List of cities and towns in Bangladesh

This article presents a list of cities and towns in Bangladesh. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives of Bangladesh, there are 532 urban centres in Bangladesh.[1][2]

The bureau defines an urban centre with a population of 100,000 or more as a "city". Altogether, there are 43 such cities in Bangladesh. 11 of these cities can be considered major cities as these are governed by City Corporations. All of the City Corporation-governed cities currently have a population of more than 200,000, which is not a criterion for the status, because currently 17 cities in Bangladesh have a population of more than 200,000. Besides the 11 major cities, there are 32 other cities in Bangladesh that are not governed by "City Corporations", rather by "Municipal Corporations". A city with a population of more than 10,000,000 is defined by the bureau as a megacity.[failed verification] Dhaka is the only megacity in Bangladesh according to this definition.[3] Together, Dhaka and the port city of Chittagong account for 48% of the country's urban population.[4]

An urban centre with a population of less than 100,000 is defined as a "town". In total, there are 490 such towns in Bangladesh.[3] Among these, 287 towns are governed by "Municipal Corporations". These are called "Paurashava"s in the local Bengali language. Altogether, including the ones governing the 32 other non-major cities, there are 318 Municipal Corporations.

In addition, there are another 203 towns which are Upazila centres (and other urban centres) and not governed by any Municipal Corporation or "Paurashava". These are the non-Municipal Corporation or "non-Paurashava" towns.[3][2]

In 1951, Bangladesh was mostly a rural country and only 4% of the population lived in urban centres. The urban population rose to 20% in 1991 and to 24% by 2001. In 2011, Bangladesh had an urban population of 28% and the rate of urban population growth was estimated at 2.8%.[3] At this growth rate, Bangladesh's urban population would reach 79 million or 42% of the population by 2035. The urban centers of Bangladesh have a combined area of about 10600 square kilometers, which is 7% of the total area of Bangladesh. As such, Bangladesh has a very high urban population density: 4028 persons per square kilometer (2011), whereas the rural density is significantly lower: 790 persons per square kilometer (2011).[1] The number of municipalities tripled from 104 municipalities in 1991 to 318 municipalities in 2011.[4]

Major cities edit

There are eleven major cities in Bangladesh that are governed by twelve city corporations, which include Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chattogram, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Barisal, Cumilla, Gazipur, and Narayanganj. Among these, Dhaka is a megacity, governed by two city corporations, and has a population of more than 10 million.[5] It was formerly governed by the Dhaka City Corporation, until it was split into North and South in 2011. The populations of the cities in the table below are from the 2022 census.[6]: 386–387 

Rank City Area(km2)[3] Population (2022)[7] District Division Photos
1 Dhaka 306 10,295,786 Dhaka Dhaka Division  
2 Chattogram 155 3,230,507 Chattogram Chattogram Division  
3 Gazipur 47 2,677,715 Gazipur Dhaka Division  
4 Narayanganj 13 967,951 Narayanganj Dhaka Division  
5 Khulna 51 719,557 Khulna Khulna Division  
6 Rangpur 69 708,570 Rangpur Rangpur Division  
7 Mymensingh 90 577,000 Mymensingh Mymensingh Division  
8 Rajshahi 42 553,288 Rajshahi Rajshahi Division  
9 Sylhet 58 532,839 Sylhet Sylhet Division  
10 Cumilla 53 440,233 Cumilla Chattogram Division  
11 Barisal 58 419,484 Barisal Barisal Division  

Metropolitan areas edit

All eleven of the aforementioned major cities are designated as metropolitan areas: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Mymensingh, Barisal, Rangpur, Cumilla, Narayanganj and Gazipur. Metropolitan areas can be loosely defined as a major city combined with some of its adjacent municipalities and peri-urban areas.

Cities edit

In addition to the 11 major cities governed by City Corporations, there are many minor cities which are governed by Municipal Corporations (pourashava). Area figures come from the 2011 census or Paurashava websites. Those with populations of over 100,000 (as of 2022 census) are given below:[6]: 388–394 

City Area (km2) Population (2022) District Division
Brahmanbaria 22.49 264,326 Brahmanbaria Chattogram
Chandpur 26.82 203,436 Chandpur
Cox's Bazar 24.45 196,374 Cox's Bazar
Feni 22 234,350 Feni
Lakshmipur 19.4 132,220 Lakshmipur
Chowmuhani 20.70 100,048 Noakhali
Maijdee 23.79 132,185
Rangamati 64.75 106,060 Rangamati
Savar 14.08 384,093 Dhaka Dhaka
Faridpur 66.24 237,266 Faridpur
Kaliakair 27.16 249,100 Gazipur
Sreepur 47.25 258,946
Gopalganj 16.9 108,508 Gopalganj
Bhairab 15.71 156,293 Kishoreganj
Kishoreganj 11.3 138,051
Tarabo 19.39 197,658 Narayanganj
Ghorashal 26.50 101,689 Narsingdi
Narsingdi 20.95 180,699
Tangail 33.8 212,858 Tangail
Jashore 28.56 209,330 Jashore Khulna
Jhenaidah 44.33 140,256 Jhenaidah
Kushtia 66 221,804 Kushtia
Magura 44.36 114,240 Magura
Satkhira 32.39 138,397 Satkhira
Jamalpur 55.25 158,873 Jamalpur Mymensingh
Netrakona 29.40 122,279 Netrakona
Sherpur 123,513 Sherpur
Bogura 71.56 485,944 Bogura Rajshahi
Chapai Nawabganj 201,000 Chapai Nawabganj
Naogaon 38.36 178,635 Naogaon
Pabna 27.27 175,982 Pabna
Sirajganj 31.27 450,000 Sirajganj
Dinajpur 22.8 212,275 Dinajpur Rangpur
Saidpur 30.04 143,536 Nilphamari
Thakurgaon 100,459 Thakurgaon

Towns edit

The following is a list of towns in Bangladesh governed by Municipal Corporations.

Division Number Towns
Dhaka Division 23
Chattogram Division 31 Raipur
Sylhet Division 20
Khulna Division 24
Barishal Division 23
Mymensingh Division 25
Rajshahi Division 15
Rangpur Division 14

Urban areas by population edit

Dhaka is by far the largest urban area as well as the largest metropolitan area in Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city and urban area in Bangladesh as well as the second largest metropolitan in Bangladesh.

Khulna is the third largest city and second largest port city of the country after Chittagong. Also, the adjoining areas of Khulna are abided by port-related business, industry, governmental foreign investment, and some well-known mega projects. This city also has a rich history of industrialization through the British period. Khulna has also a significant number of tourism industries centered on the largest mangrove forest of the world, the Sundarbans. Sylhet city is also the third developed city within Khulna and Rajshahi. Sylhet is also marked as an economically stronger city compared to other cities after Dhaka and Chittagong. Sylhet city also got a richer regional economy for remittances and the tourism industry. Rajshahi is also a big city and is known as the educational city of Bangladesh due to its well-marked educational institutions with better results and better educational performances. So we can say that the best 5 cities in Bangladesh are Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, and Rajshahi. Other major cities with a stronger economy and developer infrastructure after these five best cities are Cumilla, Bogra, Rangpur, Tangail, Faridpur, Barishal, Gazipur, Narayanganj, Jessore, Kushtia, Patuakhali, Feni, Cox's Bazar, Mymenshing, Dinajpur, Pabna, Brahmanbaria, Narsingdi, Bholo, Gopalganj, Thakurgao, Chuadanga, Madaripur, etc.

The following table shows the largest populated area within a local government area.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b About Us, Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of Local Government, Bangladesh, archived from the original on 9 October 2018, retrieved 9 October 2018
  2. ^ a b Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2017 (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2018
  3. ^ a b c d e Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014, pp. ix, xi, 24–26, 167
  4. ^ a b Elisa Muzzini; Gabriela Aparicio (11 April 2013), Bangladesh: The Path to Middle-Income Status from an Urban Perspective, World Bank Publications, p. 51
  5. ^ "Dhaka polulace crosses 1 crore". 27 July 2022. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  6. ^ a b Population and Housing Census 2022 National Report (PDF). Vol. 1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. November 2023.

External links edit