List of presidents of Somalia

  (Redirected from List of Presidents of Somalia)

This is a list of presidents of Somalia. Since the establishment of the office of President in 1960, there have been 9 official presidents. The President is the head of state of Somalia and the commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces.

Major General Siad Barre, who came to power via the 1969 Somali coup d'état, also served as head of state as the President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council. After the 1979 Somali parliamentary election, the People's Assembly elected Barre President on 26 January 1980.[1] Barre was forced to flee from Mogadishu in January 1991 at the culmination of the Somali Rebellion and the end of the first phase of the Somali Civil War.

The current President is Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed "Faarmajo", elected in 2017.

ListEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
 Somali Republic (1960–1969) •  
1Aden Adde
(1908–2007)
1 July 196010 June 19676 years, 344 daysSYL1960
2Abdirashid Shermarke
(1919–1969)
10 June 196715 October 1969 †2 years, 127 daysSYL1967
Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
(1912–2012)
Acting
[a]
15 October 196921 October 19696 daysSYL
 Somali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) •  
3Siad Barre[b]
(1919–1995)
21 October 196926 January 199121 years, 97 daysSRSP1980[2]
1986
 Interim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) •  
4Ali Mahdi Muhammad[c]
(born 1939)
27 January 19913 January 19975 years, 342 daysUSC1991
Vacant (3 January 1997–27 August 2000)[d]
 Transitional National Government of Somalia (2000–2004) •  
5Abdiqasim Salad
(born 1941)
27 August 200014 October 20044 years, 48 daysIndependent2000
 Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (2004–2012) •  
6Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
(1934–2012)
14 October 200429 December 2008
(Resigned)
4 years, 76 daysIndependent2004
Aden Madobe
(born 1957)
Acting
29 December 200831 January 200933 daysRRA
7Sharif Sheikh Ahmed
(born 1964)
31 January 200920 August 20123 years, 202 daysARS2009
 Federal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) •  
Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle[e]
(born 1939)
Acting
20 August 201228 August 20128 daysIndependent
Mohamed Osman Jawari
(born 1945)
Acting
28 August 201216 September 201219 daysIndependent
8Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
(born 1955)
16 September 201216 February 20174 years, 153 daysPDP2012
9Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(born 1962)
16 February 2017Incumbent3 years, 134 daysTPP2017

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Deposed in the 1969 Somali coup d'état.
  2. ^ Also styled as President of Supreme Revolutionary Council
  3. ^ From November 1991 to 1995, Ali Mahdi Muhammad enjoyed recognition as President in the international community following the 1991 Djibouti conference: "at the second Djibouti conference (Aideed boycotted the first) held between 15 and 21 July 1991, Ali Mahdi was elected interim President of Somalia for a period of two years[...] Because of the legitimacy conferred on Ali Mahdi by the Djibouti conference, his government was recognized by several countries, including Djibouti, Egypt, Italy, and Saudi Arabia"; c.f. [3]
  4. ^ In the second half of the 1990s, different faction leaders vied for the Presidency, with none receiving international recognition. General Mohamed Farrah Aidid claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 2 August 1996 to 20 March 1998.
  5. ^ From 20 August 2012 to 28 August 2012, Muse Hassan Abdulle served as acting Speaker of the Parliament, and as such, as acting President while elections for a new Speaker and President were forthcoming. Per Article 95 of the provisional constitution Archived 2013-01-24 at the Wayback Machine: "If the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia falls vacant, the Speaker of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament shall act as President of the Federal Republic until such time as a new President of the Federal Republic is elected, within a maximum of thirty (30) days."; also c.f. [4]

ReferencesEdit