List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 168

This is a list of cases reported in volume 168 of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1897 and 1898.

Supreme Court of the United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 233 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Coordinates: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)
Websitesupremecourt.gov

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of volume 168 U.S.Edit

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[1] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

When the cases in volume 168 were decided the Court comprised the following nine members:

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
(Vote)
Tenure on Supreme Court
  Melville Fuller Chief Justice Illinois Morrison Waite July 20, 1888
(41–20)
October 8, 1888

July 4, 1910
(Died)
  Stephen Johnson Field Associate Justice California newly-created seat March 10, 1863
(Acclamation)
May 10, 1863

December 1, 1897
(Retired)
  John Marshall Harlan Associate Justice Kentucky David Davis November 29, 1877
(Acclamation)
December 10, 1877

October 14, 1911
(Died)
  Horace Gray Associate Justice Massachusetts Nathan Clifford December 20, 1881
(51–5)
January 9, 1882

September 15, 1902
(Died)
  David Josiah Brewer Associate Justice Kansas Stanley Matthews December 18, 1889
(53–11)
January 6, 1890

March 28, 1910
(Died)
  Henry Billings Brown Associate Justice Michigan Samuel Freeman Miller December 29, 1890
(Acclamation)
January 5, 1891

May 28, 1906
(Retired)
  George Shiras Jr. Associate Justice Pennsylvania Joseph P. Bradley July 26, 1892
(Acclamation)
October 10, 1892

February 23, 1903
(Retired)
  Edward Douglass White Associate Justice Louisiana Samuel Blatchford February 19, 1894
(Acclamation)
March 12, 1894

December 18, 1910
(Continued as chief justice)
  Rufus W. Peckham Associate Justice New York Howell Edmunds Jackson December 9, 1895
(Acclamation)
January 6, 1896

October 24, 1909
(Died)

Citation styleEdit

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

The Judiciary Act of 1891 created the United States Courts of Appeals and reassigned the jurisdiction of most routine appeals from the district and circuit courts to these appellate courts. The Act created nine new courts that were originally known as the "United States Circuit Courts of Appeals." The new courts had jurisdiction over most appeals of lower court decisions. The Supreme Court could review either legal issues that a court of appeals certified or decisions of court of appeals by writ of certiorari.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in volume 168 U.S.Edit

Case Name Page & year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower Court Disposition
Southern P.R.R. Co. v. United States 1 (1897) Harlan none none 9th Cir. affirmed
Bergere v. United States 66 (1897) Peckham none none Ct. Priv. Land Cl. reversed
Alaska T.G.M. Co. v. Whelan 86 (1897) Gray none none 9th Cir. reversed
Turner v. New York 90 (1897) Gray none none N.Y. affirmed
United States v. Goldenberg 95 (1897) Brewer none none 2d Cir. certification
Compania de Navigacion v. Brauer 104 (1897) Gray none none 2d Cir. affirmed
Craemer v. Washington 124 (1897) Fuller none none C.C.D. Wash. affirmed
Miller v. Cornwall R.R. Co. 131 (1897) Fuller none none Pa. dismissed
Fletcher v. Baltimore & P.R.R. Co. 135 (1897) Peckham none none D.C. Cir. reversed
ICC v. Alabama M. Ry. Co. 144 (1897) Shiras none Harlan 5th Cir. affirmed
Chaves v. United States 177 (1897) Fuller none none Ct. Priv. Land Cl. affirmed
Zia Pueblo v. United States 198 (1897) Brown none none Ct. Priv. Land Cl. affirmed
Crespin v. United States 208 (1897) Brown none none Ct. Priv. Land Cl. affirmed
Roff v. Burney 218 (1897) Brewer none none U.S. Ct. Ind. Terr. reversed
City of Ogden v. Armstrong 224 (1897) Shiras none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah multiple
Dennison v. United States 241 (1897) Brown none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Underhill v. Hernandez 250 (1897) Fuller none none 2d Cir. affirmed
Pratt v. Paris G.L. & C. Co. 255 (1897) Brown none none Ill. affirmed
Hodgson v. Vermont 262 (1897) Shiras none none Vt. affirmed
United States v. Wilson 273 (1897) Peckham none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Holtzman v. Douglas 278 (1897) Peckham none none D.C. Cir. affirmed
O'Brien v. Miller 287 (1897) White none none 2d Cir. reversed
Harrison v. Perea 311 (1897) Peckham none none Sup. Ct. Terr. N.M. reversed
Karrick v. Hannaman 328 (1897) Gray none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah affirmed
Warner v. Baltimore & O.R.R. Co. 339 (1897) White none none D.C. Cir. reversed
St. Anthony F.W.P. Co. v. St. Paul W. Comm'rs 349 (1897) Peckham none none Minn. affirmed
United States v. Crosthwaite 375 (1897) Harlan none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Williams v. United States 382 (1897) Harlan none none N.D. Cal. reversed
Nobles v. Georgia 398 (1897) White none none Ga. affirmed
The Victory 410 (1897) Fuller none none 4th Cir. reversed
Muse v. Arlington H. Co. 430 (1897) Fuller none none C.C.E.D. Ark. dismissed
The Resolute 437 (1897) Brown none none C.C.D. Or. affirmed
The William M. Hoag 443 (1897) Brown none none C.C.D. Or. affirmed
Stewart v. Baltimore & O.R.R. Co. 445 (1897) Brewer none none D.C. Cir. reversed
Thompson v. Maxwell L.G. & Ry. Co. 451 (1897) Brewer none none Sup. Ct. Terr. N.M. affirmed
Hyer v. Richmond T. Co. 471 (1897) Brewer Harlan Brown 4th Cir. decree modified
Douglas v. Kentucky 488 (1897) Harlan none none Ky. affirmed
United States v. Union P. Ry. Co. 505 (1897) Fuller none none 8th Cir. dismissed
Springer L. Ass'n v. Ford 513 (1897) Fuller none none Sup. Ct. Terr. N.M. affirmed
Bram v. United States 532 (1897) White none Brewer C.C.D. Mass. reversed
Adams v. Henderson 573 (1897) Harlan none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah affirmed
In re Tampa S.R.R. Co. 583 (1897) Fuller none none C.C.S.D. Fla. certiorari denied
Michigan L. & L. Co. v. Rust 589 (1897) Brewer none none 6th Cir. affirmed
Northern P.R.R. Co. v. Musser S.L.L. & M. Co. 604 (1897) Brewer none none 7th Cir. affirmed
Wilson v. Lambert 611 (1897) Shiras none none D.C. Cir. reversed
Shepard v. Adams 618 (1897) Shiras none none C.C.D. Colo. affirmed
Highland A. & B.R.R. Co. v. Columbian E. Co. 627 (1897) Brewer none none 5th Cir. certification
Hall v. United States 632 (1897) Peckham none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Crossley v. California 640 (1897) Fuller none none C.C.N.D. Cal. affirmed
Conde v. York 642 (1897) Fuller none none N.Y. Sup. Ct. dismissed
McHenry v. Alford 651 (1898) Peckham none none 8th Cir. certification
Castillo v. McConnico 674 (1898) White none none La. dismissed
Penn M.L. Ins. Co. v. City of Austin 685 (1898) White none none C.C.W.D. Tex. affirmed

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit