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List of countries by Fragile States Index

This is a list of countries by order of appearance in the Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index) of the United States think tank Fund for Peace.

A fragile state has several attributes. Common indicators include a state whose central government is so weak or ineffective that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality; refugees and involuntary movement of populations; and sharp economic decline.[1] Since 2005, the index has been published annually by the Fund for Peace and the magazine Foreign Policy. The list has been cited by journalists and academics in making broad comparative points about countries or regions.[2][3]

This is the list for 2018,[4] with comparisons of each country's current score to previous years' indices.

The report uses 12 factors to determine the rating for each nation, including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows.

Contents

Indicators of a fragile stateEdit

The following factors are used by Fund For Peace to ascertain the status of a country.[5]

SocialEdit

  • Mounting demographic pressures and tribal, ethnic and/or religious conflicts.
  • Massive internal and external displacement of refugees, creating severe humanitarian emergencies.
  • Widespread vengeance-seeking group grievances.
  • Chronic and sustained human flight.

EconomicEdit

PoliticalEdit

  • Delegitimization of the state.
  • Deterioration of public services.
  • Suspension or arbitrary application of law; widespread human rights abuses.
  • Security forces operating as a "state within a state" often with impunity.
  • Rise of factionalized elites.
  • Intervention of external political agents and foreign states.

2018 Fragile States IndexEdit

Rank Country 2018 score Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
1   South Sudan 113.4   0.5   0.4   1.1   0.5   2.8
2   Somalia 113.2   0.2   0.8   0.8   0.6   0.7
3   Yemen 112.7   1.6   1.2   4.6   7.3   5.7
4   Syria 111.4   0.8   0.6   3.5   9.8   14.0
5   Central African Republic 111.1   1.5   1.0   0.8   0.5   5.8
6   Democratic Republic of the Congo 110.7   0.7   0.7   1.0   0.5   1.2
7   Sudan 108.7   1.9   2.8   2.1   1.4   2.3
8   Chad 108.3   1.1   1.8   0.1   0.4   0.7
9   Afghanistan 106.6   0.7   1.3   1.3   0.1   0.1
10   Zimbabwe 102.3   0.7   1.8   2.3   0.5   2.9
11   Iraq 102.2   3.2   2.5   2.3     1.7
12   Haiti 102.0   3.3   3.1   2.5   2.3   3.8
13   Guinea 101.6   0.8   2.2   3.3   1.1   0.3
14   Nigeria 99.9   1.7   3.6   2.5   0.2   0.8
15   Ethiopia 99.6   1.5   2.4   2.1   1.7   0.7
16   Guinea-Bissau 98.1   1.4   1.7   1.8   2.5   3.0
17   Kenya 97.4   1.0   0.9     1.6   2.2
18   Burundi 97.4   1.5   3.3   0.7   0.3   0.2
19   Eritrea 97.2   0.9   1.4   0.3   1.7   2.2
20   Pakistan 96.3   2.6   5.4   6.6   6.7   6.6
21   Niger 96.2   1.2   2.2   1.6   1.7   2.8
22   Myanmar 96.1   0.4   0.2   1.4   1.8   1.5
23   Cameroon 95.3   0.3   2.5   1.0   2.2   1.8
24   Uganda 95.1   0.9   2.6   1.9   0.9   1.5
25   Libya 94.6   1.7   1.8   0.7   6.8   10.1
26   Cote d'Ivoire 94.6   1.9   3.3   5.4   7.1   8.9
27   Mali 93.6   0.7   1.6   0.5   3.8   4.3
28   North Korea 93.2   0.1   0.7   0.6   0.8   1.9
29   Republic of the Congo 93.1   0.3   0.9   2.3   3.5   3.1
30   Liberia 92.6   1.2   2.9   4.7   1.7   2.5
31   Mauritania 92.2   1.5   3.2   2.7   0.8   0.5
32   Bangladesh 90.3   1.2   0.4   1.5   2.5   2.2
33   Angola 89.4   1.7   1.1   1.3   2.0   2.3
34   Rwanda 89.3   1.5   2.0   0.9   1.2  
35   Sierra Leone 89.1   0.2   1.9   2.8   0.8   2.1
36   Egypt 88.7   1.1   1.5   1.3   2.3   1.9
37   Mozambique 88.7   0.3   0.9   1.8   2.8   5.9
38   Timor-Leste 88.3   2.2   2.5   2.3   2.7   3.2
39     Nepal 87.9   3.1   3.3   2.6   3.1   3.9
40   Swaziland 87.5   1.3   0.1   1.2   1.7   1.9
41   Zambia 87.2   0.6   0.9   2.0   1.0   0.6
42   Djibouti 87.1   1.8   2.6   1.0     1.6
43   Gambia 87.1   2.3   0.3   1.7   4.0   5.3
44   Lebanon 86.8   1.4   2.8   1.3   0.1   0.5
45   Burkina Faso 86.5   1.5   2.9   2.7   2.5   3.7
46   Venezuela 86.2   3.3   4.6   7.6   9.5   10.9
47   Philippines 85.5   1.1   0.8   0.8   0.2   2.7
48   Malawi 85.5   2.5   2.1   1.4   3.6   3.7
49   Togo 85.2   1.3   0.6   1.6   2.6   2.6
50   Sri Lanka 84.9   1.7   2.8   5.7   7.7   8.0
51   Papua New Guinea 84.8   1.6   1.4   1.4   0.7   0.1
52   Iran 84.3   1.5   2.6   2.9   2.9   5.4
53   Cambodia 84.0   1.7   3.4   3.9   4.5   4.0
54   Madagascar 83.6   0.4   0.6     0.5   0.9
55   Equatorial Guinea 83.4   1.6   1.8   1.4   1.9   2.7
56   Solomon Islands 83.1   1.7   2.2   2.8   3.3   2.1
57   Comoros 82.6   2.2   1.2   0.7   2.5   1.4
58   Turkey 82.2   1.4   4.9   7.7   8.1   6.3
59   Guatemala 81.8   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.5   1.1
60   Laos 80.7   1.7   3.7   3.8   3.6   3.0
61   Lesotho 80.1   1.6   0.8   0.2   1.5   0.7
62   Senegal 79.6   2.7   4.0   3.4   3.2   1.8
63   Tajikistan 79.5   2.3   4.3   3.9   5.1   5.7
64   Tanzania 79.4   0.9   2.4   1.4   1.4   1.7
65   Uzbekistan 79.1   2.4   4.4   6.3   7.2   7.8
66   Kyrgyzstan 78.6   1.7   2.5   3.6   5.3   7.1
67   Israel/  West Bank
(weighted average)
78.5   0.4   1.2   0.9   1.0   2.3
68   Honduras 77.3   1.8   2.5   0.9   0.6   1.0
69   Russia 77.2   2.0   3.8   2.8   0.7   0.1
70   Jordan 76.8   1.9   1.2   0.1   0.1   1.1
71   Colombia 76.6   2.3   3.6   5.9   6.5   7.2
72   India 76.3   1.6   3.3   3.1   0.6   1.2
73   Algeria 75.8   1.0   2.5   3.8   3.0   2.9
74   Benin 75.7   1.9   3.2   3.1   2.5   2.2
75   Nicaragua 75.3   2.1   3.7   3.7   3.1   3.9
76   Bolivia 75.2   1.6   3.3   2.8   3.7   5.6
77   Thailand 75.0   1.2   3.8   4.1   2.0   0.1
78   Azerbaijan 74.6   1.7   1.7   2.7   3.2   3.6
79   Fiji 74.5   2.4   1.7   2.3   4.5   6.3
80   Micronesia 74.4   2.0   2.7   0.8   0.2   1.5
81   Bhutan 74.3   1.7   3.3   4.4   6.6   7.5
82   Ecuador 74.2   3.1   1.4   1.7   3.1   4.4
83   Morocco 74.0   0.9   0.2   0.6   0.4   0.3
84   Georgia 74.0   2.5   4.9   5.3   8.7   10.2
85   South Africa 72.9   0.6   3.0   5.9   6.3   5.3
86   Turkmenistan 72.6   1.8   3.4   4.9   5.6   4.1
87   Ukraine 72.6   1.4   2.9   3.7   5.4   6.7
88   Gabon 72.5   1.3   0.5   1.2   0.3   0.4
89   Maldives 72.4   2.0   1.6   1.8   3.0   3.0
90   China 72.4   2.3   2.5   4.0   6.6   8.5
91   Indonesia 72.3   0.6   2.6   2.7   4.5   5.9
92   São Tomé and Príncipe 72.1     0.8   1.6   3.7   2.5
93   Tunisia 72.1   2.1   2.5   3.7   5.4   4.4
94   Mexico 71.5   2.8   1.1   0.3   0.4   1.6
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 71.3   1.7   3.3   6.1   4.6   5.2
96   El Salvador 71.2   1.9   1.3   0.2   0.8   2.0
97   Belarus 70.5   1.9   3.4   5.1   4.5   6.2
98   Guyana 70.4   0.9   0.5   0.1   0.6   0.4
99   Saudi Arabia 70.2   1.0   2.0   1.4   2.9   2.5
100   Peru 70.1   0.2   1.9   1.8   2.8   2.2
101   Paraguay 69.8   1.8   2.8   1.5   1.8   2.0
102   Moldova 69.5   2.5   3.7   3.5   5.6   7.0
103   Armenia 69.5   1.5   0.1   0.2   1.8   1.8
104   Dominican Republic 69.2   0.2   1.6   2.0   4.2   4.0
105   Namibia 68.8   1.6   2.3   2.0   2.7   1.6
106   Brazil 68.7   0.5   3.4   6.1   7.3   6.6
107   Vietnam 68.4   1.8   2.3   4.0   4.3   4.7
108   Ghana 68.1   1.6   3.1   3.8   2.6   1.0
109   Serbia 68.1   1.9   3.9   5.7   3.9   6.3
110   Cape Verde 68.0   2.1   3.5   5.5   6.1   5.7
111   Samoa 65.5   1.6   2.1   2.7   3.8   3.2
112   Macedonia 64.8   1.3   2.2   0.3   1.6   3.2
113   Bahrain 64.4   0.5   1.0   0.1   0.3   1.5
114   Suriname 64.0   1.9   2.7   4.4   6.6   7.2
115   Belize 63.7   1.8   2.3   1.6   3.3   3.5
116   Malaysia 63.6   1.8   2.5   2.3   2.6   2.5
117   Kazakhstan 63.4   2.5   3.1   4.9   5.1   6.4
118   Jamaica 63.1   2.1   1.9   1.5   1.8   2.5
119   Cuba 62.9   1.7   3.4   4.5   7.9   9.9
120   Botswana 62.0   1.8   1.5   0.8   2.5   2.0
121   Cyprus 60.3   2.3   3.7   5.9   7.6   6.7
122   Albania 60.1   0.4   1.1   1.8   3.5   5.1
123   Grenada 59.9   1.6   3.1   3.5   5.3   4.7
124   Brunei 59.8   1.8   2.2   3.2   3.8   3.4
125   Seychelles 56.8   2.6   3.4   5.3   6.9   7.2
126   Kuwait 55.9   2.6   2.6   1.6   3.1   3.7
127   Antigua and Barbuda 55.6   0.8   0.6   2.2   3.4   2.4
128   Montenegro 55.3   0.4   0.1   1.1   0.4   0.9
129   Greece 55.3   2.2   0.6   2.7   3.2   4.7
130   Mongolia 54.9   1.8   1.7   2.1   3.2   2.9
131   Trinidad and Tobago 54.6   2.1   3.2   4.1   6.7   8.0
132   Oman 52.6   0.1   1.0   0.6   0.5   0.6
133   Bulgaria 51.7   2.0   2.0   3.7   2.7   3.3
134   Hungary 50.2   1.8   2.5   1.1   1.9   2.6
135   Bahamas 50.0   2.4   1.6   1.6   4.1   4.7
136   Panama 49.5   1.2   3.7   5.1   6.2   6.3
137   Romania 49.4   1.5   3.5   4.8   7.5   8.0
138   Croatia 48.7   1.9   3.7   2.3   4.2   5.4
139   Barbados 48.2   1.4   0.8   1.1   3.2   2.6
140   Qatar 48.1   4.1   3.0   1.8   0.8   1.0
141   Argentina 46.1   2.1   2.3   1.5   1.2  
142   Latvia 44.9   1.5   2.5   3.7   3.1   3.0
143   Italy 43.8   1.4   0.7   0.6   0.4   0.8
144   Costa Rica 43.2   0.9   1.9   3.5   5.3   5.5
145   Estonia 43.0   1.7   0.4   0.8   2.2   2.3
146   United Arab Emirates 42.8   0.9   1.7   3.4   4.8   4.5
147   Slovakia 42.5   1.8   2.4   0.1   2.8   2.8
148   Poland 41.5   0.7   0.8   1.7   0.6   0.6
149   Spain 41.4   3.5   1.6   0.5   1.7   3.0
150   Chile 40.7   0.4   1.2   0.8   1.3   1.6
151   Mauritius 40.5   1.2   2.7   4.7   5.6   4.0
152   Lithuania 39.4   2.3   3.0   3.6   3.8   3.6
153   Czech Republic 39.0   1.1   1.8   1.6   0.4   0.9
154   United States 37.7   2.1   3.7   2.4   2.3   4.2
155   Malta 36.2   2.4   3.4   4.7   6.8   6.2
156   South Korea 35.7   2.4   0.4   0.6   0.7   0.3
157   Uruguay 35.4   1.4   0.8   1.1   2.5   3.0
158   Japan 34.5   2.9   0.6   1.5   1.8   1.6
159   United Kingdom 34.3   1.1   1.9   0.9     1.1
160   France 32.2   1.3   2.3   1.5   2.6   0.4
161   Singapore 30.4   2.1   2.5   4.0   5.5   3.6
162   Slovenia 30.3   2.1   3.6   1.3   2.3   2.0
163   Belgium 29.7   1.1   0.7   0.7   2.3   1.2
164   Portugal 27.3   1.7   1.9   2.4   5.8   5.3
165   Austria 26.2   1.5   1.3   0.2   2.3   0.7
166   Netherlands 26.2   1.2   2.0   0.6   2.4   0.7
167   Germany 25.8   2.3   2.8   2.3   4.8   3.9
168   Canada 21.5   1.1   2.3   4.2   5.9   4.5
169   New Zealand 20.9   1.7   0.4   1.7   3.2   1.8
170   Sweden 20.8   1.3   1.8   0.6   0.6   1.1
171   Australia 20.8   1.5   1.7   3.5   5.5   4.6
172   Luxembourg 20.8   2.6   3.3   1.4   3.8   2.5
173   Ireland 20.7   1.6   1.8   4.0   5.4   4.1
174   Iceland 20.3   2.2   2.5   3.1   5.6   4.4
175   Denmark 19.8   1.7   1.7   1.7   3.0   2.1
176    Switzerland 19.2   1.9   2.6   3.1   4.1   2.3
177   Norway 18.3   2.2   2.9   2.5   4.7   3.2
178   Finland 17.9   0.8   0.9   0.1   0.8   0.1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "What Does "State Fragility" Mean?". Fund for Peace. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Failing States: SOS". The Economist. June 19, 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  3. ^ Bloom, David E. (May 5, 2011). "Africa's Daunting Challenges". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Fragile States Index 2018". The Fund for Peace.
  5. ^ "Fragile States Index and CAST Framework Methodology". The Fund for Peace.

External linksEdit