Open main menu

List of Russian consorts

The Russian consorts were the spouses of the Russian rulers. They used the titles Princess, Grand Princess, Tsaritsa or Empress.

Princess of Rus'Edit

Princess of NovgorodEdit

House of Rurik (862–882)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
- Efanda of Norway (disputed) - - - - - - Rurik
- Unknown - - - - - - Oleg of Novgorod

Grand Princess of KievEdit

House of Rurik (882–1169)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
- Unknown - - - - - - Oleg of Novgorod
  Olga - c.890 c.903 914 945 969 Igor I
- Malusha - - - - - - Sviatoslav I
- a Greek nun - - - - - - Yaropolk I
- Allogia - - - - - - Vladimir I
- a Greek nun, widow of Yaropolk I - - - - - -
- Rogneda of Polotsk Ragnvald 962 - - 988 1002
- Adela - - - - - -
- Malfrida - - - - - -
- Anna Porphyrogenita Romanos II Byzantine Emperor
(Macedonian dynasty)
13 March 963 989 1011
- a granddaughter of Otto the Great - - - - - -
- Unknown Bolesław I Chrobry Duke of Poland
(Piast)
- 1013 1018 Sviatopolk I
- Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden Olof Skötkonung King of Sweden
(Munsö)
1001 1019 1050 Yaroslav I
- Gertrude of Poland Mieszko II of Poland
King of Poland

(Piast)
1025 1054 1073 1104 Iziaslav I
- Killikiya or Kelikia (Cecilia) - - 1043-1047 - - Sviatoslav II
- Oda of Stade Lothair Udo I
Margrave of Nordmark

(Udonids)
- 1065 - -
- Maria(?) possibly
Constantine IX Monomachos
Byzantine Emperor

(Macedonian dynasty)
- - - - 1067 Vsevolod I
- Anna Polovetskaya Cuman khan - 1068 1093 1111
- - possibly
Spytihněv II
Duke of Bohemia

(Přemyslid dynasty)
- - - - - Sviatopolk II
- Olena Tugorkhan of the Kypchaks - 1094 - - -
- Gytha of Wessex Harold Godwinson
King of England

(House of Godwin)
- - - - 1098 or 1107 Vladimir II
- Eufimia Byzantine noblewoman - - - - 1107
- Christina Ingesdotter of Sweden Inge the Elder
King of Sweden

(Stenkil)
- 1090-1096 She was his consort before he became Grand Prince of Kiev 18 January 1122 Mstislav I
- Ljubava Saviditsch Dmitry Saviditsch, a nobleman of Novgorod - - - - -
- Helena,
an Ossetian Princess
- - - - - - Yaropolk II
- Maria Mstislavna of Kiev Mstislav I of Kiev Grand Prince of Kiev
(Rurikids)
- 1116 1139 - 1179 Vsevolod II
- Unknown - - - - - 1151 Iziaslav II
- Rusudan Demetrius I of Georgia
King of Georgia

(Bagrationi)
- 1154 1210
- Unknown Aepa Ocenevich
Khan of the Cumans
- 1108 - - - Yuri I
- Helena possibly
Isaac Komnenos
Sebastokrator of the Byzantine Empire

(Komnenos)
- - - - -
- Agnes of Poland Boleslaus III
Duke of Poland
(Piast)
1137 1151 1167 1170 1182 Mstislav II
- Unknown Beloš Vukanović
Prince of Serbia
(Vukanović)
- 1150 - - - Vladimir III

Grand Princess of VladimirEdit

House of Rurik (1157–1331)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
- Ulita Stepanovna - - 1148 1157 1175 Andrey I
- Unknown - - 1175 - - - Yaropolk III
- Maria Shvarnovna - c. 1158 - - 9 March/19 May 1205/1206 Vsevolod III
- Agatha Michael of Chernigov
Grand Prince of Kiev

(Rurikids)
- - - 1237 Yury II
- Fedosia Igorevna of Ryazan Igor Glebovich,
Prince of Ryazan
- 1218 - - - Yaroslav II
- Alexandra Bryacheslav Vasilkovich,
Prince of Polatsk and Vitebsk

(Rurikids)
- 1239 - - - Alexander Nevsky
- Vasilisa or Vassa - - - - - -
- Xenia of Tarusa Youri Mikhailovich,
Prince of Tarusa
c. 1246 1265 1271 1312 Yaroslav III
- Unknown Dmitry Borisovich,
Prince of Rostov

(Rurikids)
- - - - - Andrey III
  Anna of Kashin Dmitry Borisovich,
Prince of Rostov

(Rurikids)
1280 8 November 1294 1304 1318 2 October 1368 Mikhail of Tver
- Anastasia of Halych - - c.1320 - - - Aleksander of Tver

Grand Princess of MoscowEdit

House of Rurik (1283–1547)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
- Maria - - - - - - Daniel
- ? Prince Konstantin Borisovich of Rostov
(Rurikids)
- - 1297 before 1316 Yury
- Konchaka-Agafia Togrilcha
(Borjigids)
- 1316 1318
- Helena - - - - 1 March 1331 Ivan I
- Alexandra - - 1332 31 March 1340
husband's death
mid 1360s
- Aigusta Anastasia of Lithuania Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
(Gediminids)
- Winter of 1333 31 March 1340
husband's accession
11 March 1345 Simeon
- Eupraxia Feodorovna of Smolensk Feodor Sviatoslavich, Prince of Dorogobuzh and Viazma
(Rurikids)
- 1345 1346
repudiated
-
- Maria Alexandrovna of Tver Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver
(Rurikids)
- - 27 April 1353
husband's death
-
- Alexandra Vasilyevna Velyaminova Vasily Velyaminov, Mayor of Moscow - 1345 27 April 1353
husband's accession
13 November 1359
husband's death
1364 Ivan II
  Eudoxia Dmitriyevna of Suzdal Dmitry III, Grand Duke of Vladimir-Suzdal
(Rurikids)
- 18 January 1367 19 May 1389
husband's death
7 July 1407 Dmitry I
  Sophia of Lithuania Vytautas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
(Gediminids)
c. 1371 21 January 1391 27 February 1425
husband's death
13 July 1453 Vasily I
- Maria Yaroslavna of Borovsk Yaroslav Vladimirovich, Prince of Maloyaroslavets
(Rurikids)
- 8 March 1433 27 March 1462
husband's death
4 July 1485 Vasily II
- Maria Borisovna of Tver Boris Alexandrovich, Grand Prince of Tver
(Rurikids)
c. 1442 4 June 1452 27 March 1462
husband's accession
22 April 1467 Ivan III
  Zoe Palaiologina Thomas Palaeologus, Despot of Morea
(Palaeologos)
c. 1455 12 November 1472 7 April 1503
  Solomonia Yuryevna Saburova Yury Konstantinovich Saburov
(Godunov)
c. 1490 4 September 1505 6 November 1505
husband's accession
November 1525
marriaged annulled
18 December 1542 Vasily III
  Elena Vasilyevna Glinskaya Prince Vasili Lvovich Glinsky
(Glinski)
c. 1506/1507 21 January 1526 3 December 1533
husband's death
4 April [O.S. 13 April] 1538

Tsaritsa of RussiaEdit

House of Rurik (1547–1598)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
  Anastasia Romanovna Zakharyina-Yurieva Roman Yurievich Zakharyin-Yuriev
(Romanov)
1530 3/13 February 1547 7 August 1560 Ivan IV
  Maria Temryukovna
born Kučenej
Temrjuk of Kabardia 1544 21 August 1561 1 September 1569
  Marfa Vasilevna Sobakina Vasiliy Sobakin 1552 28 October 1571 13 November 1571
Anna Alexeievna Koltovskaya Alexei Koltovski ---- 29 April 1572 1574
repudiated by her husband (sent to monastery)
5 April 1626
Anna Vasilchikova ---- ---- January 1575
(the wedding wasn't authorized by the Church)
1576/77 repudiated by her husband (sent to monastery)
  Maria Feodorovna Nagaya Feodor Nagoy ---- September 1580 or 1581
(the wedding wasn't authorized by the Church)
18 March 1584
husband's death
1608 or 20 August 1612
  Irina Feodorovna Godunova Feodor Ivanovich Godunov
(Godunov)
1557 1580 18 March 1584 16/17 January 1598
husband's death
27 October 1603 Feodor I

Time of Troubles (1598–1613)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
  Maria Grigorievna Skuratova-Belskaya Grigory Lukyanovich Skuratov-Belskiy
(Skuratova-Belskaya)
---- 1570/1571 7 January 1598
husband's accession
---- 23 April [O.S. 13 April] 1605
husband's death'
10 June 1605 Boris Godunov
  Marina Yuryevna Mniszech Jerzy Mniszech
(Mniszech)
c. 1588 8 May 1606 8 May 1606 17 May 1606
husband's desposition
24 December 1614 False Dmitry I
False Dmitry II
  Maria Petrovna Buynosova-Rostovskaya
born Ekaterina
Prince Peter Ivanovich Buynosov-Rostov
(Buynosov-Rostov)
c. 1586 17 January 1608 ---- 19 July 1610
husband's desposition
2 January 1626 Vasily IV

House of Romanov (1613–1721)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Maria Vladimirovna Dolgorukova Prince Vladimir Timofeyevich Dolgorukov
(Dolgoruki)
1601 19 September 1624 17 January 1625 Michael I
  Eudoxia Lukyanovna Streshnyova Lukyan Stepanovich Streshnyov
(Streshnyov)
1608 5 February 1626 12 July 1645
husband's death
18 August 1645
  Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya Ilya Danilovich Miloslavsky
(Miloslavsky)
1625 26 January 1648 2/3 March 1669 Alexis
  Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina Kirill Poluektovich Naryshkin
(Naryshkin)
1 September 1651 1 February 1671 29 January 1676
husband's death
4 February 1694
  Agafiya Semyonovna Grushetskaya Simeon Feodorovich Grushetsky
(Grushetsky)
1663 28 July 1680 24 July 1681 Feodor III
  Marfa Matveyevna Apraksina Matvei Vasilievich Apraksin
(Apraksin)
1664 24 February 1682 7 May 1682
husband's death
11 January 1716
  Praskovya Fyodorovna Saltykova Feodor Petrovich Saltykov
(Saltykov)
12 October 1664 9 January 1684 8 February 1696
husband's death
13 October 1723 Ivan V
  Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina Feodor Abramovich Lopukhin
(Lopukhin)
9 August 1669 6 February 1689 1698
divorce
7 September 1731 Peter I
  Marfa Samuilovna Skavronskaya
born Marta Helena Skowrońska
Samuel Skowroński
(Skowroński)
15 April 1684
(New Style)
19 February 1712 22 October 1721
became empress
17 May 1727
(New Style)

Empress of RussiaEdit

House of Romanov (1721–1762)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
  Marfa Samuilovna Skavronskaya
born Marta Helena Skowrońska
Samuel Skowroński
(Skowroński)
15 April 1684 (New Style) 19 February 1712 22 October 1721
Empire proclaimed
7 May 1724
crowned as co-ruler
8 February 1725
husband's death & became Empress regnant
17 May 1727 (New Style) Peter I

House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov (1762–1917)Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
  Catherine Alekseyevna
born Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst
Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
(Ascania)
2 May 1729 (New Style) 21 August 1745 5 January 1762
husband's accession
12 September 1762
crowned as Empress regnant
17 July 1762
husband's assassination & became Empress regnant
6 November 1796 Peter III
  Maria Feodorovna
born Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg
(Württemberg)
25 October 1759 26 September 1776 6 November 1796
husband's accession
5 April 1797 23 March 1801
husband's assassination
5 November 1828 Paul I
  Elizabeth Alexeievna
born Louise of Baden
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
(Zähringen)
24 January 1779 28 September 1793 24 March 1801
husband's accession
15 September 1801 1 December 1825
husband's death
16 May 1826 Alexander I
  Alexandra Feodorovna
born Charlotte of Prussia
Frederick William III of Prussia
(Hohenzollern)
13 July 1798 13 July 1817 1 December 1825
husband's accession
3 September 1826 2 March 1855
husband's death
1 November 1860 Nicholas I
  Maria Alexandrovna
born Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
8 August 1824 16 April 1841 2 March 1855
husband's accession
7 September 1856 8 June 1880 Alexander II
  Maria Feodorovna
born Dagmar of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
[N 1]
Christian IX of Denmark
(Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg)
26 November 1847 9 November 1866 13 March 1881
husband's accession
15 May 1883 1 November 1894
husband's death
13 October 1928 Alexander III
  Alexandra Feodorovna
born Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse
(Hesse-Darmstadt)
6 June 1872 14/26 November 1894 16 May 1896 15 March 1917
husband's abdication
17 July 1918 Nicholas II

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Created princess of Denmark at the age of 5, due to the election of her father as heir-presumptive to the Danish throne. Thus, she was later known as Princess Dagmar of Denmark before her marriage.

SourcesEdit