List of Jurchen chieftains

The Jurchens were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria (present-day Northeast China) until the 17th century, when they adopted the name Manchu.

List of Jurchen chieftains during the Liao dynasty (926–1115)Edit

"Tamed" Jurchens or Shu Jurchen (熟女眞)Edit

"Wild" Jurchens or Sheng Jurchen (生女眞)Edit

  • Wanyan Hanpu 完顏函普 (金始祖) (941–960)
  • Wanyan Wulu 完顏烏魯 (金德帝) (960–962)
  • Wanyan Bahai 完顏跋海 (金安帝) (962–983).
  • Wanyan Suike 完顏綏可 (金獻祖) (983–1005): In 1003, under his leadership the Wanyan tribe united five tribes in a federation called the "Five Nations" (wuguobu 五國部: Punuli (蒲努里/蒲奴里/蒲聶), Tieli 鐵驪, Yuelidu (越裡篤國), Aolimi (奧里米國), and Puali 剖阿里國).
  • Wanyan Shilu 完顏石魯 (金昭祖) (1005–1021)
  • Wanyan Wugunai 完顏烏古迺 (金景祖) (1021–1074): Meanwhile, King Hyung ordered to continue and finish the work of building a wall (Cheolli Jangseong) from Song-ryung Pass (in the mouth of the Yalu River ner Uiju in the west to the borders of the Jurchen tribe in the north-east around Hamheung)
  • Wanyan Helibo (完颜劾里钵) Shizu (金世祖) (1074–1092)
  • Wanyan Pochishu 完顏頗剌淑 (金肅宗) (1092–1094)
  • Wanyan Yingge (完颜盈歌) Muzong (金穆宗) (1094–1103)
  • Wanyan Wuyashu (完顏烏雅束/完颜乌雅束) Kangzong (金康宗) b. 1061 (1103–1113)
  • Wanyan Aguda (完颜阿骨打) Taizu (金太祖) b. 1068 (1113–1123)

The Jin dynasty (1115–1234)Edit

List of Jurchen chieftains during the Yuan dynasty (1234–1368)Edit

List of Jurchen chieftains during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644)Edit

List of Jianzhou Jurchens chieftainsEdit

Located on the banks of Hun River(渾江)

Odoli Clan (1405–1616) (俄朵里 or 斡都里 or 斡朵里 or 吾都里 or 斡朵怜)Edit

  • Bukūri Yongšon (布库里雍顺)
  • Mengtemu (孟特穆) or Möngke Temür (童孟哥帖木兒) (1405–1433) (Temple name: Zhàozǔ 肇祖)
  • Cungšan (充善) b. 1419 (1433–1467) (Temple name: Chúndì 纯帝)
  • Fanca († 1458)
  • Tolo (妥罗) (1467–1481) (Temple name: Xīngdì 兴帝)
  • Sibeoci Fiyanggū (锡宝齐篇古) (1481–1522) (Temple name: Zhèngdì 正帝)
  • Fuman (福满) (1522–1542) (Temple name: Xingzu 兴祖)

Huligai Clan (胡里改) (1403–? )Edit

  • Ahacu (阿哈出) (Li Sicheng) (李思誠) († 1409–1410)
  • Šigiyanu 釋加奴 (Li-Hsien-chung/Li Xianzhong) (李顯忠)
  • Li-Man-chu (Li Manzhu (李滿住) (b. 1407 – † 1467)

The Maolian (毛憐) Jurchens (1405–?)Edit

Synonyms: Wu-liang-ha, Orankha, Oranke (兀良哈/乙良哈) according to Korean records, Orangai (瓦爾哈;オランカイ) according to Japanese records.
Location: They settled south of the Suifen River (绥芬河 or 速平江), on the north-west of Hui-ning under the leadership of one of Ahacu (阿哈出)'s sons.


Udige Clan (兀狄哈)Edit

  • They invaded Joseon territory in 1402, in 1410, in 1436 (see 곽승우(郭承祐) and 조연(趙涓)), in 1460 with the Oranke (see also 신숙주(申叔舟))
  • They were beaten by the Korean General Heo Jong 허종(許琮) (1434–1494) in 1491, under Seongjong of Joseon's reign (see also 조산보(造山堡) and 나사종(羅嗣宗))

Suksuhu River / Suksuhu bira (蘇克素護 or 苏克苏护 毕拉) Clan: Aisin GioroEdit

  • Wang Gao (王杲) († 1575)
  • Atai (阿台) (1575–1583) & 阿海 & 阿弟
  • Nikan Wailan (尼堪外兰) († 1586)
  • Giocangga (觉昌安) (1542–1571) (Temple name: Jǐngzǔ 景祖)
  • Taksi (塔克世) (1571–1583) (Temple name: Xiǎnzǔ 显祖)
  • Nurhaci (努尔哈赤) (Temple name: 太祖)

Hunehe Bira (唿呐呵 毕拉 or 渾河 部)Edit

Wanggiya (汪佳)Edit

Donggo (董鄂)Edit

Jecen aiman (哲陳 部)Edit

Neyen (訥殷)Edit

Jušeri (珠舍哩 or 图色哩)Edit

List of Haixi Jurchens chieftainsEdit

Located near the banks of Songhua River

Hulun confederation (扈伦)Edit

  • Kesina 克什纳

Yehe or Yehe Nara (葉赫 / 叶赫) ClanEdit

Location: banks of Yehe River south of Changchun

  • Singgen Darhan 星垦达尔汉/星根達爾漢
  • Sirke Minggatu 席尔克明噶图/席爾克明噶圖
  • Cirgani 齐尔噶尼/齊爾噶尼
  • Jukungge 祝孔格/褚孔格
  • Taicu 太杵
  • Yangginu (楊吉砮) & Cinggiyanu (淸佳砮) († 1584)
  • Narimbulu (纳林布录) (1584–1613) 庚寅
  • Jintaiji (金台石) (1613–1619) (己巳)

Hata/Hada Clan (哈達 / 哈达) (1543–1601)Edit

Location: south of the Yehe Clan (east of Kaiyuan), the southernmost among the Haixi Jurchens.

Ula (烏拉/乌拉) Clan (1405–1616)Edit

Location: Hulan River (north of Harbin)

  • Buyan 布顔
  • Bugan 布干
  • Mantai (满泰) (?–1596), the father of Lady Abahai (阿巴亥)
  • Bujantai (布占泰) (1596–1618), the younger brother of Mantai

Hoifa Clan (輝發 / 辉发) (?–1607)Edit

List of Yeren Jurchens (野人) chieftainsEdit

Other important chieftainsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit