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The following is a list of Shia Muslim dynasties.

Contents

North Africa and EuropeEdit

Iran and CaucasusEdit

Arabian PeninsulaEdit

HijazEdit

  • Sharifate of Mecca - Zaidi (converted to Sunnism in the Ottoman period)[8]
  • Emirate of Medina - Twelver (converted to Sunnism in the Ottoman period)[9]

YemenEdit

BahrainEdit

Syria and IraqEdit

Indian subcontinentEdit

AnatoliaEdit

Southeast AsiaEdit

East AfricaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ibn Abī Zarʻ al-Fāsī, ʻAlī ibn ʻAbd Allāh (1340), Rawḍ al-Qirṭās: Anīs al-Muṭrib bi-Rawd al-Qirṭās fī Akhbār Mulūk al-Maghrib wa-Tārīkh Madīnat Fās, ar-Rabāṭ: Dār al-Manṣūr (published 1972), p. 38
  2. ^ شاكر مصطفى, موسوعة دول العالم الأسلامي ورجالها الجزء الأول, (دار العلم للملايين: 1993), p.420
  3. ^ As a vassal state, due to political conflict with the Fatimids, in around 1048 the dynasty changed alliagance to the Sunni Abbasid Caliphate and the ruling elite switched from Shia (Zaydi or Ismaili) Islam to Sunnism. See Idris H. Roger, L'invasion hilālienne et ses conséquences, in : Cahiers de civilisation médiévale (43), Jul.-Sep. 1968, pp.353-369. [1] and Berry, LaVerle. "Fatamids". Libya: A Country Study. Library of Congress. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  4. ^ "Al-Humaydi and Peter Scales (1994: 94-95) seem to be ignorant of the Zaydiyya, whose outward practice appears Sunni. Possibly, Al-Humaydi and Scales have conflated Shi'ite with Imamiyyah and are in fact refuting their projection of the Hammudids." Article by Sayyid 'Ali ibn 'Ali Al-Zaidi, At-tarikh as-saghir 'an ash-shia al-yamaniyeen (Arabic: التاريخ الصغير عن الشيعة اليمنيين, A short History of the Yemenite Shi‘ites). 2005
  5. ^ Berkey, Jonathan (2003). The Formation of Islam: Religion and Society in the Near East, 600-1800. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-58813-3., p. 135
  6. ^ a b Newman, Andrew J. Twelver Shiism: Unity and Diversity in the Life of Islam, 632 to 1722. Edinburgh University Press, Nov 20, 2013.
  7. ^ RM Savory, Safavids, Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed.
  8. ^ www.iranicaonline.org/articles/shiites-in-arabia
  9. ^ www.iranicaonline.org/articles/shiites-in-arabia
  10. ^ Contemporary Yemen: politics and historical background, By B. R. Pridham, pg.14
  11. ^ a b Yitzhak Nakash, Reaching for Power:The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World, (Princeton University Press, 2006), 22.
  12. ^ http://www.alwasatnews.com/data/2009/2379/pdf/fdt5.pdf
  13. ^ Juan R. I. Cole, "Rival Empires of Trade and Imami Shiism in Eastern Arabia, 1300-1800", International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2. (May, 1987), pp. 177-203, at p. 179, through JSTOR. [2]
  14. ^ Antiquity to Institutionalization of al-Khalifa Rule. Fanack. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  15. ^ https://www.academia.edu/35291290/The_Spread_of_Shiism_in_Kashmir_during_Chak_Dynasty_1554-1586_A.D
  16. ^ http://www.talpur.org
  17. ^ a b c d e شاكر مصطفى, موسوعة دول العالم الأسلامي ورجالها الجزء الثالث, (دار العلم للملايين: 1993), p.1987
  18. ^ شاكر مصطفى, موسوعة دول العالم الأسلامي ورجالها الجزء الثالث, (دار العلم للملايين: 1993), p.1360
  19. ^ شاكر مصطفى, موسوعة دوال العالم الأسلامي ورجالها الجزء الثالث, (دار العلم للملايين: 1993), p.1371