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List of Vice Presidents of Indonesia

This is a list of Vice Presidents of Indonesia. The Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia) is the second most powerful person in the Republic of Indonesia and first in the line of succession.

The vice presidency was established during the formulation of the 1945 Constitution by the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPK), a research body for the preparation of Indonesian independence. On 18 August 1945, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI), which was created on 7 August to replace the BPUPK, selected Sukarno as the country's first president and Mohammad Hatta as vice president.[1]

Contents

ListEdit

# Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party/affiliation President(s)
1   Mohammad Hatta
(1902–1980)
18 August 1945[2] 1 December 1956[A] Independent Sukarno
Vacant[B] (1 December 1956 – 23 March 1973)
2   Hamengkubuwono IX
(1912–1988)
23 March 1973[3] 23 March 1978[C] Independent Suharto
3   Adam Malik
(1917–1984)
23 March 1978 11 March 1983[4] Golkar
4   Umar Wirahadikusumah
(1924–2003)
11 March 1983 11 March 1988[4] Golkar
5   Sudharmono
(1927–2006)
11 March 1988 11 March 1993[5] Golkar
6   Try Sutrisno
(born 1935)
11 March 1993 11 March 1998 Golkar
7   B. J. Habibie
(born 1936)
11 March 1998 21 May 1998[D] Golkar
Vacant (21 May 1998 – 21 October 1999)
8   Megawati Sukarnoputri
(born 1947)
21 October 1999 23 July 2001[E] Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle Abdurrahman Wahid
Vacant[E] (23–26 July 2001)
9   Hamzah Haz
(born 1940)
26 July 2001 20 October 2004 United Development Party Megawati Sukarnoputri
10   Jusuf Kalla
(born 1942)
20 October 2004 20 October 2009 Golkar Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
11   Boediono
(born 1943)
20 October 2009 20 October 2014 Independent
12
(10)
  Jusuf Kalla
(born 1942)
20 October 2014 Scheduled:
20 October 2019
Golkar Joko Widodo
13   Ma'ruf Amin (elect)
(born 1943)
Scheduled:
20 October 2019
Independent

By ageEdit

# Vice president Born Age at start
of vice presidency
Age at end
of vice presidency
Post-VP timespan Lifespan
Died Age
01 Mohammad Hatta 12 August 1902 43 years, 6 days
18 August 1945
54 years, 111 days
1 December 1956[a]
23 years, 165 days 14 May 1980 77 years, 276 days
02 Hamengkubuwono IX 12 April 1912 60 years, 345 days
23 March 1973
65 years, 345 days
23 March 1978
10 years, 193 days 2 October 1988 76 years, 173 days
03 Adam Malik 22 July 1917 60 years, 244 days
23 March 1978
65 years, 232 days
11 March 1983
1 year, 178 days 5 September 1984 67 years, 45 days
04 Umar Wirahadikusumah 10 October 1924 58 years, 152 days
11 March 1983
63 years, 153 days
11 March 1988
15 years, 10 days 21 March 2003 78 years, 162 days
05 Sudharmono 12 March 1927 60 years, 365 days
11 March 1988
65 years, 364 days
11 March 1993
12 years, 320 days 25 January 2006 78 years, 319 days
06 Try Sutrisno 15 November 1935 57 years, 116 days
11 March 1993
62 years, 116 days
11 March 1998
21 years, 133 days 2019-07-22(living) 83 years, 249 days
07 B. J. Habibie 25 June 1936 61 years, 259 days
11 March 1998
61 years, 330 days
21 May 1998[b]
21 years, 62 days 2019-07-22(living) 83 years, 27 days
08 Megawati Sukarnoputri 23 January 1947 52 years, 271 days
21 October 1999
54 years, 181 days
23 July 2001[b]
17 years, 364 days 2019-07-22(living) 72 years, 180 days
09 Hamzah Haz 15 February 1940 61 years, 161 days
26 July 2001[c]
64 years, 248 days
20 October 2004
14 years, 275 days 2019-07-22(living) 79 years, 157 days
10 Jusuf Kalla 15 May 1942 62 years, 158 days
20 October 2004
67 years, 158 days
20 October 2009
5 years, 0 days[d] 2019-07-22(living) 77 years, 68 days
11 Boediono 25 February 1943 66 years, 237 days
20 October 2009
71 years, 237 days
20 October 2014
4 years, 275 days 2019-07-22(living) 76 years, 147 days
12 Jusuf Kalla 15 May 1942 72 years, 158 days
20 October 2014
77 years, 158 days
Scheduled: 20 October 2019
(incumbent)[e] 2019-07-22(living) 77 years, 68 days
13 Ma'ruf Amin (elect) 11 March 1943 76 years, 223 days
Scheduled: 20 October 2019
2019-07-22(living) 76 years, 133 days
# Vice president Born Age at start
of vice presidency
Age at end
of vice presidency
Post-VP timespan Lifespan
Died Age

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Resigned from office.
  2. ^ a b Succeeded to the presidency.
  3. ^ Elected by the MPR to fill an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency.
  4. ^ Kalla is vice president for 2 nonconsecutive terms; this is his first post vice-presidential retirement between his terms (2009–2014).
  5. ^ Kalla is vice president for 2 nonconsecutive terms; this will be his post vice-presidency retirement counting only from after his second term (from 20 October 2019).

By time in officeEdit

Rank Vice president Length
in days
Order of vice presidency Number of terms
1 Mohammad Hatta 4,123[a] 1st • 18 August 1945 – 1 December 1956[b] De jure: Two full terms; resigned 1 year, 3 months, and 13 days into third term
De facto: Never facing reelection
2 Jusuf Kalla 1,826 10th • 20 October 2004 – 20 October 2009 Incumbent, serving his second term of office after one full term (non-consecutive)
1,736[c] 12th • 20 October 2014 – Incumbent
3 Umar Wirahadikusumah 1,827[d] 4th • 11 March 1983 – 11 March 1988 One full term
4
tie
Hamengkubuwono IX 1,826 2nd • 23 March 1973 – 23 March 1978 One full term
Sudharmono 1,826 5th • 11 March 1988 – 11 March 1993 One full term
Try Sutrisno 1,826 6th • 11 March 1993 – 11 March 1998 One full term
Boediono 1,826 11th • 20 October 2009 – 20 October 2014 One full term
8 Adam Malik 1,814[e] 3th • 23 March 1978 – 11 March 1983 One full term
9 Hamzah Haz 1,182[f] 9th • 26 July 2001 – 20 October 2004 One partial term (3 years, 2 months, and 24 days)
10 Megawati Sukarnoputri 641 8th • 21 October 1999 – 23 July 2001[g] One partial term (1 year, 9 months, and 2 days)
11 B. J. Habibie 71 7th • 11 March 1998 – 21 May 1998[g] One partial term (2 months and 10 days)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hatta was detained by Dutch troops on 19 December 1948 during the Operation Kraai. During this time, the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia, led by Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, acted as the country's government-in-exile until 13 July 1949 (206 days). Hatta became Prime Minister of the United States of Indonesia instead of the Vice President between 27 December 1949 and 15 August 1950 (231 days). As a result, Hatta's term in office actually had 437 days less.
  2. ^ Resigned from office
  3. ^ As of 22 July 2019
  4. ^ Umar's term had 2 leap days instead of one.
  5. ^ The inauguration day was moved from 23 March to 11 March, 12 days shorter than a normal term.
  6. ^ Elected by the MPR to fill an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency.
  7. ^ a b Succeeded to presidency.

FootnotesEdit

  • A Hatta announced his resignation from the Vice Presidency on 26 July 1956, effective 1 December 1956.[6] President Sukarno had moved the country increasingly toward autocracy and authoritarianism. Hatta, a proponent of democracy, advised President Sukarno not to take that path, but his recommendations were ignored. He decided to resign, as he believed he could not work with the president.
  • B President Sukarno did not name Hatta's successor as Vice President. In December 1965, there were calls for a Vice President to be named to assist Sukarno with the fallout of the 30 September Movement and General Suharto's attempts to take over the government.[7] It was not until the New Order regime of President Suharto that the Vice President post became filled again.
  • C Vice President Hamengkubuwono IX rejected his nomination for Vice President by the People's Consultative Assembly in March 1978, due to poor health.[8] President Suharto believed that Hamengkubuwono IX had betrayed him by not seeking re-election.
  • D Following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, there were calls for Suharto's resignation as President. In May 1998, he lost support from many of his allies, including Wiranto and Ginandjar Kartasasmita. On 21 May, Suharto formally announced his resignation from office. Habibie became his successor as the President of Indonesia.[9]
  • E After Abdurrahman Wahid was impeached, Vice President Megawati replaced him as President of Indonesia.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Specific
  1. ^ Cribb & Kahin 2004, p. 312
  2. ^ Cribb & Kahin 2004, p. 171
  3. ^ Abdulgani-Knapp 2007, p. 91
  4. ^ a b Cribb & Kahin 2004, p. 479
  5. ^ Abdulgani-Knapp 2007, p. 162
  6. ^ Cribb & Kahin 2004, p. lii
  7. ^ Hughes 2002, p. 215
  8. ^ McIntyre 2005, p. 118
  9. ^ Vickers 2005, pp. 203–207
  10. ^ Cribb & Kahin 2004, p. lx
General
  • Abdulgani-Knapp, Retnowati (2007), Soeharto: The Life and Legacy of Indonesia's Second President, Singapore: Marshall Cavendish, ISBN 981-261-340-4, OCLC 155758606.
  • Cribb, Robert; Kahin, Audrey (2004), Historical Dictionary of Indonesia (2nd ed.), Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-4935-6, OCLC 53793487.
  • Hughes, John (2002), The End of Sukarno: A Coup That Misfired: A Purge That Ran Wild (3rd ed.), Singapore: Archipelago Press, ISBN 981-4068-65-9, OCLC 52567484.
  • McIntyre, Angus (2005), The Indonesian Presidency: The Shift from Personal Toward Constitutional Rule (3rd ed.), Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN 0-7425-3827-3, OCLC 59137499.
  • Suryadinata, Leo (2005), "Indonesia: The Year of a Democratic Election", Southeast Asian Affairs, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005: 133–149, doi:10.1355/SEAA-05H, ISSN 0377-5437.
  • Vickers, Adrian (2005), A History of Modern Indonesia: An Enduring Rivalry, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-83493-7, OCLC 60794234.