.lincon.com/geos/print/country/countrypdf_bf.pdf
  6. ^ "UNAIDS.org - HIV and AIDS estimates (2013)".
  7. ^ "The Hindu - India has 3rd-highest number of HIV-infected people: UN". The Hindu. 2014-07-17.
  8. ^ Kenyon, C.; Buyze, J. (2014). "Should the threshold for a generalised HIV epidemic be 1% or 5%?". International Journal of STD & AIDS. 25 (12): 898–900. doi:10.1177/0956462414526575. PMID 25278511.
  9. ^ "The Ministry of Health has Detected…". Bhutan Observer online. 2011-08-01. Archived from the original on 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  10. ^ "CIA world factbook - country comparison".
  11. ^ "Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC". 2018-11-16.
  12. ^ "HIV月報105-03(更新).PDF".
  13. ^ "The Daily Star Lebanon - Around 3,750 HIV/AIDS cases in Lebanon".

External linksEdit