List of attacks related to primary schools

These are attacks that have occurred on school property or related primarily to school issues or events. A narrow definition of attack is used for this list to exclude attacks during warfare, robberies, gang violence, political or police attacks (as related to protests), accidents, single suicides, and murder-suicides by rejected spouses or suitors, as they are not the type of mass murder event that is the focus of concern. Incidents that involved only staff who work at the school have been classified as belonging at List of workplace killings. It also excludes events where no injuries take place, if an attack is foiled. Accounts without reliable sources are excluded.

Primary school and kindergarten incidentsEdit

Date Location Attacker(s) Casualties[a] Dead Injured Description
August 16, 1856 Florence, Alabama, United States 2 dead 2 The school master warned his students not to harm his tame sparrow. One boy stepped on the bird and killed it. Days later when the boy returned to school, the master took him into a private room and strangled him to death. The boy's father went to the school and shot the schoolmaster dead.[1]
February 6, 1864 Ashland County, Ohio, United States George W. Longfelt 1 dead 1 The school teacher of the Pyfer's School House, George W. Longfelt, shot and killed student Alfred Desem, and fled.[2]
February 16, 1867 Knights Ferry, California, United States 2 dead 2 Mr. McGinnis was shot and killed by his daughter’s teacher, Mr. George T. Cheshire, after McGinnis threatened the teacher for expelling his daughter from school. When McGinnis’s son learned of this, he went to the school and killed the teacher.[3]
June 8, 1867 New York City, New York, United States Arthur Day, 13 1 injured 1 At Public School No. 18, 13-year-old Arthur Day brought a loaded pistol, and shot and injured classmate Robert Morton.[4]
December 22, 1868 Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States 3 dead 3 A boy who refused to be whipped and left school, returning with his brother and a friend the next day to seek revenge on his teacher. They went to his house and engaged in a gun battle, which resulted in three dead. Only the brother of the first boy survived.[5]
February 11, 1873 Wisconsin, United States 1 injured 1 A father shot the school mistress for whipping his son.[6]
December 1, 1881 Santa Monica, California, United States Mr. Williams 1 dead 1 While working late on the program for the children's concert at the school house, the school master O'Donnell, and the father of the Williams boy got into an argument. The Williams parent fatally shot O'Donnell in the back.[7]
December 22, 1881 Shelby County, Indiana, United States Charles J. Gregory 1 injured 1 Charles J. Gregory, a school teacher, shot at a pupil at close range because he refused to write on the a slate. The teacher was arrested.[8]
February 28, 1884 Danville, Virginia, United States Allen Wamack, 15 2 injured 2 As Allen Wamack, a fifteen-year-old boy drove by a "negro" school house, he called out "school butter." The entire school emptied out and attacked him, several shots were fired at him, and he returned fire shooting two students.[9]
June 12, 1887 Cleveland, Tennessee, United States Will Guess 1 dead 1 Will Guess went to the school and fatally shot Miss Irene Fann, teacher of his little sister, for whipping the girl the day before.[10]
April 24, 1890 Brazil, Indiana, United States Ben Corbery 1 injured 1 While the pupils of the Meridian Street School were playing, student Ben Corbery drew a revolver and shot Cora Brubach, aged 10, seriously wounding her in the face. The girl had earlier informed the teacher of Ben's misconduct.[11]
March 21, 1891 Liberty, Mississippi, United States 14 injured 14 During a school exhibition and concert given at the Parson Hill schoolhouse, the large, mixed audience had both black and white attendees: teachers, pupils, and spectators. An unknown assailant fired a double barreled shotgun into the crowd, wounding 14 people, some seriously.[12][13]
April 9, 1891 Newburgh, New York, United States James Foster, 70 5 injured 5 70-year-old James Foster fired a shotgun at a group of male students in the playground of St. Mary's Parochial School, causing minor injuries to several.[14]
December 12, 1898 Charleston, West Virginia, United States 6 dead, several injured 6 unknown During the School exhibition, a group of young men attempted to break up a student performance. The teacher Fisher tried to throw the trouble makers out, but the group turned on him. Several of the audience members jumped up to assist and a free-for-all fight broke out. Harry Flasher was shot in the heart and instantly killed, Henry Carney was fatally shot in the back, Ralph Jones and two others were also fatally shot, and Haz Harding had his skull crushed. George Gibson was shot in the hand, and several others received minor wounds.


December 21, 1898 New York City, New York, United States Samuel Jacobson, 8 1 injured 1 Samuel Jacobson, student at Grammar School 85, stabbed his 8-year-old classmate Hans Pietze with a pocketknife after he fell over the latter's foot. Both students were said to have quarreled often before.[16]
October 6, 1902 Droyssig, Austria-Hungary ..., 40 4 dead, 3 injured 4 3 A schoolmaster shot and killed three children and injured another three, before he was lynched by infuriated villagers.[17]
September 27, 1904 Mount Ayr, Iowa, United States Samuel Égly 1 dead 1 Two school directors got into a heated discussion over school business. When Director Samuel Égly threatened Director William Kling with an ax, Kling shot Égly through the heart and killed him.[18]
March 23, 1907 Carmi, Illinois, United States George Nicholson 1 dead 1 George Nicholson shot and killed John Kurd at a schoolhouse outside of Carmi, Illinois during a school rehearsal. Kurd had made a disparaging remark about Nicholson's daughter during her recital.[19]
September 11, 1909 Gravette, Arkansas, United States John Butram 1 dead 1 John Butram, an unruly student at the Bear Hollow School, said that school is canceled. When the teacher, A. T. Kelly, insisted that the day's lesson was not over, Butram drew his knife. The teacher shot him in self-defense.[20]
January 12, 1910 New York City, New York, United States 1 dead, 1 injured 1 1 "A black bearded maniac drew an automatic pistol" and fired five shots into a crowd of Harlem School boys who were taunting him. He hit Robert Lomas, aged 6, in the heart and the boy died instantly; Arthur Shively, aged 6, was shot through the left lung and critically wounded.[21]
June 20, 1913 Bremen, Germany Heinz Schmidt, 30 5 dead, 23 injured 5 23 Bremen school shooting. 30-year-old unemployed teacher Heinz Schmidt entered St.-Marien-Schule and indiscriminately shot at students and teachers, killing four students and injuring 23 other people. Another student died from injuries sustained when she fell downstairs while trying to escape the shooting. A furious crowd outside the school eventually subdued Schmidt, and he was arrested by police.[22]
September 22, 1916 Bemidji, Minnesota, United States 1 injured 1 Miss Olga Dahl, the 19-year-old teacher at the Round Lake District School, was found tied to a tree near the school, assaulted, and shot twice in the face. She had been working late the night before after all the pupils had left, when a man with a revolver entered the school house and ordered her to keep quiet and obey him. She was not expected to live, and all available men in Ithasca County joined in the hunt for the assailant.[23]
December 26, 1916 Danville, Kentucky, United States Thomas Thornton 1 dead, 3 injured 1 3 During the Christmas tree celebration at the Harris Creek School attended by children and visitors, a fight broke out. William Benedict, Sr. was instantly shot dead; William Benedict, Jr. was shot in the ankle; Bourdon Galloway was shot in the right arm; and Mike Gaddis was shot in the leg. Many others were injured by diving out windows and ducking under seats. Thomas Thornton was reported to have been drinking and been told to calm down Benedict; Thomas' brother George gave him a revolver.[24]
October 28, 1917 Chicago, Illinois, United States William Carter, 16
Ralph Carter, 15
1 injured 1 Overnight two brothers, William (16) and Ralph Carter (15), broke into the May public school, robbing the phone boxes and teachers' desks. When they were discovered by the Howard Parks, the janitor, and Thomas Conway, a policeman, a gun battle broke out and William Carter was shot. He was taken to the hospital and was not expected to live, and his brother Ralph was taken to jail.[25]
November 29, 1917 Manes, Missouri, United States 1 injured 1 At the Perkins school's Thanksgiving night pie supper, teacher Joe Todd, age 21, was mysteriously shot. The bullet passed through his body, but he was expected to recover.[26]
October 22, 1920 Chicago, Illinois, United States Carmila Rindoni 1 injured 1 Mrs. Carmila Rindoni, went to the school and shot Miss Rosalind I. Reynolds, her son's teacher, twice for spanking her son the day before. Mrs. Rindoni was arrested, and Reynolds was expected to recover.[27]
February 17, 1922 Valdosta, Georgia, United States John Glover 2 dead 2 John Glover broke into the school house and shot and killed a school girl and fatally wounded a boy. A mob was formed and tracked and killed Glover 7 miles (11 km) away in Indianola, now Naylor, Georgia.[28]
October 19, 1923 Waikino, New Zealand John Christopher Higgins 2 dead, 8 injured 2 8 John Higgins, a middle-aged firewood dealer from Canada, was seeking revenge for the alleged killing of three of his horses by other Waikino residents. He entered the local public school armed with a revolver, knife and explosives. He shot headmaster Robert Reid, and went to the classroom, where he fatally shot two boys, aged 9 and 13 years, wounding four other pupils by gunshots. Two children were injured while trying to escape. Higgins was arrested after a shoot-out with police in which he wounded a policeman. He was convicted and sentenced to death four months later; his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment, as it was found that he had been insane at the time of the shooting.[29][30]
May 18, 1927 Bath, Michigan,

United States

Andrew Kehoe, 55 45 dead, 58 injured 45 58 Bath School disaster. School board member Andrew Kehoe set up a series of bombs within the Bath Consolidated School. Before blowing up the school, Kehoe murdered his wife and set fire to his farmhouse. As townspeople responding to the explosions at the school started relief efforts, Kehoe detonated his shrapnel-filled vehicle outside the school and killed himself, injuring more persons. The bombings constituted the deadliest act of mass murder in any type of school setting in U.S. history.
April 1936 Inowrocław, Poland Stefan Bykowski 3 dead, 2 injured 3 2 The day after he had been fired for drinking excessively, teacher Stefan Bykowski returned to his classroom, where he shot and killed the substitute teacher. He killed another teacher and the principal when they came to investigate, then barricaded himself in another room to await police. After gravely wounding one of the officers, he tried to commit suicide by shooting himself with his last round, but survived and was tried.[31]
October 25, 1940 Cincinnati, Ohio, United States Guy Willie Ponder, 27 1 dead 1 10-year-old Clarence Stevens, a third-grade pupil at Holy Name School, was stabbed to death inside a storeroom at the school by 27-year-old Guy Willie Ponder.[32]
May 9, 1944 New York City, New York, United States Madeline Kirkland, 11

Eileen Foster, 13

1 dead 1 Nine-year-old Margaret Patton was attacked and killed at PS 119 in Harlem by two fellow students. One stabbed her to death. Police arrested 11-year-old Madeline Kirkland, who was charged with murder, and 13-year-old Eileen Foster, who was charged with juvenile delinquency as her accessory.[33]
October 10, 1956 Terrazzano, Italy Arturo Santato, 23

Egidio Santato, 21

1 dead, 4 injured 1 4 Arturo Santato, a former inmate of an asylum in Aversa, and his brother Egidio went into a school in Terrazzano, near Milan, carrying guns, dynamite and acid. They took 96 children and three teachers hostage for about six hours. They demanded 200 million lira for the release of their hostages or they would kill them. Using the children as shields, they fired shots at people outside the school, killing one person and injuring another three. The hostage crisis ended when one teacher tackled Egidio, grabbed a knife and stabbed him in the head. The attack distracted the brothers long enough so that police could storm the classroom without endangering the children's lives.[34][35]
September 15, 1959 Houston, Texas,

United States

Paul Harold Orgeron, 49 6 dead, 19 injured 6 19 After Paul Orgeron's second-grade son was denied enrollment at Poe Elementary School, he detonated an explosive on the playground, killing himself, his son Dusty, a teacher, a custodian and two seven-year-old boys. The school principal and 18 students aged six to ten were injured, many seriously.
February 2, 1960 Hartford City, Indiana, United States Leonard O. Redden, 44 3 dead 3 Principal Leonard Redden shot and killed two teachers with a shotgun at William Reed Elementary School in Hartford City, Indiana, before fleeing into a forest, where he committed suicide.[36][37]
June 7, 1960 Blaine, Minnesota, United States Lester Betts, 40 1 dead 1 Lester Betts, a 40-year-old mail-carrier, and former president of the PTA, went into the office of 33-year-old principal Carson Hammond and shot him to death with a shotgun.[38]
June 11, 1964 Cologne, Germany Walter Seifert, 42 11 dead, 22 injured 11 22 Cologne school massacre. Armed with an insecticide sprayer converted into a flamethrower, a lance, and a homemade mace, 42-year-old Walter Seifert entered the Katholische Volksschule in Cologne, Germany, and opened fire on female students playing in the courtyard. He knocked in classroom windows and fired inside. Eight children and two teachers died, and twenty children and two teachers suffered injuries of severe burns. After swallowing poisonous insecticide, Seifert died the following day, while in custody.
November 8, 1971 Grove, Oklahoma, United States James Underwood 1 dead 1 Principal T.J. Melton was shot to death by James Underwood, a school custodian. Underwood was charged with first-degree murder but was never tried, as he was ruled mentally unfit for trial. He was committed to a mental hospital, where he died in 1974.[39][40]
January 17, 1974 Chicago, Illinois, United States Steven Guy, 14 1 dead, 3 injured 1 3 14-year-old Steven Guy, apparently angry about being transferred to a social adjustment center, entered Clara W. Barton Elementary School in Chicago with a revolver and a pistol and killed the principal and wounded three others before being stopped after his guns jammed.
October 10, 1977 San Juan, Trinidad and Tobago 5 dead 5 A man running through the halls of El Socorro public school killed four children with a machete; while trying to escape, he killed a woman outside the school. He was later arrested by police.[41]
April 26, 1978 Dallas, Texas, United States ..., 56 1 dead 1 Woodrow Porter, 38, a janitor at Paul Dunbar Elementary School, was shot to death by the 56-year-old grandmother of an 8-year-old who was allegedly earlier spanked by Porter.[42]
January 29, 1979 San Diego, California, United States Brenda Ann Spencer, 16 2 dead, 9 injured 2 9 Armed with a rifle, 16-year-old Brenda Ann Spencer opened fire at Cleveland Elementary School, killing two adults and wounding eight children and one police officer. When apprehended after a six-hour stand-off, she said of her motive, "I don't like Mondays. This livens up the day." Spencer was later sentenced to 25 to life on April 4, 1980 and is housed at the California Institution for Women.
March 20, 1980 Dallas, Texas, United States 1 dead 1 Rosie Pearson, 49, fifth grade teacher, was shot to death in the hallway of J. Leslie Patton School, by an unknown assailant.[43]
June 3, 1982 Shamshuipo, Hong Kong Li Chihang, 28 5 dead, 43 injured 5 43 Anne Anne Kindergarten stabbing. After stabbing his mother and sister to death and injuring two bystanders, 28-year-old Li Chihang entered Anne Anne Kindergarten and started stabbing people. He killed four children and injured 40 other people in the attack. Li was arrested after being shot by a police officer.[44] He was found to be insane and was sentenced to committal to a mental institution.
August 13, 1983 Chiang Rai Province, Thailand Suthat Wannasarn, 43 3 dead, 3 injured 3 3 43-year-old Suthat Wannasarn attacked children at a nursery school in Chiang Rai Province with a sword and a large stick, killing three and wounded two more. Wannasarn was arrested by police after being shot in the abdomen.[45][46]
February 24, 1984 Los Angeles, California, United States Tyrone Mitchell, 28 2 dead, 13 injured 2 13 28-year-old Tyrone Mitchell began shooting from a window at students leaving 49th Street Elementary School across the street in Los Angeles; he used a shotgun and a rifle. He killed a 10-year-old girl and wounded 11 other children, in addition to a schoolyard supervisor and a passer-by. When police finally stormed the building, they found Mitchell's body; he had committed suicide with his shotgun. Mitchell had lost his parents, grandmother, brother and four sisters in the Jonestown massacre.[47][48][49]
May 16, 1986 Cokeville, Wyoming,

United States

David Young
Doris Young
2 dead, 79 injured 2 79 Cokeville Elementary School hostage crisis. David Young, and his wife Doris Young, took 154 children and adults hostage at Cokeville Elementary School. After a two-and-a-half hour standoff, a gasoline bomb the couple was carrying went off prematurely, injuring Doris Young while David was out of the room. Returning to the room, Young shot his wife and himself, killing both. All the hostages escaped; 79 were later hospitalized with burns and injuries.
May 20, 1988 Winnetka, Illinois,

United States

Laurie Dann 1 dead, 6 injured 1 6 Laurie Dann entered Hubbard Woods Elementary School and shot and killed one boy, Nick Corwin, and wounded two girls and three boys. She then took a family hostage and shot another man, non-fatally, before killing herself.
August 31, 1988 Anderson, South Carolina, United States Kevin Dean Young,
William Bell,
John Glenn,
Arthur Ray Jones
1 dead 1 Principal Dennis Ray Hepler, 35, was accosted by three young men outside West Franklin Elementary School. They robbed him of $67 before shooting him to death. Two of the perpetrators were sentenced to death via Lethal Ejection with Kevin Dean Young being executed on November 3, 2000. The third was sentenced to 35 years in prison. A fourth man was convicted as an accessory for driving them from the scene.[50]
September 23, 1988 Chicago, Illinois, United States Clemmie Henderson, 40 5 dead,

2 injured

5 2 Armed with a pistol, 40-year-old Clemmie Henderson shot two people dead at an auto parts store and wounded a garbage man before entering Montefiore Special Elementary School; there he killed a school custodian and a police officer. He wounded another police officer before he was shot and killed.[51]
September 26, 1988 Greenwood, South Carolina, United States James William Wilson, 19 2 dead, 9 injured 2 9 James Wilson, 19, took a pistol to Oakland Elementary School where he shot and killed two students and injured seven other students and two teachers.[52][53][54] Wilson was sentenced to death by electric chair.
January 17, 1989 Stockton, California, United States Patrick Purdy, 24 6 dead, 30 injured 6 30 Patrick Purdy shot and killed five schoolchildren, and wounded 29 other schoolchildren and one teacher on the playground of Cleveland Elementary School. The shooting ended with Purdy committing suicide.
January 10, 1994 Maradi, Niger 5 dead, 1 injured 5 1 A former psychiatric patient, armed with a club, beat four children to death in a madrasah in Maradi, and also killed a woman trying to stop him. Trying to escape, the man was captured and severely beaten by an angry crowd.[55][56]
April 12, 1994 Butte, Montana, United States Jason Osmanson, 10 1 dead 1 10-year-old Jason Osmanson, teased because his parents have AIDS, shot and killed an 11-year-old on the playground of Margaret Leary Elementary School. Osmanson was sent to a private residential treatment center.[57]
July 10, 1995 Meihekou, China Dong Chi 2 dead, 16 injured 2 16 An assailant armed with a double-barreled shotgun and garden shears attacked staff and students at a kindergarten in Meihekou, killing a six-year-old girl and wounding 15 other students and a teacher. The assailant, identified as Dong Chi, was shot and killed by police.[58]
March 13, 1996 Dunblane, Scotland, United Kingdom Thomas Hamilton, 43 18 dead, 15 injured 18 15 Unemployed former shopkeeper and Scout leader Thomas Hamilton walked into Dunblane Primary School armed with two pistols and two revolvers. He killed sixteen children and a teacher, and wounded 15 others before committing suicide. The British Government banned handguns in Britain with the Firearms (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1997.
July 8, 1996 Blakenhall, Wolverhampton, England, United Kingdom Horrett Campbell, 33 7 injured 7 Wolverhampton machete attack. Horrett Campbell, a 33-year-old man with paranoid schizophrenia, invaded a picnic at St Luke's Primary School and slashed three young children and four adults with a machete. Campbell was later ordered to mental hospital on March 7, 1997.
October 10, 1996 Cairns, Queensland, Australia Paul Streeton, 26 1 injured 1 Paul Streeton set six-year-old Tjandamurra O'Shane on fire in the playground of his school, burning over 70% of his body.
August 1998 Henan, China 2 dead, 15 injured 2 15 A teacher, an ex-soldier, stabbed two children to death and wounded 15 others.[59]
September 3, 1998 Hajdúhadház, Hungary ..., 31 11 injured 11 A 31-year-old female teacher stabbed eight children and three teachers in the canteen of a primary school in Hajdúhadház.[60][61]
September 14, 1998 Hejiang County, China Lin Peiqing 23 injured 23 Ex-soldier Lin Peiqing stabbed 23 elementary school children during a morning flag-raising ceremony.[59]
February 22, 1999 Gulbene, Latvia Alexander Koryakov, 19 4 dead, 1 injured 4 1 19-year-old Alexander Koryakov entered a Gulbene kindergarten and hacked three girls to death with a meat cleaver. He also killed a teacher and wounded a nurse before trying to escape. After his arrest, he told police that he wanted to become famous. Koryakov was sentenced to life imprisonment on December 7, 1999.[62][63][64]
May 3, 1999 Costa Mesa, California, United States Steven Allen Abrams, 39 2 dead, 5 injured 2 5 Steven Allen Abrams purposefully drove his car onto the playground of Southcoast Early Childhood Learning Center. He killed two children and injured four other children and an adult. Abrams later said he thought the murders would silence the voices the US government was beaming into his brain, he was later sentenced to two life terms in prison without parole on December 15, 2000.[65][66]
February 29, 2000 Mount Morris Township, Michigan, United States Dedrick Owens, 6 1 dead 1 Dedrick Owens took a pistol to Buell Elementary School from his uncle's home and used it to kill 6-year-old Kayla Rolland.
February 2, 2001 Red Lion, Pennsylvania,

United States

William Stankewicz, 55 13 injured 13 55-year-old William Stankewicz entered North Hopewell Winterstown Elementary School and slashed two teachers and a principal with a machete. He wounded several children in a kindergarten before being subdued by a faculty member, he's now serving 132 to 264 years in prison.[67]
May 7, 2001 Anchorage, Alaska, United States Jason Pritchard, 33 4 injured 4 33-year-old Jason Pritchard stabbed four young students in the neck at Mountain View Elementary School, Pritchard was later sentenced to 99 years in jail in 2002.[68]
June 8, 2001 Ikeda, Osaka,


Mamoru Takuma, 37 8 dead, 15 injured 8 15 Osaka school massacre. Armed with a kitchen knife, a 37-year-old former janitor Mamoru Takuma went into Ikeda Elementary School, attached to Osaka-Kyoiku University, and stabbed school children and teachers, killing 8 children and wounding 13 children and 2 teachers. Takuma was later hung to death on September 14, 2004.
September 4, 2002 Seoul, South Korea Hwang Bom-nae, 53 10 injured 10 10 children were injured at Neung Dong Church Elementary School in Seoul, when Hwang Bom-nae attacked them with kitchen knives. Hwang told police he heard the voice of Kim Il-Sung that commanded him to kill many people or he would be killed.[69][70]
November 26, 2002 Huaiji county, China Shi Ruoqiu 5 dead, 2 injured 5 2 Shi Ruoqiu stabbed seven children at Shilong Elementary School with a kitchen knife before being arrested. One child died at the scene, while four more died of their wounds in hospital.[71][72]
March 7, 2003 Beihai, China Xie Zhongcai, 24 8 injured 8 24-year-old Xie Zhongcai stabbed four teachers and four children in a kindergarten in Beihai. He had been rejected by one of the teachers he was in love with, who had then arranged for him to be beaten up. Xie was finally overpowered by staff members and the father of one of the kindergarten children.[73]
June 1, 2004 Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan Unidentified girl, 11 1 dead 1 An 11-year-old student, identified only as "Girl A", killed a 12-year-old classmate, Satomi Mitarai, by slitting her throat at Okubo Elementary School in Sasebo.
September 11, 2004 Suzhou,


Yang Guozhu, 41 28 injured 28 A man armed with a knife and homemade explosives attacked 28 children at a kindergarten.[74]
September 20, 2004 Ying County, China Jia Qingyou, 36 25 injured 25 36-year-old Jia Qingyou, a bus driver, injured 25 children with a kitchen knife at No. 1 Experimental Primary School in Ying County. He was later sentenced to death and executed on November 24, 2004.[75][76]
September 30, 2004 Chenzhou, China Liu Hongwen, 28 4 dead, 12 injured 4 12 Liu Hongwen, a 28-year-old primary school teacher, killed four children with a knife in a first grade class at a school in Chenzhou, wounding nine other children and three teachers. He took 65 students hostage. After negotiations with a county official, he surrendered to police. He was later found not guilty by reason of insanity due to schizophrenia.[77][78]
December 4, 2004 Mingcheng Town, China Liu Zhigang, 30 12 injured 12 12 students were stabbed by Liu Zhigang, a man suffering from schizophrenia, at the Central Primary School of Mingcheng Town, Panshi City. Liu was found not guilty by reason of insanity.[79]
February 14, 2005 Neyagawa, Japan ..., 17 1 dead, 2 injured 1 2 A 17-year-old boy stabbed two teachers and a school nutritionist with a kitchen knife at his former elementary school, killing one of the teachers.[80]
October 12, 2005 Guangde County, China Liu Shibing, 33 18 injured 18 18 people, among them 16 children, were injured when Liu Shibing shot them with six home-made guns at Niutoushan Primary School in Guangde.[81]
December 10, 2005 Uji, Japan Yu Hagino, 23 1 dead 1 23-year-old teacher Yu Hagino stabbed 12-year-old Sayano Horimoto to death at a cram school in Uji, following a verbal dispute. Yu was sentenced to 18 years in prison in March 2007.[82]
May 8, 2006 Shiguan, China Bai Ningyang, 19 12 dead, 5 injured 12 5 Shiguan kindergarten attack. Armed with two knives and petrol 19-year-old Bai Ningyang entered a classroom of a kindergarten in Shiguan, a village near Gongyi. He forced the 21 children and the teacher to the back of the room, sprayed the floor with gasoline, and, before setting it on fire, let one child go, because he knew their parents. Bai locked the door and escaped. 12 of the children died; four others and the teacher were wounded. Bai was arrested the next day and sentenced to death on December 7, 2007.[83][84]
May 24, 2006 Luoying, China Yang Xinlong, 35 2 dead, 2 injured 2 2 35-year-old farmer Yang Xinlong hacked his aunt to death, set her house on fire and injured another person after an argument; he next went to Luoying Primary School where he stabbed a third-grade child to death and took 18 others hostage for several hours. When Yang refused to let the children go, he was shot and arrested by police.[85][86]
October 2, 2006 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania,

United States

Charles Carl Roberts, 32 6 dead, 5 injured 6 5 Charles Carl Roberts, a 32-year-old milk-tank truck driver, took hostages and eventually shot ten girls, killing five (aged 7–13), before killing himself at West Nickel Mines School, a one-room Amish schoolhouse.
June 13, 2007 Chiling, China Su Qianxiao, 42 1 dead, 3 injured 1 3 A nine-year-old boy was killed when Su Qianxiao, a 42-year-old villager, stabbed four children with a kitchen knife at Chiling Primary School. He was caught by locals before he could commit suicide.[87]
August 4, 2007 Newark, New Jersey,

United States

José Carranza, 28, and two 15-year-old unidentified boys 3 dead, 1 wounded 3 1 In what is known as the Newark Schoolyard Killings, three Delaware State University students were forced to kneel against an elementary school wall and were shot execution-style by 28-year-old Jose Carranza and two 15-year-old juveniles. A fourth student was found with gunshot wounds to her head.
September 13, 2007 Hengyang, China Kuang Xi, 28 1 dead, 5 injured 1 5 28-year-old Kuang Xi, an allegedly mentally disturbed man, hurled five girls and one boy out of a window on the third floor of Hongqiao Primary School, killing a nine-year-old girl. He was subdued by four men, before he could throw out a seventh child.[88][89]
January 7, 2009 Budapest, Hungary Unknown 2 dead, 1 injured 2 1 A principal and a teacher were killed by a security guard and an administrator at a private elementary school in the 21 district of Budapest at 6:40 pm. The guard afterwards shot himself in the hand to support claims the deed was the act of an unknown masked gunman. The perpetrators had been fired by the principal on suspicion of embezzling.
January 23, 2009 Tromsø, Norway 2 dead 2 A man shot and killed a female trainee teacher and then fatally shot himself in the car park of a kindergarten. The shooting occurred just as children were arriving for school.[90]
January 23, 2009 Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde, Dendermonde, Belgium Kim De Gelder, 20 4 dead, 12 injured 4 12 Kim De Gelder entered a kindergarten in Belgium and started stabbing people. Two babies and a 54-year-old woman were stabbed to death and twelve other people were injured in the attack. De Gelder also stabbed a 73-year-old woman to death in her apartment days earlier. On March 22, 2013, De Gelder was found guilty and sentenced to life in jail.
March 3, 2009 Mazhan, China Xu Ximei, 40 2 dead, 4 injured 2 4 40-year-old Xu Ximei, an allegedly mentally disabled woman, stabbed two boys, aged 4 and 6, to death with a kitchen knife and injured another three children, as well as the 76-year-old grandmother of one of her victims at the primary school of Mazhan village in Guangdong province. She was later found lying in a classroom and arrested.[91]
March 23, 2010 Nanping, China Zheng Minsheng, 41 8 dead, 5 injured 8 5 Nanping school massacre. Eight children were hacked to death with a machete and five others were injured outside an elementary school in Nanping. The assailant, identified as 41-year-old Zheng Minsheng, was restrained by school security guards and then arrested by police, he was executed on April 28, 2010 by firing squad.[92][93]
April 13, 2010 Xichang, China Yang Jiaqin, 40 2 dead, 5 injured 2 5 An assailant armed with a meat cleaver attacked students and bystanders outside an elementary school, killing a schoolboy and an elderly woman and wounding three other children and two adults before being arrested by police. The assailant, identified as 40-year-old Yang Jiaqin, was reported to be mentally ill.[94][95]
April 28, 2010 Leizhou, China Chen Kangbing, 33 17 injured 17 Chen Kangbing stabbed and injured 16 students and one teacher at Leicheng First Primary School in Leizhou before being restrained by teachers and arrested by police.[96]
April 29, 2010 Taixing, China Xu Yuyuan, 47 32 injured 32 Xu Yuyuan stabbed 29 children, two teachers and a security guard at the Zhongxin Kindergarten in Taixing. Five of the injured children were reported in critical condition.[97]
April 30, 2010 Weifang, China Wang Yonglai, 45 1 dead, 6 injured 1 6 Wang Yonglai, a 45-year-old farmer, used a motorcycle to break through a gate at Shangzhuang Primary School in Weifang and then attacked several children with a hammer, wounding five of them. A teacher was injured trying to stop Wang. He grabbed two children as hostages and poured gasoline over himself. Teachers pulled the children to safety before Wang set himself on fire, committing suicide.[98][99]
May 12, 2010 Hanzhong, China Wu Huanming, 48 10 dead, 11 injured 10 11 An assailant used a cleaver to kill seven children and two adults and wounded 11 other children at the Shengshui Temple Kindergarten in Hanzhong. Identified as 48-year-old Wu Huanming, the assailant fled from the school and committed suicide at his house.[100]
August 3, 2010 Zibo, China Fang Jiantang, 26 3 dead, 7 injured 3 7 A knife-wielding man attacked children and staff at a kindergarten in Zibo. He killed three children and wounded three other children and four teachers in the attack. Two of the teachers were reported in critical condition. Assailant 26-year-old Fang Jiantang was arrested by police.[101][102]
October 8, 2010 Carlsbad, California, United States Brendan Liam O’Rourke, 41 2 injured 2 A middle aged man holding a jack-o-lantern shot at the campus at Kelly Elementary School, his bullets grazing the shoulders of two students, who were ages six and seven, respectively. 41-year-old Brendan Liam O’Rourke was apprehended by police. He was tried and sentenced to life imprisonment.[103][104]
October 22, 2010 Zamboanga City, Philippines Felin Mateo, 51 4 dead, 6 injured 4 6 A 12-year-old girl, a teacher, and a 64-year-old man were stabbed to death by ex-convict Felin Mateo at Talisayan Elementary School in Talisayan village. He also wounded four other children and two teachers, some of them seriously, before he could be subdued by villagers; they killed him with his knife.[105]
February 2, 2011 Placerville, California, United States John Luebbers, 44 1 dead 1 Principal Sam Lacara, 50, was fatally shot in his office at Louisiana Schnell Elementary School in Placerville and later died at a hospital. John Luebbers, a 44-year-old school custodian, was arrested after the shooting. Luebbers was sentenced to 50 years in prison.[106][107][108]
April 7, 2011 Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Wellington Menezes de Oliveira, 23 13 dead, 12 injured 13 12 Rio de Janeiro school shooting. A gunman armed with two handguns began shooting at children and school personnel at Escola Municipal Tasso da Silveira, an elementary school. 13 people were killed, including the shooter, a former student. Police shot the suspect in the leg, causing him to fall down a staircase, then the gunman fatally shot himself in the head. The shooter is reported to have left a suicide note.[109][110][111]
August 29, 2011 Shanghai, China ..., 30 8 injured 8 A 30-year-old woman slashed eight children with a box cutter at a child-care centre in Shanghai, wounding one seriously. The attacker, a day care worker at the kindergarten, was arrested; she was reported to have suffered from psychiatric problems.[112]
September 14, 2011 Gongyi, China Wang Hongbin, 30 4 dead, 2 injured 4 2 A young girl and three adults taking their children to nursery school were killed in Gongyi, Henan with an axe by 30-year-old Wang Hongbin, a local farmer thought to have schizophrenia. Another child and an adult were seriously wounded but survived.[113][114][115]
September 22, 2011 São Caetano do Sul, Brazil David Mota Nogueira, 10 1 dead, 1 injured 1 1 David Mota Nogueira, a fourth-grade student at Escola Municipal Alcina Dantas Feijão in São Caetano do Sul, shot and wounded his teacher, 38-year-old Rosileide Queiros de Oliveira, with his father's revolver. He ran out of the classroom and committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.[116]
November 15, 2011 Ga-Mmasehlong, South Africa Happy Shapo, 40 1 dead 1 Gilford Shapo, teacher at Mmasehlong Primary School in Ga-Mmasehlong village, was hacked to death with a machete in front of his class by his brother Happy. The attacker was arrested by police.[117][118]
December 14, 2012 Chenpeng, China Min Yongjun, 36 24 injured 24 Chenpeng Village Primary School stabbing. An assailant, identified as 36-year-old Min Yongjun, stabbed 24 people, including 23 children and an elderly woman at Chenpeng Village Primary School.[119]
December 14, 2012 Newtown, Connecticut, United States Adam Lanza, 20 27 dead,[120] 2 injured 27 2 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. 20-year-old Adam Lanza shot and killed his mother at home, then drove to Sandy Hook Elementary School where he shot and killed 20 students and six adult staff members before killing himself. This event is the second-deadliest school shooting in United States history, after the Virginia Tech massacre.[121][122]
January 7, 2013 Fort Myers, Florida, United States 1 dead 1 In the parking lot of the Apostolic Revival Center and Christian School, a man was fatally shot in what was believed to be a targeted rather than random killing. No students were present at the time.[123]
January 29, 2013 Midland City, Alabama, United States Jimmy Lee Dykes 2 dead 2 2013 Alabama bunker hostage crisis. A man in his 60s boarded a school bus and shot the bus driver, Charles Albert Poland Jr., 66. Poland was killed. The gunman abducted a 6-year-old child and held him hostage in an underground bunker. The gunman, Jimmy Lee Dykes, was shot to death by police several days later.[124]
August 20, 2013 Decatur, Georgia, United States Michael Brandon Hill, 20 (suspect) 0 injured 0 A gunman with an AK-47 fired six shots inside the front office of Ronald E. McNair Discovery Learning Academy, an elementary school. Next the gunman barricaded himself in the office, and police at the scene returned fire. Nobody was injured. The gunman surrendered and was apprehended. Children were evacuated from the building so parents could pick them up. The alleged gunman is a 20-year-old male named Michael Brandon Hill.[125][126][127][128]
September 9, 2013 Guilin, Guangxi province, China Unknown 2 dead, 44 injured 2 44 Two adults were killed outside Balijie Primary School, and 44 others were injured after a homemade explosive detonated. Most of the injured were schoolchildren. One of those killed is the bomber, who was riding his motorcycle during the explosion.[129][130][131]
October 4, 2013 Spencer, Massachusetts, United States 7-year-old student 1 injured 1 A 7-year-old student was stabbed by another 7-year-old student at Wire Village School. The victim was hospitalized for serious but non-life-threatening injuries.[132]
October 17, 2013 Jacksonville, Arkansas, United States Nicholas John Miller, 22 (suspect) No injuries A man with a knife hijacked a school bus in Jacksonville, taking 11 Pinewood Elementary School students and their bus driver on a detour; police ended it in Cabot after a 10-mile chase and 20 minutes after it began. The suspect, 22-year-old Nicholas John Miller, was charged with a felony count of vehicle piracy, 12 felony counts of kidnapping, and two felony counts of aggravated assault.[133][134]
May 21, 2014 Macheng, Hubei, China ..., 35 8 injured 8 A man armed with a meat-cleaver slashed eight children on a playground. Eight students were injured; one was seriously injured and seven others sustained minor injuries. A 35-year-old man was arrested.[135][136]
May 30, 2014 Oakland, California, United States Hasseemah Diemi, 39 (charged) 1 injured 1 A 9-year-old girl was attacked with a hammer at Lafayette Elementary School. The girl was hospitalized. A 39-year-old woman, who was a class volunteer at the school, was arrested at the scene and charged with assault with a deadly weapon.[137]
September 1, 2014 Shiyan, Hubei province, China Yanfu Chen, 43 4 dead, 5 injured 4 5 Chen stabbed three children and a teacher to death at a primary school, and wounded 5 others. Chen then committed suicide by jumping off the building.[138]
September 26, 2014 Guilin, Guangxi province, China Suspect, 56 4 dead 4 Four children were stabbed to death as they were walking to their school. A 56-year-old suspect is wanted.[139]
April 6, 2015 Brasília, Brazil Marivaldo Teixeira da Silva, 33 43 injured 18 33-year-old Marivaldo Teixeira da Silva gained access to the Centro de Ensino Fundamental 1 school after he beaten the watchmen with a chair, after entering the facility he began hitting the children and the teachers with the same weapon. After students threw rocks at him, he was subdued and arrested. Two teachers and 14 children were injured in the attack, while other 25 were injured on the panic. Early before the attack he attempted to enter a house and stabbed the owner.[140][141][142][143]
March 30, 2015 University City, Missouri, United States 1 injured 1 Police said one person was arrested for a shooting at Pershing Elementary School in University City. The shooting occurred in the parking lot, and a 34-year-old-man was shot in the buttocks.[144]
March 18, 2016 Los Angeles, California, U.S. 11-year-old student 1 1 A student at Bridge Street Elementary School was stabbed by a fellow fifth-grade student. The suspect, 11, was booked into a juvenile hall and charged with attempted murder and knife possession.[145]
November 25, 2016 Hanzhong, China Lei Mingyue, 58 9 injured 9 Around 11:40 a.m. 58-year-old Lei Mingyue entered an after-school care center in Hantai District and attacked students lining up for lunch with an axe. After wounding seven female students from Beiguan Primary School he fled the premises, injuring two passersby during his escape. He was later arrested by police and stated he carried out the attack as revenge on society after he was arrested twice for theft.[146][147][148]
December 13, 2016 Savu, Indonesia Unknown, 32 7 injured 7 A 32-year-old man stabbed seven children, aged between eight and eleven years, with a knife at a primary school on Savu, an island in East Nusa Tenggara province. The man afterwards tried to flee, but was arrested by police and eventually lynched by a mob of several hundred people in his jail cell.[149][150]
April 10, 2017 San Bernardino, California Cedric Anderson, 53 3 dead, 1 injured 3 1 North Park Elementary School shooting
November 14, 2017 Rancho Tehama Reserve, California Kevin Janson Neal, 44 6 dead, 12 injured 6 12 Rancho Tehama Reserve shootings. 44-year-old Kevin Janson Neal embarked on a shooting spree in Rancho Tehama Reserve, California. Multiple locations were targeted, including Rancho Tehama Elementary School, a school within the Corning Union Elementary School District. Though five people were killed and twelve others were wounded, no deaths occurred at the school itself, with only two students suffering non-fatal gunshot wounds. Neal was later shot and killed by sheriff's deputies.[151][152]
January 15, 2018 Perm, Russia 2 attackers, 16 12 injured 12 2018 Perm knife attack. Two masked teenagers armed with knives stormed a school in the central Russian city of Perm, wounding at least 12 people, most of them elementary school students. Two suspects, both 16, were detained by police and the incident is being treated as attempted murder.[153][154]
April 16, 2018 Sauk Rapids, Minnesota, U.S. Student, 8 3 injured 3 Three students at Pleasantview Elementary School were cut with a kitchen knife and received “superficial wounds.” The suspect was an 8-year-old boy, and the attack’s motive was not released.[155]
October 26, 2018 Chongqing City, China Unknown women Unknown Unknown ~14 A woman wielding a kitchen knife has attacked at least 14 children at a kindergarten in Chongqing in central China, local police said Friday. Chongqing City Banan District police said the children were slashed as they walked back to class after their morning exercises at Yudong New Century Kindergarten about 9.30 a.m. local time[156]
January 8, 2019 Beijing, China Jia Unknown Unknown 20 A maintenance worker attacked pupils in a primary school with a hammer and injured 20 people[157]
March 14, 2019 Fengrun District, Tangshan City, Hebei Province, China Cui Zhenjiang 17 injured 17 On the afternoon of March 14, 2019, a man attacked students near the Guanghuadao Primary School and 17 students were injured.[158]
May 10, 2019 Warsaw, Poland Emil Barański 1 dead 1 15-year-old school student was fatally stabbed after quarrel at Warsaw school.[159]
May 27, 2019 Brześć Kujawski, Poland Marek N., 18 2 injured 2 18-year-old former student known only as Marek N. shot and wounded 2 people at Władysław Łokietek Elementary School in Brześć Kujawski, Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship, Poland.[160]
May 28, 2019 Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan Ryuichi Iwasaki, 51 2 dead, 17 injured 2 17 The Kawasaki stabbings occurred on the morning of 28 May 2019 in the Tama ward of Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, four blocks west of Noborito Station. Nineteen people, including sixteen children, were stabbed at school bus top.
September 2, 2019 Chaoyangpo, Enchi City, Hubei province, China Yu Hua, 40 8 killed, 2 injured 8 2 A man reportedly armed with a meat cleaver killed eight young children in a bloody rampage at a school in China.[161]
November 12, 2019 Kaiyuan City, Yunnan Province, China Wong, 23 54 injured 0 54 A 23 man surnamed Wong, sought revenge against society committed a chemical attack by throwing caustic soda on students and teachers.[162]
January 10, 2020 Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico Unknown, 11 2 killed (including shooter), 6 injured 2 6 An 11 year old student opened fire, killing a teacher and injuring 6 others before shooting himself.[163]

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  1. ^ Including death or injury of attacker(s), when applicable.

External linksEdit