List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 112

This is a list of cases reported in volume 112 of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1884 and 1885.

Supreme Court of the United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 233 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Coordinates: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)
Websitesupremecourt.gov

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of volume 112 U.S.Edit

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[1] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

When the cases in volume 112 U.S. were decided the Court comprised the following nine members:

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
(Vote)
Tenure on Supreme Court
  Morrison Waite Chief Justice Ohio Salmon P. Chase January 21, 1874
(63–0)
March 4, 1874

March 23, 1888
(Died)
  Samuel Freeman Miller Associate Justice Iowa Peter Vivian Daniel July 16, 1862
(Acclamation)
July 21, 1862

October 13, 1890
(Died)
  Stephen Johnson Field Associate Justice California newly-created seat March 10, 1863
(Acclamation)
May 10, 1863

December 1, 1897
(Retired)
  Joseph P. Bradley Associate Justice New Jersey newly-created seat March 21, 1870
(46–9)
March 23, 1870

January 22, 1892
(Died)
  John Marshall Harlan Associate Justice Kentucky David Davis November 29, 1877
(Acclamation)
December 10, 1877

October 14, 1911
(Died)
  William Burnham Woods Associate Justice Georgia William Strong December 21, 1880
(39–8)
January 5, 1881

May 14, 1887
(Died)
  Stanley Matthews Associate Justice Ohio Noah Haynes Swayne May 12, 1881
(24–23)
May 17, 1881

March 22, 1889
(Died)
  Horace Gray Associate Justice Massachusetts Nathan Clifford December 20, 1881
(51–5)
January 9, 1882

September 15, 1902
(Died)
  Samuel Blatchford Associate Justice New York Ward Hunt March 22, 1882
(Acclamation)
April 3, 1882

July 7, 1893
(Died)

Notable Cases in 112 U.S.Edit

Elk v. WilkinsEdit

Elk v. Wilkins, 112 U.S. 94 (1884), is a landmark decision of the Supreme Court[2][3] respecting the citizenship status of Indians. John Elk, a Winnebago Indian, was born on an Indian reservation and later resided with whites on the non-reservation US territory in Omaha, Nebraska, where he renounced his former tribal allegiance and claimed citizenship by virtue of the Citizenship Clause. The case came about after Elk tried to register to vote in 1880 and was denied by Charles Wilkins, the named defendant, who was registrar of voters of the Fifth ward of the City of Omaha.

 
Port of New York Custom House at the time of the Head Money Cases

The Court decided that even though Elk was born in the United States, he was not a citizen because he owed allegiance to his tribe when he was born rather than to the United States and therefore was not subject to the jurisdiction of the United States when he was born.

Head Money CasesEdit

The Head Money Cases, 112 U.S. 580 (1884), relate to the legal status of treaties. Under the Immigration Act of 1882, officers from the customhouse in the Port of New York began collecting a tax from ships of fifty cents for each immigrant aboard. Multiple ship owners sued because they were transporting Dutch immigrants, and the Netherlands had a treaty with the United States that they claimed prohibited the tax. The decision established that treaties, which are described in the Supremacy Clause of the US Constitution as "the supreme law of the land" equal to any domestic federal law, do not hold a privileged position above other acts of Congress. So, other laws affecting the "enforcement, modification, or repeal" of treaties are legitimate.

Citation styleEdit

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in volume 112 U.S.Edit

Case Name Page and year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower Court Disposition
United States v. Morton 1 (1884) Blatchford none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Woodworth v. Blair 8 (1884) Gray none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
New Orleans et al. Ry. v. Mississippi ex rel. District Attorney 12 (1884) Harlan none none C.C.S.D. Miss. affirmed
Moffat v. United States 24 (1884) Field none none C.C.D. Colo. affirmed
Skidmore v. Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad Company 33 (1884) Waite none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
Davies v. Corbin 36 (1884) Waite none none C.C.E.D. Ark. dismissal denied
Mellen v. Wallach 41 (1884) Blatchford none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Butterworth v. United States ex rel. Hoe 50 (1884) Matthews none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Moran v. City of New Orleans 69 (1884) Matthews none none La. reversed
United States v. Waddell 76 (1884) Miller none none C.C.E.D. Ark. certification
Wilson v. Arrick 83 (1884) Woods none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
United States v. Flanders 88 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.E.D. La. affirmed
Elk v. Wilkins 94 (1884) Gray none Harlan C.C.D. Neb. affirmed
Adams County v. Burlington and Missouri River Railroad Company 123 (1884) Waite none none Iowa dismissed
Nix v. Allen 129 (1884) Waite none none C.C.E.D. Ark. affirmed
Mersman v. Werges 139 (1884) Gray none none C.C.D. Iowa reversed
Horbach v. Hill 144 (1884) Field none none C.C.D. Neb. reversed
City of Ft. Scott v. Hickman 150 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.D. Kan. reversed
Buena Vista County v. Iowa Falls and Sioux City Railroad Company 165 (1884) Matthews none none Iowa affirmed
Ex parte Virginia Commissioners 177 (1884) Waite none none original mandamus denied
Ex parte Crouch 178 (1884) Waite none none original habeas corpus denied
Ex parte Royall 181 (1884) Waite none none original habeas corpus denied
Scotland County v. Hill 183 (1884) Waite none none C.C.E.D. Mo. reversed
Ayres v. Wiswall 187 (1884) Waite none none C.C.E.D. Mich. affirmed
Great Western Insurance Company v. United States 193 (1884) Miller none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Foster v. Kansas ex rel. Johnston I 201 (1884) Waite none none Kan. affirmed
Foster v. Kansas ex rel. Johnston II 205 (1884) Waite none none Kan. affirmed
Ranney v. Barlow 207 (1884) Woods none none C.C.N.D. Ohio reversed
Snyder v. United States 216 (1884) Gray none none C.C.D. La. affirmed
Labette County v. United States ex rel. Moulton 217 (1884) Matthews none none C.C.D. Kan. affirmed
Bradstreet Company v. Higgins 227 (1884) Waite none none C.C.W.D. Mo. dismissed
Hancock v. Holbrook 229 (1884) Waite none none C.C.E.D. La. reversed
California ex rel. Hastings v. Jackson 233 (1884) Waite none none Cal. dismissed
Pugh v. Fairmount Gold and Silver Mining Company 238 (1884) Woods none none C.C.D. Colo. reversed
Morris v. McMillin 244 (1884) Woods none none C.C.W.D. Pa. reversed
Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company v. Union Trust Company 250 (1884) Harlan none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Grenada County v. Brogden 261 (1884) Harlan none none N.D. Miss. affirmed
Grame v. Mutual Assurance Company of Virginia 273 (1884) Waite none none Va. dismissed
Exchange National Bank v. Third National Bank 276 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.D.N.J. reversed
Tradesman's National Bank v. Third National Bank 293 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.D.N.J. reversed
Heidritter v. Elizabeth Oil Cloth Company 294 (1884) Matthews none none C.C.D.N.J. affirmed
East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railway Company v. Southern Telegraph Company 306 (1884) Waite none none C.C.M.D. Ala. dismissal denied
Ogdensburg and Lake Champlain Railroad Company v. Nashua and Lowell Railroad Company 311 (1884) Miller none none C.C.D.N.H. affirmed
Bates County v. Winters 325 (1884) Waite none none C.C.W.D. Mo. affirmed
Hart v. Pennsylvania Railroad Company 331 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.E.D. Mo. affirmed
Brandies v. Cochrane 344 (1884) Matthews none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
Mahn v. Harwood 354 (1884) Bradley none Miller C.C.D. Mass. affirmed
Mackall v. Richards 369 (1884) Harlan none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Company v. Ross 377 (1884) Field none Matthews C.C.D. Minn. affirmed
Batchelor v. Brereton 396 (1884) Blatchford none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Reynolds v. Crawfordsville First National Bank 405 (1884) Woods none none C.C.D. Ind. affirmed
Kansas Pacific Railway Company v. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company 414 (1884) Field none none C.C.D. Kan. reversed
Richardson v. Traver 423 (1884) Waite none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
Middleton v. Mullica Township, New Jersey 433 (1884) Bradley none none C.C.D.N.J. reversed
Fortier v. New Orleans National Bank 439 (1884) Woods none none C.C.E.D. La. affirmed
Lámar v. Micou 452 (1884) Gray none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. reversed
Carter v. Carusi 478 (1884) Woods none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Birdsell v. Shaliol 485 (1884) Gray none none C.C.N.D. Ohio reversed
Maryland ex rel. Markley v. Baldwin 490 (1884) Field none none C.C.D. Md. reversed
Arthur v. Morgan 495 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
England v. Gebhardt 502 (1884) Waite none none C.C.S.D.N.J. affirmed
New Orleans Insurance Company v. Albro Company 506 (1884) Waite none none C.C.E.D. La. affirmed
United States v. North 510 (1884) Waite none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
The Elizabeth Jones 514 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
Britton v. Thornton 526 (1884) Gray none none C.C.W.D. Pa. affirmed
Chew Heong v. United States 536 (1884) Harlan none Field, Bradley C.C.D. Cal. reversed
Head Money Cases 580 (1884) Miller none none C.C.E.D.N.Y. affirmed
Matthews v. Warner 600 (1884) Miller none none C.C.D. Mass. affirmed
Bond v. Dustin 604 (1884) Gray none none C.C.S.D. Ill. affirmed
Memphis and Little Rock Railroad Company v. Arkansas Railroad Commissioners 609 (1884) Matthews none none Ark. affirmed
Union Metallic Cartridge Company v. United States Cartridge Company 624 (1884) Blatchford none none C.C.D. Mass. reversed
United States v. Great Falls Manufacturing Company 645 (1884) Harlan none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Torrent Arms Lumber Company v. Rodgers 659 (1884) Woods none none C.C.W.D. Mich. reversed
Town of Martinton v. Fairbanks 670 (1885) Woods none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
Streeper v. Victor Sewing Machine Company 676 (1885) Blatchford none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah affirmed
Murphy v. Victor Sewing Machine Company 688 (1885) Blatchford none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah affirmed
Whitney v. Morrow 693 (1885) Field none none Wis. affirmed
Knickerbocker Life Insurance Company v. Pendleton 696 (1885) Bradley none none C.C.W.D. Tenn. reversed
Power v. Baker 710 (1884) Waite none none C.C.D. Minn. vacation denied
Scharff v. Levy 711 (1885) Waite none none C.C.E.D. Mo. affirmed
Halferty v. Wilmering 713 (1885) Matthews none none C.C.D. Iowa reversed
Mattoon v. McGrew 713 (1884) Waite none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Thayer v. Life Association of America 717 (1885) Harlan none none C.C.D.W. Va. reversed
St. Paul and Sioux City Railroad Company v. Winona and St. Peter Railroad Company 720 (1885) Miller none none Minn. affirmed
St. Paul and Duluth Railroad Company v. United States 733 (1885) Matthews none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Peugh v. Porter 737 (1885) Matthews none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  2. ^ Rudolph C. Ryser (2012). Indigenous Nations and Modern States: The Political Emergence of Nations Challenging State Power. Routledge. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-415-80853-8. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  3. ^ Bryan H. Wildenthal (2003). Native American Sovereignty on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents. Santa Barbara, California, United States of America; Denver, Colorado, United States of America; Oxford, Englang, Great Britain: ABC-CLIO. p. 28. ISBN 1-57607-624-5. Retrieved June 10, 2020.

External linksEdit