The European Union (EU) publishes a list of air carriers that are banned from entering the airspace of any of its member states, usually for failing to meet EU regulatory oversight standards. The first version of the list was published in 2006, on the legal basis of Regulation No. 474/2006 of the European Commission, issued on 22 March of that year. The current version of the list was published on 25 November 2021.
The process by which an air carrier is listed is laid out in Regulation (EC) No 2111/2005 of the European Parliament and Council. It involves consultation among the regulatory agencies of the member states, the institutions of the European Community, the authorities with responsibility for regulatory oversight of the air carrier concerned, and the air carrier itself. Before being listed, each air carrier has the right of appeal. The list is subject to periodic review.
On 3 February 2019, Turkmenistan Airlines was banned from European Union airspace, "pending confirmation that it meets international air safety standards", but the ban was lifted on 16 October 2019.
On 8 December 2019, Gabon's airlines were removed from the list, while the Armenian Civil Aviation Committee was "put under heightened scrutiny because of signs of a decrease in safety oversight", and a new update to the list was published on the next day.
In response to the government of Belarus forcing Ryanair Flight 4978 to divert and land in Minsk to arrest dissident Roman Protasevich, EU leaders announced that they would ban Belarusian carriers from using EU airspace and vice-versa on 24 May 2021.
List of air carriersEdit
Banned airlines by countryEdit
|Angola||All||TAAG Angola Airlines, Heli Malongo Airways|
|Belarus||All||Ban is in response to the diversion of Ryanair Flight 4978 to Minsk.|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||All|
|Republic of the Congo||All|
|Equatorial Guinea||All||CEIBA Intercontinental|
|Iran||Iran Aseman Airlines||Iran Air is subject to restrictions under Annex B.|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||All|
|Suriname||Blue Wing Airlines|
Annex B of the EU list covers airlines which are restricted to operating only certain aircraft within the EU. Air carriers listed in Annex B could be permitted to exercise traffic rights by using wet-leased aircraft of an air carrier which is not subject to an operating ban, provided that the relevant safety standards are complied with. It includes the following airlines, with the airline license having been issued in the respective countries:
|Country of operator||Restricted airlines||Aircraft permitted||Country of aircraft registry||Notes|
|Comoros||Air Service Comores||1 Let L-410 Turbolet registered D6-CAM||Comoros||Still mentioned on the list, although the airline ceased operations in 2016.|
|Iran||Iran Air||All except all Fokker 100 and Boeing 747 aircraft currently on its AOC||Iran|
|North Korea||Air Koryo||2 Tupolev Tu-204 registered P-632, P-633||North Korea|
Former banned airlines by countryEdit
|Indonesia||All||2007||2009 (some airlines)
2018 (Full ban lifted)
|Turkmenistan||Turkmenistan Airlines||February 2019||October 2019 (Full ban lifted)|
- Regulation (EC) No 2111/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2005 on the establishment of a Community list of air carriers subject to an operating ban within the Community and on informing air transport passengers of the identity of the operating air carrier
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 474/2006 of 22 March 2006 establishing the Community list of air carriers which are subject to an operating ban within the Community referred to in Chapter II of Regulation (EC) No 2111/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council
- "The EU Safety List". European Commission for Transport. European Commission. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- "EU allows Iran's state carrier to resume flights in bloc". Reuters. 16 June 2016.
- Associated Press (30 November 2007). "Venezuelan airline barred from European Union skies". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 30 November 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Aviation Safety: Commission removes all airlines from Indonesia from EU Air Safety List".
- Calder, Simon (4 February 2019). "Flights cancelled for thousands of British passengers after EU bans Turkmenistan airline". The Independent. London.
- Gurt, Marat; Auyezov, Olzhas; Goodman, David (17 October 2019). "EU lifts ban on Turkmenistan Airlines". Reuters.
- "Aviation Safety: Commission adopts new EU Air Safety List<!lang>" (Press release). 8 December 2019.
- "EU Sanctions Map". 10 December 2019.
Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent access to the airports of cargo flights operated by Syrian carriers and flights operated by Syrian Arab Airlines.
- "EU leaders agree on Belarus sanctions after plane diversion". AP NEWS. 24 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- "EU leaders agree on Belarus sanctions after journalist's arrest". Al Jazeera. 24 May 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
- "Евросоюз закрыл небо для «Туркменских авиалиний»".
- "EU lifts ban on Turkmenistan Airlines". Reuters. 17 October 2019.
- "«Туркменские авиалинии» возобновили полёты в страны Евросоюза | Общество".
- The EU Air Safety List at the European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport
- Questions and answers on the list of air carriers subject to an operating ban in the EU (the "black list")