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This is a list of presidents of Lebanon since the creation of the office in 1926.

President of the
Lebanese Republic
President Seal Lebanon.jpg
Presidential Seal
General Michel Aoun.jpg
Incumbent
Michel Aoun

since 31 October 2016
StyleHis/Her Excellency
ResidenceBaabda Palace
AppointerParliament
Term length6 years
Inaugural holderBechara El Khoury
22 November 1943
FormationConstitution of Lebanon
23 May 1926
WebsitePresidency of the Lebanese Republic

Constitutionally (de jure), the president's post carries significant responsibilities and influence. In practice, the president is largely a ceremonial and symbolic post due to external pressure (such as Syrian influence) or the formation of "consensus" cabinets, forcing the president to compromise. In theory, however, the president is responsible for appointing the entire government, therefore the ministers should work to his pleasure. Nevertheless, the president is still able to exercise influence on policymaking and has the role, in conjunction with the prime minister, of choosing ministers in the Government and safeguarding the constitution.

Contents

National PactEdit

Though it is not specifically stated in the constitution, an unwritten understanding known as the National Pact, agreed in 1943, has resulted in the holder of the post being a Maronite Christian in every electoral cycle since that time. This agreement had to be suspended three times, when three Sunni Muslims, the Prime Ministers had to step in as Acting Presidents, Selim Hoss in 1988, Fouad Siniora in 2007 and Tammam Salam in 2014.

PresidentsEdit

Key
Acting president.
National Bloc
Kataeb Party
Constitutional Bloc
National Liberal Party
Chehabist
Marada Movement
Military
Independence Movement
Free Patriotic Movement

State of Greater Lebanon, part of the French Mandate (1926–1943)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
1   Charles Debbas
شارل دباس

(1885–1935)

1 September 1926 2 January 1934 7 years, 122 days Independent
2   Antoine Privat-Aubouard
أنطوان أوبوار

(1874–1934)

2 January 1934 30 January 1934 28 days Independent
3   Habib Pacha Es-Saad
حبيب باشا السعد

(1867–1942)

30 January 1934 20 January 1936 1 year, 357 days Independent
4   Émile Eddé
إميل أده

(1886–1949)

20 January 1936 4 April 1941 5 years, 75 days National Bloc
5   Pierre-Georges Arlabosse
بيار جورج أرلابوس

(1891–1950)

4 April 1941 9 April 1941 5 days Independent
6   Alfred Georges Naccache
ألفرد جورج النقاش

(1887–1978)

9 April 1941 18 March 1943 1 year, 343 days Kataeb Party
7   Ayoub Tabet
أيوب تابت

(1884–1951)

19 March 1943 21 July 1943 124 days Independent
8   Petro Trad
بيترو طراد

(1876–1947)

22 July 1943 21 September 1943 61 days Independent
9   Bechara Khoury
بشارة الخوري

(1890–1964)

21 September 1943 11 November 1943 51 days Constitutional Bloc

Lebanese Republic (1943–present)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
10   Émile Eddé
إميل أده

(1886–1949)

11 November 1943 22 November 1943 11 days National Bloc
11   Bechara Khoury
بشارة الخوري

(1890–1964)

1943 22 November 1943 18 September 1952 8 years, 300 days Constitutional Bloc
12   Fuad Chehab
فؤاد شهاب

(1902–1973)

18 September 1952 22 September 1952 4 days Independent
13   Camille Chamoun
كميل شمعون

(1900–1987)

1952 23 September 1952 22 September 1958 5 years, 364 days National Liberal Party
14   Fuad Chehab
فؤاد شهاب

(1902–1973)

1958 23 September 1958 22 September 1964 5 years, 364 days Independent Chehab served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1945 to 1958.
15   Charles Helou
شارل حلو

(1913–2001)

1964 23 September 1964 22 September 1970 5 years, 364 days Chehabist
16   Suleiman Frangieh
سليمان فرنجية

(1910–1992)

1970 23 September 1970 22 September 1976 5 years, 364 days Marada Movement
17   Élias Sarkis
إلياس سركيس

(1924–1985)

1976 23 September 1976 22 September 1982 5 years, 364 days Chehabist
18   Bachir Gemayel
بشير الجميل

(1947–1982)

1982
(Aug)
23 August 1982 14 September 1982 Kataeb Party Gemayel was assassinated prior to taking office, during the Lebanese Civil War.
19   Amine Gemayel
أمين الجميل

(1942–)

1982
(Sep)
23 September 1982 22 September 1988 5 years, 364 days Kataeb Party Brother of president Bachir Gemayel.
20   Selim Hoss
سليم الحص

(1929–)

22 September 1988 5 November 1989 1 year, 44 days Independent Disputed: Dismissal as prime minister on 22 September 1988 contested.
21   Michel Aoun
ميشال عون

(1935–)

22 September 1988 13 October 1990 2 years, 21 days Military Disputed: Appointment as prime minister on 22 September 1988 contested.
22   René Moawad
رينيه معوض

(1925–1989)

1989
(5 Nov)
5 November 1989 22 November 1989 17 days Independence Movement Disputed. Moawad was assassinated during the Lebanese Civil War.
23   Elias Hrawi
إلياس الهراوي

(1926–2006)

1989
(24 Nov)
24 November 1989 24 November 1998 9 years Independent
24   Émile Lahoud
إميل لحود

(1936–)

1998 24 November 1998 24 November 2007 9 years Independent Lahoud served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1989 to 1998.
25   Michel Suleiman
ميشال سليمان

(1948–)

2008 25 May 2008 25 May 2014 6 years Independent Suleiman served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1998 to 2008.
26   Michel Aoun
ميشال عون

(1935–)

2016 31 October 2016 - - Free Patriotic Movement Aoun served as the Commander of the Lebanese Armed Forces from 1984 to 1989.

Living former presidentsEdit

Name Term of office Date of birth Political party
Amine Gemayel 1982–1988 (1942-01-22) 22 January 1942 (age 77) Kataeb Party
Émile Lahoud 1998–2007 (1936-01-12) 12 January 1936 (age 83) Independent
Michel Suleiman 2008–2014 (1948-11-21) 21 November 1948 (age 70) Independent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit