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List of World Heritage Sites in North America

Below is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in North America. Greenland has been included here as part of North America despite its cultural and political associations with Europe. Mexico leads North America hosting 34 sites, and is ranked seventh in the world.

Contents

World Heritage SitesEdit

LegendEdit

Endangered and trans-border sitesEdit

  † In danger
  * Trans-border site

Additional informationEdit

Site: as per officially inscribed name[1]
Location: at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria: as defined by the World Heritage Committee[2]
Area: in hectares and acres; if available, the size of the buffer zone noted as well
Year: during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description: brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

ListEdit

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila   Jalisco,   Mexico
20°51′47″N 103°46′43″W / 20.86306°N 103.77861°W / 20.86306; -103.77861 (Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v), (vi)
34,019 (84,060); buffer zone 51,261 (126,670) 2006 The site consists of a living, working landscape of blue agave fields and distilleries in Tequila, El Arenal and Amatitán where tequila is produced. It reflects more than 2,000 years of commercial use of the agave plant. [3]
Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche   Campeche,   Mexico
18°7′21″N 89°47′0″W / 18.12250°N 89.78333°W / 18.12250; -89.78333 (Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche)
Mixed:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
3,000 (7,400); buffer zone 147,195 (363,730) 2002 Calakmul is an important Maya site with a number of well-preserved monuments that bear testimony to twelve centuries of Maya cultural and political development. [4]
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System   Hidalgo and Estado de México,   Mexico
19°50′07″N 98°39′45″W / 19.835278°N 98.662567°W / 19.835278; -98.662567 (Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv)
6,540 (16,200); buffer zone 34,820 (86,000) 2015 Constructed between 1553 and 1570, the aqueduct is 45 kilometres (28 mi) long. It passes mostly at ground level, but also went underground as well as over ravines and valleys. [5]
Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco   MexicoMiacatlán, Morelos
  Mexico
18°48′37″N 99°16′30″W / 18.81028°N 99.27500°W / 18.81028; -99.27500 (Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
708 (1,750) 1999 Xochicalco is a well-preserved example of a fortified settlement from the epiclassical period (650–900), the time at which earlier powers such as Teotihuacan ceased to exist and cultural re-grouping took place. [6]
Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes   Chihuahua,   Mexico
30°22′33″N 107°57′20″W / 30.37583°N 107.95556°W / 30.37583; -107.95556 (Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1998 The adobe architecture of Paquimé Casas Grandes bear testimony to a pre-Hispanic culture in northern Mexico located between the Pueblo culture and more advanced Mesoamerican civilizations. [7]
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo     Mexico
19°N 111°W / 19°N 111°W / 19; -111 (Archipiélago de Revillagigedo)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
636,685 (1,573,280) 2016 Four islands with a population of 45. Located in the Pacific Ocean, they are known for their unique ecosystem. [8]
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site   United StatesIllinois,
  United States
38°39′31″N 90°3′41″W / 38.65861°N 90.06139°W / 38.65861; -90.06139 (Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1982 The ancient city of Cahokia was the cultural, religious, and economic centre of the Mississippian culture. It was the earliest and largest pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico. [9]
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
 
  Mexico
22°36′N 102°23′W / 22.600°N 102.383°W / 22.600; -102.383 (Camino Real de Tierra Adentro)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
3,102 (7,670); buffer zone 268,057 (662,380) 2010 The site consists of a 1,400 km (870 mi) long section of a 2,600 km (1,600 mi) long trade route ("Silver Road") that was used from the mid-16th to 19th century to transport mainly silver from mines in northern Mexico and mercury imported from Europe. In addition to the road, associated properties such as five urban centres[nb 1] that have been designated separately as World Heritage Sites, religious and other buildings are included in the nomination. [10]
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks   CanadaAlberta and British Columbia,
  Canada
51°25′N 116°29′W / 51.417°N 116.483°W / 51.417; -116.483 (Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
2,306,884 (5,700,430) 1984
[nb 2]
With high peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons and limestone caves, the national parks that make up this site exemplify the exceptional features of the Rocky Mountains. Furthermore, one of the world's most celebrated fossil fields, the Burgess Shale Formation is located within the inscribed property. [11]
[12]
Carlsbad Caverns National Park   United StatesNew Mexico,
  United States
32°10′0″N 104°23′0″W / 32.16667°N 104.38333°W / 32.16667; -104.38333 (Carlsbad Caverns National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
18,926 (46,770) 1995 More than 80 limestone caves notable for their size and decorative rock formations (speleothems), some of which are assisted by bacteria, are included in the property. Their ease of access facilitates scientific research. [13]
Central University City Campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico   Mexico City,   Mexico
19°19′56″N 99°11′17″W / 19.33222°N 99.18806°W / 19.33222; -99.18806 (Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM))
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv)
177 (440); buffer zone 1,102 (2,720) 2007 Built from 1949 and 1952 by more than 60 architects, the buildings, open spaces and sports facilities combine modern architecture with references to local pre-Hispanic traditions. They showcase universal ideals such as access to education and improvement in the quality of life that were prevalent in post-revolutionary Mexico. [14]
Chaco Culture   United StatesNew Mexico,
  United States
36°3′50″N 107°58′15″W / 36.06389°N 107.97083°W / 36.06389; -107.97083 (Chaco Culture)
Cultural:
(iii)
1987 Notable for its monumental buildings, the site bears testimony to a Pueblo culture that dominated large parts of present-day south-western United States from the mid-9th to early 13th centuries. [15]
Dinosaur Provincial Park   CanadaAlberta,
  Canada
50°46′4″N 111°29′32″W / 50.76778°N 111.49222°W / 50.76778; -111.49222 (Dinosaur Provincial Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7,493 (18,520) 1979 The park is noted for the beauty of its badland landscape and as a major fossil site. Specimens of every group of cretaceous dinosaurs have been found here including those of 35 species dating more than 75 Million years ago. [16]
Earliest 16th-century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl
Morelos and Puebla,   Mexico
18°56′N 98°54′W / 18.933°N 98.900°W / 18.933; -98.900 (Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 The site comprises 14 monasteries built by Augustinians, Franciscans and Dominicans near Popocatépetl volcano. Stylistically they are characterized by an emphasize on open spaces, a concept that influenced architecture in Mexico and beyond. [17]
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve   Sonora,   Mexico
32°00′00″N 113°55′00″W / 32.00000°N 113.91667°W / 32.00000; -113.91667 (El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (x)
714,566 (1,765,730); buffer zone 354,871 (876,910); 2013 The 714,566-hectare site comprises two distinct parts: the dormant volcanic Pinacate Shield of black and red lava flows and desert pavements to the east, and, in the west, the Gran Altar Desert with its ever-changing and varied sand dunes that can reach a height of 200 metres. This landscape of dramatic contrast notably features linear, star and dome dunes as well as several arid granite massifs, some as high as 650 metres. [18]
Prehistoric city of El Tajín   Veracruz,   Mexico
20°28′35″N 97°22′39″W / 20.47639°N 97.37750°W / 20.47639; -97.37750 (El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1992 Flourishing from the early 9th to early 13th century, El Tajin is the prime site of the period between the Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan empires. [19]
Everglades National Park   United StatesFlorida,
  United States
25°19′N 80°56′W / 25.317°N 80.933°W / 25.317; -80.933 (Everglades National Park)
Natural:
(viii), (ix), (x)
592,920 (1,465,100) 1979 The vast wetlands and coastal/marine habitats of the park have made it a sanctuary for many animals including 20 rare, endangered and threatened species such as the Florida panther and the manatee. The site has been endangered from 1993–2007 following damage due to Hurricane Andrew and since 2010 due to continued degradation and a loss of marine habitat. [20]
[21]
[22]
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro
Querétaro,   Mexico
21°12′16″N 99°27′51″W / 21.20444°N 99.46417°W / 21.20444; -99.46417 (Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
104 (260) 2003 These five missions were built jointly with the indios towards the final phase of Christianization of Mexico in the mid-18th century. They played an important role in the further evangalization of California, Arizona and Texas. [23]
Grand Canyon National Park   United StatesArizona,
  United States
36°6′3″N 112°5′26″W / 36.10083°N 112.09056°W / 36.10083; -112.09056 (Grand Canyon National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
493,077 (1,218,420) 1979 Plunging down 1,500 m (4,900 ft) to the Colorado River, it is one of the world's most spectacular gorges. In addition the varying elevations of the canyon walls have created diverse ecosystems for numerous endemic, rare and endangered species. The river's erosion has exposed soils from the Precambrian to the Cenozoic often including a rich fossil assembly. [24]
Great Smoky Mountains National Park   United StatesTennessee and North Carolina,
  United States
35°36′N 83°26′W / 35.600°N 83.433°W / 35.600; -83.433 (Great Smoky Mountains National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
209,000 (520,000) 1983 With more than 3,500 plant species, the park is among the largest remnants of Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora. It is also home to the world's largest number of salamander species and famous for its mist-shrouded virgin forests. [25]
Gros Morne National Park   CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador,
  Canada
49°37′N 57°32′W / 49.617°N 57.533°W / 49.617; -57.533 (Gros Morne National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
180,500 (446,000) 1987 With deep ocean crust and rocks of the earth's mantle lying exposed, the park illustrates continental drift. Landlocked freshwater fjords, glacier-scoured headlands in an ocean setting contribute to the natural beauty of this wilderness area. [26]
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump   CanadaAlberta
  Canada
49°44′58″N 113°37′26″W / 49.74944°N 113.62389°W / 49.74944; -113.62389 (Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump)
Cultural:
(vi)
1981 The property consists of remains of a camp, of trails and a tumulus of bones of the American bison bearing testimony to nearly 6000 years of communal hunting in which the bisons were driven over a cliff, a practice known as buffalo jump. [27]
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda   BermudaSt. George
  Bermuda,   United Kingdom
32°22′46″N 64°40′40″W / 32.37944°N 64.67778°W / 32.37944; -64.67778 (Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda)
Cultural:
(iv)
258 (640) 2000 The oldest English town in the New World, St George's fortifications bear testimony to the development of English military architecture from the 17th to 20th centuries. [28]
Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco   Mexico City,   Mexico
19°25′6″N 99°7′58″W / 19.41833°N 99.13278°W / 19.41833; -99.13278 (Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
1987 Mexico City, built in the 16th century on the ruins of Tenochtitlan preserves Aztec ruins, the largest cathedral in the Americas and 19th/20th century public architecture. Xochimilco is characterized by a network of canals and artificial islands (chinampas) built in pre-Hispanic times. [29]
Historic Centre of Morelia   Michoacán,   Mexico
19°42′16″N 101°11′30″W / 19.70444°N 101.19167°W / 19.70444; -101.19167 (Historic Centre of Morelia)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
390 (960) 1991 Built in the 16th century, Morelia still shows the original street layout and has more than 200 historic buildings constructed of locally available pink stone in a style fusing elements of renaissance, baroque and neo-classicism. [30]
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán   Oaxaca,   Mexico
17°3′43″N 96°43′18″W / 17.06194°N 96.72167°W / 17.06194; -96.72167 (Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
375 (930); buffer zone 121 (300) 1987 The site includes the pre-Columbian ceremonial site Monte Albán occupied during a 1500-year period by Olmecs, Zapotecs and Mixtecs, the colonial town Oaxaca founded in 1529 and the originally Mixtec settlement Cuilapan where Dominicans established a major monastery in the mid-16th century. [31]
Historic Centre of Zacatecas   Zacatecas, Zacatecas,   Mexico
22°46′0″N 102°33′20″W / 22.76667°N 102.55556°W / 22.76667; -102.55556 (Historic Centre of Zacatecas)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
110 (270) 1993 Zacatecas prospered as a center of silver production in the 16th and 17th centuries. The designated property comprises religious and secular buildings with most of them dating to the 17th and 18th centuries. [32]
Historic District of Old Québec   CanadaQuebec City, Quebec
  Canada
46°48′34″N 71°12′38″W / 46.80944°N 71.21056°W / 46.80944; -71.21056 (Historic District of Old Québec)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1985 Founded by the French in the 17th century, the urban ensemble of Old Québec is the most complete example of a European fortified town north of Mexico. [33]
Historic Fortified Town of Campeche   Campeche, Campeche,   Mexico
19°50′47″N 90°32′14″W / 19.84639°N 90.53722°W / 19.84639; -90.53722 (Historic Fortified Town of Campeche)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
181 (450) 1999 Campeche is a typical example of a Baroque Spanish colonial town with a grid layout. Its fortifications built in the 17th and 18th centuries as defense against pirates are an excellent example of military architecture of the time. [34]
Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro
Querétaro, Querétaro,   Mexico
20°35′0″N 100°22′0″W / 20.58333°N 100.36667°W / 20.58333; -100.36667 (Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1996 Querétaro has preserved many of its buildings from the 17th and 18th century and is exceptional for its street plan which has both, the grid plan typical of Spanish colonial towns and twisting alleys in the Indian quarters. [35]
Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan   Tlacotalpan, Veracruz,   Mexico
18°36′30″N 95°39′30″W / 18.60833°N 95.65833°W / 18.60833; -95.65833 (Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1998 The layout and architecture of the property is an exceptionally well-preserved example of Spanish-Caribbean fusion and is characterised by wide streets, low houses in a variety of styles and colors, and many trees. [36]
Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines   Guanajuato, Guanajuato,   Mexico
21°1′1″N 101°15′20″W / 21.01694°N 101.25556°W / 21.01694; -101.25556 (Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv), (vi)
190 (470) 1988 The prosperity of the town as the largest silver producer in the 18th century is reflected in beautiful Baroque and neo-classical buildings. [37]
Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco,   Mexico
20°40′26″N 103°20′23″W / 20.67389°N 103.33972°W / 20.67389; -103.33972 (Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
1997 The early 19th century Hospicio is one of the earliest hospital complexes in Spanish America. Its architecture, designed with this purpose in mind, contains several unique features and is notable for the size, simplicity and relationship between open and built spaces. A series of murals by José Clemente Orozco is located within the complex. [38]
Ilulissat Icefjord   DenmarkIlulissat, western   Greenland,
  Kingdom of Denmark
69°8′N 49°30′W / 69.133°N 49.500°W / 69.133; -49.500 (Ilulissat Icefjord)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
402,400 (994,000) 2004 The Jakobshavn Glacier, calves into the Ilulissat fjord is one of the most active glaciers moving at 19 metres/day and accounting for 10% of the Greenlandish calf ice. Similar phenomena exist in Antarctica, however its relative ease of access for scientists and visitors makes it unique in the world. [39]
Independence Hall   United StatesPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania,
  United States
39°56′55″N 75°9′0″W / 39.94861°N 75.15000°W / 39.94861; -75.15000 (Independence Hall)
Cultural:
(vi)
1979 Both the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were signed in this building. Concepts of freedom and democracy set forth in these documents have influenced charters of many countries and the UN charter. [40]
Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California
 
Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa and Nayarit,   Mexico
27°38′N 112°33′W / 27.633°N 112.550°W / 27.633; -112.550 (Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
2005
[nb 3]
The property has marine and insular habitats including bridge islands[nb 4] and oceanic islands.[nb 5] It constitutes a unique ecoregion of exceptional biodiversity with 695 species of plant, 891 species of fish (90 of which are endemic), 39% of the world's marine mammal species, and a large number of bird species. [41]
[42]
Joggins Fossil Cliffs   CanadaNova Scotia
  Canada
45°42′35″N 64°26′9″W / 45.70972°N 64.43583°W / 45.70972; -64.43583 (Joggins Fossil Cliffs)
Natural:
(viii)
689 (1,700); buffer zone 29 (72) 2008 This paleontological site contains the most complete terrestrial fossil record of the Carboniferous period including tracks of early animals and of the rainforest they lived in. [43]
Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek   CanadaBritish Columbia and Yukon,   Canada*;
Alaska,   United States*
61°12′N 141°0′W / 61.200°N 141.000°W / 61.200; -141.000 (Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
9,839,121 (24,313,000) 1979
[nb 6]
These parks comprise the world's largest non-polar icefield, some of the largest glaciers and a tectonically active mountain landscape. They are home to a number of species endangered elsewhere such as bears, wolves, caribou and Dall sheep. [44]
[45]
[46]
La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico   United StatesSan Juan, Puerto Rico,
  United States
18°28′0″N 66°7′30″W / 18.46667°N 66.12500°W / 18.46667; -66.12500 (La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico)
Cultural:
(vi)
1983 Puerto Rico was of prime strategic importance during the American colonial period illustrated by the fortifications built between the 15th and 19th century to protect the harbour of San Juan. [47]
Landscape of Grand Pré   CanadaNova Scotia,
  Canada
45°7′6″N 64°18′26″W / 45.11833°N 64.30722°W / 45.11833; -64.30722 (Landscape of Grand Pré)
Cultural:
(v), (vi)
1,323 (3,270) 2012 Site to commemorate the Grand-Pré area of Nova Scotia as a centre of Acadian settlement from 1682 to 1755, and the British deportation of the Acadians that happened during the French and Indian War. [48]
L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site   CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
  Canada
51°28′0″N 55°37′0″W / 51.46667°N 55.61667°W / 51.46667; -55.61667 (L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site)
Cultural:
(vi)
1978 These remains of an 11th-century Viking settlement are the first and only known site of Norse presence and the earliest known European settlement in America outside of Greenland. [49]
Luis Barragán House and Studio   Mexico City,   Mexico
19°25′6″N 99°11′54″W / 19.41833°N 99.19833°W / 19.41833; -99.19833 (Luis Barragán House and Studio)
Cultural:
(i), (ii)
0.12 (0.30); buffer zone 23 (57) 2004 Built in 1948, the house and studio of Mexican architect Luis Barragán combines traditional and modern influences and is considered a masterpiece of the Modern Movement. [50]
Mammoth Cave National Park   United StatesKentucky,
  United States
37°11′14″N 86°6′11″W / 37.18722°N 86.10306°W / 37.18722; -86.10306 (Mammoth Cave National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (x)
21,191 (52,360) 1981 The longest cave system known in the world. [51]
Mesa Verde National Park   United StatesColorado,
  United States
37°15′42″N 108°29′8″W / 37.26167°N 108.48556°W / 37.26167; -108.48556 (Mesa Verde National Park)
Cultural:
(iii)
1978 Protects some of the best preserved Ancestral Puebloan archaeological sites in the U.S. Starting circa 7500 BC, Mesa Verde was seasonally inhabited by a group of nomadic Paleo-Indians known as the Foothills Mountain Complex. The variety of projectile points found in the region indicates they were influenced by surrounding areas, including the Great Basin, the San Juan Basin, and the Rio Grande Valley. Later, Archaic people established semi-permanent rockshelters in and around the mesa. [52]
Miguasha National Park   CanadaGaspé Peninsula, Quebec
  Canada
48°6′18″N 66°21′11″W / 48.10500°N 66.35306°W / 48.10500; -66.35306 (Miguasha National Park)
Natural:
(viii)
87 (210) 1999 Protects thousands of fossils in eastern Quebec that are 350 to 375 million years old. [53]
Mistaken Point   CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
  Canada
46°37′55″N 53°11′25″W / 46.63194°N 53.19028°W / 46.63194; -53.19028 (Mistaken Point)
Natural:
(viii)
146 (360) 2016 Area around the Mistaken Point Formation: protection of Ediacaran fossils representing the oldest multicellular life on Earth. [54]
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve   Michoacán and Mexico State,   Mexico
19°36′23″N 100°14′30″W / 19.60639°N 100.24167°W / 19.60639; -100.24167 (Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve)
Natural:
(vii)
13,552 (33,490); buffer zone 42,707 (105,530) 2008 Site containing most of the over-wintering sites of the eastern population of the monarch butterfly. The reserve is located in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests ecoregion on the border of Michoacán and State of Mexico, 100 km (62 miles), northwest of Mexico City. [55]
Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville   United StatesVirginia,
  United States
38°1′58″N 78°30′14″W / 38.03278°N 78.50389°W / 38.03278; -78.50389 (Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville)
Cultural:
(i), (iv), (vi)
1987 Built between 1769 and 1809, Monticello was the plantation home of its designer, third President of the United States and author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson designed the early buildings that made up the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, inspired by his new ideas of university planning. The most prominent of these, The Rotunda, is a half-scale model of the Pantheon in Rome. [56]
Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point   United StatesLouisiana,
  United States

32°38′13″N 91°24′23″W / 32.63694°N 91.40639°W / 32.63694; -91.40639 (Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point)

Cultural:
(iii)
163 (400) 2014 Comprises several earthworks and mounds, built between 1650 and 700 BC during the archaic period in North America, by a group of Native Americans of the Poverty Point culture. The culture extended 100 miles (160 km) across the Mississippi Delta. [57]
Nahanni National Park   CanadaNorthwest Territories
  Canada
61°33′N 125°35′W / 61.550°N 125.583°W / 61.550; -125.583 (Nahanni National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
476,560 (1,177,600) 1978 Protects a portion of the Mackenzie Mountains (Dehcho Region) and four canyons reaching 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in depth. [58]
Old Town Lunenburg   CanadaNova Scotia
  Canada
44°22′34″N 64°18′33″W / 44.37611°N 64.30917°W / 44.37611; -64.30917 (Old Town Lunenburg)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1995 The town was one of the first British attempts to settle Protestants in Nova Scotia intended to displace Mi'kmaq and Acadian Catholics. It was founded during Father Le Loutre's War on Mahone Bay. [59]
Olympic National Park   United StatesWashington,
  United States
47°45′N 123°27′W / 47.750°N 123.450°W / 47.750; -123.450 (Olympic National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
369,660 (913,400) 1981 Located on the Olympic Peninsula, the park has four basic regions: the Pacific coastline, alpine areas, the west side temperate rainforest and the forests of the drier east side. [60]
Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque   Chiapas,   Mexico
17°29′0″N 92°3′0″W / 17.48333°N 92.05000°W / 17.48333; -92.05000 (Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
1987 [61]
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza   Yucatán,   Mexico
20°40′0″N 88°36′0″W / 20.66667°N 88.60000°W / 20.66667; -88.60000 (Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1988 [62]
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan   State of Mexico,   Mexico
19°41′30″N 98°50′30″W / 19.69167°N 98.84167°W / 19.69167; -98.84167 (Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
1987 [63]
Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal   Yucatán,   Mexico
20°21′42″N 89°46′13″W / 20.36167°N 89.77028°W / 20.36167; -89.77028 (Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1996 [64]
Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca   Oaxaca,   Mexico
16°57′3″N 96°25′16″W / 16.95083°N 96.42111°W / 16.95083; -96.42111 (Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca)
Cultural:
(iii)
1,515 (3,740); buffer zone 3,860 (9,500) 2010 [65]
Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco   Guanajuato,   Mexico
20°54′52″N 100°44′47″W / 20.91444°N 100.74639°W / 20.91444; -100.74639 (Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
47 (120); buffer zone 47 (120) 2008 [66]
Pueblo de Taos   United StatesNew Mexico,
  United States
36°26′20″N 105°32′30″W / 36.43889°N 105.54167°W / 36.43889; -105.54167 (Pueblo de Taos)
Cultural:
(iv)
1992 [67]
Red Bay Basque Whaling Station   CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
  Canada
51°43′37″N 56°25′46″W / 51.72694°N 56.42944°W / 51.72694; -56.42944 (Red Bay Basque Whaling Station)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
313 (770); buffer zone 285 (700) 2013 [68]
Redwood National and State Parks   United StatesCalifornia,
  United States
41°22′N 124°0′W / 41.367°N 124.000°W / 41.367; -124.000 (Redwood National and State Parks)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
56,883 (140,560) 1980 [69]
Rideau Canal   CanadaOntario
  Canada
45°0′N 75°46′W / 45.000°N 75.767°W / 45.000; -75.767 (Rideau Canal)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
21,455 (53,020); buffer zone 2,363 (5,840) 2007 The Rideau Canal (French: Canal Rideau) connects Ottawa to Lake Ontario and the Saint Lawrence River. It was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States and is still in use today, with most of its original structures intact. The canal system uses sections of major rivers, including the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as some lakes. It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America. [70]
Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco   Baja California Sur,   Mexico
27°39′20″N 112°54′58″W / 27.65556°N 112.91611°W / 27.65556; -112.91611 (Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
1993 [71]
San Antonio Missions   United StatesTexas,
  United States
29°19′41″N 98°27′36″W / 29.328056°N 98.460000°W / 29.328056; -98.460000 (San Antonio Missions)
Cultural:
(ii)
301 (740); buffer zone 2,068 (5,110) 2015 [72]
SGang Gwaay   CanadaBritish Columbia,
  Canada
52°5′42″N 131°13′13″W / 52.09500°N 131.22028°W / 52.09500; -131.22028 (SGang Gwaay)
Cultural:
(iii)
1981 [73]
Sian Ka'an   Quintana Roo,   Mexico
19°23′N 87°48′W / 19.383°N 87.800°W / 19.383; -87.800 (Sian Ka'an)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
528,000 (1,300,000) 1987 [74]
Statue of Liberty   United StatesNew York City, New York,
  United States
40°41′22″N 74°2′41″W / 40.68944°N 74.04472°W / 40.68944; -74.04472 (Statue of Liberty)
Cultural:
(i), (vi)
1984 [75]
Waterton Glacier International Peace Park   CanadaAlberta,   Canada*;
Montana,   United States*
49°0′N 113°54′W / 49.000°N 113.900°W / 49.000; -113.900 (Waterton Glacier International Peace Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
457,614 (1,130,790) 1995 [76]
Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino   Mulegé Municipality, Baja California Sur,   Mexico
27°48′N 114°14′W / 27.800°N 114.233°W / 27.800; -114.233 (Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino)
Natural:
(x)
370,950 (916,600) 1993 [77]
Wood Buffalo National Park   CanadaAlberta and Northwest Territories,
  Canada
59°22′N 112°18′W / 59.367°N 112.300°W / 59.367; -112.300 (Wood Buffalo National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
4,480,000 (11,100,000) 1983 [78]
Yellowstone National Park Wyoming and small areas of Montana and Idaho,   United States
44°30′N 110°50′W / 44.500°N 110.833°W / 44.500; -110.833 (Yellowstone National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
898,349 (2,219,870) 1978 Endangered from 1995 to 2003. Yellowstone Park is the largest and most famous megafauna location in the contiguous United States. Grizzly bears, wolves, and free-ranging herds of bison and elk live in the park. The Yellowstone Park bison herd is the oldest and largest public bison herd in the United States. Old Faithful and Grand Prismatic Spring are two of the park's most famous sites. [79]
Yosemite National Park California,   United States
37°45′N 119°36′W / 37.750°N 119.600°W / 37.750; -119.600 (Yosemite National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
308,283 (761,780) 1984 Yosemite is one of the largest and least fragmented habitat blocks in the Sierra Nevada, and the park supports a diversity of plants and animals. The park has an elevation range from 2,127 to 13,114 feet (648 to 3,997 m) and contains five major vegetation zones: chaparral and oak woodland, lower montane forest, upper montane forest, subalpine zone, and alpine. Of California's 7,000 plant species, about 50% occur in the Sierra Nevada and more than 20% within Yosemite. There is suitable habitat for more than 160 rare plants in the park, with rare local geologic formations and unique soils characterizing the restricted ranges many of these plants occupy. [80]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The five sites are: Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco, Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro, Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines, Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco, Historic Centre of Zacatecas.
  2. ^ Extended in 1990 to include Mount Robson, Hamber and Mount Assiniboine Provincial Parks.
  3. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2007 to include the Islas Marietas National Park and the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park.
  4. ^ Islands populated by land in times of ocean level decline.
  5. ^ Islands populated by sea and air
  6. ^ Extended in 1992 to include the Glacier Bay National Park and in 1994 to include the Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park. The name of the site was changed accordingly from Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane at the time of inscription to Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane in 1992 to the present name in 1994.

ReferencesEdit

General
Notes
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  50. ^ "Luis Barragán House and Studio". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  51. ^ "Mammoth Cave National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  52. ^ "Mesa Verde National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  53. ^ "Miguasha National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  63. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  64. ^ "Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  65. ^ "Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  66. ^ "Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
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  75. ^ "Statue of Liberty". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  76. ^ "Waterton Glacier International Peace Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  77. ^ "Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  78. ^ "Wood Buffalo National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  79. ^ "Yellowstone National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  80. ^ "Yosemite National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 

External linksEdit