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This is a list of flags that are used exclusively in Scotland. Other flags used in Scotland, as well as the rest of the United Kingdom can be found at list of British flags.

List of British flags
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
English flags
Northern Irish flags
Scottish flags
Welsh flags
Royal Standards
Former British Empire

Contents

National flagEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Since at least 1513[1] Flag of Scotland, also known as the Saint Andrew's Cross or The Saltire A white saltire on a sky blue field

A white saltire on a Pantone 300 medium blue per Scottish National Flag Code.

Royal flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Since 1837 Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom used exclusively in Scotland by the sovereign. An alternative form is used elsewhere.[2]
Since 1948 Standard of the Duke of Edinburgh A banner of the Coat of Arms of Prince Philip; 1st quarter representing Denmark, 2nd quarter Greece, 3rd quarter the Mountbatten family, 4th quarter Edinburgh.
Since c. 1222[1] Royal Banner of Scotland A banner of the ancient Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland, now officially used in Scotland by representatives of the sovereign, including the First Minister of Scotland (as keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland), the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and Lord Lieutenants within their lieutenancies.[2][3] This flag is also used at the royal residences of Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle when the sovereign is not present.
Standard of the Duke of Rothesay. The Royal Banner of Scotland defaced with a label of three points.
Since 1974[4] Personal banner of the 23rd Duke of Rothesay The personal banner of the current Duke, Prince Charles. The arms are based upon those of the Chief of Clan Stewart of Appin, and represent in the 1st and 4th quarters the title of Great Steward of Scotland whilst the 2nd and 3rd quarters represent the title of Lord of the Isles. In the centre, to difference the arms from those of Appin, is placed an escutcheon bearing the arms of the heir apparent to the King of Scots.[2]
Since 2011 Standard of the Earl of Strathearn. The Standard of Prince William, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland, defaced with a label of three points, the centre point bearing a red scallop.
Since 2018 Standard of the Earl of Dumbarton. The Standard of Prince Harry, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland, defaced with a label of five points, the first, centre and fifth points bearing a red scallop.
Since 1986 Standard of the Earl of Inverness. The Standard of Prince Andrew, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the centre point bearing a blue anchor.[2]
Since 1999 Standard of the Earl of Forfar. The Standard of Prince Edward, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the centre point bearing a Tudor Rose.[2]
Since 1987 Standard of the Princess Royal used in Scotland The Standard of Princess Anne, namely the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom used in Scotland defaced with a label of three points, the first and third points bearing a St George's Cross, the centre point bearing a red heart.[2]

Counties, regions, and citiesEdit

CountiesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Since 2016 Flag of Caithness Black, with a blue Scandinavian Cross fimbriated in gold, and a galley in the upper hoist.[5]
Since 2018 Flag of East Lothian (Haddingtonshire) A blue field with a gold saltire voided blue; over all a lozenge with a lion rampant.
Since 2016 Flag of Kirkcudbrightshire A green and white quartered field bearing the Cross of St Cuthbert (from whom the county is named).
Since 2007 Replacing former flag Flag of Orkney Red, with a blue Scandinavian Cross outlined in yellow that extends to the edges of the flag. The colours from the Royal Standards of Scotland and of Norway and the Flag of Scotland.[5]
Since 2005 Created 1969 Flag of Shetland Blue, with a white Scandinavian Cross. The colours of the Scottish flag.[5]
Since 2018 Replacing former flag Flag of Sutherland White, with a black Scandinavian cross and black Saltire, and a gold eight-pointed star where the crosses intersect, representing the county's southern position within Scotland. The white represents the former arms of the Sutherland Council, while the black represents dark skies and the peat of the Flow Country.[6]

IslandsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Since 2017 Flag of Barra Green, with a white Scandinavian Cross showing the ancestry of the people and places names of Barra. The green represents the green of the Barra Isles.[7]
Since 2018 Flag of Tiree 'The Sun of Barley': green, with twelve barley stalks in a wheel pattern. The green represents the fertility of the isle and the 'barley sun' its reputation as the 'sunshine isle' and the name 'Land of Barley' (Tìr an Eòrna).[8]
Since 2017 Flag of South Uist[9][10] A green flag bearing a blue Scandinavian Cross fimbriated in white

Local authoritiesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Aberdeen Three white/silver castles within a white/silver royal tressure on a red field, a heraldic flag taken from the city council's coat of arms.
Flag of Angus A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Angus Council, consisting of four quarters containing a red crowned lion passant, a gold cinquefoil, a blue-white checked strip crossed with buckled red belt, and a depiction of the heart of Robert the Bruce to represent the four ancient earldoms of Angus.[11]
Flag of Edinburgh A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Edinburgh Council.[12]
Flag of Dundee Three lilies in a vase in white/silver on a blue field, a heraldic flag taken from the city council's coat of arms.
Flag of the Outer Hebrides (and the council area Comhairle nan Eilean Siar)

Historical flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Until 1707 Scottish Red Ensign, used by the Royal Scottish Navy A Red Ensign with the Flag of Scotland in the canton
1606–1707 Scottish Union Flag First Union Flag with the Flag of Scotland superior to and overlying the Flag of England
Unofficial Former unofficial flag of Orkney, denied formal recognition by the Lord Lyon in 2001 The Cross of St Magnus. (An official flag was adopted in 2007).
1698 Flag of the Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies.
2018 Flag of Sutherland A swooping eagle, seen face on, against a vertical bicoloured red and yellow background, with the eagle counterchanged yellow and red; At the hoist three stars or mullets. Was originally unveiled as the Flag of Sutherland in February 2018, but was placed on hold due to backlash from residents. A public vote beginning in October 2018 led to the retirement of this flag in favor of the current design.

OrganisationsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Northern Lighthouse Board A Blue Ensign defaced with a lighthouse
Commissioner's flag of the Northern Lighthouse Board A White Ensign with a pre-1801 Union Flag in the canton, defaced with a lighthouse
Ensign of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency
Flag of the Church of Scotland The flag of Scotland with the burning bush in the centre.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bartram, Graham (2009). "The Story of Scotland's Flags". The XIX International Congress of Vexillology, 23–27 July 2001, Proceedings (PDF). United Kingdom: The Flag Institute. pp. 168–171. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Bartram, Graham. "United Kingdom Royal and vice-regal flags". Ruislip: The World Flag Database.
  3. ^ "The 'Lion Rampant' Flag". Edinburgh: The Court of the Lord Lyon. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  4. ^ British Royal Flags: Prince Charles at Flags of the World. Retrieved on 9 December 2010.
  5. ^ a b c Bartram, Graham. "United Kingdom Sub-national flags". Ruislip: The World Flag Database.
  6. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-46022879
  7. ^ "Barra flag wins official recognition after long campaign". 23 November 2017.
  8. ^ Flag Register particulars
  9. ^ Registered in the UK Flags Registry
  10. ^ Granted by the Lord Lyon
  11. ^ "Council flag plan causes flutter". BBC News. 26 September 2007.
  12. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Flags of Scotland at Wikimedia Commons