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List of Star Trek: The Original Series episodes

  (Redirected from List of Star Trek: The Original Series writers)

Star Trek TOS logo.svg

Created by Gene Roddenberry, the science fiction television series Star Trek (which eventually acquired the retronym Star Trek: The Original Series) starred William Shatner as Captain James T. Kirk, Leonard Nimoy as Mr. Spock, and DeForest Kelley as Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy aboard the fictional Federation starship USS Enterprise. The series originally aired from September 1966 through June 1969 on NBC.[1]

This is the first television series in the Star Trek franchise, and comprises 79 regular episodes over the series' three seasons, along with the series' original pilot episode, "The Cage". The episodes are listed in order by original air date,[2] which match the episode order in each season's original,[3][4][5] remastered,[6][7][8] and Blu-ray DVD[9] box sets. The original, single-disc DVD releases placed the episodes by production order, with "The Cage" on the final disc.[10] This list also includes the stardate on which the events of each episode took place within the fictional Star Trek universe.[11]

After the series' cancellation, Paramount Television released Star Trek to television stations as a syndication package,[12] where the series' popularity grew to become a "major phenomenon within popular culture".[13] This popularity would eventually lead to the expansion of the Star Trek catalog, which as of 2017 includes five more television series and thirteen Trek motion pictures.

In 2006, CBS Paramount Domestic Television (now CBS Television Distribution) announced that each Original Series episode would be re-syndicated in high definition after undergoing digital remastering, including both new and enhanced visual effects.[14] (To date, the remastered episodes have only been broadcast in standard definition, though all three seasons are now available on the high-definition Blu-ray Disc format.)[15][16] The remastered episodes began with "Balance of Terror" (along with, in some markets, "Miri") during the weekend of September 16, 2006,[17] and ended with "The Cage", which aired during the weekend of May 2, 2009.[18] The remastered air dates listed below are based on the weekend each episode aired in syndication.[17]

Contents

Series overviewEdit

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
129September 8, 1966 (1966-09-08)April 13, 1967 (1967-04-13)
226September 15, 1967 (1967-09-15)March 29, 1968 (1968-03-29)
324September 20, 1968 (1968-09-20)June 3, 1969 (1969-06-03)

EpisodesEdit

Pilots (1964–65)Edit

Star Trek's pilot episode, "The Cage", was completed between November 1964 and January 1965,[19] and starred Jeffrey Hunter as Captain Christopher Pike, Majel Barrett as Number One, and Leonard Nimoy as Spock. The pilot was rejected by NBC as being "too cerebral" among other complaints.[20] Jeffrey Hunter chose to withdraw from the role of Pike[21] when creator Gene Roddenberry was asked to produce a second pilot episode ("Where No Man Has Gone Before") of which an edited version of the same name aired in 1966.[22][23]

"The Cage" never aired during Star Trek's original run on NBC. It was presented by Roddenberry as a black-and-white workprint at various science fiction conventions over the years after Star Trek's cancellation but was not released on home video until 1986 when Paramount Home Video produced a "restored" release of "The Cage" (a combination of the original black-and-white footage and color portions of the Season 1 episode "The Menagerie") along with an introduction by Gene Roddenberry.[24]

On October 4, 1988, Paramount Pictures aired a two-hour television special, hosted by Patrick Stewart, called The Star Trek Saga: From One Generation to the Next, which featured, for the first time, a full-color television presentation of "The Cage". In some markets, the special did not air until October 15, 1988.[24] In the United States, "The Cage" was first released to DVD in December 2001.[25] It was later included on the final disc in both the original and "remastered" season 3 DVD box sets (listed with the original air date of October 15, 1988).[5][8][26]

"Where No Man Has Gone Before" in its original form (production number 02a) had been forwarded to NBC, but only a re-edited version was aired, not as a pilot but as the third episode of the series (production number 02b). The original version was thought to be lost, but later appeared on bootleg VHS tapes at conventions, until a print of it was discovered in 2009 and subsequently released on home video under the title "Where No Fan Has Gone Before" - The Restored, Unaired Alternate Pilot Episode as part of the TOS season 3 box set on Blu-ray;[27] it has not been released on DVD. This version remains unaired.

TitleStardate[11]Directed byWritten byOriginal air date [24][26]Prod.
code
"The Cage"UnknownRobert ButlerGene RoddenberryOctober 4, 1988 (1988-10-04)01
The crew of the Enterprise follow a distress signal to the planet Talos IV, where Captain Pike is taken captive by a group of telepathic aliens. The events of this pilot are revisited in the two-part Season 1 episode "The Menagerie".[28]
"Where No Man Has Gone Before"1312.4James GoldstoneSamuel A. PeeplesUnaired (Unaired)02a
After the Enterprise attempts to cross the Great Barrier at the edge of the galaxy, crew members Gary Mitchell and Elizabeth Dehner develop "godlike" psychic powers which threaten the safety of the crew.[28]

Season 1 (1966–67)Edit

After Roddenberry's second pilot episode, "Where No Man Has Gone Before", received a more favorable response from NBC,[22][23] Star Trek finally aired its first episode—"The Man Trap"—at 8:30PM on September 8, 1966.[29] "Where No Man...", which eventually aired in a re-edited format as the series' third episode, retained only Spock as a character from "The Cage" but introduced William Shatner as Captain James T. Kirk, James Doohan as chief engineer Scotty, and George Takei as physicist (later helmsman) Sulu. Also joining the cast were DeForest Kelley as ship's surgeon Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy and Nichelle Nichols as the communications officer Uhura in "The Man Trap"; the first aired episode of the series.

Although her character of Number One was not retained from "The Cage", Majel Barrett returned to the series as a new character, nurse Christine Chapel, and made her first of many recurring appearances in "The Naked Time". Grace Lee Whitney appeared in eight episodes as yeoman Janice Rand, beginning with "The Man Trap". Whitney left the series after "The Conscience of the King",[22][30][31] but would later make minor appearances in the first, third, fourth, and sixth Star Trek films as well as one episode of the companion series Star Trek: Voyager.

Star Trek's first season comprised 29 episodes, including the two-part episode "The Menagerie", which includes much of the footage from the original pilot, "The Cage". Other notable episodes include "Balance of Terror", which introduces the Romulans; "Space Seed", which introduces Khan Noonien Singh and serves as the basis for Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan; "Errand of Mercy", in which the Klingons make their first appearance; and the critically acclaimed,[32] Hugo-Award-winning episode[33] "The City on the Edge of Forever", which features Kirk, Spock, and McCoy traveling into the past through the Guardian of Forever.

No.
overall
No. in
season
TitleStardate[11]Directed byWritten byOriginal air date [2]Prod.
code
11"The Man Trap"1513.1Marc DanielsGeorge Clayton JohnsonSeptember 8, 1966 (1966-09-08)06
22"Charlie X"1533.6Lawrence DobkinStory by : Gene Roddenberry
Teleplay by : D. C. Fontana
September 15, 1966 (1966-09-15)08
33"Where No Man Has Gone Before"1312.4James GoldstoneSamuel A. PeeplesSeptember 22, 1966 (1966-09-22)02b
44"The Naked Time"1704.2Marc DanielsJohn D. F. BlackSeptember 29, 1966 (1966-09-29)07
55"The Enemy Within"1672.1Leo PennRichard MathesonOctober 6, 1966 (1966-10-06)05
66"Mudd's Women"1329.8Harvey HartStory by : Gene Roddenberry
Teleplay by : Stephen Kandel
October 13, 1966 (1966-10-13)04
77"What Are Little Girls Made Of?"2712.4James GoldstoneRobert BlochOctober 20, 1966 (1966-10-20)10
88"Miri"2713.5Vincent McEveetyAdrian SpiesOctober 27, 1966 (1966-10-27)12
99"Dagger of the Mind"2715.1Vincent McEveetyS. Bar-DavidNovember 3, 1966 (1966-11-03)11
1010"The Corbomite Maneuver"1512.2Joseph SargentJerry SohlNovember 10, 1966 (1966-11-10)03
11
12
11
12
"The Menagerie"3012.4
3013.1
Marc Daniels
Robert Butler
Gene RoddenberryNovember 17, 1966 (1966-11-17)
November 24, 1966 (1966-11-24)
16
1313"The Conscience of the King"2817.6Gerd OswaldBarry TriversDecember 8, 1966 (1966-12-08)13
1414"Balance of Terror"1709.2Vincent McEveetyPaul SchneiderDecember 15, 1966 (1966-12-15)09
1515"Shore Leave"3025.3Robert SparrTheodore SturgeonDecember 29, 1966 (1966-12-29)17
1616"The Galileo Seven"2821.5Robert GistStory by : Oliver Crawford
Teleplay by : Oliver Crawford and S. Bar-David
January 5, 1967 (1967-01-05)14
1717"The Squire of Gothos"2124.5Don McDougallPaul SchneiderJanuary 12, 1967 (1967-01-12)18
1818"Arena"3045.6Joseph PevneyStory by : Fredric Brown
Teleplay by : Gene L. Coon
January 19, 1967 (1967-01-19)19
1919"Tomorrow Is Yesterday"3113.2Michael O'HerlihyD. C. FontanaJanuary 26, 1967 (1967-01-26)21
2020"Court Martial"2947.3Marc DanielsStory by : Don M. Mankiewicz
Teleplay by : Don M. Mankiewicz and Steven W. Carabatsos
February 2, 1967 (1967-02-02)15
2121"The Return of the Archons"3156.2Joseph PevneyStory by : Gene Roddenberry
Teleplay by : Boris Sobelman
February 9, 1967 (1967-02-09)22
2222"Space Seed"3141.9Marc DanielsStory by : Carey Wilber
Teleplay by : Gene L. Coon and Carey Wilber
February 16, 1967 (1967-02-16)24
2323"A Taste of Armageddon"3192.1Joseph PevneyStory by : Robert Hamner
Teleplay by : Robert Hamner and Gene L. Coon
February 23, 1967 (1967-02-23)23
2424"This Side of Paradise"3417.3–3417.7Ralph SenenskyStory by : Nathan Butler[a] and D. C. Fontana
Teleplay by : D. C. Fontana
March 2, 1967 (1967-03-02)25
2525"The Devil in the Dark"3196.1Joseph PevneyGene L. CoonMarch 9, 1967 (1967-03-09)26
2626"Errand of Mercy"3198.4John NewlandGene L. CoonMarch 23, 1967 (1967-03-23)27
2727"The Alternative Factor"3087.6Gerd OswaldDon IngallsMarch 30, 1967 (1967-03-30)20
2828"The City on the Edge of Forever"UnknownJoseph PevneyHarlan EllisonApril 6, 1967 (1967-04-06)28
2929"Operation: Annihilate!"3287.2Herschel DaughertySteven W. CarabatsosApril 13, 1967 (1967-04-13)29
  1. ^ Nathan Butler is a pseudonym for Jerry Sohl.

Season 2 (1967–68)Edit

The show's 26-episode second season began in September 1967[2] with "Amok Time", which introduced actor Walter Koenig as Russian navigator Pavel Chekov, and granted viewers the first glimpse of Spock's homeworld, Vulcan. The season also includes such notable episodes as "Mirror, Mirror", which introduces the evil "mirror universe"; "Journey to Babel", featuring the introduction of Spock's parents Sarek and Amanda; and the light-hearted "The Trouble with Tribbles", which would later be revisited in a 1973 episode of Star Trek: The Animated Series and a 1996 episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. The season ended with "Assignment: Earth", an attempt to launch a spin-off television series set in the 1960s.

No.
overall
No. in
season
TitleStardate[11]Directed byWritten byOriginal air date [2]Prod.
code
301"Amok Time"3372.7Joseph PevneyTheodore SturgeonSeptember 15, 1967 (1967-09-15)34
312"Who Mourns for Adonais?"3468.1Marc DanielsGilbert RalstonSeptember 22, 1967 (1967-09-22)33
323"The Changeling"3541.9Marc DanielsJohn Meredyth LucasSeptember 29, 1967 (1967-09-29)37
334"Mirror, Mirror"UnknownMarc DanielsJerome BixbyOctober 6, 1967 (1967-10-06)39
345"The Apple"3715.3Joseph PevneyStory by : Max Ehrlich
Teleplay by : Max Ehrlich and Gene L. Coon
October 13, 1967 (1967-10-13)38
356"The Doomsday Machine"4202.9Marc DanielsNorman SpinradOctober 20, 1967 (1967-10-20)35
367"Catspaw"3018.2Joseph PevneyRobert BlochOctober 27, 1967 (1967-10-27)30
378"I, Mudd"4513.3Marc DanielsStephen KandelNovember 3, 1967 (1967-11-03)41
389"Metamorphosis"3219.8Ralph SenenskyGene L. CoonNovember 10, 1967 (1967-11-10)31
3910"Journey to Babel"3842.3Joseph PevneyD. C. FontanaNovember 17, 1967 (1967-11-17)44
4011"Friday's Child"3497.2Joseph PevneyD. C. FontanaDecember 1, 1967 (1967-12-01)32
4112"The Deadly Years"3478.2Joseph PevneyDavid P. HarmonDecember 8, 1967 (1967-12-08)40
4213"Obsession"3619.2Ralph SenenskyArt WallaceDecember 15, 1967 (1967-12-15)47
4314"Wolf in the Fold"3614.9Joseph PevneyRobert BlochDecember 22, 1967 (1967-12-22)36
4415"The Trouble with Tribbles"4523.3Joseph PevneyDavid GerroldDecember 29, 1967 (1967-12-29)42
4516"The Gamesters of Triskelion"3211.7Gene NelsonMargaret ArmenJanuary 5, 1968 (1968-01-05)46
4617"A Piece of the Action"4598.0James KomackStory by : David P. Harmon
Teleplay by : David P. Harmon and Gene L. Coon
January 12, 1968 (1968-01-12)49
4718"The Immunity Syndrome"4307.1Joseph PevneyRobert SabaroffJanuary 19, 1968 (1968-01-19)48
4819"A Private Little War"4211.4Marc DanielsStory by : Jud Crucis[a]
Teleplay by : Gene Roddenberry
February 2, 1968 (1968-02-02)45
4920"Return to Tomorrow"4768.3Ralph SenenskyJohn Kingsbridge[b]February 9, 1968 (1968-02-09)51
5021"Patterns of Force"UnknownVincent McEveetyJohn Meredyth LucasFebruary 16, 1968 (1968-02-16)52
5122"By Any Other Name"4657.5Marc DanielsStory by : Jerome Bixby
Teleplay by : D. C. Fontana and Jerome Bixby
February 23, 1968 (1968-02-23)50
5223"The Omega Glory"UnknownVincent McEveetyGene RoddenberryMarch 1, 1968 (1968-03-01)54
5324"The Ultimate Computer"4729.4John Meredyth LucasStory by : Laurence N. Wolfe
Teleplay by : D. C. Fontana
March 8, 1968 (1968-03-08)53
5425"Bread and Circuses"4040.7Ralph SenenskyGene Roddenberry and Gene L. CoonMarch 15, 1968 (1968-03-15)43
5526"Assignment: Earth"UnknownMarc DanielsStory by : Gene Roddenberry and Art Wallace
Teleplay by : Art Wallace
March 29, 1968 (1968-03-29)55
  1. ^ Jud Crucis is a pseudonym for Don Ingalls.
  2. ^ John Kingsbridge is the pen name for John T. Dugan.

Season 3 (1968–69)Edit

After Star Trek's second season, NBC was prepared to cancel the show due to low ratings.[34][35] Led by fans Bjo and John Trimble, Trek viewers inundated NBC with letters protesting the show's demise and pleading the network to renew the series for another year.[35][36] After NBC agreed to produce a third season, the network promised Gene Roddenberry that the show would air in a favorable timeslot (Mondays at 7:30 PM),[34][35] but later changed the schedule so that Trek would air in the so-called "death slot" — Friday nights at 10:00PM.[34][37] In addition to the "mismanaged"[35] schedule, the show's budget was "seriously slashed"[34] and Nichelle Nichols described the series' eventual cancellation as "a self-fulfilling prophecy".[38]

Star Trek's final, 24-episode season began in September 1968 with "Spock's Brain".[2] The third season also includes "The Tholian Web", where Kirk becomes trapped between universes; this episode would later be revisited by two 2005 episodes of the prequel series Star Trek: Enterprise. The last episode of the series, "Turnabout Intruder", aired on June 3, 1969,[2] but Star Trek would eventually return to television in animated form when the animated Star Trek debuted in September 1973.

No.
overall
No. in
season
TitleStardate[11]Directed byWritten byOriginal air date [2]Prod.
code
561"Spock's Brain"5431.4Marc DanielsLee Cronin[a]September 20, 1968 (1968-09-20)61
572"The Enterprise Incident"5027.3John Meredyth LucasD. C. FontanaSeptember 27, 1968 (1968-09-27)59
583"The Paradise Syndrome"4842.6Jud TaylorMargaret ArmenOctober 4, 1968 (1968-10-04)58
594"And the Children Shall Lead"5029.5Marvin ChomskyEdward J. LaksoOctober 11, 1968 (1968-10-11)60
605"Is There in Truth No Beauty?"5630.7Ralph SenenskyJean Lisette AroesteOctober 18, 1968 (1968-10-18)62
616"Spectre of the Gun"4385.3Vincent McEveetyLee Cronin[a]October 25, 1968 (1968-10-25)56
627"Day of the Dove"5630.3Marvin ChomskyJerome BixbyNovember 1, 1968 (1968-11-01)66
638"For the World Is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky"5476.3Tony LeaderRik VollaertsNovember 8, 1968 (1968-11-08)65
649"The Tholian Web"5693.2Herb WallersteinJudy Burns and Chet RichardsNovember 15, 1968 (1968-11-15)64
6510"Plato's Stepchildren"5784.2David AlexanderMeyer DolinskyNovember 22, 1968 (1968-11-22)67
6611"Wink of an Eye"5710.5Jud TaylorStory by : Lee Cronin[a]
Teleplay by : Arthur Heinemann
November 29, 1968 (1968-11-29)68
6712"The Empath"5121.5John ErmanJoyce MuskatDecember 6, 1968 (1968-12-06)63
6813"Elaan of Troyius"4372.5John Meredyth LucasJohn Meredyth LucasDecember 20, 1968 (1968-12-20)57
6914"Whom Gods Destroy"5718.3Herb WallersteinStory by : Lee Erwin and Jerry Sohl
Teleplay by : Lee Erwin
January 3, 1969 (1969-01-03)71
7015"Let That Be Your Last Battlefield"5730.2Jud TaylorStory by : Lee Cronin[a]
Teleplay by : Oliver Crawford
January 10, 1969 (1969-01-10)70
7116"The Mark of Gideon"5423.4Jud TaylorGeorge F. Slavin and Stanley AdamsJanuary 17, 1969 (1969-01-17)72
7217"That Which Survives"UnknownHerb WallersteinStory by : Michael Richards[b]
Teleplay by : John Meredyth Lucas
January 24, 1969 (1969-01-24)69
7318"The Lights of Zetar"5725.3Herb KenwithJeremy Tarcher and Shari LewisJanuary 31, 1969 (1969-01-31)73
7419"Requiem for Methuselah"5843.7Murray GoldenJerome BixbyFebruary 14, 1969 (1969-02-14)76
7520"The Way to Eden"5832.3David AlexanderStory by : Michael Richards[b] and Arthur Heinemann
Teleplay by : Arthur Heinemann
February 21, 1969 (1969-02-21)75
7621"The Cloud Minders"5818.4Jud TaylorStory by : David Gerrold and Oliver Crawford
Teleplay by : Margaret Armen
February 28, 1969 (1969-02-28)74
7722"The Savage Curtain"5906.4Herschel DaughertyStory by : Gene Roddenberry
Teleplay by : Arthur Heinemann and Gene Roddenberry
March 7, 1969 (1969-03-07)77
7823"All Our Yesterdays"5943.7Marvin ChomskyJean Lisette AroesteMarch 14, 1969 (1969-03-14)78
7924"Turnabout Intruder"5928.5Herb WallersteinStory by : Gene Roddenberry
Teleplay by : Arthur Singer
June 3, 1969 (1969-06-03)79
  1. ^ a b c d Lee Cronin is a pseudonym for Gene L. Coon.
  2. ^ a b Michael Richards is a pseudonym for D. C. Fontana.

Production orderEdit

The list below details the series' episodes in production order, including the original series pilot, "The Cage". While the "complete season" DVD releases (listed above) follow the original broadcast order, the original episodic DVD releases[10] are numbered by production order.[39]

British transmissionEdit

Star Trek was first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One starting on July 12, 1969 with the episode "Where No Man Has Gone Before". The first episode broadcast in color was "Arena" on November 15, 1969. The episodes were broadcast in a different order than in the United States and were originally aired in four seasons between 1969 and 1971. The BBC edited the episodes for broadcast by showing the title sequence first, then the teaser segment that aired before the titles in the United States, then the rest of the episode. These edited episodes aired until the 1990s[vague], after which the BBC was supplied with NTSC videotape transfers of the first season instead of new film prints, resulting in a substandard picture, and with edits originally made for syndication in the United States. Viewer complaints led to the BBC obtaining film prints for the subsequent two seasons.

"The Cage" was first broadcast on Sky One in July 1990. Three episodes, "Plato's Stepchildren", "The Empath", and "Whom Gods Destroy", were not broadcast on the BBC until 1994, although "The Empath" was listed in the Radio Times as scheduled to broadcast on December 16, 1970 at 7:20 pm.[40] Sky One was the first network to air these three episodes in the UK in 1990, although with the title sequence and teaser shown in the order as they were aired in the United States, whereas the rest of the episodes were broadcast as edited by the BBC.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Okuda, Michael and Denise (1999). The Star Trek Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: Pocket Books. p. 463. ISBN 0-671-53609-5. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Trimble, Bjo (1976). Star Trek Concordance. New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 37–89. ISBN 0-345-25137-7. 
  3. ^ "Star Trek: Season 1 DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Star Trek: Season 2 DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Star Trek: Season 3 DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Star Trek: Season 1 (Remastered) DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Star Trek: Season 2 (Remastered) DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Star Trek: Season 3 (Remastered) DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  9. ^ "CBS & Paramount Announce First Star Trek Blu-ray sets - TOS S1 & All TOS movies coming April/May". TrekMovie.com. February 16, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Star Trek on DVD, Release Info, Reviews, News at TVShowsOnDVD.com". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on May 1, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Trimble, Bjo (1976). Star Trek Concordance. New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-345-25137-7. 
  12. ^ "Star Trek Syndication Advertisements, Circa 1969-1970". TelevisionObscurities.com. December 15, 2008. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Star Trek (U.S. Science Fiction)". Museum.tv (The Museum of Broadcast Communication). Retrieved January 26, 2015. 
  14. ^ "It's Official: Classic Trek Coming to HDTV With New CGI". TrekMovie.com. August 30, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  15. ^ "TOS Remastered: Format". TrekMovie.com. August 30, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Star Trek: The Original Series - Season 1 Blu-ray". blu-ray.com. April 28, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2009. 
  17. ^ a b "TOS Remastered Episode Guide - Season 1". TrekMovie.com. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  18. ^ "First Look: Preview for Star Trek Remastered "The Cage" Airing Next Weekend". TrekMovie.com. April 22, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  19. ^ David Alexander, Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry, p. 218.
  20. ^ Shatner, William (2008). Up Till Now: The Autobiography. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 119. ISBN 0-312-37265-5. 
  21. ^ David Alexander, Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry, p. 244.
  22. ^ a b c Alexander, David (1994). Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry. Roc. ISBN 0-451-45440-5. 
  23. ^ a b Whitfield, Stephen E & Roddenberry, Gene (1968). The Making of Star Trek. Ballatine Books. ISBN 1-85286-363-3. 
  24. ^ a b c "A Look Back at The History of Star Trek's First Pilot "The Cage"". TrekWeb.com. November 12, 2008. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Volume 40: Turnabout Intruder/The Cage". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on December 16, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  26. ^ a b Both the original Season 3 and "remastered" season 3 sets list the original air date for "The Cage" as October 15, 1988.
  27. ^ DVD News Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ a b "Star Trek: Episodes (Season 1)". StarTrek.com. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2009. 
  29. ^ Leonard Nimoy (1995). I Am Spock. Hyperion. p. 38. ISBN 0-7868-6182-7. 
  30. ^ Herbert F. Solow and Robert H. Justman (1996). Inside Star Trek: The Real Story. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-00974-5. 
  31. ^ Grace Lee Whitney and Jim Denney. The Longest Trek: My Tour of the Galaxy. Quill Driver Books. ISBN 1-884956-03-3. 
  32. ^ Entertainment Weekly Special Edition January 18, 1995
  33. ^ "1968 Hugo Awards". TheHugoAwards.org. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  34. ^ a b c d Leonard Nimoy (1995). I Am Spock. Hyperion. pp. 112–113. ISBN 0-7868-6182-7. 
  35. ^ a b c d Shatner, William (2008). Up Till Now: The Autobiography. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. pp. 131–132. ISBN 0-312-37265-5. 
  36. ^ David Gerrold, quoting Bjo Trimble, in The World of Star Trek, Ballantine Books, 1973, pp 166
  37. ^ William Shatner, Star Trek Memories, Harper Torch, 1994 paperback, p.257
  38. ^ Nichols, Beyond Uhura, p.189
  39. ^ "StarTrek.com: DVD". StarTrek.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  40. ^ Fulton, Roger (1997). The Encyclopedia of TV Science Fiction. London: Boxtree. pp. 429–440. ISBN 0-7522-1150-1. 

External linksEdit