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List of English terms of venery, by animal

  (Redirected from List of collective nouns)
A skein of geese

This is a list of English terms of venery (venery being an archaic word for hunting), comprising terms from a tradition that arose in the Late Middle Ages, at least partly from the Book of Saint Albans of 1486, a historic list of "company terms". The present list also includes more common collective terms (such as "herd" and "flock") for some animals.

Standard terms for particular groups are listed first in each group and shown in bold.


Subject Collective noun Notes Sources
A
antelopes herd [1]
ants army [2]
colony [2][3]
nest [2]
swarm [2]
apes shrewdness [1][4][5]
troop [2]
asses herd [2]
drove when driven in a group [2]
pace or passe [2][3]
B
baboons troop [2][5]
badgers cete [2][3][5][6]
bats colony [3]
bears sleuth or sloth [2][3][5]
beavers colony [2]
family [2]
bees swarm [5]
drift [5]
Hum [5]
grist [3]
birds flock [5]
flight [5]
pod [5]
bitterns sedge or sege [3][4][7][8]
boars sounder 12 or more [6]
buffaloes herd [3][5]
bullfinches bellowing [5]
bullocks drove when driven in a group [5]
butterflies swarm [9]
flutter [10]
kaleidoscope [11]
C
capercaillie tok [12]
capons mews [13]
caribou herd [13]
cats clowder [2][3]
glaring [14]
pounce [3]
destruction feral cats [5][15]
cattle mob when driven in a group [16]
chickens clutch [5]
cheetahs coalition males only [17]
choughs chattering or clattering [4][5][6][18][19]
colts rag [3][5][6]
rake [5]
cormorants gulp [20]
coots covert [4][5][8]
coyotes pack [21]
cranes herd [4][5][8]
sedge or sege [3][7]
siege [22]
crocodiles bask [3]
crows murder, horde or wake (when feeding) [3][5][6]
curlews herd [4][5][6][8]
D
deer herd [5]
parcel [23]
dogs pack [5]
dolphins pod [24][25]
dotterel trip [3][5][26]
doves dole or dule fanciful [3][4][5]
flight [8]
ducks badling or badelynge [3][8]
paddling on water [3][5]
plump [27][28]
raft on water [3][5]
dunlins fling [5]
E
eagles convocation [3]
eels bed [2]
elephants herd [3]
elk gang [5][6]
herd [5]
F
falcons cast [29]
ferrets business corruption over time of 'busyness' [3][6]
busyness [4]
besyness
fesynes
fesnyng
feamyng
ghost words arising from successive misspellings of "busyness" [30]
finches charm or chirm [3][5]
fish school [31]
shoal [32]
flamingoes stand [3]
flamboyance [33]
colony [33]
regiment [33]
flies business [3]
foxes leash [3]
skulk [3]
frogs army [3]
G
geese flock on land [3]
gaggle on land [3][5][8]
skein in flight [3][5]
giraffes herd [5]
tower [3]
gnats cloud [3][5]
horde [3]
goats flock [5]
trip [5]
goldfinches charm [8]
gopher slice [34]
gorillas band [3]
goshawks flight [4]
grackles plague [35]
grasshoppers cloud [3]
grouse covey [5]
guineafowl rasp [36]
H
hawks boil two or more spiralling in flight [3]
cast [3][4]
kettle flying in large numbers [3]
lease [4]
hens brood [8]
herons sedge or sege [3][4][6][7][8]
siege [3][5]
hippopotamuses bloat or herd [3]
hogs parcel See also boars, pigs, swine [37][38]
hornets nest [3]
horses haras or harrase [3]
string [3]
stud [3]
team in harness [3]
hounds pack [39]
hyenas clan
I
ibex herd [40]
J
jackdaws clattering [41]
train [41][42]
jays party [3]
scold [3]
jellyfish fluther [5]
smack [3][5]
K
kangaroos mob [2]
troop [2][3]
kittens kindle [5]
L
lapwings deceit or desert [3][4][5][6][43]
larks bevy [5]
exaltation [4][5][6][8]
leopards leap or lepe [2][3][5]
lions pride [2][3][5]
sawt [5][44]
locusts plague [3]
M
magpies charm [3]
gulp [3]
murder [3]
tiding [3][4][5]
mallards sord [3][5][8]
suit or sute [5][8]
flush [45]
mares stud [5][6]
martens richesse or richness [3][5]
mice nest [2]
moles labor or labour [2][3][5]
monkeys barrel [2][3]
troop [3][5]
wilderness [46]
moose herd [2]
mules barren [2][3][5][6]
span [2][3]
N
nightingales watch [4][5][8]
O
octopuses rally [2]
opossums passel [47]
owls parliament [2][3][6]
oxen drove [2]
team [2][3]
yoke [2][3]
oysters bed [2][3]
P
parrots company [2][3]
pandemonium [2]
partridges covey [3][5][8]
peacocks muster [3][5][6][8]
ostentation [2][3]
pride [2]
pelicans pod [2]
penguins colony on land [2][3]
convent [2]
creche fledglings PenguinWorld
raft group swimming PenguinWorld
tuxedo [48]


pheasants bouquet [2][3]
head [5]
nest [3]
nide [3]
nye [2][3][5][6][8]
pigs drift See also boars, hogs, swine [2][3]
drove [2][3]
pigeons kit flying together [5]
platypuses pandemonium [citation needed]
plovers congregation [4][5][8]
stand [5]
wing [5]
Q
quail bevy [2][3][4][5][8]
covey [2][3]
drift [5]
R
rabbits colony [3]
nest [3]
herd domestic only [3]
litter young rabbits only [3]
raccoons gaze [2]
rats mischief [49]
ravens unkindness [4][5]
rhinoceroses crash or herd [2][3][5]
rooks building [4][5][8]
parliament [5][6]
S
seals pod [5]
sea urchins herd [50][51]
seagull squabble
sharks shiver [52]
sheep flock [2][3]
drove when driven in a group [3]
herd [3]
hurtle [2]
pack [2]
sheldrake dopping [8][53]
snakes bed [2]
den [2]
knot [2]
nest [3]
pit [2]
snipes walk [5][6][8]
whisp or wisp [5]
sparrows host [2][3][4][5][8]
spiders cluster or clutter [2]
squirrels dray [2][3]
scurry [2][3]
starlings chattering [2][18]
murmuration [2][4][5][6][8]
storks mustering [2][3]
phalanx when migrating [54]
swallows flight [2][3][8]
swans bank on the ground [2]
bevy [2][3]
flight [2]
game [5]
herd [2][8]
wedge in flight [2][3][5]
swifts scream [55]
swine drift [6]
T
teal spring [3][4][5][8]
tigers ambush [2]
streak [2][3]
toads knot [2][3]
nest [2]
trout hover [2][3]
turkeys gang [3]
rafter [2][3]
turtles bale [2][3]
dole or dule [2][8]
nest [3]
turtle doves dole or dule [4]
pitying [3]
V
vipers nest [3]
vultures kettle in flight [56]
committee while resting [56]
wake when feeding [56]
W
walruses herd [3]
pod [3]
waterfowl bunch [5]
knob fewer than 30 (fanciful) [57]
raft [5]
weasels colony [2]
pack [2]
whales gam [2][3]
herd [3]
mob [2]
pod [2][3]
wigeons company [3][5]
trip [5]
wildfowl bunch [5]
knob fewer than 30 (fanciful) [57]
plump [5]
trip [5]
wolves pack [2][3]
rout or route when in movement [2][3]
wombats wisdom [58]
woodcocks fall [3][4][5][8]
woodpeckers descent [2][3][5]
wrens herd [4][5]
Z
zebras herd [2]
dazzle [59]
zeal [2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do "Common Questions: What Do You Call a Group of...?". archived copy of Animal Congregations, or What Do You Call a Group of.....?. U.S. Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-13.
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  19. ^ "clattering" – via The Free Dictionary.
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Further readingEdit