List of avalanches by death toll

This is an incomplete list of notable avalanches.

Death toll (estimate) Event Location Date
1 22,000 Huascarán avalanche; triggered by the 1970 Ancash earthquake[1] Peru 1970
2 2000−10,000 White Friday (1916)[2] Italy 1916
3 4,000 Huascarán avalanche[1] Peru 1962
4 310 2015 Afghanistan avalanches Afghanistan 2015
5 265 Winter of Terror; series of 649 avalanches Austria-Switzerland 1951
6 201 (56 confirmed, 145 presumed dead) 2012 Afghanistan avalanches[3] Afghanistan 2012
7 200 Lahaul Valley avalanche[4] India 1979
8 172 2010 Salang avalanches; series of at least 36 avalanches Afghanistan 2010
9 155 1918 Mitsumata village avalanche[5] Japan 1918
10 138 2012 Gayari Sector avalanche Pakistan 2012
11 125 Kolka-Karmadon rock ice slide Russia 2002
12 107 Saint-Martin[6] (Hautes-Pyrénées) France 1600
13 102 2010 Kohistan avalanche Pakistan 2010
14 97 1992 Görmeç avalanche Turkey 1992
15 96 Wellington, Washington avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United States United States 1910
16 90 1922 Ōmi Train avalanche[7] Japan 1922
17 84 1938 Unazuki avalanche[8] Japan 1938
18 81 Pragelato Italy 1904
19 79 (57 confirmed 22 presumed dead) 1954 Blons avalanches Austria 1954
20 70 Frassino avalanche Italy 1885
21 65 Palm Sunday Avalanche; deadliest avalanche along Chilkoot Trail (Alaska) United States 1898
22 62 1910 Rogers Pass avalanche; deadliest avalanche in Canada Canada 1910
23 59 1993 Bayburt Üzengili avalanche Turkey 1993
24 55 Møre og Romsdal Norway 1679
25 50[citation needed] Siglunesi Iceland 1613
26 43 Lenin Peak[9] Kyrgyzstan 1990
2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster Nepal October 2014
28 42 1995 Gokyo avalanche[10] Nepal 1995
29 41 2020 Van avalanches Turkey 2020
30 40 Puente del Inca avalanche[11] Argentina 1965
31 39 Val-d'Isère[12] France 1970
32 38 Huez-en-Oisans[13] France 1749
33 37 Ortiporio (Corsica) France 1934
34 32 Vallouise (Hautes-Alpes) France 1757
35 31 1999 Galtür avalanche Austria 1999
36 29 Rigopiano avalanche Italy 2017
37 28 Granduc Mine Avalanche[14] Canada 1965
38 24 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1885
2017 Gurez sector avalanche India 2017
40 23 Balea Lac Romania 1977
41 22 2015 Mount Everest avalanches; triggered by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake[15][16] Nepal April 2015
42 21 Sogn og Fjordane Norway 1873
Lofoten Norway 1956
44 20 Hnífsdalur Iceland 1910
1995 Flateyri avalanche Iceland 1995
46 18 Rybô[citation needed] Slovakia 1924
46 16 Low Tatras[17] Slovakia 1956
Vassdall Norway 1986
2014 Mount Everest avalanche Nepal April 2014
50 15 1972 Manaslu Nepal avalanche Nepal 1972
51 14 1995 Súðavík avalanche Iceland 1995
52 12 1974 Neskaupstaður avalanches Iceland 1974
High Tatras[18] Slovakia 1974
Montroc avalanche[19] France 1999
Kaprun avalanche Austria 2000
56 11 Flathead Valley avalanches Canada 2008
2009 Zigana avalanche Turkey 2009
Manaslu[20] Nepal 2012
59 10 2009 Afghan avalanches Afghanistan 2009
60 9 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1732
Siglufjörður Iceland 1919
Cerro ventana avalanche[21] Argentina 2002
High Tatras (Rysy) Poland January 2003
Mont Maudit avalanche[22] France 2012
Restelica Kosovo 2012
65 8 Lewes avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United Kingdom United Kingdom 1836
67 7 Alpine Meadows (northern California) United States March 1983
Sankt Anton am Arlberg (Wolfsgruben avalanche) Austria 1988
2003 Connaught Creek Valley avalanche Canada 2003
Western Tatras Slovakia 2005
71 6 Oravska Magura Slovakia 1968
1970 Mount Everest disaster Nepal 1970
2009 Schalfkogel avalanche Austria 2009
Valfréjus avalanche France January 2016
75 5 Loveland Pass avalanche[23] (Colorado) United States 2013
2016 Geier avalanche Austria February 2016
77 3 1996 Mount Everest disaster[24] Nepal 1996
2009 Buachaille Etive Mòr avalanche United Kingdom 2009
2012 Tunnel Creek avalanche (Washington) United States 2012
2019 Howse Peak avalanche Canada 2019
2020 Silver Mountain avalanche (northern Idaho) United States 2020

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Peru Earthquake: A Special Study". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Oct 1970: 18.
  2. ^ "Soldiers perish in avalanche as World War I rages". This Day in History. www.history.com. Retrieved 2015-04-27.
  3. ^ "145 'presumed dead' in Afghan avalanche". ABC News. 2012-03-10.
  4. ^ "The 10 Worst Snow Disasters in History". scientificamerican.com.
  5. ^ ja:三俣の大雪崩 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Pierre Bernard Palassou, Nouveaux mémoires pour servir à l'histoire naturelle des Pyrénées et des pays adjacens, Pau, imp. Vignancour, 1823
  7. ^ ja:北陸線列車雪崩直撃事故 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  8. ^ ja:泡雪崩#歴史 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  9. ^ "Historical background of Lenin Peak. The first expedition to Lenin Peak". www.centralasia-travel.com.
  10. ^ Lee Allyn Davis (2008). Natural Disasters. Infobase Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4381-1878-9. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Hutter, Kolumban (2007), Avalanche dynamics: dynamics of rapid flows of dense granular avalanches, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社, p. 32, ISBN 978-3-540-32686-1
  13. ^ Christophe Ancey, Vincent Bain, Dynamique des avalanches, Cemagref, 2006, ISBN 2-88074-648-5
  14. ^ "Rescue workers clear snow and debris after the Granduc mine avalanche near Stewart, B.C., in 1965 in which 28 people died". Vancouver Sun. Vancouversun.com. 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  15. ^ Beaumont, Peter (2015-04-25). "Deadly Everest avalanche triggered by Nepal earthquake". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
  16. ^ Gopal Sharma and Ross Adkin (2015-04-25). "Devastating Nepal earthquake kills over 1,300, some in Everest avalanche". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
  17. ^ VRBA, Miloš, V lavinách a vánicích, Vsetín : Altituda, 2003, ISBN 80-86743-01-2
  18. ^ "Lavina ze Sedla nad Skokom". Hoslavia.utc.sk. Archived from the original on 2014-04-20. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  19. ^ Agrawala, Shardul (2007), Climate change in the European Alps: adapting winter tourism and natural hazards management, OECD Publishing, p. 66, ISBN 978-92-64-03168-5
  20. ^ "Avalanche kills climbers at one of world's highest peaks". CNN.com. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  21. ^ "Recordarán los seis años de la tragedia del cerro Ventana - Diario LMNeuquén". lmneuquen.com.ar.
  22. ^ Allen, Peter (2012-07-12). "Climbers triggered Mont Blanc avalanche which killed three Britons". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  23. ^ "CAIC". Avalanche.state.co.us. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  24. ^ "Lopsang Sherpa, two others killed on Everest". Summit Journal 1996. Outside Online. 1996. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2014-04-18.

External linksEdit