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Automotive superlatives include attributes such as the smallest, largest, fastest, lightest, best-selling, and so on.

This list (except for the firsts section) is limited to automobiles built after World War II, and lists superlatives for earlier vehicles separately. The list is also limited to production road cars that:

  • Are constructed principally for retail sale to consumers for personal use transporting people on public roads. No commercial or industrial vehicles are included
  • Have had 25 or more instances made by the original vehicle manufacturer offered for sale to the public in new condition (cars modified by either professional tuners or individuals are not eligible)
  • Are street-legal in their intended markets and capable of passing any official tests or inspections required to be granted this status

Calendar years rather than "model years" are used except when explicitly marked as otherwise.

Contents

Vehicle dimensionsEdit

LengthEdit

  • Longest
     
    Mercedes-Maybach S600 Pullman
  • Shortest
    • Current production car – 1,371 mm (54.0 in) – 2011 Peel P50[1]
    • Production car – 1,340 mm (52.8 in) – 1962–1965 Peel P50
    • Two seat production car – 1,854 mm (73 in) – Peel Trident
    • Four seat production car – 2,900 mm (114 in) – 1957–1959 BMW 600 (international) [2]
    • SUV / dually truck – 2,324 mm (91.5 in) – 1950–1952 Crosley Farm-O-Road
    • Four-wheel drive car – 2,718 mm (107 in) – 1959–1962 M422 Mighty Mite
    • Light military truck – 2,718 mm (107 in) – 1959–1962 M422 Mighty Mite

Width (without mirrors)Edit

HeightEdit

WheelbaseEdit

TrackEdit

Curb weightEdit

EnginesEdit

Engine displacementEdit

SmallestEdit

  • Current production car –
  • Production car – 49 cc (3.0 cu in) – 1962–1965 Peel P50
    • Three-cylinder – 356 cc (21.7 cu in) – 1967 Suzuki Fronte
    • Four-cylinder – 356 cc (21.7 cu in) – 1963–1967 Honda T360
    • Five-cylinder – 1.9 litres (117.2 cu in) – 1980−1982 Audi 100
    • Six-cylinder – 1.6 litres (97.5 cu in) – 1992−1994 Mitsubishi Mirage
    • Eight-cylinder – 2.0 litres (121.5 cu in) – 1975-1980 Ferrari 208 GT4
    • Ten-cylinder – 4.8 litres (293.2 cu in) — 2010-2012 Lexus LFA
    • Twelve-cylinder – 2.0 litres (122.0 cu in) — 1948-1950 Ferrari 166 Inter
 
Bugatti Chiron 8.0 L W16

LargestEdit

PowerEdit

Highest power by engine typeEdit

Highest power by body styleEdit

Highest specific power (power-to-weight ratio)Edit

Highest specific engine output (power/unit displacement)Edit

TorqueEdit

Highest torque by engine typeEdit

Highest torque by body styleEdit

Highest specific torque (torque/unit displacement)Edit

The mean effective pressure (MEP) is a useful comparison tool, giving the average cylinder pressure exerted on the piston.

Fuel economyEdit

Most EconomicalEdit

The following are all vehicles once certified for sale in the United States. Some vehicles from other countries have better fuel economy. Figures are based on laboratory estimates, not consumer data.

  • All-diesel production vehicle – 1984 Nissan Sentra with 41 combined / 37 city / 46 highway.[16]
  • All-petrol production vehicle – 1986 Chevrolet Sprint ER with 48 combined / 44 city / 53 highway[17]
  • All natural gas production vehicle – 2012 Honda Civic GX with 31 combined / 27 city / 38 highway[18]
  • E85 production vehicle – 2013 Ford Focus SFE FWD FFV with 23 combined / 20 city / 28 highway[19]
  • Production electric hybrid – 2017 Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid (Ioniq Blue) with 58 combined / 57 city / 59 highway[20]
     
    Hyundai Ioniq Electric
  • Production plug-in electric hybrid – 2014/2016 BMW i3 REx with 117 combined MPGe (EV mode) and 39 MPG combined city/highway (petrol)[21]
  • Production all-electric vehicle – 2017 Hyundai Ioniq Electric with 136 combined / 150 city / 122 highway[22]

The following are as sold in Europe:

PriceEdit

PerformanceEdit

AccelerationEdit

Top speedEdit

 
Koenigsegg Agera RS (1 MW upgrade)

Highest rpm redlineEdit

SalesEdit

See also:
 
Toyota Corolla
Best-selling models
  • Best-selling vehicle nameplate – Toyota Corolla (more than 46,000,000 sold in 12 generations since 1966)
  • Best-selling single model – Volkswagen Beetle (21,529,464 of the same basic design sold worldwide between 1938 and 2003)
  • Best single-year sales – 1.36 million – 2005 Toyota Corolla[33]
  • Best single-month sales – 126,905 – July 2005 Ford F-Series[34]

FirstsEdit

Mostly full-production vehicles are listed here. Many were preceded by racing-only cars. This list mainly includes developments that led to widespread adoption across the automotive industry.

IndustryEdit

Engine typesEdit

Engine technologiesEdit

Engine configuration & other miscellaneous fundamental construction details
Wankel engines
Valvetrain
Multi-valve engines
Variable valve timing (VVT)
Aspiration
Fuel systems
Fuel injection (FI)
Ignition systems
General miscellany

Hybrid vehiclesEdit

Plug-in electric vehiclesEdit

BodyEdit

TransmissionEdit

LayoutEdit

SuspensionEdit

BrakesEdit

Driver aidsEdit

Passive restraintEdit

Active restraintEdit

TiresEdit

LightingEdit

Electrical systemEdit

Climate controlEdit

In-car entertainmentEdit

OtherEdit

Pre-warEdit

  • Best-selling pre-war vehicle – Ford Model-T (15,000,000 sold between 1908 and 1928)
  • Least-expensive – US$125 (equivalent to $1,871 in 2018) – 1922 Briggs & Stratton Flyer
  • Least-expensive full-featured automobile – US$300 (equivalent to $4,246 in 2018) – 1926–27 (for the 1927 model year) Ford Model-T
  • Fastest pre-war stock production vehicle – Cord Automobile – 1937 supercharged 812 Beverly sedan 173 km/h (107.66 mph) – September 1937 at the Bonneville Salt Flats
  • Fastest pre-war limited production vehicle – Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 – 1939 Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 clocked to 211 km/h (131 mph) average at Brooklands Speedway (41 made)
  • Fastest pre-war vehicle – Railton Mobil Special – 2-SC Napier Lion V-12 – 595 km/h (369.740 mph) – Driver John Cobb on August 23, 1939 at the Bonneville Salt Flats
  • Longest pre-war production – 6,096 mm (240.0 in) – 1933–35 (for the 1934–35 model years) Cadillac V-16
  • Longest pre-war limited production – 6,400 mm (252.0 in) 1927–33 Bugatti Royale
  • Longest pre-war production wheelbase – 3,912 mm (154.0 in) – 1933–37 (for the 1934–37 model years) Cadillac V-16
  • Longest pre-war limited production wheelbase – 4,572 mm (180.0 in) 1927 Bugatti Royale Prototype
  • Longest pre-war Production convertible – 6,096 mm (240.0 in) (29 produced) – 1933–1935 (for the 1934–35 model years) Cadillac V-16
  • Longest pre-war Production coupe – 6,096 mm (240.0 in) (20 produced) – 1933–1935 (for the 1934–35 model years) Cadillac V-16
  • Longest pre-war Limited production convertible – 6,401 mm (252.0 in) – 1932 Bugatti Royale Weinberger
  • Longest pre-war Limited production coupe – 6,401 mm (252.0 in) – 1931 Bugatti Royale Kellner
  • Widest pre-war – 2,100 mm (82.7 in) 1938–43 Mercedes-Benz 770 W150 (armoured)
  • Widest pre-war front track – 1,626 mm (64.0 in) – 1938–43 Mercedes-Benz 770 W150
  • Widest pre-war rear track – 1,676 mm (66.0 in) – 1938–43 Mercedes-Benz 770 W150
  • Tallest pre-war production car – 2,550 mm (100.4 in) – 1904-9 Fiat 60 HP
  • Heaviest pre-war curb weight – 4,800 kg (10,582 lb) – 1938–43 Mercedes-Benz 770 W150 (armoured)
  • Largest pre-war limited production car inline-four engine 28.3 L (1,727 in3) 1911 Fiat S76[109][110]
  • Largest pre-war straight-6 – 21,112 cc (1,288 in3) – 1905 Panhard et Levassor 50 CV
  • Largest pre-war limited production straight-8 – 14,726 cc (899 in3) – 1927 Bugatti Royale
  • Largest pre-war V8 – 14,700 cc (897 in3) – 1910–12 De Dion-Bouton
  • Largest pre-war V12 – 13,514 cc (825 in3) – 1912 Pierce-Arrow
  • Largest pre-war V16 – 8,048 cc (491 in3) – 1930–33 (for the 1931–33 model years) Marmon Series 16

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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