List of cities in East Africa

The following is a list of the largest cities by population and of capital cities in the geographic region of East Africa. Because population counts in each country occur at different times, the list of numbers is meant as a rough indicator of relative size.

List of capital citiesEdit

City Country Population (approximate)[1] Year of approximation Notes Area Image
Addis Ababa   Ethiopia 3,384,569 2008 Capital Horn of Africa
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Alexandria   Egypt 5,200,000 2018 Nile Valley
Alexandria, Egypt
Antananarivo   Madagascar 1,299,080 2013[2] Capital Indian Ocean islands
Antananarivo, Madagascar
Asmara   Eritrea 963,000 2020[citation needed] Capital Horn of Africa
Asmara, Eritrea
Berbera   Somaliland 60753 2005 Horn of Africa
Berbera, Somaliland
Blantyre   Malawi 994,500 2018 Southeast Africa
Blantyre, Malawi
Bujumbura   Burundi 1,056,169 2019 Former capital East African Community
Bujumbura, Burundi
Cairo   Egypt 19,500,000 2018 Capital Nile Valley
Cairo, Egypt
Dakahlia   Egypt 6,577,000 2018 Nile Valley
Dakahlia, Egypt
Dar es Salaam   Tanzania 4,364,541 2012 East African Community
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Dire Dawa   Ethiopia 607,321 2008[citation needed] Horn of Africa
Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Djibouti City   Djibouti 475,322 2009 Capital Horn of Africa
Djibouti City, Djibouti
Dodoma   Tanzania 410,956 2012 Capital East African Community
Dodoma, Tanzania
Gharbia Governorate   Egypt 5,066,000 2018 Nile Valley
Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
Gitega   Burundi 125,989 2019[3] Capital East African Community
Gitega, Burundi
Giza   Egypt 8,800,000 2018 Nile Valley
Giza, Egypt
Harare   Zimbabwe 1,606,000 2016 Capital Southeast Africa
Harare, Zimbabwe
Hargeisa   Somaliland 1,960,000 2019 Capital Horn of Africa
Hargeisa, Somaliland
Helwan   Egypt 1,295,854 2010 Nile Valley
Helwan, Egypt
Hobyo   Somalia 1,211,800 N/A Horn of Africa
The Beach at Hobyo, Somalia
Juba   South Sudan 525,953 2017 Capital Nile Valley
Juba, South Sudan
Kampala   Uganda 1,507,114 2014 Capital East African Community
Kampala, Uganda
Keren   Eritrea 146,483 2012 Horn of Africa
Keren, Eritrea
Khartoum   Sudan 1,974,647 Capital Nile Valley
Khartoum, Sudan
Kigali   Rwanda 1,132,686 2012 Capital East African Community
Kigali, Rwanda
Kisumu   Kenya 1,268,826 2017 East African Community
Kisumu, Kenya
Kitwe   Zambia 522,092 2010 Southeast Africa
Kitwe, Zambia
Lilongwe   Malawi 1,227,100 2018 Capital Southeast Africa
Lindi   Tanzania 41,549 2002 East African Community
Lindi, Tanzania
Lusaka   Zambia 1,742,979 2009 Capital Southeast Africa
Lusaka, Zambia
Mahajanga   Madagascar 246022 2018 Indian Ocean islands
Mahajanga, Madagascar
Malakal   South Sudan 147,450 2014 Nile Valley
Mamoudzou   Mayotte 71,437 2017 Capital Indian Ocean islands
Mamoudzou, Mayotte
Maputo   Mozambique 1,101,170 2017 Capital Southeast Africa
Maputo, Mozambique
Mbarara   Uganda 195,013 2014 East African Community
Mbarara, Uganda
Mogadishu   Somalia 2,425,000 2017 Capital Horn of Africa
Mogadishu, Somalia
Mombasa   Kenya 1,500,000 2017 East African Community
Mombasa, Kenya
Muhanga   Rwanda 87,613 2015 East African Community
Muhanga, Rwanda
Moroni   Comoros 54,000 2011[citation needed] Capital Indian Ocean islands
Moroni, Comoros
Mutsamudu   Comoros 25,471 2010 Indian Ocean islands
Mutsamudu, Comoros
Muyinga   Burundi 100,715 2012 East African Community
Mwanza   Tanzania 706,543 2012 East African Community
Mwanza, Tanzania
Nacala   Mozambique 225,034 2017 Southeast Africa
Nacala, Mozambique
Nairobi   Kenya 6,448,342 2017 Capital East African Community
Nairobi, Kenya
Ngozi   Burundi 86000 2017 Southeast Africa
Omdurman   Sudan 1,200,000 Nile Valley
Omdurman, Sudan
Port Louis   Mauritius 149,194 2015 Capital Indian Ocean islands
Port Louis, Mauritius
Qalyubia   Egypt 5,703,000 2018 Nile Valley
Qalyubia, Egypt
Saint-Denis   Réunion 146,985 2015 Capital Indiban Ocean islands
Saint-Denis, Reunion
Saint-Paul   Réunion 104,646 2015 Indian Ocean islands
Saint-Paul, Reunion
Sharkia   Egypt 1,340,060 2010 Nile Valley
Victoria   Seychelles 26,450 2010 Capital Indian Ocean islands
Victoria, Seychelles

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2015. United Nations Statistics Division. 2016.
  2. ^ "Madagascar: Major cities and localities". Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  3. ^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-01-11.