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This is a list of presidents of Somalia. Since the establishment of the office of President in 1960, there have been 9 official presidents. The President is the head of state of Somalia and the commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. The current President is Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, elected in 2017.

ListEdit

Name Portrait Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political party
 Somali Republic (1960–1969) •  
1 Aden Adde   1908–2007 1960 1 July 1960 10 June 1967 SYL
2 Abdirashid Shermarke   1919–1969 1967 10 June 1967 15 October 1969
(Assassinated)
SYL
Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
Acting President
  1912–2012 15 October 1969 21 October 1969
(Deposed)
SYL
 Somali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) •  
3 Siad Barre[1]   1919–1995 1980
1986
21 October 1969 26 January 1991
(Deposed)
Military /
SRSP
 Interim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) •  
4 Ali Mahdi Muhammad[2]   1939– 1991 27 January 1991 3 January 1997 USC
Vacant (3 January 1997–27 August 2000)[3]
 Transitional National Government of Somalia (2000–2004) •  
5 Abdiqasim Salad   1941– 2000 27 August 2000 14 October 2004 Independent
 Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (2004–2012) •  
6 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed   1934–2012 2004 14 October 2004 29 December 2008
(Resigned)
Independent
Aden Madobe
Acting President
  1957– 29 December 2008 31 January 2009 RRA
7 Sharif Sheikh Ahmed   1964– 2009 31 January 2009 20 August 2012 ARS
 Federal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) •  
Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle
Acting President[4]
  1939– 20 August 2012 28 August 2012 Independent
Mohamed Osman Jawari
Acting President
  1945– 28 August 2012 16 September 2012 Independent
8 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud   1955– 2012 16 September 2012 16 February 2017 PDP
9 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed   1962– 2017 16 February 2017 Incumbent
(mandate expires on 16 February 2021)
TPP

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Also styled as President of Supreme Revolutionary Council
  2. ^ From November 1991 to 1995, Ali Mahdi Muhammad enjoyed recognition as President in the international community following the 1991 Djibouti conference: "at the second Djibouti conference (Aideed boycotted the first) held between 15 and 21 July 1991, Ali Mahdi was elected interim President of Somalia for a period of two years[...] Because of the legitimacy conferred on Ali Mahdi by the Djibouti conference, his government was recognized by several countries, including Djibouti, Egypt, Italy, and Saudi Arabia"; c.f. [1].
  3. ^ In the second half of the 1990s, different faction leaders vied for the Presidency, with none receiving international recognition. General Mohamed Farrah Aidid claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 2 August 1996 to 20 March 1998.
  4. ^ From 20 August 2012 to 28 August 2012, Muse Hassan Abdulle served as acting Speaker of the Parliament, and as such, as acting President while elections for a new Speaker and President were forthcoming. Per Article 95 of the provisional constitution Archived 2013-01-24 at the Wayback Machine: "If the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia falls vacant, the Speaker of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament shall act as President of the Federal Republic until such time as a new President of the Federal Republic is elected, within a maximum of thirty (30) days."; also c.f. Rulers.org – August 2012, [2].

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit