List of average human height worldwide

Below are average adult human heights by country or geographical region. The original studies and sources should be consulted for details on methodology and the exact populations measured, surveyed, or considered.

As with any statistical data, the accuracy of such data may be questionable for various reasons:

  • Some studies may allow subjects to self-report values. Generally speaking, self-reported height tends to be taller than its measured height, although the overestimation of height depends on the reporting subject's height, age, gender and region.[1][2][3][4]
  • Test subjects may have been invited instead of chosen at random, resulting in sampling bias.
  • Some countries may have significant height gaps between different regions. For instance, one survey shows there is 10.8 cm (4 12 in) gap between the tallest state and the shortest state in Germany.[5] Under such circumstances, the mean height may not represent the total population unless sample subjects are appropriately taken from all regions with using weighted average of the different regional groups.
  • Different social groups can show different mean height. According to a study in France, executives and professionals are 2.6 cm (1 in) taller, and university students are 2.55 cm (1 in) taller[6] than the national average.[7] As this case shows, data taken from a particular social group may not represent a total population in some countries.
  • A relatively small sample of the population may have been measured, which makes it uncertain whether this sample accurately represents the entire population.
  • The height of persons can vary over the course of a day, due to factors such as a height decrease from exercise done directly before measurement (i.e. inversely correlated), or a height increase since lying down for a significant period of time (i.e. positively correlated). For example, one study revealed a mean decrease of 1.54 centimetres (0.61 in) in the heights of 100 children from getting out of bed in the morning to between 4 and 5 p.m. that same day.[8] Such factors may not have been controlled in some of the studies.
  Data is representative of the majority of the country or region's adult population.[a]

Note: Letters in grey indicate non-measured height.

Country/Region Average male height Average female height Stature ratio
(male to female)
Sample population /
age range
Share of
pop. over 18
covered[9][10][11]
Methodology Year Source
Albania 174.0 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 161.8 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.08 20–29 (N= m:649 f:1,806) 23.5% Measured 2008–2009 [12][13]
Argentina N/A 159.6 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 19–49 60.4% Measured 2004–2005 [14]
Argentina 174.46 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 161.01 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.08 Healthy, 18 (N= m:90 f:97, SD= m:7.43 cm (3 in) f:6.99 cm (3 in)) 2.9% Measured 1998–2001 [15]
Armenia N/A 158.1 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,218, SD= f:5.7 cm (2 in)) 48.6% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Australia 175.6 cm (5 ft 9 in) 161.8 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.09 18+ 100.0% Measured 2011–2012 [17]
Australia 177.8 cm (5 ft 10 in) 163.8 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.09 18–24 12.4% Measured 2011–2012 [17]
Austria 179 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 166 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.08 20–49 54.3% Measured 2006 [18]
Austria 180 cm (5 ft 11 in) 167 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.08 20–24 7.7% Measured 2006 [18]
Austria 178.80 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) N/A 1.07 30–34 7.8% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Austria 179.2 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 167.6 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.07 21 (N= m:53 f:69, SD= m:6.1 cm (2 12 in) f:5.6 cm (2 in)) 1.5% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Azerbaijan 171.8 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 165.4 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.04 16+ 106.5% Measured 2005 [21]
Bahrain 165.1 cm (5 ft 5 in) 154.2 cm (5 ft 12 in) 1.07 19+ (N= m:1,120 f:1,181, SD= m:9.0 cm (3 12 in) f:7.8 cm (3 in)) 97.7% Measured 2002 [22]
Bahrain 171.0 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 156.6 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.09 18 1.9% Measured 2009 [23][24]
Bangladesh N/A 150.6 cm (4 ft 11 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:7,368, SD= f:5.5 cm (2 in)) 56.2% Self-reported 2007 [16]
Belgium 178.70 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) N/A N/A 30–34 8.1% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Belgium 178.6 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 168.1 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.06 21 (N= m:20–49 f:20–49, SD= m:6.6 cm (2 12 in) f:5.3 cm (2 in)) 1.7% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Benin N/A 159.3 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:11,015, SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 53.5% Self-reported 2006 [16]
Bolivia N/A 151.8 cm (5 ft 0 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:10,302, SD= f:5.9 cm (2 12 in)) 52.6% Self-reported 2003 [16]
Bolivia 160.0 cm (5 ft 3 in) 142.2 cm (4 ft 8 in) 1.13 Aymara, 20–29 N/A Measured 1970 [25]
Bosnia and Herzegovina 183.9 cm (6 ft 12 in) 171.1 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 1.07 Students at UBL,19–32 (N= m:178 f:34, SD= m:7.11 cm (3 in) f:6.56 cm (2 12 in)) 0.4%[26] Measured 2014 [27]
Brazil 170.7 cm (5 ft 7 in) 158.8 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 18+ (N= m:62,037 f:65,696) 100.0% Measured 2009 [28][29]
Brazil 173.0 cm (5 ft 8 in) 161.1 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.07 20-24 (N= m:8,299 f:7,938) 13.0% Measured 2009 [28]
BrazilUrban 173.5 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 161.6 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.07 20-24 (N= m:6,360 f:6,305) 10.9% Measured 2009 [28]
BrazilRural 170.9 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 158.9 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 20-24 (N= m:1,939 f:1,633) 2.1% Measured 2009 [28]
Bulgaria 175.2 cm (5 ft 9 in) 163.2 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.07 N/A N/A N/A 2010 [30]
BulgariaSofia 178.1 cm (5 ft 10 in) 164.8 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 N/A N/A N/A 2010 [30]
Burkina Faso N/A 161.6 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:7,337, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 55.5% Self-reported 2003 [16]
Cambodia N/A 152.4 cm (5 ft 0 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:5,081, SD= f:5.4 cm (2 in)) 52.2% Self-reported 2005 [16]
CameroonUrban 170.6 cm (5 ft 7 in) 161.3 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.06 15+ (N= m:3,746 f:5,078) 53.6% Measured 2003 [31]
CameroonUrban 172.1 cm (5 ft 8 in) 162.0 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.06 35-44 (N= m:558 f:1,156) 8.7% Measured 2003 [31]
Canada 175.1 cm (5 ft 9 in) 162.3 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.08 18–79 94.7% Measured 2007–2009 [32]
Canada 176.0 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 163.3 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.08 25–44 36.5% Measured 2005 [3]
Central African Republic N/A 158.9 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,408, SD= f:6.6 cm (2 12 in)) 50.0% Self-reported 1994 [16]
Chad N/A 162.6 cm (5 ft 4 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,393, SD= f:6.4 cm (2 12 in)) 51.9% Self-reported 2004 [16]
Chile 169.6 cm (5 ft 7 in) 156.1 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.09 15+ 107.2% Measured 2009–2010 [33]
Chile 171.2 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 157.2 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.09 25–44 41.2% Measured 2009–2010 [33]
Chile 171 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 159.1 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 15–24 23.7% Measured 2009–2010 [33]
China, People's Republic of 167.1 cm (5 ft 6 in) 155.8 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.07 18+ 100.0% Measured 2012 [34]
China, Mainland 172.1 cm (5 ft 8 in) 160.1 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.07 19 2.1% Measured 2010 [35]
China, People's Republic ofUrban 170.2 cm (5 ft 7 in) 158.6 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 17 0.6% Measured 2002 [36]
China, People's Republic ofRural 166.3 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 157.0 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.06 17 1.6% Measured 2002 [36]
China, People's Republic ofBeijing 174.7 cm (5 ft 9 in) 161.3 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.08 21 0.2%[37] Measured 2010 [38]
China, People's Republic ofSichuan 169.2 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 158.2 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 20–24 0.7%[39] Measured 2010 [40]
Colombia 170.6 cm (5 ft 7 in) 158.7 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 18–22 (N= m:1,528,875 f:1,468,110) 14.1% Measured 2002 [41]
Colombia N/A 155.0 cm (5 ft 1 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:22,947, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 55.8% Self-reported 2004 [16]
Comoros N/A 154.8 cm (5 ft 1 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:644, SD= f:5.8 cm (2 12 in)) 49.8% Self-reported 1996 [16]
Congo, Democratic Republic of the N/A 157.7 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,727, SD= f:8.0 cm (3 in)) 52.7% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Congo, Republic of the N/A 159.0 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:3,922, SD= f:8.1 cm (3 in)) 55.7% Self-reported 2007 [16]
Croatia 180.4 cm (5 ft 11 in) 166.49 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.09 18 (N= m:358 f:360, SD= m:6.8 cm (2 12 in) f:6.1 cm (2 12 in)) 1.6% Measured 2006–2008 [42]
CubaUrban 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) 156 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.08 15+ 79.2% Measured 1999 [43]
Czech Republic 180.31 cm (5 ft 11 in) 167.22 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 17 1.6% Measured 2001 [44]
Denmark 180.4 cm (5 ft 11 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–20 (N= m:38,025) 5.3% Measured 2012 [45]
Denmark 181.4 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) N/A N/A 30 1.5% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Denmark 182.6 cm (6 ft 0 in) 168.7 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 1.08 23 (N= m:–20 f:20–49, SD= m:NA f:7.4 cm (3 in)) 1.6% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Dinaric Alps 185.6 cm (6 ft 1 in) 171.8 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 1.08 17 N/A Measured 2005 [46]
Dominican Republic N/A 156.4 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,763, SD= f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 54.8% Self-reported 1996 [16]
El Salvador N/A 160.3 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 25–49 50.9% Self-reported 2007 [16]
Egypt 170.3 cm (5 ft 7 in) 158.9 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 20–24 (N= m:845 f:1,059) 16.6% Measured 2008 [47]
Egypt N/A 159.5 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:13,813, SD= f:6.0 cm (2 12 in)) 53.2% Self-reported 2008 [16]
Estonia 179.1 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) N/A N/A 17 2.3% Measured 2003 [48]
Ethiopia N/A 157.6 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:3,868, SD= f:6.6 cm (2 12 in)) 53.8% Self-reported 1997 [16]
Europe 177.6 cm (5 ft 10 in)[49] N/A N/A 17-29[50] N/A Measured and Self-reported 2001–2012 [12]
Finland 178.9 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 165.3 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 25–34 (N= m/f:2,305) 19.0% Measured 1994 [51]
Finland 180.7 cm (5 ft 11 in) 167.2 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 –25 (N= m/f:26,636) 9.2% Measured 2010–2011 [51][52]
Finland 177.9 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A 30–34 8.4% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
France 175.6 cm (5 ft 9 in) 162.5 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.08 18–70 (N= m/f:11,562) 85.9% Measured 2003–2004 [53][54]
France 174.1 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 161.9 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.08 20+ 96.6% Measured 2001 [7]
France 177.0 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 164.6 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 20–29 17.5% Measured 2001 [7]
France 176.2 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) N/A N/A 30–34 8.3% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Gabon N/A 158.4 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,576, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 52.1% Self-reported 2000 [16]
GambiaRural 168.0 cm (5 ft 6 in) 157.8 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.06 21–49 (N= m:9,559 f:13,160, SD= m:6.7 cm (2 12 in) f:5.6 cm (2 in)) N/A Measured 1950–1974 [55]
Germany 175.4 cm (5 ft 9 in) 162.8 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.08 18–79 (N= m/f:19,768) 94.3% Measured 2007 [5]
Germany 178.9 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 166.1 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.08 18–37 29.2% Measured 2007 [5]
GermanyUrban[56] 180.6 cm (5 ft 11 in) 168.5 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 1.08 18–37 7.1%[57] Measured 2007 [5]
Germany 180.17 cm (5 ft 11 in) N/A N/A 30–34 7.2% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Germany 178 cm (5 ft 10 in) 165 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 18+ (N= m:25,112 f:25,560) 100.0% Self-reported 2009 [58]
Germany 181 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 18–25 (N= m:2,501 f:2,227) 11.3% Self-reported 2009 [58]
Ghana N/A 159.3 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,958, SD= f:6.7 cm (2 12 in)) 54.4% Self-reported 2008 [16]
Ghana 169.5 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 158.5 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 25–29 14.7% Measured 1987–1989 [59]
Greece 177 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 165 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.07 18–49 56.3% Measured 2003 [18]
Greece 177 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 166 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.07 20–24 8.5% Measured 2003 [18]
Greece 178.06 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–26 (N= m:3,982, SD= m:7.05 cm (3 in)) 13.7% Measured 2006–2007 [60]
Greece 177.29 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A 30–34 9.5% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Greece 178.3 cm (5 ft 10 in) 166.6 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.07 21 (N= m:20–49 f:20–49, SD= m:6.6 cm (2 12 in) f:5.3 cm (2 in)) 1.8% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Guatemala N/A 147.3 cm (4 ft 10 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,773, SD= f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 52.3% Self-reported 1998 [16]
Guinea N/A 158.8 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,563, SD= f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 52.9% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Haiti N/A 158.6 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,932, SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 52.8% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Honduras N/A 152.0 cm (5 ft 0 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:11,219, SD= f:6.4 cm (2 12 in)) 53.3% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Hong Kong 171.7 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 158.7 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.08 18 (N= m:468 f:453, SD= m:5.5 cm (2 in) f:5.7 cm (2 in)) 1.4% Measured 2006 [61]
Hong Kong 173.4 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 160.1 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.08 University students, 19–20 (N= m:291 f:200, SD= m:6.1 cm (2 12 in) f:5.2 cm (2 in)) 0.6%[62] Measured 2005 [63]
Hungary 176 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 164 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.07 Adults N/A Measured 2000s [64]
Hungary 177.3 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A 18 (N= m:1,080, SD= m:5.99 cm (2 12 in)) 1.7% Measured 2005 [65]
India 164.7 cm (5 ft 5 in) 151.9 cm (5 ft 0 in) 1.08 20–49 (N= m:69,245 f:118,796) 69.8% Measured 2005–2006 [66]
Iceland 181 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 20-49 43.6% Self-reported 2007 [18]
IndiaRural 161.2 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 152.1 cm (5 ft 0 in) 1.06 17+ (SD= m:7.0 cm (3 in) f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 72.1% Measured 2007 [67]
India 166.3 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 152.6 cm (5 ft 0 in) 1.09 20 3.0% Predicted 2005–2006 [67]
Indonesia 158 cm (5 ft 2 in) 147 cm (4 ft 10 in) 1.07 50+ (N= m:2,041 f:2,396, Median= m:158 cm (5 ft 2 in) f:147 cm (4 ft 10 in)) 22.5% Self-reported 1997 [68]
Iran 170.3 cm (5 ft 7 in) 157.2 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.08 21+ (N= m/f:89,532, SD= m:8.05 cm (3 in) f:7.22 cm (3 in)) 88.1% Measured 2005 [69]
Iran 173.4 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 159.8 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.09 21–25 17.9% Measured 2005 [69]
IraqBaghdad 165.4 cm (5 ft 5 in) 155.8 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.06 18–44 (N= m:700 f:800, SD= m:5.6 cm (2 in) f:16.0 cm (6 12 in)) 76.3% Measured 1999–2000 [70]
Ireland 177 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 163 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.09 20–49 61.8% Measured 2007 [18]
Ireland 179 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 163 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.10 20–24 10.4% Measured 2007 [18]
Ireland 176.60 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) N/A N/A 30 1.7% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Ireland 177.5 cm (5 ft 10 in) 163.5 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.09 21 (N= m:54 f:20–49, SD= m:6.3 cm (2 12 in) f:7.6 cm (3 in)) 2.4% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Israel 177 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 166 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.07 18–21 9.7% Measured 2010 [71]
Italy 176.5 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 162.5 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.09 18 1.4% Measured 1999–2004 [12][24][72]
Italy 174.48 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) N/A N/A 30 1.6% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Italy 177.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) 167.8 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.06 21 (N= m:106 f:92, SD= m:6.0 cm (2 12 in) f:6.1 cm (2 12 in)) 1.4% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Ivory Coast 170.1 cm (5 ft 7 in) 159.1 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 25–29 (SD= m:6.7 cm (2 12 in) f:5.67 cm (2 in)) 14.6% Measured 1985–1987 [59]
Ivory Coast N/A 159.8 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,600, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 53.4% Self-reported 1998 [16]
Jamaica 171.8 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 160.8 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.07 25–74 71.4% Measured 1994–1996 [73]
Japan 172 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 158 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.08 20–49 47.2% Measured 2005 [18]
Japan 172.0 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 158.70 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.08 20–24 (N= m:1,708 f:1,559, SD= m:5.42 cm (2 in) f:5.30 cm (2 in)) 7.2% Measured 2004 [74]
Japan 170.7 cm (5 ft 7 in) 158.0 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.08 17 1.2% Measured 2013 [75]
Jordan N/A 158.2 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,484, SD= f:6.6 cm (2 12 in)) 55.6% Self-reported 2007 [16]
Kazakhstan N/A 159.8 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,600, SD= f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 53.7% Self-reported 1999 [16]
Kenya 170.0 cm (5 ft 7 in) N/A N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,600, SD= f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 53.7% Summary 2016 [76]
Kenya N/A 158.2 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,856, SD= f:7.3 cm (3 in)) 52.5% Survey 2016 [16][76]
Korea, NorthNorth Korea 165.6 cm (5 ft 5 in) 154.9 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.07 Defectors, 20–39 (N= m/f:1,075) 46.4% Measured 2005 [77]
Korea, SouthSouth Korea 170.7 cm (5 ft 7 in) 157.4 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.08 20+ (N= m:2,750 f:2,445, Median= m:170.7 cm (5 ft 7 in) f:157.4 cm (5 ft 2 in), SD= m:6.40 cm (2 12 in) f:5.99 cm (2 12 in)) 96.5% Measured 2010 [78]
Korea, SouthSouth Korea 173.5 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 160.4 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.08 20–24 (N= m:378 f:298, Median= m:174.0 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) f:160.5 cm (5 ft 3 in), SD= m:5.16 cm (2 in) f:5.26 cm (2 in)) 8.0% Measured 2010 [78]
Korea, SouthSouth Korea 173.5 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–19 (N= m:363,827) 3.8% Measured 2014 [79]
Korea, SouthSouth Korea - Seoul 173.9 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–19 (N= m:65,876) 0.8% Measured 2014 [79]
Kyrgyzstan N/A 158.0 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,424, SD= f:5.8 cm (2 12 in)) 55.4% Self-reported 1997 [16]
Lesotho N/A 157.6 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,879, SD= f:6.7 cm (2 12 in)) 49.8% Self-reported 2004 [16]
Liberia N/A 157.3 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,281, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 52.8% Self-reported 2006 [16]
Lithuania 177.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 19–25 (N= m:197 SD= m:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 14.7% Measured 2005[80] [81]
LithuaniaUrban 178.4 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 19–25 (N= m:91 SD= m:6.7 cm (2 12 in)) 9.9% Measured 2005[80] [81]
LithuaniaRural 176.2 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 19–25 (N= m:106 SD= m:5.9 cm (2 12 in)) 4.9% Measured 2005[80] [81]
Lithuania 181.3 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 167.5 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 18 2.1% Measured 2001 [82]
Madagascar N/A 154.3 cm (5 ft 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:5,024, SD= f:6.0 cm (2 12 in)) 53.6% Self-reported 2003 [16]
MalawiUrban 166 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 155 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.07 16–60 (N= m:583 f:315, SD= m:6.0 cm (2 12 in) f:9.4 cm (3 12 in)) 101.1% Measured 2000 [83]
Malaysia 166.3 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 154.7 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.07 Malay, 20–24 (N= m:749 f:893, Median= m:166 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) f:155 cm (5 ft 1 in), SD= m:6.46 cm (2 12 in) f:6.04 cm (2 12 in)) 9.7%[84] Measured 1996 [85]
Malaysia 168.5 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 158.1 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.07 Chinese, 20–24 (N= m:407 f:453, Median= m:169 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) f:158 cm (5 ft 2 in), SD= m:6.98 cm (2 12 in) f:6.72 cm (2 12 in)) 4.1%[84] Measured 1996 [85]
Malaysia 169.1 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 155.4 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.09 Indian, 20–24 (N= m:113 f:140, Median= m:168 cm (5 ft 6 in) f:156 cm (5 ft 1 12 in), SD= m:5.84 cm (2 12 in) f:6.18 cm (2 12 in)) 1.2%[84] Measured 1996 [85]
Malaysia 163.3 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 151.9 cm (5 ft 0 in) 1.08 Other indigenous, 20–24 (N= m:257 f:380, Median= m:163 cm (5 ft 4 in) f:152 cm (5 ft 0 in), SD= m:6.26 cm (2 12 in) f:5.95 cm (2 12 in)) 0.4%[84] Measured 1996 [85]
Mali – Southern Mali 171.3 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 160.4 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.07 Rural adults (N= m:121 f:320, SD= m:6.6 cm (2 12 in) f:5.7 cm (2 in)) N/A Measured 1992 [86]
Malta 169.9 cm (5 ft 7 in) 159.9 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.06 18+ 100.0% Self-reported 2003 [87]
Malta 175.2 cm (5 ft 9 in) 163.8 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.07 25–34 17.5% Self-reported 2003 [87]
Mexico 167 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 154 cm (5 ft 12 in) 1.08 20–49 69.4% Measured 2006 [18]
Mexico 169 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 155 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.08 20–24 14.5% Measured 2006 [18]
Mexico 172 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) N/A N/A Middle & upper classes, young adults N/A Measured N/A [88]
MexicoBajío 172 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) N/A N/A Adults N/A Measured N/A [89]
Mexico - Central N/A 162 cm (5 ft 4 in) N/A 26–39 N/A Measured N/A [89]
MexicoMorelos 167 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 155 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.08 18–76 1.6%[90] Self-reported 1998–1999 [91]
Moldova N/A 161.2 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,757, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 45.9% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Mongolia 168.4 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 157.7 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.07 25–34 (N= m:158 f:181) 27.6% Measured 2006 [92]
Montenegro 183.2 cm (6 ft 0 in) 168.4 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 1.09 Students at UCG,18–37 (N= m:178 f:107, SD= m:7.06 cm (3 in) f:5.27 cm (2 in)) 3.2%[93] Measured 2011 [24]
Morocco N/A 158.5 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:10,334, SD= f:6.0 cm (2 12 in)) 54.7% Self-reported 2003 [16]
Mozambique N/A 156 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:6,912, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 55.0% Self-reported 2003 [16]
Namibia N/A 160.7 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:5,575, SD= f:7.1 cm (3 in)) 50.4% Self-reported 2006 [16]
Nepal 163.0 cm (5 ft 4 in) 150.8 cm (4 ft 11 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:6,280, SD= f:5.5 cm (2 in)) 52.9% Self-reported 2006 [16]
Netherlands 181 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 169 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 1.07 Caucasians,16–18[94] (N= m:37 f:52, SD= m:6 cm (2 12 in) f:5 cm (2 in)) 3.7%[95] Measured 2003 [96]
Netherlands 182.70 cm (6 ft 0 in) N/A N/A 30–34 7.8% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Netherlands 180.8 cm (5 ft 11 in) 167.5 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 20+ 96.8% Self-reported 2010 [9][29][97]
Netherlands 183.2 cm (6 ft 0 in) 169.9 cm (5 ft 7 in) 1.08 20–30 16.9% Self-reported 2010 [97]
Netherlands 183.8 cm (6 ft 12 in) 170.7 cm (5 ft 7 in) 1.08 21 (N= m:74 f:50, SD= m:7.1 cm (3 in) f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 1.5% Self-reported 2009 [98]
New Zealand 177 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 164 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.08 20–49 56.9% Measured 2007 [18]
New Zealand 178 cm (5 ft 10 in) 164 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.09 20–24 9.1% Measured 2007 [18]
Nicaragua N/A 153.7 cm (5 ft 12 in) N/A 25–49 54.1% Self-reported 2001 [16]
Nigeria 163.8 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 157.8 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.04 18–74 98.6% Measured 1994–1996 [73]
Nigeria 167.2 cm (5 ft 6 in) 160.3 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.04 20–29 (N= m:139 f:76, SD= m:6.5 cm (2 12 in) f:5.7 cm (2 in)) 33.2% Measured 2011 [99]
Norway 180.0 cm (5 ft 11 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–44 (N= m:18,297) 36.0% Measured 2011 [100]
NorwayVest-Agder 181.7 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–44 (N= m:770) 1.33% Measured 2011 [100]
NorwayOslo 179.8 cm (5 ft 11 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–44 (N= m:1,297) 4.78% Measured 2011 [100]
NorwayFinnmark 177.5 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 18–44 (N= m:218) 0.54% Measured 2011 [100]
Norway 179.63 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) N/A N/A 30–34 8.5% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Norway 180.3 cm (5 ft 11 in) 167 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.08 20–85 (N= m:1534 f:1743) 93.6% Self-reported 2008–2009 [9][29][101]
Norway 182.4 cm (6 ft 0 in) 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.09 20–25 (SD= m:5.3 cm (2 in) f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 9.5% Self-reported 2008–2009 [101]
Norway 181.6 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 168.2 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 26–35 (SD= m:6.3 cm (2 12 in) f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 17.0% Self-reported 2008–2009 [101]
Peru 164 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 151 cm (4 ft 11 12 in) 1.09 20+ 93.8% Measured 2005 [102]
Philippines 165.6 cm (5 ft 5 in) N/A N/A 18+ - Measured 1980 [103]
Poland 178.7 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 165.1 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 18 (N= m:846 f:1,126) 1.6% Measured 2010 [104]
Portugal 173.9 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) N/A N/A 18 (N= m:696) 1.5% Measured 2008 [12][105]
Portugal 172.30 cm (5 ft 8 in) N/A N/A 30–34 9.7% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Portugal 171 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 161 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.06 20–50 56.7% Self-reported 2001 [18]
Portugal 173.7 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 163.7 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.06 21 (N= m:87 f:106, SD= m:8.2 cm (3 in) f:5.3 cm (2 in)) 1.9% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Qatar 170.8 cm (5 ft 7 in) 161.1 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.06 18 1.9% Measured 2005 [24][106]
Rwanda N/A 157.7 cm (5 ft 2 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:3,202, SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 54.2% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Romania 172 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 157 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.10 N/A N/A Measured 2007 [107]
Russia 177.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) 164.1 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.08 24 1.9% Measured 2004 [24][108]
Samoa N/A 166.6 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) N/A 18–28 (N= f:55 SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 32.6% Measured 2004 [109]
Saudi Arabia 168.9 cm (5 ft 6 12 in) 156.3 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.08 18 3.0% Measured 2010 [24][110]
Senegal N/A 163 cm (5 ft 4 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,533, SD= f:6.7 cm (2 12 in)) 54.4% Self-reported 2005 [16]
Serbia 182.0 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 166.8 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.09 Students at UNS,18–30 (N= m:318 f:76, SD= m:6.74 cm (2 12 in) f:5.88 cm (2 12 in)) 0.7%[111] Measured 2012 [112]
Singapore 171 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 160 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.07 Chinese students at TP,16–18[113] (N= m:52 f:49, SD= m:6 cm (2 12 in) f:5 cm (2 in)) 0.3%[114][115] Measured 2003 [96]
Slovakia 179.4 cm (5 ft 10 12 in) 165.6 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 18 2.0% Measured 2004 [116]
SloveniaLjubljana 180.3 cm (5 ft 11 in) 167.4 cm (5 ft 6 in) 1.08 19 0.2%[117] Measured 2011 [118]
South Africa 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) 159 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.06 19 (N= m:121 f:118) 3.6% Measured 2003 [119]
Sri Lanka 163.6 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 151.4 cm (4 ft 11 12 in) 1.08 18+ (N= m:1,768 f:2,709, SD= m:6.9 cm (2 12 in) f:6.4 cm (2 12 in)) 100.0% Measured 2005–2006 [120]
Sri Lanka 165.6 cm (5 ft 5 in) 154.0 cm (5 ft 12 in) 1.08 18-29 (N= m:312 f:427, SD= m:7.1 cm (3 in) f:5.9 cm (2 12 in)) 30.7% Measured 2005–2006 [120]
Spain 173.1 cm (5 ft 8 in) N/A N/A 18-70 (N= m:1,298 [121][122] ) 88.2% Measured 2013–2014 [123][124]
Spain N/A 159.6 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 18-70 (N= f:8,217 [125][126] ) 83.5% Measured 2007–2008 [29][122][123][126]
Spain 175.3 cm (5 ft 9 in) N/A N/A 18-34 (N= m:554-1,061 [122][127] ) 26.8% Measured 2013–2014 [123][124][128][129]
Spain N/A 162.6 cm (5 ft 4 in) N/A 18–19 (N= f:656 [126][130] ) 2.4% Measured 2007–2008 [122][123][126]
Spain 175.30 cm (5 ft 9 in) N/A N/A 30–34 11.1% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Spain 174 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 163 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.07 20–49 57.0% Self-reported 2007 [18]
Spain 176 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 166 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.06 20–24 7.5% Self-reported 2007 [18]
Spain 178 cm (5 ft 10 in) 166.2 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.07 21 (N= m:111 f:94, SD= m:6.9 cm (2 12 in) f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 1.8% Self-reported 2001 [20]
Swaziland N/A 159.1 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,612, SD= f:6.3 cm (2 12 in)) 51.0% Self-reported 2006 [16]
Sweden 181.5 cm (5 ft 11 12 in) 166.8 cm (5 ft 5 12 in) 1.09 20–29 15.6% Measured 2008 [131]
Sweden 180.4 cm (5 ft 11 in) N/A N/A 30 8.0% Estimates 1976–1980 [19]
Sweden 177.9 cm (5 ft 10 in) 164.6 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 20–74 86.3% Self-reported 1987–1994 [132]
Switzerland 178.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) N/A N/A Conscripts, 19 (N= m:12,447, Median= m:178.0 cm (5 ft 10 in), SD= m:6.52 cm (2 12 in)) 1.5% Measured 2009 [133]
Switzerland 175.4 cm (5 ft 9 in) 164 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.07 20–74 88.8% Self-reported 1987–1994 [132]
Taiwan 171.4 cm (5 ft 7 12 in) 159.9 cm (5 ft 3 in) 1.07 17 (N= m:200 f:200) 1.7% Measured 2011 [134][135][136]
Tanzania N/A 156.6 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:6,033, SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 52.8% Self-reported 2004 [16]
Thailand 170.3 cm (5 ft 7 in) 159 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.07 STOU students, 15–19 (N= m:839 f:1,636, SD= m:6.3 cm (2 12 in) f:5.9 cm (2 12 in)) 0.2%[137] Self-reported 2005 [138]
Togo N/A 159.0 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,728, SD= f:6.1 cm (2 12 in)) 53.4% Self-reported 1998 [16]
Tonga 176.1 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 165.3 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.07 40 (N= m:241 f:299) 1.5% Measured 2001 [139]
Turkey 173.6 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 161.9 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.07 20-22 (N= m:322 f:247) 8.3% Measured 2007 [12][24][140]
TurkeyAnkara 174.1 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 158.9 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.10 18–59 (N= m:703 f:512, Median= m:169.7 cm (5 ft 7 in) f:157.5 cm (5 ft 2 in), SD= m:6.9 cm (2 12 in) f:6.4 cm (2 12 in)) 5.1%[141] Measured 2004–2006 [142]
TurkeyAnkara 176.1 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 162 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.09 18–29 (N= m:390 f:163, Median= m:173.9 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) f:164.5 cm (5 ft 5 in), SD= m:6.3 cm (2 12 in) f:7.0 cm (3 in)) 2.0%[141] Measured 2004–2006 [142]
Turkey N/A 156.4 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,393, SD= f:5.6 cm (2 in)) 54.5% Self-reported 2003 [16]
Uganda N/A 159.2 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:1,666, SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 53.4% Self-reported 2006 [16]
United Arab Emirates 173.4 cm (5 ft 8 12 in) 156.4 cm (5 ft 1 12 in) 1.11 N/A N/A N/A N/A [143]
United KingdomEngland 175.3 cm (5 ft 9 in) 161.9 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.08 16+ (N= m:3,154 f:3,956) 103.2%[144] Measured 2012 [4]
United KingdomEngland 177.8 cm (5 ft 10 in) 164.5 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 25–34 (N= m:415 f:611) 17.2%[144] Measured 2012 [4]
United KingdomScotland 175.0 cm (5 ft 9 in) 161.3 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.08 16+ (N= m:2,512 f:3,180, Median= m:174.8 cm (5 ft 9 in) f:161.2 cm (5 ft 3 12 in)) 103.0%[144] Measured 2008 [145]
United KingdomScotland 178.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) 163.5 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.09 25–34 (N= m:286 f:413, Median= m:178.0 cm (5 ft 10 in) f:163.9 cm (5 ft 4 12 in)) 15.7%[144] Measured 2008 [145]
United KingdomWales 177.0 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 162.0 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.09 16+ 103.2%[144] Self-reported 2009 [146]
United States 175.7 cm (5 ft 9 in) 161.8 cm (5 ft 3 12 in) 1.09 All Americans, 20+ (N= m:5,232 f:5,547, Median= m:175.6 cm (5 ft 9 in) f:161.9 cm (5 ft 3 12 in)) 69% Measured 2011–2014 [147]
United States 176.4 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) 162.9 cm (5 ft 4 in) 1.08 All Americans, 20–29 (N= m:937 f:928, Median= m:176.2 cm (5 ft 9 12 in) f:162.9 cm (5 ft 4 in)) 13.9% Measured 2011–2014 [147]
United States 177.4 cm (5 ft 10 in) 163.6 cm (5 ft 4 12 in) 1.08 African Americans, 20–39 (N= m:405 f:418, Median= m:177.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) f:163.7 cm (5 ft 4 12 in)) 3.4%[148] Measured 2011–2014 [147]
United States 172.4 cm (5 ft 8 in) 158.9 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.08 Hispanic/Latino Americans, 20–39 (N= m:385 f:428, Median= m:172.3 cm (5 ft 8 in) f:159.1 cm (5 ft 2 12 in)) 4.4%[148] Measured 2011–2014 [147]
United States 172.2 cm (5 ft 8 in) 158.4 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.09 Mexican Americans, 20–39 (N= m:233 f:247, Median= m:172.1 cm (5 ft 8 in) f:158.7 cm (5 ft 2 12 in)) 2.8%[148] Measured 2011–2014 [147]
United States 172.3 cm (5 ft 8 in) 158.4 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) 1.09 Non-Hispanic Asians, 20–39 (N= m:260 f:272, Median= m:172.2 cm (5 ft 8 in) f:158.1 cm (5 ft 2 in)) 1.3%[148] Measured 2011–2014 [147]
United States 178.2 cm (5 ft 10 in) 165.0 cm (5 ft 5 in) 1.08 Non-Hispanic White Americans, 20–39 (N= m:715 f:689, Median= m:178.3 cm (5 ft 10 in) f:164.8 cm (5 ft 5 in)) 17.1%[148] Measured 2011–2014 [147]
Uruguay 170 cm (5 ft 7 in) 158 cm (5 ft 2 in) 1.08 Adults (N= m:2,249 f:2,114) N/A Measured 1990 [149]
Uzbekistan N/A 159.9 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:2,635, SD= f:6.1 cm (2 12 in)) 54.6% Self-reported 1996 [16]
Vietnam 162.1 cm (5 ft 4 in) 152.2 cm (5 ft 0 in) 1.07 25–29 (SD= m:5.39 cm (2 in) f:5.39 cm (2 in)) 15.9% Measured 1992–1993 [59]
Vietnam 165.7 cm (5 ft 5 in) 155.2 cm (5 ft 1 in) 1.07 Students, 20–25 (N= m:1,000 f:1,000, SD= m:6.55 cm (2 12 in) f:5.32 cm (2 in)) 2.0%[150] Measured 2006–2007 [151]
Zambia N/A 158.5 cm (5 ft 2 12 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,091, SD= f:6.5 cm (2 12 in)) 54.2% Self-reported 2007 [16]
Zimbabwe N/A 160.3 cm (5 ft 3 in) N/A 25–49 (N= f:4,746, SD= f:6.2 cm (2 12 in)) 47.3% Self-reported 2005 [16]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In this case, data that are representative of the majority of the country or region's adult population are those that factor in over 50% of the country or region's population aged 18 or over.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arno J. Krul; Hein A. M. Daanen; Hyegjoo Choi (2010). "Self-reported and measured weight, height and body mass index (BMI) in Italy, the Netherlands and North America". European Journal of Public Health. 21: 414–419. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckp228. 
  2. ^ Lucca A, JMoura EC (2010). "Validity and reliability of self-reported weight, height and body mass index from telephone interviews.". Cadernos de Saúde Pública. 26 (1): 110–22. doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2010000100012. PMID 20209215. 
  3. ^ a b Shields, Margot; Gorber, Sarah Connor & Tremblay, Mark S. (2009). "Methodological Issues in Anthropometry: Self-reported versus Measured Height and Weight" (PDF). Proceedings of Statistic s Canada Symposium 2008. Data Collection: Challenges, Achievements and New Directions. 
  4. ^ a b c Moody, Alison (18 December 2013). "10: Adult anthropometric measures, overweight and obesity". In Craig, Rachel; Mindell, Jennifer. Health Survey for England – 2012 (PDF) (Report). Volume 1: Health, social care and lifestyles. Health and Social Care Information Centre. p. 20. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d WWC Web World Center GmbH G.R.P. Institut für Rationelle Psychologie KÖRPERMASSE BUNDESLÄNDER & STÄDTE 31. Oktober 2007
  6. ^ Although the mean height of university students are slightly shorter than the national mean height aged 20-29 in this study.
  7. ^ a b c Herpin, Nicolas (2003). "La taille des hommes: son incidence sur la vie en couple et la carrière professionnelle" (PDF). Économie et Statistique. 361 (1): 71–90. doi:10.3406/estat.2003.7355. 
  8. ^ Buckler JM. "Variations in height throughout the day". Arch Dis Child. 53: 762. doi:10.1136/adc.53.9.762. PMC 1545095 . PMID 568918. 
  9. ^ a b c Population data from International Data Base, United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ Urban population from The world bank, World Bank.
  11. ^ Each data is calculated as of a data collection year of each survey. If data were taken in several years in a survey, the oldest avertable year would be chosen for the calculation.
  12. ^ a b c d e Grasgruber P, et al. (2014). "The role of nutrition and genetics as key determinants of the positive height trend". Economics & Human Biology. 15: 81–100. doi:10.1016/j.ehb.2014.07.002. 
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  14. ^ "Documento de Resultados 2007" (PDF). Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud de Argentina. 2007. p. 113. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2013. 
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  26. ^ Enrollment at UBL from University of Banja Luka 30 years of the University, University of Montenegro.
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  103. ^ https://ourworldindata.org/human-height/
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  107. ^ Evenimente Sibiul 2007
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  111. ^ Enrollment at UNS from University of Novi Sad Facts and Figures, University of Novi Sad.
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  113. ^ The mean ages of subjects are 17.5(±0.6). Thus most of the subjects are between 17 and 18.
  114. ^ Enrollment at Temasek Polytechnic from Temasek Polytechnic, UNI AGENTS.
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