List of prime ministers of Syria

  (Redirected from List of Prime Ministers of Syria)

This article lists the prime ministers of Syria since 1920.

List of officeholdersEdit

Syria (1920–1958)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920)
1   Rida Pasha al-Rikabi
رضا باشا الركابي
(1864–1943)
9 March 1920 3 May 1920 55 days Independent Previously Military Governor in the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (1 October 1918 – 14 December 1919)
  Hashim al-Atassi
هاشم الأتاسي
(1875–1960)
3 May 1920 25 July 1920 83 days Independent
2   Alaa al-Din al-Durubi
علاء الدين الدروبي
(1870–1920)
25 July 1920 20 August 1920 26 days Independent
3   Jamil al-Ulshi
جميل الألشي
(1883–1951)
6 September 1920 30 November 1920 85 days Independent
State of Syria (1925–1930)
4   Subhi Bey Barakat
صبحي بك بركات الخالدي
(1889–1939)
26 January 1925 21 December 1925 329 days Independent
  Taj al-Din al-Hasani
تاج الدين الحسني
(1885–1943)
29 December 1925 6 January 1926 8 days Independent
5   Ahmad Nami
أحمد نامي
(1873–1962)
27 April 1926 9 February 1928 1 year, 288 days Independent
6   Taj al-Din al-Hasani
تاج الدين الحسني
(1885–1943)
15 April 1928 14 May 1930 2 years, 29 days Independent
First Syrian Republic (1930–1950)
French Mandate (until 1946)
(6)   Taj al-Din al-Hasani
تاج الدين الحسني
(1885–1943)
14 May 1930 19 November 1931 1 year, 189 days Independent
7   Haqqi al-Azm
حقي العظم
(1864–1955)
7 June 1932 16 March 1934 1 year, 282 days Independent
8   Taj al-Din al-Hasani
تاج الدين الحسني
(1885–1943)
16 March 1934 22 February 1936 1 year, 343 days Independent
9   Ata Bey al-Ayyubi
عطا الأيوبي
(1877–1951)
22 February 1936 21 December 1936 303 days Independent
10   Jamil Mardam Bey
جميل مردم بك
(1894–1960)
21 December 1936 18 February 1939 2 years, 59 days National Bloc
11   Lutfi al-Haffar
لطفي الحفار
(1885–1968)
23 February 1939 13 March 1939 18 days National Bloc
12   Nasuhi al-Bukhari
نصوحي البخاري
(1881–1961)
6 April 1939 9 July 1939 94 days Independent
13   Khalid al-Azm
خالد العظم
(1903–1965)
4 April 1941 21 September 1941 170 days Independent
14   Hassan al-Hakim
حسن الحكيم
(1886–1982)
21 September 1941 19 April 1942 210 days Independent
15   Husni al-Barazi
حسني البرازي
(1895–1975)
19 April 1942 10 January 1943 266 days Independent
16   Jamil al-Ulshi
جميل الألشي
(1883–1951)
10 January 1943 25 March 1943 74 days Independent
17   Ata Bey al-Ayyubi
عطا الأيوبي
(1877–1951)
25 March 1943 17 August 1943 145 days Independent
18   Saadallah al-Jabiri
سعد الله الجابري
(1891–1948)
19 August 1943 14 October 1944 56 days National Bloc
19   Fares al-Khoury
فارس الخوري
(1877–1962)
14 October 1944 1 October 1945 352 days National Bloc
20   Saadallah al-Jabiri
سعد الله الجابري
(1891–1948)
1 October 1945 24 October 1945 23 days National Bloc
Independent (1945–present)
(20)   Saadallah al-Jabiri
سعد الله الجابري
(1891–1948)
24 October 1945 16 December 1946 1 year, 53 days National Bloc
  Khalid al-Azm
خالد العظم
(1903–1965)
16 December 1946 29 December 1946 13 days Independent
21   Jamil Mardam Bey
جميل مردم بك
(1894–1960)
29 December 1946 17 December 1948 1 year, 354 days National Bloc
22   Khalid al-Azm
خالد العظم
(1903–1965)
17 December 1948 30 March 1949 103 days Independent
23   Husni al-Za'im
حسني الزعيم
(1897–1949)
17 April 1949 26 June 1949 70 days Syrian Social Nationalist Party
24   Muhsin al-Barazi
محسن البرازي
(1904–1949)
26 June 1949 14 August 1949 49 days Independent
25   Hashim al-Atassi
هاشم الأتاسي
(1875–1960)
17 August 1949 24 December 1949 129 days People's Party
26   Nazim al-Qudsi
ناظم القدسي
(1906–1998)
24 December 1949 27 December 1949 3 days People's Party
27   Khalid al-Azm
خالد العظم
(1903–1965)
27 December 1949 4 June 1950 159 days Independent
28   Nazim al-Qudsi
ناظم القدسي
(1906–1998)
4 June 1950 5 September 1950 93 days People's Party
Second Syrian Republic (1950–1958)
(28)   Nazim al-Qudsi
ناظم القدسي
(1906–1998)
5 September 1950 27 March 1951 203 days People's Party
29   Khalid al-Azm
خالد العظم
(1903–1965)
27 March 1951 9 August 1951 135 days Independent
30   Hassan al-Hakim
حسن الحكيم
(1886–1982)
9 August 1951 13 November 1951 96 days Independent
  Zaki al-Khatib
زكي الخطيب
(1887–1961)
13 November 1951 28 November 1951 15 days People's Party
31   Maarouf al-Dawalibi
معروف الدواليبي
(1909–2004)
28 November 1951 29 November 1951 1 day People's Party
32   Fawzi Selu
فوزي سلو
(1905–1972)
3 December 1951 19 July 1953 1 year, 228 days Military Selu had no power, real power laid in the hands of Adib Shishakli.[1]
33   Adib Shishakli
أديب الشيشكلي
(1909–1964)
19 July 1953 25 February 1954 221 days Arab Liberation Movement Shishakli resigned from office because of threats of a coup in 1954.[2] He fled the country, claiming that he did not want the country to fall into a civil war.[2]
34   Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
(1903–1976)
1 March 1954 19 June 1954 110 days National Party
35   Said al-Ghazzi
سعيد الغزي
(1893–1967)
19 June 1954 3 November 1954 137 days Independent
36   Fares al-Khoury
فارس الخوري
(1877–1962)
3 November 1954 13 February 1955 102 days People's Party
37   Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
(1903–1976)
13 February 1955 13 September 1955 212 days National Party
38   Said al-Ghazzi
سعيد الغزي
(1893–1967)
13 September 1955 14 June 1956 275 days Independent
39   Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
(1903–1976)
14 June 1956 22 February 1958 1 year, 253 days National Party

United Arab Republic (1958–1961)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
40   Nur al-Din Kahala
نور الدين كحالة
(1908–1965)
7 October 1958 20 September 1960 1 year, 349 days National Union
41   Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
عبد الحميد السراج
(1925–2013)
20 September 1960 16 August 1961 330 days National Union

Syria (1961–present)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Government Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)
42   Maamun al-Kuzbari
مأمون الكزبري
(1914–1998)
29 September 1961 20 November 1961 52 days Independent al-Kuzbari Kuzbari took office following the 1961 coup d'état, which dissolved the United Arab Republic.
43   Izzat al-Nuss
عزت النص
(1912–1976)[3]
20 November 1961 14 December 1961 24 days Military al-Nuss
44   Maarouf al-Dawalibi
معروف الدواليبي
(1909–2004)
22 December 1961 28 March 1962 96 days People's Party al-Dawalibi
45   Bashir al-Azma
بشير العظَمة
(1910–1992)
16 April 1962 14 September 1962 151 days Independent al-Azma
46   Khalid al-Azm
خالد العظم
(1903–1965)
17 September 1962 9 March 1963 173 days Independent al-Azm The 1963 coup d'état, an event known as the 8th of March Revolution, toppled Azm and brought the National Council for the Revolutionary Command (NCRC) to government, although real power lay with the Ba'athist Military Committee, which organized the coup.[4]
47   Salah al-Din al-Bitar
صلاح الدين البيطار
(1912–1980)
9 March 1963 11 May 1963 63 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Bitar I
  Sami al-Jundi
سامي الجندي
(1921–1996)
11 May 1963 13 May 1963 2 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Bitar I
(47)   Salah al-Din al-Bitar
صلاح الدين البيطار
(1912–1980)
13 May 1963 11 November 1963 182 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Bitar II
48   Amin al-Hafiz
أمين الحافظ
(1921–2009)
12 November 1963 13 May 1964 183 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Hafiz I
49   Salah al-Din al-Bitar
صلاح الدين البيطار
(1912–1980)
14 May 1964 3 October 1964 142 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Bitar III
50   Amin al-Hafiz
أمين الحافظ
(1921–2009)
4 October 1964 22 September 1965 353 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Hafiz II
51   Yusuf Zuayyin
يوسف زعيّـن
(1931–2016)
22 September 1965 21 December 1965 90 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Zuayyin I
52   Salah al-Din al-Bitar
صلاح الدين البيطار
(1912–1980)
1 January 1966 23 February 1966 53 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Bitar IV Bitar was overthrown by the Military Committee because of his support for Michel Aflaq and the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party.[5]
53   Yusuf Zuayyin
يوسف زعيّـن
(1931–2016)
1 March 1966 29 October 1968 2 years, 242 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Zuayyin II
54   Nureddin al-Atassi
نور الدين الأتاسي
(1929–1992)
29 October 1968 18 November 1970 2 years, 20 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Atassi Atassi was overthrown when a falling out occurred between Salah Jadid, the real ruler of Syria from 1966 to 1970, and Hafez al-Assad, the Minister of Defense.[6] Assad initiated the Corrective Movement in 1970.[7]
55   Hafez al-Assad
حافظ الأسد
(1930–2000)
21 November 1970 3 April 1971 133 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Assad
56   Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
عبد الرحمن خليفاوي
(1930–2009)
3 April 1971 21 December 1972 1 year, 262 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Khleifawi I
57   Mahmoud al-Ayyubi
محمود الأيوبي
(1932–2013)
21 December 1972 7 August 1976 3 years, 230 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Ayyubi
58   Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
عبد الرحمن خليفاوي
(1930–2009)
7 August 1976 27 March 1978 1 year, 232 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Khleifawi II
59   Muhammad Ali al-Halabi
محمد علي الحلبي
(1937–2016)
27 March 1978 9 January 1980 1 year, 288 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Halabi
60   Abdul Rauf al-Kasm
عبد الرؤوف الكسم
(born 1932)
9 January 1980 1 November 1987 7 years, 296 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Kasm
61   Mahmoud Al-Zoubi
محمود الزعبي
(1935–2000)
1 November 1987 13 March 2000 12 years, 133 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Al-Zoubi
62   Muhammad Mustafa Mero
محمد مصطفى ميرو
(1941–2020)
13 March 2000 10 September 2003 3 years, 181 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Mero III
63   Muhammad Naji al-Otari
محمد ناجي عطري
(born 1944)
10 September 2003 14 April 2011 7 years, 216 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Naji al-Otari
64   Adel Safar
عادل سفر
(born 1953)
14 April 2011 23 June 2012 1 year, 70 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Safar
65   Riyad Farid Hijab
رياض فريد حجاب
(born 1966)
23 June 2012 6 August 2012 44 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Hijab Defected to the opposition during the civil war.[8][9]
  Omar Ibrahim Ghalawanji
عمر ابراهيم غلاونجي
(born 1954)
6 August 2012 9 August 2012 3 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Hijab
66   Wael Nader al-Halqi
وائل نادر الحلقي
(born 1964)
9 August 2012 3 July 2016 3 years, 329 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
al-Halqi III
67   Imad Khamis
عماد خميس
(born 1961)
3 July 2016 11 June 2020 3 years, 344 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Khamis
68   Hussein Arnous
حسين عرنوس
(born 1953)
11 June 2020 Incumbent 1 year, 349 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Arnous III

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  1. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 85.
  2. ^ a b Moubayed 2006, p. 339.
  3. ^ "Who's who in the Arab World". 1974.
  4. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 133.
  5. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 99–101.
  6. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 142–144.
  7. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 162–163.
  8. ^ "Syrian prime minister joins opposition". Al Jazeera. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Syria PM Riad Hijab defects to Jordan". BBC News. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
Bibliography