List of viceroys of New Granada
Spanish viceroys of the colonial Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717–1819) located in northern South America.
|Viceroy of New Granada|
|Appointer||King of Spain|
|First holder||Antonio Ignacio de la Pedrosa y Guerrero|
|Final holder||Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón|
The former territory within the Viceroyalty of New Granada corresponds to present day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. It also encompassed areas of present-day Guyana, southwestern Suriname, northwestern Brazil, northern Peru, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua.
From the initial Spanish colonization of northern South American in the 1540s to the Viceroyalty of New Granada's establishment in 1718, the territories were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru (1542–1824). They included the included smaller colonial Audiencia Real of Bogotá and New Kingdom of Granada. In 1777 the provinces of Venezuela were assigned to the new colonial Captaincy General of Venezuela (1777–1821), governed by Captains General.
The territories of the viceroyalty gained independence from Spain between 1819 and 1822 after a series of military and political struggles, uniting in the republic of Gran Colombia (1821–1831).
|Viceroy||Dates of Administration||Portrait|
|Antonio Ignacio de la Pedrosa y Guerrero*||13 June 1718 – 25 November 1719|
|Jorge de Villalonga**||25 November 1719 – 11 May 1724|
|Sebastián de Eslava||24 April 1740 – 6 November 1749|
|José Alfonso Pizarro||6 November 1749 – 24 November 1753|
|José Solís Folch de Cardona||24 November 1753 – 25 February 1761|
|Pedro Messía de la Cerda||1761–1772|
|Manuel de Guirior||1772–1776|
|Manuel Antonio Flórez||1776 – 26 November 1781|
|Juan de Torrezar Díaz Pimienta||1 April 1782 – 11 June 1782|
|Antonio Caballero y Góngora||1782–1788|
|Francisco Gil de Taboada y Lemos||1788–1789|
|José Manuel de Ezpeleta||1789–1797|
|Pedro Mendinueta y Múzquiz||2 January 1797 – 16 September 1803|
|Antonio José Amar y Borbón||16 September 1803 – 20 July 1810|
|Francisco Javier Venegas***||20 July 1810 -
21 March 1812
|Benito Pérez Brito||21 March 1812 – November 1812|
|Francisco Montalvo y Ambulodi||16 April 1816 – 9 March 1818|
|Juan José de Sámano y Uribarri||9 March 1818 – August 1819|
|Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón||1819–1821|
*Acting viceroy (without the formal title).
**In 1723, the Viceroyalty was dissolved. Its government returned to the Presidency of the New Kingdom of Granada, part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, until the reestablishment of the separate viceroyalty in 1739.
***He was named to the post but did not formally occupy it.