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This is a list of all the consonants which have a dedicated letter in the International Phonetic Alphabet, plus some of the consonants which require diacritics, ordered by place and manner of articulation.

Ordered by place of articulationEdit

Labial consonantsEdit

(articulated by using the lips)

Bilabial consonantsEdit

Labiodental consonantsEdit

Bidental consonantsEdit

Coronal consonantsEdit

(articulated by using the tip of the tongue)

Dental consonantsEdit

Alveolar consonantsEdit

Postalveolar consonantsEdit

Palatalized postalveolar consonantsEdit
Retroflex consonantsEdit

Dorsal consonantsEdit

(articulated with the middle of the tongue)

Palatal consonantsEdit

Labialized palatal consonantsEdit

Velar consonantsEdit

Labialized velar consonantsEdit
Labial–velar consonantsEdit

Uvular consonantsEdit

Laryngeal consonantsEdit

(articulated with the throat)

Pharyngeal consonantsEdit

Glottal consonantsEdit

Ordered by manner of articulationEdit

Pulmonic consonants

Nasal (stop) consonantsEdit

Fricative consonantsEdit

Sibilant fricatives
Central non-sibilant fricatives
Lateral fricatives
both fricatives and approximants
Pseudo-fricatives

Affricate consonantsEdit

Sibilant affricates
Non-sibilant affricates
Lateral affricates

Approximant consonantsEdit

Flap (tap) consonantsEdit

Trill consonantsEdit

Lateral consonantsEdit

Approximants
Fricatives
Affricates
Flaps
Ejective
Clicks

Ejective consonantsEdit

Plosives
Affricates
Fricatives

Implosive consonantsEdit

Labialized consonantsEdit

Plosives
Fricatives
Approximants

Palatalized consonantsEdit

Pharyngealized consonantsEdit

Velarized consonantsEdit

Click consonantsEdit

The less common clicks, such as are found in Taa, are not included.

Simple clicks
Glottalized clicks
Pulmonic-contour clicks
Ejective-contour clicks

Percussive consonantsEdit

These are not found in any language, but occur as phonetic detail or through speech defects.

See alsoEdit