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A carbine (/ˈkɑːrbn/ or /ˈkɑːrbn/),[1] from French carabine,[2] is a long arm firearm but with a shorter barrel than a rifle or musket.[3] Many carbines are shortened versions of full-length rifles, shooting the same ammunition, while others fire lower-powered ammunition, including types designed for pistols.

Below is the list of carbines. The table is sortable for every column.

Name Manufacturer Image Cartridge Country Year
9A-91 KBP Instrument Design Bureau 9mm KBP 9A-91 compact assault rifle - 06.jpg 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1991
AGM-1 Carbine AL.GI.MEC.Srl 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
 Italy 1980s
AK-102 Kalashnikov Concern Interpolitex 2013 (536-18).jpg 5.56x45mm NATO  Russia 1994
AK-104 Kalashnikov Concern Izhmash Rifles - AK-103 with GP-34 Grenade Launcher and AK-104.jpg 7.62×39mm  Russia 1994
AK-105 Kalashnikov Concern AK-105 Avtomat Kalashnikova.jpg 5.45×39mm  Russia 1994
AKMSU АКМСУ.gif 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1980s
AKS-74U Izhmash Aks74u.png 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1979
Amogh carbine Indian Ordnance Factory Amogh & Excalibur.jpg 5.56×30mm MINSAS  India 2010
AO-46 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1969
AR-57 DD AR 57 3.JPG FN 5.7×28mm  United States 2008
Beretta Cx4 Storm Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta Beretta-Cx4-Storm-p1030164.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum
9×21mm IMI
.40 S&W
.45 ACP
 Italy 2003
Berthier carbine Berthier carbine M1916.jpg 8×51mmR French  France 1892
Burnside carbine Bristol Firearms Company
Burnside Rifle Company
Burnside carbine.jpg  United States 1855
CETME Model LC carbine CETME 5.56×45mm NATO  Spain
Chapina carbine Empresa Irmãos Chapina S/A. Industria Metalúrgica .32-20 Winchester  Brazil 1964
Colt Model 1839 Carbine Colt's Manufacturing Company Model 1839 Carbine Patent.jpg .525 in. lead ball  United States 1838
De Lisle carbine Ford Dagenham
De Lisle Rifle.jpg .45 ACP  United Kingdom 1942
FR8 Various, see article FR8-01.jpg 7.62×51mm CETME
7.62×51mm NATO
 Spain 1950s
FX-05 Xiuhcoatl carbine Dirección General de Industria Militar del Ejército Exposición Centenario del Ejército Mexicano 03.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Mexico 2005
G13 carbine Tbilisi Aircraft Manufacturing 5.56×45mm NATO  Georgia 2012
Grendel R31 Grendel Inc. .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire  United States
HK416A5 Heckler & Koch HK416 abasdfasd.png 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 2004
HK G36C Heckler & Koch Navy PASKAL frogman strike team members arms with HK firearms during 57th NDP (a).jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 2001
Hi-Point 995 Hi-Point Firearms Hp995carbine22.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum
.40 S&W
.45 ACP
 United States
HIW VSK Hessische Industrie Werke 8×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
"Jungle Carbine"
(Lee–Enfield, Rifle No. 5 Mk I)
Royal Ordnance Factory
Birmingham Small Arms Company
.303 British  United Kingdom 1944
K31 Waffenfabrik Bern Mq. 31.JPG 7.5×55mm Swiss   Switzerland 1933
Karabinek wz. 91/98/23 Centralna Składnica Broni ARMA V rekonstrukcja Bitwy pod Mławą 1572.jpg 7.92×57mm Mauser  Poland 1923
Karabiner 98k Mauser Kar 98K - AM.021488.jpg 7.92×57mm Mauser  Germany 1935
Kbk wz. 1996 Mini-Beryl Łucznik Arms Factory Mini-Beryl wz96 PICT0015.JPG 5.56×45mm NATO  Poland 1995
Kel-Tec SUB-2000 Kel-Tec CNC Industries Inc. Kel-Tec SUB-2000.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum
.40 S&W
 United States 2001
Krag–Jørgensen (M-1899 Carbine) M1889 Krag-Jörgensen - Danmark - 8x58mmR - Armémuseum.jpg 6.5×55 Rimless  Norway 1889
L22 Carbine BAE Systems Brits soldiers in Basra 03.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1985
M1 carbine General Motors M1 Carbine Mk I - USA - Armémuseum.jpg .30 Carbine  United States 1938
M4 carbine Colt Defense PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1994
Marlin Model 1894 Marlin Firearms Marlin Model 1894 .44 Magnum carbine.jpg .218 Bee
.25-20 Winchester
.32-20 Winchester
.32 H&R Magnum
.38 Special
.357 Magnum
.41 Remington Magnum
.44-40 Winchester
.44 Special
.44 Magnum
.45 Colt
 United States 1894
Maynard carbine Maynard Factory .50
 Confederate States 1851
Mini-14 Sturm, Ruger & Company Mini14GB.jpg .223 Remington
 United States 1967
Mini-30 Sturm, Ruger & Company RugerMini30-003.jpg 7.62×39mm  United States 1987
Modern Sub Machine Carbine Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli MSMC - Modern Sub Machine Carbine.jpg 5.56×30mm MINSAS  India 2006
Mosin–Nagant (M1907 Carbine) Tula Arms Plant M1907 Carbine.JPG 7.62×54mmR  Russia 1907
Mosin–Nagant (M1938 Carbine) Tula Arms Plant Mosin-Nagant karbin m1938 Ryssland - AM.032891.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union 1939
Mosin–Nagant (M1944 Carbine) Tula Arms Plant M44 Mosin.JPG 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union 1944
Mosin–Nagant (M1891/59 Carbine) Tula Arms Plant Mosin Nagant Model 1959 Carbine.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union 1959
PM md. 90 ROMARM DCB Shooting Romanian short AK rifle.jpg 7.62×39mm  Romania 1963
QBZ-95B Norinco 5.8×42mm DBP87
5.56×45mm NATO
 China 1997
San Cristobal Carbine Armería San Cristóbal Weapon Factory Cam&che.jpg .30 Carbine  Dominican Republic 1950
SG 443 Carbine Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft SIG SG 543 Right.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland
SG 552 Swiss Arms AG Stgw 90 kurz.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1998
Skbk wz. 1989 Onyks Łucznik Arms Factory Onyks REMOV.jpg 5.45×39mm  Poland 1987
SKS Simonow SKS 45 noBG.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1944
Smith & Wesson Model 1940 Light Rifle Smith & Wesson 9×19mm Parabellum  United States 1940
Stoner 63/63A Carbine Cadillac Gage National Firearms Museum rifle.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1964
Swiss Mannlicher M1893 Carbine Sig Holding AG
Waffenfabrik Bern
Swiss Mannlicher - Kromar (cropped).jpg 7.5×53.5mm Swiss   Switzerland 1893
Thorneycroft carbine Thorneycroft carbine, patent 14622 of July 18, 1901.png .303 British  United Kingdom 1901
Type 38 cavalry rifle 6.5×50mm Arisaka  Japan 1906
Type 44 carbine Rifle Type44.JPG 6.5×50mm Arisaka  Japan 1911
Zastava M85 Zastava Arms Cz-m85nostock.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO  Yugoslavia
M1871 Beaumont 11mm  Netherlands 1876

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Carbine". Retrieved October 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "carbine." Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carbine" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.