List of cities founded by Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great founded, substantially re-established, or renamed numerous towns and cities.

Ancient cities founded by Alexander the Great in Central and South Asia

Below are some of these cities[1] (with present-day locations):

Modern Bulgaria

Modern Turkey

  • Alexandria by the Latmus, possibly Alinda
  • Alexandria near Issus; İskenderun preserves the name, but probably not the exact site.
  • Smyrna. According to the legend, after Alexander hunted on the Mount Pagus, he slept under a plane tree at the sanctuary of Nemesis. While he was sleeping, the goddess appeared and told him to found a city there and move into it the Smyrnaeans from the "old" city. The Smyrnaeans sent ambassadors to the oracle at Clarus to ask about this, and after the response from the oracle they decided to move to the "new" Smyrna.[2]

Modern Syria

Modern Jordan

  • Jerash, some sources claim that the city was founded by Alexander or soldiers of Alexander.[5]
  • Other cities in the region also claimed Alexander as their founder.[5]

Modern Egypt

Modern Iraq

  • Alexandria in Susiana, later Charax Spasinu
  • Alexandria of Mygdonia, probably in the area of Erbil[6]
  • Alexandria on the Pallakopas, on the Pallakopas canal near Babylon[7]

Modern Iran

Modern Tajikistan

Modern Uzbekistan

  • Alexandria Tharmata, at or close to modern Termez[7]

Modern Turkmenistan

  • Alexandria in Margiana, formerly Merv

Modern Afghanistan

Modern Pakistan

Modern India

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Alexander's City Foundations". Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 7.5
  3. ^ Isidoros of Charax, Parthian Stations, § 1.2
  4. ^ Périple de Marcien d'Héraclée, Épitome d'Artemidore, Isidore de Charax, etc., ou, Supplément aux dernières éditions des Petits géographes, p.248
  5. ^ a b Getzel Cohen (2006). The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa. University of California Press. p. 250. doi:10.1525/california/9780520241480.001.0001. ISBN 9780520241480. S2CID 126460543.
  6. ^ a b The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, ALEXANDRIAN FOUNDATIONS Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Soviet Central Asia, India
  7. ^ a b c d e f Getzel Cohen (2013). The Hellenistic Settlements in the East from Armenia and Mesopotamia to Bactria and India. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520953567.
  8. ^ muhammad-bagher al-majlisi, bahaar-ol-anvaar
  9. ^ Pliny, Nat. 6.29
  10. ^ François Laouenan (1884). Du brahmanisme et de ses rapports avec le judaisme et le christianisme. La Mission Catholique.
  11. ^ Erdosy, M. "Places: 59677 (Alexandrou Limen/Portus Macedonum)". Pleiades.