List of attacks attributed to the LTTE

The following is a list of chronological attacks attributed to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as the Tamil Tigers.[1][2][3] The attacks include massacres, bombings, robberies, ethnic cleansing, military battles and assassinations of civilian and military targets. The LTTE is a separatist militant group that fought for a separate Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka between 1976 and 2009. The rebel group has been banned by 33 countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and the 27 member nations of the European Union.

In opposition to this list, there is also the List of attacks on civilians attributed to Sri Lankan government forces.

Notable and deadliest attacks*Edit

Attack Date Location Death toll Sources
1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers 11 June 1990 Eastern Province 600–774 [4][5]
Massacre of prisoners in Mulathivu Camp 1996 18 July 1996 Eastern Province 207 [6]

[7]

1987 Eastern Province massacres 29 September 1987 – 8 October 1987 Eastern Province 200+ [8]
Kattankudy mosque massacre 3 August 1990 Kattankudy, Batticaloa District 147 [9]
Anuradhapura massacre 14 May 1985 Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 146 [10]
Habarana bus massacre 17 April 1987 Habarana, Anuradhapura District 127 [11]
October 1995 Eastern Sri Lanka massacres 16 October 1995 Eastern Province 120
Eravur massacre 11 August 1990 Eravur, Batticaloa District 116-173 [12][13]
Central Bus Station Bombing 21 April 1987 Pettah, Colombo, Colombo District 113 [14]
Palliyagodella massacre 15 October 1991 Palliyagodella, Polonnaruwa District 109 [11][15]
2006 Digampathana bombing 16 October 2006 Digampathaha, Matale District 92–103 [16]
Central Bank bombing 31 January 1996 Colombo, Colombo District 91 [17]
Alanchipothana massacre 29 April 1992 Alanchipothana, Polonnaruwa District 69 [18]
Kuruk­kalmadam massacre 12 July 1990 Kurukkalmadam, Batticaloa District 68-168 [19][20][21]
Kebithigollewa massacre 15 June 2006 Kebithigollewa, Anuradhapura District 66 [22]
Dehiwala train bombing (1996) 24 July 1996 Dehiwala, Colombo District 64 [23]
Kanthan Karunai massacre 30 March 1987 Jaffna, Jaffna District 63 [24]
Kent and Dollar Farm massacres 30 November 1984 Mullaitivu District 62 [25]
JOC bombing 21 June 1991 Flower Road, Colombo 60 [26]
Lionair Flight 602 29 September 1998 off the coast of Mannar District 55 [27]
Gonagala massacre 18 September 1999 Gonagala, Ampara District 54 [28]
Assassination of Gamini Dissanayake Ossie Abeyagoonasekera 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Colombo 52 [29][30]
Mahakongaskada massacre 10 October 1988 Medawachchiya, Anuradhapura District 44 [31]
Kallarawa massacre 25 May 1995 Kallarawa, Trincomalee District 42 [32]
Aranthalawa Massacre 2 July 1987 Aranthalawa, Ampara District 35 [33]
Erakkandy massacre 2 July 1997 Erakkandy, Trincomalee District 34 [34][35]
Bogamuyaya massacre 23 January 1991 Bogamuyaya, Ampara District 29 [36]
Buttala bus bomb 16 January 2008 Buttala, Monaragala District 28 [37]
2008 Piliyandala bus bombing 25 April 2008 Piliyandala, Colombo 26 [38]
2008 Moratuwa bus bombing 6 June 2008 Katubedda, Moratuwa 22 [39]
Assassination of C. V. Gunaratne 8 June 2000 Ratmalana, Colombo District 22 [40][41]
Air Lanka Flight 512 3 May 1986 Bandaranaike International Airport, Gampaha District 21 [42]
Havelock Road bombing/Assassination of Ranjan Wijeratne 2 March 1991 Havelock Road, Colombo 19 [43]
1998 Temple of the Tooth attack 25 January 1998 Temple of the Tooth, Kandy 17 [17][44][45]
Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi 21 May 1991 Sriperumbudur, Chennai, in Tamil Nadu, India 15 [46][47]
1997 Colombo World Trade Centre bombing 15 October 1997 Colombo, Colombo District 15 [48]
2007 Sri Lankan bus bombs 6 January 2007 Hikkaduwa, Galle District 15 [49]
Akuressa suicide bombing 10 March 2009 Akuressa, Matara District 14 [50]
Assassination of Ranasinghe Premadasa 1 May 1993 Armour Street, Colombo 11 [51][52]
Fort railway station bombing 3 February 2008 Fort railway station, Colombo 11 [53]
Kokilai massacre 1 December 1984 Kokilai, Mullaitivu District 11
Gomarankadawala massacre 23 April 2006 Gomarankadawala, Trincomalee District 6 [54]
2009 suicide air raid on Colombo 20 February 2009 Colombo, Colombo District 2 [55]

NotesEdit

*.^ This is not the complete list, refer to the attacks by decades for a complete list of attacks

Attacks by decadeEdit

Below are the deadliest attacks from each decade.

1970sEdit

1979
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
S. A. Emmanuel of Chankanai, Thaadi Thangarajah of Kondavil, A. Krishnagol of Velvettiturai, T. Poopalasingham of Chunnakam and A. Sivarajah of Thondamannar are executed by the LTTE for providing evidence against them to the police. Jaffna District 5 5 [56]
PC Gnanasambandan, PC Sivanesan, Inspector Guruswamy, S. Swarnarajah and his wife are executed by the LTTE. Jaffna District 5 5 [56]

1980sEdit

1985
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
14 May Anuradhapura massacre: LTTE gunmen shoot dead 146 Sinhalese civilians and injure 85 others as they were praying at Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred Buddhist shrine in Anuradhapura. Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 146 146 [57]

1990sEdit

1990
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
11 June 1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers: Over 600 unarmed police officers are shot dead by the LTTE in Police Stations across eastern Sri Lanka Eastern Province 600–774 [4][5][58]
3 August Kattankudy mosque massacre: 147 Muslim males were gunned down in two mosque during evening prayers by the LTTE. Kattankudy 147 147 [59]
11 August 1990 Eravur massacre: Dozens of Muslim villagers killed by the LTTE in Eravur. Eravur 116-173 116-173 [12][60][61]

2000sEdit

2006
Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
16 October 2006 Digampathana bombing: A suicide bomber in a truck kills 103 Sri Lanka Navy sailors on buses going on, or returning from, leave at a transit point and wounds over 150 other sailors. Several civilians may also have died. Digampathana, North Central Province 103 103 [62]

Attacks by typeEdit

Suicide bombingsEdit

AssassinationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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