Open main menu

The President of the Council of Ministers of Peru, informally called "Premier" (form of address) or "Prime Minister", heads the Council of Ministers, and is appointed by the President (pending ratification by Congress as with all members of the Council).

President of the Council of Ministers of Peru
Presidente del Consejo
de Ministros del Perú
PCM-PCM.png
Salvador del Solar, primer ministro del Perú.jpg
Incumbent
Salvador del Solar

since 11 March 2019
Cabinet of Peru
StyleHis Excellency
AppointerPresident of Peru
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderJuan Manuel del Mar Bernedo
FormationDecember 1856
Websitewww.pcm.gob.pe

The Prime Minister of Peru is, however, not the head of government, since in Peru the President is the one who serves as the actual head of government. Peru is one of the few countries in Latin America (others are Argentina, Cuba and Haiti) where the position of prime minister currently exists. The current spot for Prime Minister has been filled by Salvador del Solar, a lawmaker in the cabinet of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, following the resignation of the 151st Prime Minister, César Villanueva, who took office on 2 April 2018 and resigned 8 March 2019.

Contents

ReformEdit

Recently, the role of the prime minister has been debated, and whether it should be strengthened. This idea has been supported by former presidents Alan García, Alejandro Toledo and Ollanta Humala. Such reforms would enable the prime minister to become the effective head of government, similarly to what happens in countries like France and Russia.

List of Prime Ministers of Peru (1856–)Edit

Picture Prime Minister Took Office Left Office President
1   Juan Manuel del Mar Bernedo December 1856 1857 Ramón Castilla
2   José Maria Raygada y Gallo
(1st time)
1857 15 July 1858
3   Miguel de San Román 15 July 1858 October 1858
2   José Maria Raygada y Gallo
(2nd time)
October 1858 1861
4   Juan Antonio Pezet 1861 1863
Miguel de San Román
Ramón Castilla
Pedro Diez Canseco
5   Juan Antonio Ribeyro Estrada 1863 August 1864 Juan Antonio Pezet
6   Manuel Costas Arce August 1864 11 April 1865
7   Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco 11 April 1865 September 1865
Mariano Ignacio Prado
Juan Antonio Pezet
8   Pedro José Calderón September 1865 8 November 1865
9   Mariano Ignacio Prado 8 November 1865 June 1867 Pedro Diez Canseco
Mariano Ignacio Prado
10   Pedro José de Saavedra June 1867 January 1868
11   Luis La Puerta January 1868 8 January 1868
12   Antonio Arenas
(1st time)
8 January 1868 2 August 1868 Pedro Diez Canseco
13   José Balta 2 August 1868 2 August 1871 José Balta
14   José Allende 2 August 1871 1872
15   José Jorge Loayza
(1st time)
1872 1872 Francisco Diez Canseco
Mariano Herencia Zevallos
16   José Miguel Medina 2 August 1872 3 September 1873 Manuel Pardo
17   José Eusebio Sánchez Pedraza 3 September 1873 1874
18   José de la Riva-Agüero y Looz Corswaren 1874 1875
19   Nicolás Freire de Neira 1875 1876
12   Antonio Arenas
(2nd time)
2 August 1876 26 August 1876 Mariano Ignacio Prado
20   Teodoro La Rosa 26 August 1876 4 June 1877
21   Juan Buendía Noriega 4 June 1877 18 June 1878
15   José Jorge Loayza
(2nd time)
18 June 1878 17 December 1878
22   Manuel Irigoyen Larrea
(1st time)
17 December 1878 19 May 1879
23   Manuel de Mendiburu 19 May 1879 16 October 1879
24   Manuel Gonzáles de la Cotera 16 October 1879 23 December 1879
25   Aurelio Denegri Valega
(1st time)
March 1881 November 1881 Francisco García Calderón
26   Lorenzo Iglesias Pino de Arce 3 January 1883 27 August 1883 Lizardo Montero Flores
27   Manuel Antonio Barinaga
(1st time)
27 August 1883 7 April 1884
Andrés Avelino Cáceres
28   Mariano Castro Zaldívar Iglesias 7 April 1884 14 May 1885
29   Joaquín Iglesias Pino de Arce 14 May 1885 3 December 1885
12   Antonio Arenas
(3rd time)
3 December 1885 5 June 1886 Himself
30   Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans
(1st time)
5 June 1886 6 October 1886 Andrés Avelino Cáceres
31   José Nicolas Araníbar y Llano 6 October 1886 22 November 1886
30   Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans
(2nd time)
22 November 1886 22 August 1887
32   Mariano Santos Álvarez Villegas 22 August 1887 12 September 1887
33   Carlos Maria Elías y de la Quintana
(1st time)
12 September 1887 5 October 1887
  Raymundo Morales Arias
Acting Prime Minister
5 October 1887 8 November 1887
25   Aurelio Denegri Valega
(2nd time)
8 November 1887 8 March 1889
34   José Mariano Jiménez Wald
(1st time)
8 March 1889 4 April 1889
30   Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans
(3rd time)
4 April 1889 10 February 1890
22   Manuel Irigoyen Larrea
(2nd time)
11 February 1890 10 August 1890
35   Augusto Huaman-Velasco Billinghurst 10 August 1890 24 July 1891 Remigio Morales Bermúdez
  Alberto Elmore Fernández de Córdoba
Acting Prime Minister
24 July 1891 14 August 1891
36   Federico Herrera
(1st time)
1 August 1891 24 August 1891
37   Justiniano Borgoño 24 August 1891 14 October 1891
  Federico Herrera 14 October 1891 27 November 1891
(acting)
36 27 November 1891 14 April 1892
  Juan Ibarra 14 April 1892 2 May 1892
(acting)
38 2 May 1892 30 June 1892
33   Carlos Maria Elías y de la Quintana
(2nd time)
30 June 1892 3 March 1893
39   Manuel Velarde Seoane 3 March 1893 11 May 1893
34   José Mariano Jiménez Wald
(2nd time)
11 May 1893 1 April 1894
40   Baltasar García Urrutia 1 April 1894 10 August 1894 Justiniano Borgoño
41   Cesáreo Chacaltana Reyes
(1st time)
10 August 1894 16 November 1894 Andrés Avelino Cáceres
22   Manuel Irigoyen Larrea
(3rd time)
16 November 1894 20 March 1895
42   Antonio Bentín y La Fuente 8 September 1895 30 November 1895 Nicolás de Piérola
27   Manuel Antonio Barinaga
(2nd time)
30 November 1895 8 August 1896
43   Manuel Pablo Olaechea Guerrero 8 August 1896 25 November 1897
44   Alejandro López de Romaña Alvizuri 25 November 1897 16 May 1898
15   José Jorge Loayza
(3rd time)
16 May 1898 8 September 1899
45   Manuel María Gálvez Egúsquiza 8 September 1899 14 December 1899 Eduardo López de Romaña
46   Enrique de la Riva-Agüero y Looz Corswaren
(1st time)
14 December 1899 30 August 1900
47   Enrique Coronel Zegarra y Cortés 30 August 1900 2 October 1900
48   Domingo M. Almenara Butler 2 October 1900 11 September 1901
41   Cesáreo Chacaltana Reyes
(2nd time)
11 September 1901 9 August 1902
49   Cesáreo Octavio Deustua Escarza 9 August 1902 4 November 1902
50   Eugenio Larrabure y Unanue 4 November 1902 8 September 1903
51   José Pardo y Barreda 8 September 1903 14 May 1904 Manuel Candamo
Serapio Calderón
52   Alberto Elmore Fernández de Córdoba 14 May 1904 24 September 1904
53   Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo 24 September 1904 1 August 1907 José Pardo y Barreda
54   Agustín Tovar 1 August 1907 9 October 1907
55   Carlos A. Washburn Salas 9 October 1907 24 September 1908
56   Eulogio I. Romero Salcedo 24 September 1908 8 June 1909 Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
57   Rafael Fernández de Villanueva Cortez 8 June 1909 14 March 1910
58   Javier Prado y Ugarteche 14 March 1910 3 August 1910
59   Germán Schreiber Waddington
(1st time)
3 August 1910 3 November 1910
60   José Salvador Cavero Ovalle 3 November 1910 27 December 1910
61   Enrique C. Basadre Stevenson 27 December 1910 31 August 1911
62   Agustín Guillermo Ganoza Cavero 31 August 1911 24 September 1912
63   Elías Malpartida 24 September 1912 23 December 1912 Guillermo Billinghurst
64   Enrique Varela Vidaurre
(1st time)
24 December 1912 24 February 1913
65   Federico Luna y Peralta 24 February 1913 17 June 1913
66   Aurelio Sousa Matute
(1st time)
17 June 1913 27 July 1913
64   Enrique Varela Vidaurre
(2nd time)
27 July 1913 4 February 1914
67   Pedro E. Muñiz Sevilla 16 May 1914 1 August 1914 Óscar Benavides
68   Manuel Melitón Carvajal 1 August 1914 2 August 1914
66   Aurelio Sousa Matute
(2nd time)
22 August 1914 11 November 1914
59   Germán Schreiber Waddington
(2nd time)
11 November 1914 18 February 1915
69   Carlos Isaac Abril Galindo 18 February 1915 24 September 1915 José Pardo y Barreda
64   Enrique de la Riva-Agüero y Looz Corswaren
(2nd time)
24 September 1915 27 July 1917
70   Francisco Tudela y Varela 27 July 1917 18 December 1918
71   Germán Arenas Zuñiga
(1st time)
18 December 1918 26 April 1919
72   Juan Manuel Zuloaga 26 April 1919 4 July 1919
73   Germán Leguía y Martínez Jakeway 4 July 1919 7 October 1922 Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
74   Julio Enrique Ego Aguirre 7 October 1922 12 October 1924
75   Alejandrino Maguiña 12 October 1924 7 December 1926
76   Pedro José Rada y Gamio 7 December 1926 12 October 1929
77   Benjamín Huamán de los Heros 12 October 1929 23 August 1930
78   Fernando Sarmiento 23 August 1930 25 August 1930
79   Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro 25 August 1930 24 November 1930 Manuel María Ponce Brousset
Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
80   Antonio Beingolea 24 November 1930 1 March 1931
71   Germán Arenas Zuñiga
(2nd time)
8 December 1931 28 January 1932 Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
81   Francisco R. Lanatta Ramírez 29 January 1932 13 April 1932
82   Luis Angel Flores 13 April 1932 20 May 1932
83   Ricardo Rivadeneyra Barnuevo
(1872–1954)
21 May 1932 24 December 1932
84   José Matías Manzanilla Barrientos
(1867–1947)
24 December 1932 29 June 1933
Óscar Benavides
85   Jorge Prado y Ugarteche
(1887–1970)
29 June 1933 24 November 1933
86   José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma
(1885–1944)
24 November 1933 18 May 1934
87   Alberto Rey de Castro y Romaña
(1st time)
(1869–1961)
September 1934 24 December 1934
88   Carlos Arenas y Loayza
(1885–1955)
24 December 1934 May 1935
89   Manuel Esteban Rodríguez
(1883–1936)
May 1935 13 April 1936
90   Ernesto Montagne Markholz
(1885–1954)
8 December 1936 12 April 1939
87   Alberto Rey de Castro y Romaña
(2nd time)
(1869–1961)
12 April 1939 8 December 1939
91   Alfredo Solf y Muro
(1872–1969)
8 December 1939 3 December 1944 Manuel Prado y Ugarteche
92   Manuel Cisneros Sánchez
(1st time)
(1904–1971)
3 December 1944 28 July 1945
93   Rafael Belaúnde Diez Canseco
(1886–1972)
28 July 1945 31 January 1946 José Bustamante y Rivero
94   Julio Ernesto Portugal Escobedo
(1894–1972)
31 January 1946 12 January 1947
95   José R. Alzamora Freundt
(1891–1953)
12 January 1947 30 October 1947
96   Roque Augusto Saldías Maninat
(1st time)
(1892–1974)
27 February 1948 17 June 1948
97   Armando Revoredo Iglesias
(1896–1978)
17 June 1948 29 October 1948
98   Zenón Noriega Agüero
(1900–1957)
28 July 1950 9 August 1954 Manuel A. Odría
96   Roque Augusto Saldías Maninat
(2nd time)
(1892–1974)
9 August 1954 28 July 1956
92   Manuel Cisneros Sánchez
(2nd time)
(1904–1971)
28 July 1956 9 June 1958 Manuel Prado y Ugarteche
99   Luis Gallo Porras
(1894–1972)
9 June 1958 18 July 1959
100   Pedro Beltrán Espantoso
(1897–1979)
18 July 1959 24 November 1961
101   Carlos Moreyra y Paz Soldán
(1898–1981)
24 November 1961 18 July 1962
102   Nicolás Lindley López
(1908–1995)
18 July 1962 3 March 1963 Ricardo Pérez Godoy
3 March 1963 28 July 1963 Nicolás Lindley López
103   Julio Óscar Trelles Montes
(1904-1990)
28 July 1963 31 December 1963 Fernando Belaúnde Terry
104   Fernando Schwalb López Aldana
(1st time)
(1916–2002)
31 December 1963 15 September 1965
105   Daniel Becerra de la Flor
(1906-1987)
15 September 1965 6 September 1967
106   Edgardo Seoane Corrales
(1903-1978)
6 September 1967 17 November 1967
107   Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati
(1911–1977)
17 November 1967 30 May 1968
108   Oswaldo Hercelles García
(1908–1969)
30 May 1968 2 October 1968
109   Miguel Mujica Gallo
(1910–2001)
2 October 1968 3 October 1968
110   Ernesto Montagne Sánchez
(1916–1993)
3 October 1968 31 January 1973 Juan Velasco Alvarado
111   Luis Edgardo Mercado Jarrín
(1919–2012)
31 January 1973 1 February 1975
112   Francisco Morales Bermúdez
(1921–)
1 February 1975 30 August 1975
113   Óscar Vargas Prieto
(1917–1989)
30 August 1975 31 January 1976 Francisco Morales Bermúdez
114   Jorge Fernández Maldonado Solari
(1922–2000)
31 January 1976 16 July 1976
115   Guillermo Arbulú Galliani
(1921–1998)
17 July 1976 30 January 1978
116   Óscar Molina Pallochia
(1921–1990)
30 January 1978 31 January 1979
117   Pedro Richter Prada
(1921–2017)
31 January 1979 28 July 1980
118 Manuel Ulloa Elías
(1922–1992)
28 July 1980 3 January 1983 Fernando Belaúnde Terry
104 Fernando Schwalb López Aldana
(2nd time)
(1916–2002)
3 January 1983 10 April 1984
119 Sandro Mariátegui Chiappe
(1921–2013)
12 October 1984 28 July 1985
120 Luis Ciro Pércovich Roca
(1931–2017)
12 October 1984 28 July 1985
121 Luis Juan Alva Castro
(1942–)
28 July 1985 26 June 1987 Alan García Pérez
122 Guillermo Larco Cox
(1st time)
(1932–2002)
26 June 1987 17 May 1988
123   Armando Villanueva del Campo
(1915–2013)
17 May 1988 15 May 1989
124   Luis Alberto Felix Sánchez
(1900–1994)
15 May 1989 30 September 1989
122 Guillermo Larco Cox
(2nd time)
(1932–2002)
30 September 1989 28 July 1990
125 Juan Carlos Hurtado Miller
(1939–)
28 July 1990 15 February 1991 Alberto Fujimori
126   Carlos Torres y Torres Lara
(1942–2000)
15 February 1991 6 November 1991
127   Alfonso de los Heros Perez Alba
(1939–)
6 November 1991 6 April 1992
128   Óscar de la Puente Raygada
(1938–)
6 April 1992 28 August 1993
129   Alfonso Bustamante y Bustamante
(1941–)
28 August 1993 17 February 1994
130   Efraín Goldenberg Schreiber
(1929–)
17 February 1994 28 July 1995
131   Dante Córdova Blanco
(1943–)
28 July 1995 3 April 1996
132 Alberto Pandolfi Arbulú
(1st time)
(1940–)
3 April 1996 4 June 1998
133   Javier Valle Riestra González Olachea
(1932–)
4 June 1998 21 August 1998
132 Alberto Pandolfi Arbulú
(2nd time)
(1940–)
21 August 1998 3 January 1999
134 Víctor Dionicio Joy Way Rojas
(1945–)
3 January 1999 10 October 1999
135   José Alberto Bustamante Belaúnde
(1950–2008)
10 October 1999 29 July 2000
136   Federico Salas Guevara Schultz
(1950–)
29 July 2000 22 November 2000
137   Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
(1920–)
22 November 2000 28 July 2001 Valentín Paniagua
138   Roberto Enrique Dañino Zapata
(1951–)
28 July 2001 12 July 2002 Alejandro Toledo
139   Luis Solari De La Fuente
(1948–)
12 July 2002 28 June 2003
140   Martha Beatriz Merino Lucero
(1947–)
28 June 2003 15 December 2003
141 Carlos Ferrero Costa
(1941–)
15 December 2003 16 August 2005
142   Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard
(1938–)
16 August 2005 28 July 2006
143   Jorge del Castillo Gálvez
(1950–)
28 July 2006 14 October 2008 Alan García Pérez
144   Yehude Simon Munaro
(1947–)
14 October 2008 11 July 2009
145   Javier Velásquez
(1960–)
11 July 2009 14 September 2010
146   José Antonio Chang
(1958–)
14 September 2010 18 March 2011
147   Rosario Fernández
(1955–)
19 March 2011 28 July 2011
148   Salomón Lerner Ghitis
(1946–)
28 July 2011 11 December 2011 Ollanta Humala
149   Oscar Valdés
(1949–)
11 December 2011 23 July 2012
150   Juan Jiménez Mayor
(1964–)
23 July 2012 31 October 2013
151   César Villanueva
(1st time)
(1946–)
31 October 2013 24 February 2014
152   René Cornejo
(1962–)
24 February 2014 22 July 2014
153   Ana Jara
(1968–)
22 July 2014 2 April 2015
154   Pedro Cateriano
(1958–)
2 April 2015 28 July 2016
155   Fernando Zavala Lombardi
(1971–)
28 July 2016 17 September 2017 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
156   Mercedes Aráoz Fernández
(1961–)
17 September 2017 2 April 2018
151   César Villanueva
(2nd time)
(1946–)
2 April 2018 8 March 2019 Martín Vizcarra
  Martin Vizcarra
(Acting)
(1963–)
8 March 2019 11 March 2019
157   Salvador del Solar
(1970–)
11 March 2019 Incumbent

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit