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List of Prime Ministers of France

The Prime Minister of France is the head of the Government of France.

During earlier periods of French history, the French head of government was known by different titles. Most recently, during the Second, Third and Fourth Republics, the Head of Government was called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil).

Contents

Kingdom of France (843–1792)Edit

Under the Kingdom of France, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The chief ministers (principal ministres) of certain Kings of France nonetheless led the government de facto.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office King
(Reign)
  Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully
(1560–1641)
2 August 1589 29 January 1611 Henry IV
 
(1589–1610)
  Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy
(1543–1617)
1611 1614 Louis XIII
 
(1610–1643)
  Concino Concini
(1575–1617)
1616 24 April 1617
(Died in office)
  Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac
(1585–1642)
12 August 1624 4 December 1642
(Died in office)
  Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin
(1602–1661)
4 December 1642 9 March 1661
(Died in office)
Louis XIV
 
(1643–1715)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIV)
9 March 1661 1 September 1715
  Cardinal Guillaume Dubois
(1656–1723)
c. 1715 10 August 1723
(Died in office)
Louis XV
 
(1715–1774)
  Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
(1674–1723)
10 August 1723 2 December 1723
(Died in office)
  Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
(1692–1740)
2 December 1723 11 June 1726
  Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury
(1653–1743)
11 June 1726 29 January 1743
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XV)
29 January 1743 3 December 1758
  Étienne François de Choiseul, Duke of Choiseul
(1719–1785)
3 December 1758 24 December 1770
  René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou
(1714–1792)
24 December 1770 14 May 1774
  Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas
(1701–1781)
14 May 1774 21 November 1781
(Died in office)
Louis XVI
 
(1774–1792)
  Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes
(1717–1787)
21 November 1781 13 February 1787
(Died in office)
  Archbishop Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne
(1727–1794)
1 May 1787 25 August 1788
  Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
25 August 1788 11 July 1789
  Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil
(1730–1807)
11 July 1789 16 July 1789
  Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
16 July 1789 3 September 1790
  Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin
(1745–1792)
3 September 1790 29 November 1791

First French Republic (1792–1804)Edit

During the First Republic, the arrangements for governance changed frequently:

There was no individual head of government.

First French Empire (1804–1814)Edit

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government.

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
  Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
1 18 May 1804 1 April 1814 Bonapartist Napoleon I
 
(1804–1814)

First Restoration (1814–1815)Edit

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party King
(Reign)
  Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as President of the Council)
1 1 April 1814 13 May 1814 Independent Louis XVIII
 
(1814–1815)
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as Foreign Minister)
2 13 May 1814 19 March 1815

Hundred Days (1815)Edit

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government. Upon Napoleon's abdication, his son Napoleon II was named Emperor. This rule was nominal, and Napoleon II remained in Austria throughout his nominal reign.

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
  Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
2 20 March 1815 22 June 1815 Bonapartist Napoleon I
 
(1815)
  Joseph Fouché
(1759–1820)
(as President of the Executive Commission)
22 June 1815 7 July 1815 Independent Napoleon II
 
(1815)

Bourbon Restoration (1815–1830)Edit

Presidents of the Council of MinistersEdit

Political parties

  Independent
  Ultra-royalists
  Doctrinaires

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
  Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
9 July 1815 26 September 1815 Independent I (1815) Louis XVIII
 
(1815–1824)
  Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
1 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Independent
  Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles
(1767–1828)
29 December 1818 19 November 1819 Doctrinaires II (1816)
  Élie Decazes, duc de Glücksbierg and Decazes
(1780–1860)
19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Doctrinaires
  Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
2 20 February 1820 14 December 1821 Doctrinaires III (1820)
  Jean-Baptiste de Villèle
(1773–1854)
14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-royalist
IV (1824) Charles X
 
(1824–1830)
  Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac
(1778–1832)
4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Doctrinaires V (1827)
  Jules de Polignac, duc de Polignac
(1780–1847)
8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist
  Casimir de Rochechouart, duc de Mortemart
(1787–1875)
29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist

July Monarchy (1830–1848)Edit

Presidents of the Council of MinistersEdit

Political parties

  Independent
  Orléanist
  Doctrinaires/Movement Party
  Resistance Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis Philippe I)
0 1 August 1830 2 November 1830 (Orléanist) I (1830) Louis Philippe I
 
(1830–1848)
1
  Jacques Laffitte
(1767–1844)
2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Orléanist
  Casimir Pierre Périer
(1777–1832)
13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Resistance Party II (1831)
  Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
1 11 October 1832 18 July 1834 Orléanist
  Étienne Maurice Gérard
(1773–1852)
18 July 1834 10 November 1834 Independent III (1834)
  Hugues-Bernard Maret
(1763–1839)
10 November 1834 18 November 1834 Independent
  Édouard Mortier
(1768–1835)
18 November 1834 12 March 1835 Resistance Party
  Victor de Broglie
(1785–1870)
12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Resistance Party
  Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
1 22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Movement Party
  Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
1 6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Resistance Party
2 IV (1837)
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis Philippe I)
2 31 March 1839 12 May 1839 (Orléanist)
  Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
2 12 May 1839 1 March 1840 Resistance Party V (1839)
  Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
2 1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Movement Party
  Jean-de-Dieu Soult
(1769–1851)
3 29 October 1840 19 September 1847 Resistance Party VI (1842)
  François Guizot
(1787–1874)
19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Resistance Party VII (1846)
  Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Resistance Party

Second French Republic (1848–1852)Edit

Presidents of the Council of MinistersEdit

Political parties

  Moderate Republican
  Party of Order
  Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
1   Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
(1767–1855)
24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Moderate Republican Const.
(1848)
Himself
de facto
(Provisional)
2   François Arago
(1786–1853)
10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Moderate Republican Executive Commission
3   Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
(1802–1857)
28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Moderate Republican Himself
de facto
(Martial Law)
4   Odilon Barrot
(1791–1873)
1 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Party of Order 1 Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
 
(1848–1852)
2 Leg.
(1849)
5   Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul
(1789–1865)
31 October 1849 24 January 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
24 January 1851 10 April 1851 (Bonapartist)
6   Léon Faucher
(1803–1854)
10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
0 26 October 1851 2 December 1852 (Bonapartist)
1
2

Second French Empire (1852–1870)Edit

Cabinet ChiefsEdit

Political parties

  Independent
  Bonapartist
  Liberal Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
  Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon III)
3 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 (Bonapartist) I (1852) Napoleon III
 
(1852–1870)
II (1857)
III (1863)
4 IV (1869)
  Émile Ollivier
(1825–1913)
2 January 1870 9 August 1870 Liberal Bonapartist
  Charles Cousin-Montauban
(1796–1878)
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Independent

Third French Republic (1870–1940)Edit

President of the Government of National DefenseEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
  Louis-Jules Trochu
(1815–1896)
4 September 1870 22 January 1871 Military None

Presidents of the Council of MinistersEdit

Political Parties

  Independent
  Monarchists (Legitimist/Orleanist)
  Republican Left/Democratic Union
  Republican Union
  Radical-Socialist Party
  Liberal Republican Union
  Democratic Republican Alliance
  Republican-Socialist Party
  French Section of the Workers' International

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
6   Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
1 19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Independent National Assembly (1871) 2 Adolphe Thiers
 
(1871–1873)
2
7   Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
1 25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Monarchist 3 Patrice de Mac Mahon
 
(1873–1879)
2
8   Ernest Courtot de Cissey
(1810–1882)
22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Monarchist
9   Louis Buffet
(1818–1898)
10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Monarchist
6   Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
3 23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Republican Left
4
10   Jules Simon
(1814–1896)
12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Republican Left I (1876)
7   Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
3 17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Monarchist
11   Gaëtan de Rochebouët
(1813–1899)
23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Monarchist II (1877)
6   Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
5 13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Republican Left
12   William Waddington
(1826–1894)
4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Republican Left 4 Jules Grévy
 
(1879–1887)
13   Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
1 28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Republican Union
14   Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
1 23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Republican Left
15   Léon Gambetta
(1838–1882)
14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Republican Union III (1881)
13   Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
2 30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Republican Union
16   Charles Duclerc
(1812–1888)
7 August 1882 29 January 1883 Republican Left
17   Armand Fallières
(1841–1931)
29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Republican Left
14   Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
2 21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Republican Left
18   Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
1 6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Democratic Union
13   Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
3 7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Democratic Union IV (1885)
19   René Goblet
(1828–1905)
16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Radical Republican
20   Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
1 30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Democratic Union
21   Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
1 12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Democratic Union 5 Marie François Sadi Carnot
 
(1887–1894)
22   Charles Floquet
(1828–1896)
3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Democratic Union
21   Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
2 22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Democratic Union
13   Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
4 17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Democratic Union V (1889)
23   Émile Loubet
(1838–1929)
27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Democratic Union
24   Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
1 6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Liberal Republican Union
2
25   Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
1 4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Liberal Republican Union
26   Jean Casimir-Perier
(1847–1907)
3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Democratic Union VI (1893)
25   Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
2 30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Liberal Republican Union
3 6 Jean Casimir-Perier
 
(1894–1895)
24   Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
3 26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Liberal Republican Union 7 Félix Faure
 
(1895–1899)
27   Léon Bourgeois
(1851–1925)
1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical Republican
28   Jules Méline
(1838–1925)
29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Liberal Republican Union
18   Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
2 28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Radical Republicans VII (1898)
25   Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
4 1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Liberal Republican Union
5 Émile Loubet
 
(1899–1906)
29   Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
(1846–1904)
22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Union 8
30   Émile Combes
(1835–1921)
7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical-Socialist Party
(Bloc des gauches)
VIII (1902)
20   Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
2 24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
3 9 Armand Fallières
 
(1906–1913)
31   Ferdinand Sarrien
(1840–1915)
12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical-Socialist Party
32   Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
1 25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Independent IX (1906)
33   Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
1 24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
2
34   Ernest Monis
(1846–1929)
2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical-Socialist Party X (1910)
35   Joseph Caillaux
(1863–1944)
27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical-Socialist Party
36   Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
1 21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Republican Democratic Party
33   Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
3 21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
4 10 Raymond Poincaré
 
(1913–1920)
37   Louis Barthou
(1862–1934)
22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Republican Democratic Party
38   Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
1 9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical-Socialist Party
24   Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
4 9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Republican Democratic Party XI (1914)
39   René Viviani
(1863–1925)
1 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
2
33   Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
5 29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
6
24   Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
5 20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Republican Democratic Party
40   Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
1 12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
32   Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
2 16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Independent
41   Alexandre Millerand
(1859–1943)
1 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 Independent
(National Bloc)
XII (1919)
2 11 Paul Deschanel
 
(1920)
42   Georges Leygues
(1857–1933)
24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Republican, Democratic and Social Party
(National Bloc)
12 Alexandre Millerand
 
(1920–1924)
33   Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
7 16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
36   Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
2 15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Republican, Democratic and Social Party
(National Bloc)
3
43   Frédéric François-Marsal
(1874–1958)
8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Independent
(National Bloc)
XIII (1924)
45   Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
1 15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
13 Gaston Doumergue
 
(1924–1931)
40   Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
2 17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
3
33   Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
8 28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
9
10
45   Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
2 20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
36   Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
4 23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
(National Union)
5
33   Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
11 29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party XIV (1928)
46   André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
1 2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
47   Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
1 21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical-Socialist Party
46   André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
2 2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
48   Théodore Steeg
(1868–1950)
13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical-Socialist Party
49   Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
1 27 January 1931 20 February 1932 Independent
(National Bloc)
2 14 Paul Doumer
 
(1931–1932)
3
46   André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
3 20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
45   Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
3 3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XV (1932) 15 Albert Lebrun
 
(1932–1940)
50   Joseph Paul-Boncour
(1873–1972)
18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
51   Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
1 31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
52   Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
1 26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
47   Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
2 26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
51   Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
2 30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
38   Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
2 9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Government of National Union)
53   Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
1 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
54   Fernand Bouisson
(1874–1959)
1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
49   Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
4 7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent
(National Bloc)
52   Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
2 24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical-Socialist Party
55   Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
1 4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
XVI (1936)
47   Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
3 22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical-Socialist Party
(Popular Front)
4
55   Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
2 13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
51   Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
3 10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical-Socialist Party
4
5
56   Paul Reynaud
(1878–1966)
21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance
57   Philippe Pétain
(1856–1951)
16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Independent

Vichy France (1940–1945)Edit

Presidents and Vice Presidents of the Council of Ministers, President of the French Governmental CommissionEdit

Political party

  Vichy

Portrait President Vice President Government Took office Left office
  Philippe Pétain Pierre Laval 5 11 July 1940 13 December 1940
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 2 13 December 1940 9 February 1941
François Darlan 9 February 1941 18 April 1942
  Pierre Laval Position abolished 6 18 April 1942 20 August 1944
  Fernand de Brinon Position abolished 25 August 1944 22 April 1945

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946)Edit

Chairmen of the Provisional GovernmentEdit

Political parties

  Independent
  French Section of the Workers' International
  Popular Republican Movement

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
59   Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
1 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent Provisional
2 I (1945)
60   Félix Gouin
(1884–1977)
26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
61   Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
1 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement
(Tripartisme)
II (June 1946)
  Vincent Auriol
(1884–1966)
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
IV Rep.
I (Nov.1946)
62   Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
3 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)

Fourth French Republic (1946–1958)Edit

Presidents of the Council of MinistersEdit

Political parties

  French Section of the Workers' International
  Radical Party
  Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
  Popular Republican Movement
  National Centre of Independents and Peasants
  Union for the New Republic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
63   Paul Ramadier
(1888–1961)
1 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
I (Nov.1946) 16 Vincent Auriol
 
(1947–1954)
2
65   Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
1 24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
66   André Marie
(1897–1974)
24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Party
(Third Force)
65   Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
2 2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
67   Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
1 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Party
(Third Force)
61   Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
2 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
3
67   Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
2 2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Party
(Third Force)
68   René Pleven
(1901–1993)
1 12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
67   Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
3 10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Party
(Third Force)
68   René Pleven
(1901–1993)
2 11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
II (1951)
69   Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
1 20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Party
70   Antoine Pinay
(1891–1994)
8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
71   René Mayer
(1895–1972)
8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Party
72   Joseph Laniel
(1889–1975)
1 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
2 17 René Coty
 
(1954–1959)
73   Pierre Mendès France
(1907–1982)
19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Party
74   Christian Pineau
(1904–1995)
Acting
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
69   Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
2 23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
75   Guy Mollet
(1905–1975)
1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International
(Republican Front)
III (1956)
76   Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
(1914–1993)
13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
77   Félix Gaillard
(1919–1970)
6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
78   Pierre Pflimlin
(1907–2000)
14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
59   Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
3 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

Fifth French Republic (1958–present)Edit

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Prime MinistersEdit

Political parties

  Independent
  Gaullist (UNR/UDR/RPR)
  Centrist (REM)
  Liberal-centrist (PR/UDF)
  Socialist
  Neo-Gaullist (UMP/LR)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
79   Michel Debré
(1912–1996)
8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I (1958) 18 Charles de Gaulle
 
(1959–1969)
80   Georges Pompidou
(1911–1974)
1 14 April 1962 7 December 1962
2 7 December 1962 8 January 1966 II (1962)
3 8 January 1966 1 April 1967
4 5 April 1967 10 July 1968 III (1967)
81   Maurice Couve de Murville
(1907–1999)
10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic IV (1968)
82   Jacques Chaban-Delmas
(1915–2000)
20 June 1969 6 July 1972 19 Georges Pompidou
 
(1969–1974)
83   Pierre Messmer
(1916–2007)
1 6 July 1972 5 April 1973
2 5 April 1973 1 March 1974 V (1973)
3 1 March 1974 27 May 1974
84   Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
1 27 May 1974 26 August 1976 20 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
 
(1974–1981)
85   Raymond Barre
(1924–2007)
1 26 August 1976 29 March 1977 Independent
2 29 March 1977 31 March 1978
85 3 31 March 1978 21 May 1981 Union for French Democracy VI (1978)
86   Pierre Mauroy
(1928–2013)
1 21 May 1981 23 June 1981 Socialist Party 21 François Mitterrand
 
(1981–1995)
2 23 June 1981 23 March 1983 VII (1981)
3 23 March 1983 17 July 1984
87   Laurent Fabius
(1946–)
17 July 1984 20 March 1986
84   Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
2 20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII (1986)
88   Michel Rocard
(1930–2016)
1 10 May 1988 22 June 1988 Socialist Party
2 23 June 1988 15 May 1991 IX (1988)
89   Édith Cresson
(1934–)
15 May 1991 2 April 1992
90   Pierre Bérégovoy
(1925–1993)
2 April 1992 29 March 1993
91   Édouard Balladur
(1929–)
29 March 1993 17 May 1995 Rally for the Republic X (1993)
92   Alain Juppé
(1945–)
1 18 May 1995 7 November 1995 22 Jacques Chirac
 
(1995–2007)
2 7 November 1995 3 June 1997
93   Lionel Jospin
(1937–)
3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party XI (1997)
94   Jean-Pierre Raffarin
(1948–)
1 7 May 2002 17 June 2002 Liberal Democracy
then Union for a Popular Movement
2 17 June 2002 30 March 2004 XII (2002)
3 31 March 2004 31 May 2005
95   Dominique de Villepin
(1953–)
31 May 2005 15 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
96   François Fillon
(1954–)
1 17 May 2007 18 June 2007 23 Nicolas Sarkozy
 
(2007–2012)
2 19 June 2007 13 November 2010 XIII (2007)
3 14 November 2010 10 May 2012
97   Jean-Marc Ayrault
(1950–)
1 15 May 2012 18 June 2012 Socialist Party 24 François Hollande
 
(2012–2017)
2 18 June 2012 31 March 2014 XIV (2012)
98   Manuel Valls
(1962–)
1 31 March 2014 25 August 2014
2 25 August 2014 6 December 2016
99   Bernard Cazeneuve
(1963–)
6 December 2016 10 May 2017
100   Édouard Philippe
(1970–)
1 15 May 2017 19 June 2017 The Republicans
Then miscellaneous right
25 Emmanuel Macron
 (2017–)
2 19 June 2017 Incumbent XV (2017)

Timeline since 1959Edit

Édouard PhilippeBernard CazeneuveManuel VallsJean-Marc AyraultFrançois FillonDominique de VillepinJean-Pierre RaffarinLionel JospinAlain JuppéEdouard BalladurPierre BérégovoyEdith CressonMichel RocardJacques ChiracLaurent FabiusPierre MauroyRaymond BarreJacques ChiracPierre MessmerJacques Chaban-DelmasMaurice Couve de MurvilleGeorges PompidouMichel Debré 

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit