This is a list of cities in Turkmenistan. For a full list of settlements see the list of cities, towns and villages in Turkmenistan.
Which municipalities are categorized as "cities" is established by law in Turkmenistan. Cities fall into three categories: one city equivalent to a province (the capital city, Ashgabat), cities "equivalent to a district" (Turkmen: etrap hukukly), and cities "in a district" (Turkmen: etrapdaky). By law cities equivalent to a district must have a population of more than 30,000 and must be either a provincial capital or be one of the economic, cultural and administrative centers in its province. Cities "in a district" are subordinated to the district (etrap) government and are administered jointly. By law they must have a population of more than 8,000, and must possess industrial enterprises, construction and transport organizations, utilities, municipally owned housing stock, socio-cultural institutions, trade and social services. The government maintains a list of municipalities broken out by category, but publishes this list irregularly, and does not post it online. An authoritative list of Turkmenistan's municipalities based on published official Turkmen decrees and laws is on the OpenStreetMap wiki. The most recent published version of the list was released in 2012.
Districts and cities with district status are headed by a presidentially appointed häkim (district governor or city mayor). Two cities in Turkmenistan, Ashgabat and Turkmenbashy, are further subdivided into boroughs with district status, each with its häkim. Cities "in a district" and towns are headed by an elected council (Turkmen: geňeş) chaired by an arçyn, who serves as both council chair and mayor.
Municipalities designated as citiesEdit
Unless otherwise annotated, population figures are as of 2010 (estimate). Provincial capitals are bolded. Cities with district status are italicized.
Changes in 2022Edit
The former cities of Gumdag and Hazar were downgraded to town status in November 2022, and thus have been removed from this list. The cities previously named Gurbansoltan Eje adyndaky, Nyýazow, and Serdar were renamed Andalyp, Shabat, and Gyzylarbat, respectively. The new city of Arkadag was formally incorporated on 20 December 2022 by act of the Turkmen parliament.
- Districts of Turkmenistan
- List of renamed cities in Turkmenistan
- List of cities, towns and villages in Turkmenistan
- OpenStreetMap: Turkmenistan Geoname Changes
- OpenStreetMap: Districts in Turkmenistan (authoritative list of all municipal structures as of 5 January 2018)
Notes and referencesEdit
- ^ a b "Turkmenistan § Administrative_Structure". Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- ^ a b Çaryýew, B.; Ilamanow, Ýa. (2010). Türkmenistanyň Geografiýasy. Ashgabat: Türkmenistanyň Bilim Ministrligi.
- ^ "Districts in Turkmenistan". Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- ^ "Türkmenistanyň Mejlisiniň 2010-njy ýylyň 10-njy maýynda kabul eden № 112-1V kararyna GOŞUNDY Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş>çäk birlikleriniň SANAWY" (PDF). 27 August 2012. pp. 77–141.
- ^ formerly Çärjew
- ^ from 1999 to 2022 Serdar
- ^ formerly Krasnovodsk
- ^ formerly Gowurdak
- ^ a b "Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана об отнесении к категории города нового современного административного центра Ахалского велаята и присвоении ему наименования" (in Russian). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 21 December 2022.
- ^ "Главный план города Аркадаг ахалского велаята на 2022 год (Main Plan of the City of Arkadag of Ahal Province for 2022)" (in Russian). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 21 December 2022.
- ^ formerly Atamyrat
- ^ formerly Gurbansoltan eje adyndaky, Ýylanly
- ^ formerly Gazanjyk or Gazandzhyk
- ^ formerly Guşgy
- ^ formerly Çarşaňňy
- ^ formerly Garrygala
- ^ formerly Galkynyş
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу". Archived from the original on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- ^ formerly Nyýazow, Täzebazar
- ^ formerly Birata
- ^ formerly Kirovsk
- ^ formerly Bekdash
- ^ formerly Gyzyletrek
- ^ formerly Oktyabrsk
- ^ formerly Karabekaul
- ^ formerly Yuzhnyy
- ^ a b "Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана" (in Russian). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 10 November 2022.
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