List of chief ministers of Gujarat

The Chief Minister of Gujarat is the chief executive of the government of the Indian state of Gujarat. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. The chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits, given that he has the confidence of the assembly.[1]

Chief Minister of Gujarat
Government Of Gujarat Seal In All Languages.svg
CM--Shri-Bhupendrabhai-Patel.png
Incumbent
Bhupendrabhai Patel

since 13 September 2021
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofGujarat Legislative Assembly
ResidenceBungalow No. 26, Ministers’ Enclave, Sector-20, Gandhinagar
AppointerGovernor of Gujarat
Term length5 years subject to the confidence of the assembly.[1]
No term limits
Inaugural holderJivraj Narayan Mehta
Formation1 May 1960
(62 years ago)
 (1960-05-01)
DeputyVacant

The state of Gujarat was created on 1 May 1960, composed of the Gujarati-speaking districts of Bombay State following the Mahagujarat Movement.[2] Jivraj Narayan Mehta of the INC was the inaugural chief minister. Narendra Modi of the BJP is the longest serving chief minister for twelve and a half years from 2001 to 2014. He resigned in 2014 to become the 14th Prime Minister of India. He was succeeded by Anandiben Patel who became the state's first woman chief minister. The current Chief Minister is Bhupendrabhai Patel of the BJP. He was elected for the post following the resignation of then incumbent Vijay Rupani, who was in the office since 7 August 2016.[3]


Chief Ministers of GujaratEdit

No Portrait Name Constituency Term of office Tenure length Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1   Jivraj Narayan Mehta Amreli 1 May 1960 3 March 1962 2 years, 300 days 1st/Interim
(1957 election)
Indian National Congress
3 March 1962 25 February 1963 2nd
(1962 election)
2   Balwantrai Mehta Bhavnagar 25 February 1963 19 September 1965 2 years, 206 days
3   Hitendra Kanaiyalal Desai Olpad 19 September 1965 3 April 1967 5 years, 245 days
3 April 1967 12 May 1971 3rd
(1967 election)
Indian National Congress (O)
  Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 13 May 1971 17 March 1972 309 days Dissolved N/A
4   Ghanshyam Oza Dahegam 17 March 1972 17 July 1973 1 year, 122 days 4th
(1972 election)
Indian National Congress
5 Chimanbhai Patel Sankheda 17 July 1973 9 February 1974 207 days
  Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 9 February 1974 18 June 1975 1 year, 129 days Dissolved N/A
6   Babubhai Patel Sabarmati 18 June 1975 12 March 1976 268 days 5th
(1975 election)
Indian National Congress (O)
  Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 12 March 1976 24 December 1976 287 days N/A
7 Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 24 December 1976 10 April 1977 107 days Indian National Congress
(6)   Babubhai Patel Sabarmati 11 April 1977 17 February 1980 2 years, 312 days Janata Party
  Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 110 days N/A
(7) Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 7 June 1980 10 March 1985 5 years, 29 days 6th
(1980 election)
Indian National Congress
11 March 1985 6 July 1985 7th

(1985 election)

8   Amarsinh Chaudhary Vyara 6 July 1985 9 December 1989 4 years, 156 days
(7) Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 10 December 1989 3 March 1990 83 days
(5) Chimanbhai Patel Sankheda 4 March 1990 25 October 1990 3 years, 350 days 8th
(1990 election)
Janata Dal
25 October 1990 17 February 1994 Indian National Congress
9   Chhabildas Mehta Mahuva 17 February 1994 13 March 1995 1 year, 24 days
10   Keshubhai Patel Visavadar 14 March 1995 21 October 1995 221 days 9th
(1995 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
11 Suresh Mehta Mandvi 21 October 1995 19 September 1996 334 days
  Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 19 September 1996 23 October 1996 27 days N/A
12   Shankersinh Vaghela Radhanpur 23 October 1996 27 October 1997 1 year, 4 days Rashtriya Janata Party
13 Dilip Parikh Dhandhuka 28 October 1997 4 March 1998 188 days
(10)   Keshubhai Patel Visavadar 4 March 1998 6 October 2001 3 years, 216 days 10th
(1998 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
14   Narendra Modi Rajkot II 7 October 2001 22 December 2002 12 years, 227 days[c]
Maninagar 22 December 2002 22 December 2007 11th
(2002 election)
23 December 2007 20 December 2012 12th
(2007 election)
20 December 2012 22 May 2014 13th
(2012 election)
15   Anandiben Patel Ghatlodia 22 May 2014 7 August 2016 2 years, 77 days
16   Vijay Rupani Rajkot West 7 August 2016 26 December 2017 5 years, 37 days
26 December 2017 13 September 2021 14th
(2017 election)
17   Bhupendrabhai Patel Ghatlodia 13 September 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 21 days

StatisticsEdit

List of chief ministers by length of term
No. Name Party Length of term
Longest continuous term Total term in the office
1 Narendra Modi BJP 12 years, 227 days 12 years, 227 days
2 Hitendra Kanaiyalal Desai INC and INC(O) 5 years, 245 days 5 years, 245 days
3 Madhav Singh Solanki INC 5 years, 29 days 5 years, 219 days
4 Vijay Rupani BJP 5 years, 37 days 5 years, 37 days
5 Chimanbhai Patel INC and JD(G) 3 years, 350 days 4 years, 192 days
6 Amarsinh Chaudhary INC 4 years, 156 days 4 years, 156 days
7 Keshubhai Patel BJP 3 years, 216 days 4 years, 72 days
8 Babubhai Patel INC(O) (Janata Morcha) and JP 2 years, 312 days 3 years, 215 days
9 Jivraj Narayan Mehta INC 3 years, 141 days 3 years, 141 days
10 Anandiben Patel BJP 2 years, 77 days 2 years, 77 days
11 Balwantrai Mehta INC 2 years, 0 days 2 years, 0 days
12 Ghanshyam Oza INC 1 years, 122 days 1 years, 122 days
13 Bhupendrabhai Patel BJP 1 year, 21 days 1 year, 21 days
14 Chhabildas Mehta INC 1 years, 24 days 1 years, 24 days
15 Shankersinh Vaghela RJP 1 years, 4 days 1 years, 4 days
16 Suresh Mehta BJP 334 days 334 days
17 Dilip Parikh RJP 188 days 188 days
List by party
Political parties by total time-span of their member holding (4 October 2022)
No. Political party Number of Chief ministers Total days of holding CMO
1 Bharatiya Janata Party 6 9535 days
2 Indian National Congress 8 8495 days
3 Indian National Congress (Organisation) 2 1768 days
4 Janata Party 1 1042 days
5 Rashtriya Janata Party 2 497 days
6 Janata Dal (Gujarat) 1 235 days
Timeline
Bhupendrabhai PatelVijay RupaniAnandiben PatelNarendra ModiDilip ParikhShankersinh VaghelaSuresh MehtaKeshubhai PatelChhabildas MehtaAmarsinh ChaudharyMadhav Singh SolankiBabubhai J. PatelChimanbhai PatelGhanshyam OzaHitendra Kanaiyalal DesaiBalwantrai MehtaJivraj Narayan Mehta

Living former chief ministersEdit

As of 4 October 2022, there are five living former chief ministers of Gujarat:

The most recent death of a former chief minister was that of Keshubhai Patel on 29 October 2020, aged 92.

NotesEdit

Footnotes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[4]
  3. ^ Narendra Modi is the longest serving Chief Minister of Gujarat up to today.
References
  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Gujarat as well.
  2. ^ "Gujarat". Government of India. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
  3. ^ Sep 11, TIMESOFINDIA COM / Updated. "Gujarat chief minister Vijay Rupani submits resignation | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  4. ^ "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External linksEdit