List of synagogues in Kerala
There are at least 8 known synagogues in Kerala in recorded history, even though most of them are not operating anymore. One of these belonged to the White Jews of Cochin, while the other 7 belonged to the Malabari (Brown or Black) Jews.  Each of these is quite unique in its construction and architecture; nevertheless, they retain very similar aesthetics, blending in both the Jewish and Keralite traditions rarified over centuries.
Only the Paradesi Synagogue in Mattancherry still functions as a synagogue and is a popular tourist destination. The Parur Synagogue, Chendamangalam Synagogue, Mala Synagogue and the Kadavumbhagam Ernakulam Synagogue in Ernakulam downtown are open to public visit, even if they do not serve their originally intended religious purposes anymore. They remain as souvenirs representative of Kerala's rich cosmopolitan heritage, religious tolerance and cultural magnificence.
Many old synagogues are completely lost, a notable example being the Kochangadi Synagogue built in 1344 (the foundation stone of which is still retained in the Paradesi Synagogue) mostly likely after the Jews had to abandon Muziris due to the great flood of Periyar river in 1341 .
List of Synagogues in KeralaEdit
|Paradesi Synagogue||Mattancherry, Kochi||Operational|
|Mala Synagogue||Mala, Thrissur||Non-operational for worship, open to visits|
|Chendamangalam Synagogue||Chendamangalam, North Paravur||Non-operational for worship; |
Open to public visits as Kerala Jews Life Style Museum.
|Paravur Synagogue||North Paravur (Parur) ||Non-operational for worship; |
Open to public visits as Kerala Jews History Museum
|Kadavumbhagam Ernakulam Synagogue||Market Road, Ernakulam;
||Non-operational for worship (was functional until 1972, when its membership could no longer support it );|
|Thekkumbhagam Ernakulam Synagogue ||Jew Street, Ernakulam;
On the north side of Jew Street, between Market Road and Broadway and to the west of the Juma Masjid, a landmark mosque.
|Non-operational for worship;
It has served as a gathering hall for community events in recent years.
|Kadavumbhagam Mattancherry Synagogue||Mattanchery||Non-operational for worship; in ruins; served as coir storage facility; Heckal (Holy Torah Ark) was moved to Israel and remains at the Synagogue in moshav Nehalim; interior moved to Israel, restored and displayed in Israel Museum at Jerusalem |
|Thekkumbhagam Mattancherry Synagogue||Mattancherry||Non-operational and not existing anymore; |
Bought by a Paradesi Jew after the congregation left to Israel in 1955,
List of Lost Synagogues in KeralaEdit
Many old synagogues are completely lost and their historic sites are not yet clearly identified or geo-located. Some of the known ones  from the 2nd millennium (identified either from recorded history or oral tradition) include:
All the 8 synagogues in Kerala built during the recent centuries have similar traditional architectural features that include:
- a central Bimah of brass or silver metal on a concrete or stone base
- an Ark on the western wall
- a balcony above the eastern entry to the sanctuary that is used by the reader on certain holidays.
- a women's gallery behind the balcony, with a stairway leading up to it, usually from outside the building.
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- A revival of Jewish heritage on the Indian tourism trail, Shalva Weil, Jerusalem Post, 16 July 2010
- Kadavumbagam Synagogue, Ernakulam, Jay A. Waronker, Friends of Kerala Synagogues, 2011
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