List of prime ministers of Thailand

The Prime Minister of Thailand (Thai: นายกรัฐมนตรี; RTGSNayok Ratthamontri; IPA: [naː.jók rát.tʰà.mon.triː], literally "chief minister of state") is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.

The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People's Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the king deemed it too communistic.

Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of the National Assembly (the House of Representatives). He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. As a result, the prime minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House. However, this has never happened up to date.

Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.

Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government.

List of prime ministersEdit

No. Prime Minister Term of office Political party Government Elected Monarch
(Reign)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Phraya
Manopakorn Nititada
พระยามโนปกรณ์นิติธาดา
(1884–1948)
28 June 1932 20 June 1933 358 days Independent 1.
Manopakorn I

Prajadhipok
(1925–1935)
2.
Manopakorn II
3.
Manopakorn III
2 Phraya
Phahonphonphayuhasena
พระยาพหลพลพยุหเสนา
(1887–1947)
21 June 1933 16 December 1938 5 years, 178 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
4.
Phahonyothin I
5.
Phahonyothin II
1933
6.
Phahonyothin III

Ananda Mahidol
(1935–1946)
7.
Phahonyothin IV
1937
8.
Phahonyothin V
3 Plaek Phibunsongkhram
แปลก พิบูลสงคราม
(1897–1964)
16 December 1938 1 August 1944 5 years, 229 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
9.
Plaek I
1938
10.
Plaek II
4 Khuang Aphaiwong
ควง อภัยวงศ์
(1902–1968)
1 August 1944 31 August 1945 1 year, 30 days Independent 11.
Khuang I
5 Thawi Bunyaket
ทวี บุณยเกตุ
(1904–1971)
31 August 1945 17 September 1945 17 days Free Thai 12.
Tawee I
6 Seni Pramoj
ปรา โมช
(1905–1997)
17 September 1945 31 January 1946 136 days Free Thai 13.
Seni I
(4) Khuang Aphaiwong
ควง อภัยวงศ์
(1902–1968)
31 January 1946 24 March 1946 52 days Independent 14.
Khuang II
1946
7 Pridi Banomyong
ปรีดี พนมยงค์
(1900–1983)
24 March 1946 23 August 1946 152 days Free Thai 15.
Pridi I
16.
Pridi II

Bhumibol Adulyadej
(1946–2016)
8 Thawan Thamrongnawasawat
ถวัลย์ ธำรงนาวาสวัสดิ์
(1901–1988)
23 August 1946 8 November 1947 1 year, 79 days Constitutional Front 17.
Thawan I
1946
18.
Thawan II
Phin Choonhavan
ผิน ชุณหะวัณ
(1891–1973)
8 November 1947 10 November 1947 2 days Military Coup Group
(interim)
(4) Khuang Aphaiwong
ควง อภัยวงศ์
(1902–1968)
10 November 1947 8 April 1948 150 days Democrat 19.
Khuang III
20.
Khuang IV
1948
(3) Plaek Phibunsongkhram
แปลก พิบูลสงคราม
(1897–1964)
8 April 1948 16 September 1957 9 years, 161 days Conservative Party[1] 21.
Plaek III
22.
Plaek IV
1949
23.
Plaek V
24.
Plaek VI
25.
Plaek VII
1952
Seri Manangkhasila 26.
Plaek VIII
1957
Sarit Thanarat
สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์
(1908–1963)
16 September 1957 21 September 1957 5 days Military Coup Group
(interim)
9 Pote Sarasin
พจน์ สารสิน
(1905–2000)
21 September 1957 1 January 1958 102 days Independent 27.
Pote
10 Thanom Kittikachorn
ถนอม กิตติขจร
(1911–2004)
1 January 1958 20 October 1958 292 days National Socialist[2] 28.
Thanom I
1957
11 Sarit Thanarat
สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์
(1908–1963)
20 October 1958 8 December 1963
(died in office.)
5 years, 49 days Military Revolution Group
(interim)
Military 29.
Sarit I
(10) Thanom Kittikachorn
ถนอม กิตติขจร
(1911–2004)
9 December 1963 14 October 1973 9 years, 309 days Military 30.
Thanom II
United Thai People 31.
Thanom III
1969
Military Revolution Group
(interim)
32.
Thanom IV
12 Sanya Dharmasakti
สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์
(1907–2002)
14 October 1973 15 February 1975 1 year, 124 days Independent 33.
Sanya I
34.
Sanya II
(6) Seni Pramoj
ปรา โมช
(1905–1997)
15 February 1975 14 March 1975 27 days Democrat 35.
Seni II
1975
13 Kukrit Pramoj
คึกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช
(1911–1995)
14 March 1975 20 April 1976 1 year, 37 days Social Action 36.
Kukrit
(6) Seni Pramoj
ปรา โมช
(1905–1997)
20 April 1976 6 October 1976 169 days Democrat 37.
Seni III
1976
38.
Seni IV
Sangad Chaloryu
สงัด ชลออยู่
(1915–1980)
6 October 1976 8 October 1976 2 days Military Administration Reform Council
(interim)
14 Thanin Kraivichien
ธานินทร์ กรัยวิเชียร
(born 1927)
8 October 1976 20 October 1977 1 year, 34 days Independent 39.
Thanin
Sangad Chaloryu
สงัด ชลออยู่
(1915–1980)
20 October 1977 10 November 1977 21 days Military Revolution Group
(interim)
15 Kriangsak Chamanan
เกรียงศักดิ์ ชมะนันทน์
(1917–2003)
11 November 1977 3 March 1980 2 years, 113 days Military 40.
Kriangsak I
National Democrat 41.
Kriangsak II
1979
16 Prem Tinsulanonda
เปรม ติณสูลานนท์
(1920–2019)
3 March 1980 4 August 1988 8 years, 154 days Military 42.
Prem I
43.
Prem II
1983
44.
Prem III
1986
17 Chatichai Choonhavan
ชาติชาย ชุณหะวัณ
(1920–1998)
4 August 1988 23 February 1991 2 years, 204 days Chart Thai 45.
Chatchai I
1988
46.
Chatchai II
Sunthorn Kongsompong
สุนทร คงสมพงษ์
(1931–1999)
24 February 1991 2 March 1991 6 days Military National Peace Keeping Council
(interim)
18 Anand Panyarachun
อานันท์ ปันยารชุน
(born 1932)
2 March 1991 7 April 1992 1 year, 36 days Independent 47.
Anand I
19 Suchinda Kraprayoon
สุจินดา คราประยูร
(born 1933)
7 April 1992 24 May 1992 47 days Independent 48.
Suchinda
1992
Meechai Ruchuphan
มีชัย ฤชุพันธุ์
(born 1938)
Acting Prime Minister
24 May 1992 10 June 1992 17 days Independent
(18) Anand Panyarachun
อานันท์ ปันยารชุน
(born 1932)
10 June 1992 23 September 1992 105 days Independent 49.
Anand II
20 Chuan Leekpai
ชวน หลีกภัย
(born 1938)
23 September 1992 13 July 1995 2 years, 293 days Democrat 50.
Chuan I
1992
21 Banharn Silpa-archa
บรรหาร ศิลปอาชา
(1932–2016)
13 July 1995 25 November 1996 1 year, 135 days Chart Thai 51.
Banharn
1995
22   Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
ชวลิต ยงใจยุทธ
(born 1932)
25 November 1996 9 November 1997 349 days New Aspiration 52.
Chavalit
1996
(20) Chuan Leekpai
ชวน หลีกภัย
(born 1938)
9 November 1997 9 February 2001 3 years, 92 days Democrat 53.
Chuan II
23 Thaksin Shinawatra
ทักษิณ ชินวัตร
(born 1949)
9 February 2001 19 September 2006 5 years, 222 days Thai Rak Thai 54.
Thaksin I
2001
55.
Thaksin II
2005
Sonthi Boonyaratglin
สนธิ บุญยรัตกลิน
(born 1946)
19 September 2006 1 October 2006 12 days Military Council for National Security
(interim)
24 Surayud Chulanont
สุรยุทธ์ จุลานนท์
(born 1943)
1 October 2006 29 January 2008 1 year, 120 days Independent 56.
Surayud
25 Samak Sundaravej
สมัคร สุนทรเวช
(1935–2009)
29 January 2008 8 September 2008 224 days People's Power 57.
Samak
2007
26 Somchai Wongsawat
สมชาย วงศ์สวัสดิ์
(born 1947)
8 September 2008 2 December 2008 9 days People's Power
84 days People's Power 58.
Somchai
Chaovarat Chanweerakul
ชวรัตน์ ชาญวีรกูล
(born 1936)
Acting Prime Minister
2 December 2008 17 December 2008 15 days Independent
27   Abhisit Vejjajiva
อภิสิทธิ์ เวชชาชีวะ
(born 1964)
17 December 2008 5 August 2011 2 years, 231 days Democrat 59.
Abhisit
28 Yingluck Shinawatra
ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร
(born 1967)
5 August 2011 7 May 2014 2 years, 275 days Pheu Thai 60.
Yingluck
2011
Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan
นิวัฒน์ธำรง บุญทรงไพศาล
(born 1948)
Acting Prime Minister
7 May 2014 22 May 2014 15 days Pheu Thai
29 Prayut Chan-o-cha
ประยุทธ์ จันทร์โอชา
(born 1954)
22 May 2014[3] Incumbent 6 years, 329 days Military National Council for Peace and Order
(interim)
61.
Prayut I

Vajiralongkorn
(2016–)
Palang Pracharath 62.
Prayut II
2019

TimelineEdit

Prayut Chan-o-chaYingluck ShinawatraAbhisit VejjajivaSomchai WongsawatSamak SundaravejSurayud ChulanontThaksin ShinawatraChawalit YongchaiyutBanharn Silpa-archaChuan LeekpaiSuchinda KraprayoonAnand PanyarachunChatichai ChoonhavanPrem TinsulanondaKriangsak ChamananThanin KraivichienKukrit PramojSanya DharmasaktiSarit ThanaratThanom KittikachornPote SarasinThawan ThamrongnawasawatPridi BanomyongSeni PramojThawi BunyaketKhuang AphaiwongPlaek PhibunsongkhramPhraya Phahon PhonphayuhasenaPhraya Manopakorn Nititada

Living former prime ministersEdit

As of April 2021, there are ten living former Thai Prime Ministers.

Name Term of office Date of birth Political party
Thanin Kraivichien 1976–1977 (1927-04-05) 5 April 1927 (age 94) non-partisan
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh 1996–1997 (1932-05-15) 15 May 1932 (age 88) New Aspiration Party
Anand Panyarachun 1991–1992, 1992 (1932-08-09) 9 August 1932 (age 88) non-partisan
Suchinda Kraprayoon 1992 (1933-08-06) 6 August 1933 (age 87) Military
Chuan Leekpai 1992–1995; 1997–2001 (1938-07-28) 28 July 1938 (age 82) Democrat Party
Surayud Chulanont 2006–2008 (1943-08-28) 28 August 1943 (age 77) non-partisan (Military)
Somchai Wongsawat 2008 (1947-08-31) 31 August 1947 (age 73) People's Power Party
Thaksin Shinawatra 2001–2006 (1949-07-26) 26 July 1949 (age 71) Thai Rak Thai
Abhisit Vejjajiva 2008–2011 (1964-08-03) 3 August 1964 (age 56) Democrat Party
Yingluck Shinawatra 2011–2014 (1967-06-21) 21 June 1967 (age 53) Pheu Thai Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ หลักการและนโยบายของชุมนุมธรรมาธิปัตย์. [พระนคร: โรงพิมพ์สหการพานิช], 2490.
  2. ^ Thak Chaloemtiarana (2007), Thailand: The Politics of Despotic Paternalism, Ithaca NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program, p. 88, ISBN 978-0-8772-7742-2
  3. ^ ประกาศแต่งตั้งนายกรัฐมนตรี ลงวันที่ 24 สิงหาคม 2557 [Proclamation on Appointment of Prime Minister dated 24 August 2014] (pdf). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). Bangkok: Cabinet Secretariat. 131, Special Part 159 D: 1. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
Links

External linksEdit