Speaker of the People's Assembly of Syria

The Speaker of the People's Assembly of Syria (Arabic: رئيس مجلس الشعب السوري rayiys majlis alshaeb alsuwrii) represents the People's Assembly, Syria's legislature,[1] signs documents and speaks on its behalf.[2] Throughout its history, the Speaker has been responsible for representing the Assembly. As of 2017, 30 different people have served as speakers.

Speaker of the People's Assembly of Syria
رئيس مجلس الشعب السوري
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
Hammouda Sabbagh04).jpg
Incumbent
Hammouda Sabbagh

since 28 September 2017
StyleHis or Her Excellency
ResidenceDamascus
AppointerPeople's Assembly of Syria
Term length4 years
Inaugural holderAhmad al-Khatib
(modern incarnation)
FormationConstitution of Syria
22 February 1971
(modern incarnation)

ElectionEdit

A People's Assembly is elected every fourth calendar year.[3] The first meeting of a newly elected People's Assembly is responsible for electing its Speaker.[4]

PowersEdit

The People's Assembly should meet at least three times a year, the Speaker has the power to convene an extraordinary meeting of the Assembly.[5] The guards of the People's Assembly are under the authority of the Speaker.[2]

Presidential electionsEdit

60 days before the term of the President expires, the Speaker calls for new elections.[6] All presidential candidates have to be approved personally by the Speaker.[6] If only one candidate is acceptable, the Speaker is supposed to postpone the elections.[6] The election result is to be announced when the results have been counted.[7]

SpeakersEdit

Meaning
Acting speaker.
National Bloc
National Union
People's Party
Syrian Regional Branch
(Ba'ath Party / Syrian Ba'ath Party)

Syria under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (1917–1920)Edit

President of the Syrian National Congress (1919–1920)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
11 December 1919 17 July 1920 National Bloc 1
(1919)
1st convocation
(1919–1920)
2   Rashid Rida
(1865–1935)[8][9]
1920 1920 Independent 1
(1920)
2nd convocation
(1919-20)

State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1922–1930)Edit

Speaker of the Constituent Council (1923–1925)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Badih Muayyad al-Azm
(1870–1960)
12 November 1923 14 July 1925 Independent 1
(1923)
1st convocation
(1923–1928)

Speaker of the Constituent Assembly (1924–1930)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
11 August 1928 6 September 1928 National Bloc 1
(1928)
1st convocation
(1928)

Syrian Republic (1930–1946)Edit

Chairman of the Council of Representatives (1932–1933)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Barakat al-Khaldi 7 June 1932 25 November 1933 Independent 1
(1932)
1st convocation
(1932–1933)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1932–1946)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
January 1932 1932 Independent 1
(1932)
2nd convocation
(1932–1936)
2   Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
21 November 1936 8 July 1939 National Bloc 1
(1936)
3rd convocation
(1936–1943)
Vacant (1939–1943)
2   Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
17 August 1943 17 October 1944 National Bloc 2
(1943)
4th convocation
(1943–1947)
3   Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1893–1947)
17 October 1944 15 September 1945 National Bloc 1
(1943)
4th convocation
(1943–1947)
2   Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
16 September 1945 22 October 1946 National Bloc 1
(1943)
4th convocation
(1943–1947)

Syrian Republic (1946–1958)Edit

Speaker of the House of Representatives (1947–1949)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
2   Fares al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
27 September 1947 31 March 1949 National Bloc
People's Party
2
(1947)
5th convocation
(1947–1949)

Speaker of the Constituent Assembly (1949–1951)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
4   Rushdi al-Kikhya
(1899–1987)
12 December 1949 22 June 1951 People's Party 1
(1949)
6th convocation
(1949–1953)
5   Maarouf al-Dawalibi
(1909–2004)
23 June 1951 30 September 1951 People's Party 1
(1949)
6th convocation
(1949–1953)
6   Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
1 October 1951 2 December 1951 People's Party 1
(1949)
6th convocation
(1949–1953)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1953–1954)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
7   Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
24 October 1953 2 December 1954 Independent 1
(1953)
7th convocation
(1953–1954)

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1954–1958)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
6   Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
14 October 1954 1 October 1957 People's Party 1
(1954)
8th convocation
(1954–1958)
8   Akram al-Hawrani
(1912–1996)
14 October 1957 22 February 1958 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1954)
8th convocation
(1954–1958)

United Arab Republic (1958–1961)Edit

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1958–1960)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Akram al-Hawrani
(1912–1996)
22 February 1958 20 July 1960 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1954)
8th convocation
(1954–1958)

Chairman of the Council of Nation (1960–1961)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Anwar Sadat
(1918–1981)
21 July 1960 17 September 1961 National Union 1
(1960)
1st convocation
(1960–1961)

Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)Edit

President of the Chamber of Deputies (1961–1963)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
7   Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
12 December 1961 12 September 1962 Independent 1
(1961)
9th convocation
(1961–1963)
9   Said al-Ghazzi
(1893–1967)
17 September 1962 7 March 1963 Independent 1
(1961)
9th convocation
(1961–1963)

Chairman of the National Revolutionary Council (1965–1966)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Mansur al-Atrash
(1926–2006)
1 September 1965 24 February 1966 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(None)
1st convocation
(1965–1966)

Speaker of the People's Assembly (1971–present)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Political party Term Convocation
1   Ahmad al-Khatib
(1933–1982)
22 February 1971 26 December 1971 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(None)
1st convocation
(1971–1973)
2   Fahmi al-Yusufi
(?–2006)
27 December 1971 21 February 1973 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(None)
1st convocation
(1971–1973)
3   Muhammad Ali al-Halabi
(1937–2016)
9 June 1973 8 June 1977 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1973)
2nd convocation
(1973–1977)
18 August 1977 27 March 1978 2
(1977)
3rd convocation
(1977–1981)
4   Mahmoud Hadid 30 March 1978 17 August 1981 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1977)
3rd convocation
(1977–1981)
5   Mahmoud Zuabi
(1935–2000)
16 November 1981 15 November 1985 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1981)
4th convocation
(1981–1985)
27 February 1986 18 February 1988 2
(1986)
5th convocation
(1986–1990)
6   Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
(1935–2013)
19 February 1988 16 February 1990 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(1986)
5th convocation
(1986–1990)
11 June 1990 10 June 1994 2
(1990)
6th convocation
(1990–1994)
10 September 1994 9 September 1998 3
(1994)
7th convocation
(1994–1998)
1999 2002 4
(1998)
8th convocation
(1998–2003)
7   Muhammad Naji al-Otari
(1944–)
9 March 2003 18 September 2003 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2003)
9th convocation
(2003–2007)
8   Mahmoud al-Abrash
(1944–)
7 October 2003 8 March 2007 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2003)
9th convocation
(2003–2007)
7 May 2007 7 May 2012 2
(2007)
10th convocation
(2007–2012)
9   Mohammad Jihad al-Laham
(1954–)
24 May 2012 6 June 2016 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2012)
11th convocation
(2012–2016)
10   Hadiya Khalaf Abbas
(1958–2021)
6 June 2016 20 July 2017 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2016)
12th convocation
(2016–2020)
11   Hammouda Sabbagh
(1959–)
28 September 2017 2020 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
1
(2016)
12th convocation
(2016–2020)
2020 Present 2
(2020)
13th convocation
(2020–present)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Article 55 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Article 73 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Article 56 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Article 64 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Article 65 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ a b c "Article 85 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Article 86 of the 2012 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic". Government of the Syrian Arab Republic. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Enayat, Hamid; ʻināyat, Ḥamīd (24 June 2005). Modern Islamic Political Thought. ISBN 9781850434658.
  9. ^ "Academia.edu - Share research".