List of cities and towns in Bangladesh

This article presents a list of cities and towns in Bangladesh. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives of Bangladesh, there are 532 urban centres in Bangladesh.[1][2][3]

Map of Bangladesh

The bureau defines an urban centre with a population of 100,000 or more as a "city". All together, there are 42 such cities in Bangladesh. 11 of these cities can be considered major cities as these are governed by "City Corporations". All of the "City Corporation"-governed cities currently have a population of more than 200,000 (which is not a criterion for the status). Besides the 11 major cities, there are 31 other cities in Bangladesh that are not governed by "City Corporations", rather by "Municipal Corporations". A city with a population of more than 5,000,000 is defined by the bureau as a "megacity". Dhaka is the only megacity in Bangladesh according to this definition.[2] Together, Dhaka and the port city of Chittagong account for 48% of the country's urban population.[4]

An urban centre with a population of less than 100,000 is defined as a "town". In total, there are 490 such towns in Bangladesh.[2] Among these, 287 towns are governed by "Municipal Corporations". These are called "Paurashava"s in the local Bengali language. All together, including the ones governing 31 non-major cities, there are 318 Municipal Corporations.

In addition, there are another 203 towns which are Upazila centres (and other urban centres) and not governed by any Municipal Corporation or "Paurashava". These are the non-Municipal Corporation or "non-Paurashava" towns.[2][3]

In 1951, Bangladesh was mostly a rural country and only 4% of the population lived in urban centres. The urban population rose to 19% in 1991 and to 26% by 2005. As of 2011, Bangladesh has an urban population of 28%.[2] The rate of urban population growth is estimated at 2.8%. At this growth rate, Bangladesh's urban population will reach 79 million or 42% of the population by 2035. The urban centers of Bangladesh have a combined area of about 10600 square kilometers, which is 7% of the total area of Bangladesh. As such, Bangladesh has a very high urban population density: 4028 persons per square kilometer (2011), whereas the rural density is significantly lower: 790 persons per square kilometer (2011).[1] The number of municipalities have tripled from 104 municipalities in 1991 to 318 municipalities in 2011.[4]

Major citiesEdit

There are 11 major cities in Bangladesh which are governed by 12 City Corporations. These are: Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Khulna, Bogura, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Comilla, Barisal, Rangpur, Mymensingh, Gazipur and Narayanganj. Among these, Dhaka is a megacity, governed by 2 City Corporations.

Rank City Area(km2)[2] Population (2020)[2] District Division
1. Dhaka 306 12,540,000 Dhaka Dhaka Division
2. Chittagong 171 3,920,000 Chittagong Chittagong Division
3. Khulna 88.7 1,500,689[5] Khulna Khulna Division
4. Rajshahi 46.2 994,000 Rajshahi Rajshahi Division
5. Narayanganj 46.8 940,700 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
6. Gazipur 80.4 770,000 Gazipur Dhaka Division
7. Sylhet 48 700,000 Sylhet Sylhet Division
8. Barishal 25.5 420,000 Barishal Barishal Division
9. Rangpur 25.5 388,000 Rangpur Rangpur Division
10. Comilla 24.4 376,000 Comilla Chittagong Division
11. Mymensingh 21.6 355,400 Mymensingh Mymensingh Division

Gallery of major cities in BangladeshEdit

Metropolitan areasEdit

Eight (8) of the aforementioned major cities are also part of eight bigger metropolitan areas. Metropolitan areas can be loosely defined as a major city combined with some of its adjacent municipalities and peri-urban areas. The eight metropolitan areas of Bangladesh are the Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal, Sylhet, Gazipur and Rangpur metropolitan areas. cumilla will be the next metropolitan

CitiesEdit

These are other cities of Bangladesh which are governed by Municipal Corporations .

Rank City Area(km2) Population(2020) District Division
1. Bogra 69.56[6] 540,000[6] Bogra Rajshahi Division
2. Kushtia 42.79[7] 418,312[8] Kushtia Khulna Division
3. Savar 14.08 315,100 Dhaka Dhaka Division
4. Jessore 21.15 298,000 Jessore Khulna Division
5. Dinajpur 22.80 2,76,000 Dinajpur Rangpur Division
6. Brahmanbaria 22.49 270,400 Brahmanbaria Chittagong Division
7. Feni 27.00 2,95000 Feni Chittagong Division
8. Jhenaidah 32.42 252,500 Jhenaidah Khulna Division
9. Tangail 29.04 235,000 Tangail Dhaka Division
10. Sirajganj 31.27 231,000 Sirajganj Rajshahi Division
11. Chandpur 22 220,000 Chandpur Chittagong Division
12. Cox's Bazar 20.15 218,000 Cox's Bazar Chittagong Division
13. Jamalpur 55.25 215,000 Jamalpur Mymensingh Division
14. Naogaon 38.36 210,000 Naogaon Rajshahi Division
15. Narsingdi 14.8 208,400 Narsingdi Dhaka Division
16. Pabna 27.27 204,600 Pabna Rajshahi Division
17. Maijdee 23.79 202,000 Noakhali Chittagong Division
18. Faridpur 19.78 182,500 Faridpur Dhaka Division
19. Chuadanga 36.12 174,000 Chuadanga Khulna Division
20. Satkhira 31.16 1,73,700 Satkhira Khulna Division
21. Saidpur 24.50 1,72,200 Nilphamari Rangpur Division
22. Tarabo 24.60 1,71,000 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
23. Bhairab 17.27 1,58,000 Kishoreganj Dhaka Division
24. Kishoreganj 11.20 1,47,400 Kishoreganj Dhaka Division
25. Magura 18.60 1,28,000 Magura Khulna Division
26. Sherpur 13.75 1,23,600 Sherpur Mymensingh Division
27. Noapara 25.30 1,18,000 Jessore Khulna Division
28. Netrokona 12.2 1,13,300 Netrokona Mymensingh Division
29. Gaibandha 10.34 1,04,000 Gaibandha Rangpur Division
30. Manikganj 15.27 1,01,000 Manikganj Dhaka Division

Source: 2011 Bangladesh census[9]

Gallery of some municipal citiesEdit

TownsEdit

The following is a list of towns in Bangladesh governed by Municipalities.

Division Number Towns
Barisal Division 26
Chittagong Division 64
Dhaka Division 63
Khulna Division 37
Mymensingh Division 27
Rajshahi Division 62
Rangpur Division 31
Sylhet Division 20

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b About Us, Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of Local Government, Bangladesh, archived from the original on 9 October 2018, retrieved 9 October 2018
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014
  3. ^ a b Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2017 (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2018
  4. ^ a b Elisa Muzzini; Gabriela Aparicio (11 April 2013), Bangladesh: The Path to Middle-Income Status from an Urban Perspective, World Bank Publications, p. 51
  5. ^ "About KCC". Khulna City Corporation. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b http://bograpaurashavabd.org/2016/04/29/detail-information-of-bogra-paurashava/
  7. ^ http://municipality.kushtia.gov.bd/site/page/3ed097e8-0fbf-48c5-8371-2ec343f0f870/%E0%A6%8F%E0%A6%95%20%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%87
  8. ^ http://municipality.kushtia.gov.bd/site/page/3ed097e8-0fbf-48c5-8371-2ec343f0f870/%E0%A6%8F%E0%A6%95%20%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%87
  9. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 26 September 2017.

External linksEdit